Russia Defence Forum

Would you like to react to this message? Create an account in a few clicks or log in to continue.

Military Forum for Russian and Global Defence Issues


+72
GarryB
Isos
thegopnik
SovietAce
BenVaserlan
gc3762
Krepost
Sprut-B
sepheronx
Rasisuki Nebia
pavi
william.boutros
xeno
mack8
Dr.Snufflebug
Begome
AlfaT8
zepia
caveat emptor
Big_Gazza
ALAMO
Werewolf
RTN
Tolstoy
Sujoy
Gazputin
Belisarius
flamming_python
lyle6
Stealthflanker
Swgman_BK
PeregrineFalcon
limb
Hole
George1
medo
AMCXXL
TMA1
magnumcromagnon
gmsmith1985
tanino
Flanky
galicije83
Podlodka77
LMFS
calripson
PapaDragon
mnztr
Jeremy Sun
Arkanghelsk
ult
owais.usmani
Backman
Atmosphere
miketheterrible
Bob Bollusc
Autodestruct
Arrow
Lennox
Scorpius
Cheetah
franco
Mir
Broski
dino00
kvs
Kiko
hoom
The-thing-next-door
marcellogo
JohninMK
Gomig-21
76 posters

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    avatar
    Swgman_BK


    Posts : 162
    Points : 184
    Join date : 2022-02-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Swgman_BK Fri Jan 05, 2024 6:19 pm

    USSR, 1983. wrote:
    I believe it was tested in a lab much earlier as well..

    GarryB likes this post

    GarryB
    GarryB


    Posts : 38519
    Points : 39019
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  GarryB Sat Jan 06, 2024 3:07 am

    "The nozzles themselves vector in only one plane; the canting allows roll and yaw moments by vectoring each nozzle differentially, thus enabling the aircraft to produce thrust vectoring moments about all three aircraft axes, pitch, yaw and roll."

    That makes it 3D.

    The nozzles themselves vector only in one plane.... which makes the engines 2D thrust vectoring.

    Angling the engines to allow very clever use of the flight control system to effectively achieve roll and yaw and pitch means it can simulate 3D thrust vectoring, which is why it sometimes gets called 2.5D because obviously if it had full 3 D control it would be better able to manouver and have a wider envelope.

    Only people on F16.net believe that the Su35/57's vectoring nozzles are 2D - anywhere else these nozzles are referred to as 3D.

    I have never talked to anyone on F16.net and have never had an account there.

    They will say the Su-57 is not stealthy, and cannot be trusted with anything.

    Ore of pre-start procedures is to check them by spinning. Quite easy to find on film.

    Please do.

    Three-dimensional (3-D) vectoring nozzles gives you multi-axis or pitch and yaw control. (Su-35)

    Your previous post you said the Su-35 used 2D angled TV with the engines canted to give a sudo 3D effect.

    Now you say they are 3D TVC?

    USSR, 1983. wrote:

    Tested and rejected for the Su-27M because of increased maintenance and weight and also loss of thrust.

    They felt the high offboresight missiles would be doing the dogfighting, though manouver performance was important too.
    lancelot
    lancelot


    Posts : 2566
    Points : 2564
    Join date : 2020-10-18

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  lancelot Sat Jan 06, 2024 4:52 am

    I also personally think the flat nozzle is a waste of time and nerfs performance on a fighter aircraft. A fixed stealthy nozzle like the one they want to put in the S-70 Okhotnik then sure. But I am not the one who decides if these things should be funded or not.

    sepheronx and GarryB like this post

    kvs
    kvs


    Posts : 14962
    Points : 15099
    Join date : 2014-09-11
    Location : Turdope's Kanada

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  kvs Sat Jan 06, 2024 5:23 am

    Front and side aspect stealth would make sense as a priority. But rear-aspect looks gratuitous. The air defense systems are not going to be to the back of the jet
    during attack runs.

    GarryB likes this post

    Mir
    Mir


    Posts : 3074
    Points : 3076
    Join date : 2021-06-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Mir Sat Jan 06, 2024 8:20 am

    GarryB wrote:
    Your previous post you said the Su-35 used 2D angled TV with the engines canted to give a sudo 3D effect.
    Now you say they are 3D TVC

    Sorry but in all my posts about the Su-35's TV's I have clearly stated that they are 3D?
    However it is quite clear from your posts that you believe they are 2D.

    GarryB wrote:The engines on the Su-35 flanker are 2D as well but are round.

    You also claim that they are 2.5D but in all of the literature that I've seen about TVC's they only mention 2D and 3D vectoring, but feel free to enlighten us with some credible evidence on 2.5D TVC's.

    GarryB wrote:which is why it sometimes gets called 2.5D

    Here is an example: It's from ITP's study on THRUST VECTORING NOZZLE FOR MILITARY AIRCRAFT ENGINES:

    From the point of view of the direction of vectoring, TVNs can be classified:

    • Single-Axis TVNs: (also called 2-D or Pitch-only)
    The deflection of the gas flow is achieved in vertical direction only. They replace and/or complement horizontal control surfaces. This type is suitable for
    all types of variable geometry military aircraft nozzles, for applications without Post-Stall.

    • Multi-Axis TVNs: (also called 3-D or Pitch and Yaw)
    The deflection of the gas flow is achieved in any direction. They replace and/or complement horizontal and vertical control surfaces. This type is specially
    suitable for round nozzles, for applications with Post-Stall.

    As you can see from the above 2D and 3D all depends on the gas flow direction that the nozzles can achieve.

    Here again is what I wrote about the Su-35's 3D TVC.

    Mir wrote:the canting allows roll and yaw moments by vectoring each nozzle differentially, thus enabling the aircraft to produce thrust vectoring moments about all three aircraft axes, pitch, yaw and roll.

    It's not "sudo" as you mentioned - it's a very basic principal and real science. Actually it is quite brilliant.
    Mir
    Mir


    Posts : 3074
    Points : 3076
    Join date : 2021-06-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Mir Sat Jan 06, 2024 10:18 am

    Just a side note from Yefim Gordon's 2001 publication: Flankers - The New Generation:

    The Sukhoi OKB began initial TVC studies as early as 1983. By then the Western press described 2D vectoring nozzles as the best option. However Sukhoi's Michail Simanov insisted on 3D axis-symetrical vectoring nozzles. It should be noted that Sukhoi worked on 2D nozzles as well. For example the boxy flat nozzle that was tested on the T10-24 was 2D.

    In fact the US were the first to develop a 3D axis-symmetric nozzle but it was never deployed - rather opting for a 2D nozzle for their 5th gen  F-22.

    Also - From wikipedia.ru:

    Klimov, [as] one of the leading Russian turbofan manufacturers, which also produces the world's only serial nozzle with an all—angle thrust vector deviation for installation on RD-33 and AL-31F engines.

    List of aircraft fitted with a 3D axis-symetrical vectoring nozzle;

    Rockwell-MBB X-31 (Experimental aircraft of the X-planes series)
    MiG-29OVT
    MiG-35 (optional)
    Su-27SM2 (AL-31F-M1 engine, Product 117S)
    Su-30 (AL-31FP engine)
    Su-35S
    Su-37
    Su-57
    F-15S (experimental)
    avatar
    ALAMO


    Posts : 6314
    Points : 6406
    Join date : 2014-11-25

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  ALAMO Sat Jan 06, 2024 10:55 am

    A flat boxy 2D nozzle was tested in a fight on a flying laboratory that used only one nozzle like that, while the other was standard for Su-27.
    GarryB
    GarryB


    Posts : 38519
    Points : 39019
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  GarryB Sat Jan 06, 2024 11:13 am

    Al-31 is made by Saturn isn't it?

    Klimov developed it for the MiG-29OVT but AFAIK they are not putting it on all MiG-29/35 types.

    They might have put them on Saturn engines too but the claims I have seen regarding MiG-29SMTs was that they added weight and costs in terms of support and were not considered necessary.

    I have seen vectored thrust engines on the Su-35 but not on the in service MiG-35s.

    A flat boxy 2D nozzle was tested in a fight on a flying laboratory that used only one nozzle like that, while the other was standard for Su-27.

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Erngin10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Images12

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Untitl11

    ALAMO and Manov like this post

    Mir
    Mir


    Posts : 3074
    Points : 3076
    Join date : 2021-06-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Mir Sat Jan 06, 2024 12:23 pm

    ALAMO wrote:A flat boxy 2D nozzle was tested in a fight on a flying laboratory that used only one nozzle like that, while the other was standard for Su-27.

    Yes I mentioned it in my post directly above - post "906" Wink

    Mir wrote:It should be noted that Sukhoi worked on 2D nozzles as well. For example the boxy flat nozzle that was tested on the T10-24 was 2D.

    ALAMO likes this post

    Mir
    Mir


    Posts : 3074
    Points : 3076
    Join date : 2021-06-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Mir Sat Jan 06, 2024 12:33 pm

    GarryB wrote:I have seen vectored thrust engines on the Su-35 but not on the in service MiG-35s.

    These are optional only as mentioned above, although I believe you thought they come as standard?

    https://www.russiadefence.net/t8995p25-competing-aircraft-designs-of-the-90-s-and-beyond

    GarryB wrote:The MiG-35 is supposed to get it as standard... and it has real 3D TVC unlike the Sukhoi models with 2.5D.

    You are quite correct that the Al-31 was developed by Saturn - and so was the TVC.
    GarryB
    GarryB


    Posts : 38519
    Points : 39019
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  GarryB Sun Jan 07, 2024 3:10 am


    Sorry but in all my posts about the Su-35's TV's I have clearly stated that they are 3D?
    However it is quite clear from your posts that you believe they are 2D.

    Yeah, and the computer game Doom is 3D... except it uses 2D sprites with different images it displays depending on the angle you are looking at them to make them appear 3D.

    They call it 3D but it is just pretending to be 3D.

    It is certainly better than just 2D because as you mention you can achieve pitch and roll and yaw shifts so I call it 2.5D thrust vectoring.

    There are an enormous number of angles 2D TVC cannot achieve that 3D nozzles could, but because many of those nozzle positions would actually cancel the effect from the other engine they are not important. They are able to angle the two 2D engine nozzles to achieve the vectoring angles they want to achieve.

    You also claim that they are 2.5D but in all of the literature that I've seen about TVC's they only mention 2D and 3D vectoring, but feel free to enlighten us with some credible evidence on 2.5D TVC's.

    I am explaining to you that angling two 2D vectored thrust engines in such a way that can achieve manouvers in pitch and roll and yaw means the aircraft has 3D TVC, but that the engines themselves are still 2D VTC engines.

    Putting a Me-262s engine inside a concord and hooking it up to power and fuel does not make it a supersonic jet engine either.

    Mir wrote:
    the canting allows roll and yaw moments by vectoring each nozzle differentially, thus enabling the aircraft to produce thrust vectoring moments about all three aircraft axes, pitch, yaw and roll.

    Are you an idiot or just being a dick.

    You post a quote stating that there are two types of thrust vectoring engine, one is 2D and the other is 3D and then you say by canting the 2D type you can achieve 3D flight performance.

    I know from experience you are not an idiot, but you can be a prick... which is what is happening right now.

    You are quite correct that the Al-31 was developed by Saturn - and so was the TVC.

    So if these Al-31s are full 3D TVC and can move their nozzles and therefore thrust in 3 dimensions...up and down are two and sideways is three, then why do they keep talking about the engines in the Su-35 being Canted... why would you angle a 3D TVC engine?

    These are optional only as mentioned above, although I believe you thought they come as standard?

    I have not seen video of in service MiG-35s on the ground with their engines off and their engine exhausts drooping in a relaxed position like I have with Su-35s.

    We are told by everyone the MiG-35 doesn't have an AESA radar installed, well maybe they haven't installed the TVC engines either... I am just commenting on what I have seen.

    tanino likes this post

    Mir
    Mir


    Posts : 3074
    Points : 3076
    Join date : 2021-06-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Mir Sun Jan 07, 2024 7:41 am

    GarryB wrote:You post a quote stating that there are two types of thrust vectoring engine, one is 2D and the other is 3D and then you say by canting the 2D type you can achieve 3D flight performance.
    I know from experience you are not an idiot, but you can be a prick... which is what is happening right now.

    You're not paying attention. The keyword here is "differential". I'll brake it up for you to explain it better.

    Mir wrote:the canting allows roll and yaw moments by vectoring each nozzle differentially,

    Mir wrote:thus enabling the aircraft to produce thrust vectoring moments about all three aircraft axes, pitch, yaw and roll.

    All three axes = 3D.

    This is what is known as "axis-symetrical" vectoring nozzles, and this is what Michail Simanov picked for his aircraft instead of 2D nozzles.

    So no I'm not trying to be a prick here, I am just trying to explain how it works. It's really very simple but brilliant at the same time.

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Tvc-sc10
    kvs
    kvs


    Posts : 14962
    Points : 15099
    Join date : 2014-09-11
    Location : Turdope's Kanada

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  kvs Mon Jan 08, 2024 5:01 am

    They should stop at the addition of serration to the circular nozzles and not waste time with 2D F-22 style nozzles. I have not seen any justification
    for the need for such nozzles. Escaping AA missiles? But stealth does not work in the IR range. The exhaust is always going to be hot enough
    relative to the background to be detectable. Mixing the exhaust enough to lower the IR by a large factor would require impractical large volume chambers.
    Shaping of the nozzles is not going to do much without a large increase in surface area.

    Backman and Mir like this post

    Mir
    Mir


    Posts : 3074
    Points : 3076
    Join date : 2021-06-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Mir Mon Jan 08, 2024 7:54 am

    The boxy 2D TVC that was tested on the Su-27 showed that there was some IR reduction, but it was considered as not enough to pursue any further at that stage.

    GarryB and Big_Gazza like this post

    marcellogo
    marcellogo


    Posts : 615
    Points : 621
    Join date : 2012-08-02
    Age : 55
    Location : Italy

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  marcellogo Mon Jan 08, 2024 1:39 pm

    kvs wrote:They should stop at the addition of serration to the circular nozzles and not waste time with 2D F-22 style nozzles.   I have not seen any justification
    for the need for such nozzles.    Escaping AA missiles?    But stealth does not work in the IR range.    The exhaust is always going to be hot enough
    relative to the background to be detectable.    Mixing the exhaust enough to lower the IR by a large factor would require impractical large volume chambers.
    Shaping of the nozzles is not going to do much without a large increase in surface area.  

    Infact, I are of the opinion that the two squared nozzles are not for the air superiority version of the Su-57 but for the S-70 or alternatively for the two seat version of the same Felon, that would be tasked with controlling them or to perform strike roles.
    You have however to note how nothing really forbid to mount such squared engines in the same way used in the Su-37 and the Su-57 i.e. slightly canted outward so to obtain the capacity to get a baseline 3D vectoring capability.

    kvs and Backman like this post

    Mir
    Mir


    Posts : 3074
    Points : 3076
    Join date : 2021-06-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Mir Mon Jan 08, 2024 4:15 pm

    The Su-57 is not just a air superiority fighter - but as most of us know by now - it's also a troll machine Laughing

    Bort number 053 was used to advertise the S-70. It even had the silhouette of the S-70 - acting as wingman - painted on the stabilizer with a Su-57.

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 24723510

    Bort number 051 came with a pixelated paint job very closely resembling the latest patented shape of the Su-75 that was only very recently revealed!
    055 had a similar shape as well.

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 5532210

    Bort number 058 had an intriguing shape superimposed on a white background. Wonder what that could be? My first thoughts back then was that it was some Area 51 design but now I'm thinking it may well be Russian! dunno

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 27066110

    franco, George1, kvs and zepia like this post

    avatar
    Arrow


    Posts : 2638
    Points : 2630
    Join date : 2012-02-12

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Arrow Mon Jan 08, 2024 5:10 pm

    Bort number 058 had an intriguing shape superimposed on a white background. Wonder what that could be? My first thoughts back then was that it was some Area 51 design but now I'm thinking it may well be Russian! wrote:

    PAK DP Very Happy
    Mir
    Mir


    Posts : 3074
    Points : 3076
    Join date : 2021-06-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Mir Mon Jan 08, 2024 5:26 pm

    I'm thinking the same thing but it's supposed to be a Mikoyan design? Then again we all thought the single engine light fighter project was a Mig thing - in the end it turned out to be the Checkmate from Sukhoi!
    GarryB
    GarryB


    Posts : 38519
    Points : 39019
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  GarryB Tue Jan 09, 2024 12:41 am

    You're not paying attention. The keyword here is "differential". I'll brake it up for you to explain it better.

    I do understand what differential means... even two 2D engines mounted side by side with their axis being vertical and be used differentially to induce roll as well as pitch manouvers... both going up or down together generates pitch forces and one going up and the other going down induces roll forces.

    By clever angling of the axis of the 2D vectoring you can get yaw as well. but not the same level of yaw from 2D engines angled that you get from 3D vectoring nozzles.

    Most engines only deflect about 15% which does not sound like a lot but in terms of turning ability it is enormous. (the main engine on the Yak-141 could manage 95 degrees with a high power full AB engine which was outstanding and amazing). But the smoke and mirrors deflections of 2D angled nozzles to achieve what essentially would be a simple deflection to the left by both engine nozzles to yaw the aircraft would be complex and not as effective as to engine nozzles deflected 15 degrees to the left or right.

    With the two engines with their axis angled might achieve the equivalent of may 5 or 6 degrees yaw angle, which is better than nothing and does essentially give thrust vectoring in 3 dimensions because it means yaw and roll and pitch, but not the same as the MiG-29OVT which has nozzles that can be angled up and down and left and right without needing to be angled.

    They should stop at the addition of serration to the circular nozzles and not waste time with 2D F-22 style nozzles.

    For all we know those tests might have been for the S-60 Sukhoi replacement for the Tu-22M3 Backfire... the box shaped engines should be more stealthy and might fit better with a flying wing configuration and be suitable for bombers.

    A flying wing bomber would benefit from thrust vectoring engines because it could be used to angle the thrust line of the engines to angle the aircraft to optimise lift and minimise drag and also reduce the need to use control surfaces on the wing which would be good for RCS as well as reducing IR signature at the cost of a small loss of thrust.

    PAK DP

    Nah, that profile and lack of horizontal tail surfaces... that is supposed to be Checkmate...

    PAK DP is likely to have a rather different wing shape if it is to fly at mach 4.2.

    It is likely to be a lot bigger than the MiG-31 I suspect.

    Then again we all thought the single engine light fighter project was a Mig thing - in the end it turned out to be the Checkmate from Sukhoi!

    The Russian AF has said it is not involved in the Checkmate programme and Sukhoi have also said it was a Sukhoi project looking for foreign partners to join.

    MiG has shown models of single and twin engined light 5th gen stealthy fighters... sukhoi didn't show anything before the Su-57 first flew... the only hint we had was a model on a desk of an official and OAK on a TV programme... which was likely done on purpose just to tease. Well this time the tease was at MAKS while everyone was looking at the Checkmate...

    Same thing happened in the late 1980s when the Ka-50 was kept secret because it was chosen to replace the Hind and the Mi-28 went to airshows in western countries like the UK and France to get orders from foreign customers. Desert Storm led them to realise helicopters are safest operating at night and flying low at night is a full time job so a single seat helicopter is not a good idea... so the Ka-52 and Mi-28N were born.
    Big_Gazza
    Big_Gazza


    Posts : 4557
    Points : 4549
    Join date : 2014-08-25
    Location : Melbourne, Australia

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Big_Gazza Tue Jan 09, 2024 3:50 am

    Mir wrote:The boxy 2D TVC that was tested on the Su-27 showed that there was some IR reduction, but it was considered as not enough to pursue any further at that stage.

    I expect it also resulted in a thrust penalty which the RuAF decided against.

    GarryB, kvs and Mir like this post

    Mir
    Mir


    Posts : 3074
    Points : 3076
    Join date : 2021-06-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Mir Tue Jan 09, 2024 10:06 am

    I've mentioned it before but here is a more simplified explanation for clarity:

    Two-dimensional (2-D) vectoring nozzles gives control in a single axis, or pitch-only.
    Pitch is the up and down movement of the aircraft from it's center of gravity.

    Three-dimensional (3-D) vectoring nozzles gives you pitch, roll and/or yaw control.
    Roll is the side to side movement of the wings from the aircraft's center of gravity.
    Note that only two planes (i.e. pitch and roll) already gives you 3D vectoring.
    Yaw control is an additional but extremely useful bonus - esp in aerial combat.

    GarryB wrote:But the smoke and mirrors deflections of 2D angled nozzles to achieve what essentially would be a simple deflection to the left by both engine nozzles to yaw the aircraft would be complex and not as effective as to engine nozzles deflected 15 degrees to the left or right.

    You need to look at these two short videos of the Su-57 in a controlled flat spin. It's yaw control in the extreme and I don't know too many aircraft that can do this Laughing

    This particular controlled maneuver (360° of yaw around the center of gravity within the aircraft) is impossible to perform using only aerodynamic control surfaces. You need 3D TVC for that.
    So no - there is no "smoke and mirrors" involved here and it looks extremely effective!  Laughing

    First video shows the spin 30 seconds in whilst the other one shows it at 39 seconds. You can also look at Combat Approves series on the Su-57.




    Here is also an interesting picture of the TVC nozzles on the older AL-31FP. Have a close look. The newer AL-41F1/S series uses the same principle and the same also applies for the AL-51's.

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Su-30-11

    George1 and Big_Gazza like this post

    GarryB
    GarryB


    Posts : 38519
    Points : 39019
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  GarryB Wed Jan 10, 2024 3:03 am

    Two-dimensional (2-D) vectoring nozzles gives control in a single axis, or pitch-only.
    Pitch is the up and down movement of the aircraft from it's center of gravity.

    That is true for a single engined fighter.

    For a twin engined fighter with the engines spaced out the up and down movement of both nozzles together will pitch the nose up and down respectively... but if you pitch one engine nozzle up and the other down it creates a roll movement so the nose stays pointed forward and one wing goes up and the other goes down... like in a barrel roll where you keep pointing forward but you turn upside down and then round to up the right way again.

    Yaw is what the rudder pedals normally do with the control surfaces on the vertical tail and slew the nose either left or right but often create some roll too because one wing moving faster than the other will create more lift which can be countered with a small movement on the control stick.

    If you had two two dimensional TVC engines in a twin engined aircraft you could mount one with the axis vertically and the other with the axis horizontally so with the vertically aligned engine you could do pitch and roll and the horizontally aligned engine you could do yaw and have full 3D TVC, but obviously compared to two fully 3D vectoring nozzles you would have some input but not as much as fully 3D thrust vectoring.

    Note that only two planes (i.e. pitch and roll) already gives you 3D vectoring.
    Yaw control is an additional but extremely useful bonus - esp in aerial combat.

    Having all three is critical for nose pointing ability at very high angles of attack and when leaving conventional flight (ie flying sideways or backwards in a superstall).

    With 2D TVC you can maintain where your nose points with pitch and roll and not have to worry about stalling, but with 3D you can follow targets and point your nose (and also therefore your guns and weapons and nose mounted radar) at anything you please and then fly away)

    Here is also an interesting picture of the TVC nozzles on the older AL-31FP. Have a close look. The newer AL-41F1/S series uses the same principle and the same also applies for the AL-51's.

    Nice picture but is that an angled 2D nozzle in the down position or an angled 3D nozzle with yaw.

    Couldn't see the engines moving in either of those videos.

    This is what I mean:

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Su35em10

    If they can achieve the manouverability they need with 2D engines canted at an angle then I have no problem with that, but after hearing about how superior Saturn and Sukhoi are to Klimov and MiG I think it is amusing because the MiG-29OVT does have full 3D TVC.



    At about 1 minute into the video you can see the far away engine moving up and down and sideways on the ground and then about 10 seconds later the closer engine moves up and down and sideways.
    Mir
    Mir


    Posts : 3074
    Points : 3076
    Join date : 2021-06-10

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Mir Wed Jan 10, 2024 8:07 am

    GarryB wrote:That is true for a single engined fighter.

    Apparently the F-22 only has 2D TVC's - so how would you explain that? Wink  Laughing
    (just joking)

    Anyway I see in your post above you completely ignore the controlled flat spin performed by the Su-57. A maneuver that can only be accomplished by 3DTVC's.

    This is something that the Su-30MKI/SM, the Su-35 and the Su-57 can do. Not forgetting the Mig-29OVT as well.
    I have mentioned before that the sole Mig-29OVT is one of my favorite Migs and I am well aware of what it can do.

    To elaborate on the picture I posted of the AL-31FP engine nozzles - here is something interesting from the Su-57 series on Combat Approved:
    (please note the subtitles)
    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Ca-scr10

    From the up position going down...
    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Ca-scr11

    ...but they can also move from side to side  Cool
    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Ca-scr12

    So it's not only canted but the nozzles can also move a bit from side to side as well. In your parlance it should make it 3.5D then?  Laughing
    Watch the series if you don't believe me.

    What's more is that all these Sukhois are atm the only fighter aircraft in service with 3D TVC's.

    Hole likes this post

    avatar
    PeregrineFalcon


    Posts : 36
    Points : 36
    Join date : 2020-11-14

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  PeregrineFalcon Thu Jan 11, 2024 10:40 pm

    Mir wrote:Apparently the F-22 only has 2D TVC's - so how would you explain that? Wink  Laughing
    (just joking)

    Anyway I see in your post above you completely ignore the controlled flat spin performed by the Su-57. A maneuver that can only be accomplished by 3DTVC's.

    This is something that the Su-30MKI/SM, the Su-35 and the Su-57 can do. Not forgetting the Mig-29OVT as well.
    I have mentioned before that the sole Mig-29OVT is one of my favorite Migs and I am well aware of what it can do.

    There are many inaccuracies in your posts, but the bottom line is that the AL-31FP, AL-41F-1S, AL-41F-1 and Izdeliye 30, or AL-51F engine, are all using 2D TVC. In other words the engine nozzle is deflecting only in one plane (up and down).
    Also, flat spin can be performed without TVC and here is the practical example of that:



    The plane in question is former Su-37 that had new, improved FCS installed, but the engines with the TVC were removed. That is the reason they have used the old Su-35 nomenclature. The same/improved FCS is used for the Su-30MK/SM versions and that plane can also do all those maneuvers without TVC, only at slower rate and with some AoA restrictions.
    Su-57 can also do all those maneuvers without TVC, but with the TVC engaged the plane has faster initial rotational rates and better controlability.

    The reason Su-57 has extremly fast rotational rates during flat spin lies in the fact that the plane is also directionally unstable. Using TVC and LEVCON's in conjunction, the plane can initiate rotation much faster than any other plane because they provide massive moment arm, and directionally unstable plane can react much faster than the one that is stable. For the same reason pilot can arrest the rotating motion much faster and efficient.
    Since the nozzles are canted, differential nozzle deflection can create roll and yaw motion, but if you want just to isolate yaw motion for example, you need to counteract the rolling motion, since the differential deflection in this case is actually producing corkscrew effect/motion.
    Planes inteligent FCS is using aerodynamic surfaces to counteract the rolling motion, so that the plane can only initiate the yaw motion.
    What people don't understand is the fact that the TVC is just controlling mechanism, and most of rotation at moderately low speeds is done using lift and inherited instability of the plane. TVC is initiating the maneuver and latter controlling and negating all unwanted side slip that would cause the plane to enter uncontrolled spin.

    When we look at the Izdeliye 30 mechanic parts of the nozzle, we can see that the deflection is only possible in one plane, up and down:

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 4673540_e8acf0b5896ede75984056cb5e8184f8

    There are only two actuators at each side of the nozzle that move the whole nozzle up and down. They are connected to ring sealant (the part with the small holes) whose shape is made in such a way that it doesn't allow the 3D movement.
    Here is the video that shows how it works:



    Here is the true 3D nozzle that was proposed for the Su-57 engine:

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Dmkcevdx4aaf6jo-jpeg

    You need three main actuators for the full 3D nozzle, and we can clearly see that this nozzle is having three of them. It also needs to have additional actuators for the supersonic part of the nozzle, and here they are made in the shape of the letter Y.
    This is solution first implemented by the ФГУП САЛЮТ company on the AL-31F:



    Here are the reasons I think Su-57 designers opted for the canted version of the 2D TVC nozzle, and for the full 3D TVC nozzle.

    First, such solution is much more simpler with less moving parts, which is beneficial for the jet engine life cycle and ease of maintenance.
    From the RCS perspective, it is much more easier and efficient to have less moving parts and intersections.
    Also, the engine plume is uniformly putting the pressure on the nozzle walls which is not the case with the full 3D nozzle, and one of the main problems for the 3D nozzles in general was exhaust plume leakage.
    Also, as can be seen, 3D TVC is less efficient regarding metal angle and plume angle deflection. You can have for example 15 deg. of metal angle deflection (nozzle deflection), but the plume deflection is always less than metal deflection.  
    Next, we can see plume spikes with 3D TVC deflection, and that is additionally reducing plume/thrust efficiency.  

    In this video at 19:40 we can see how 2D TVC AL-41F-1S plume is perfectly following nozzle deflection without deformations and additional spikes:



    And since you have two widely spaced engines, you can create 3D TVC effect with canted differential nozzle deflection and clever FCS.
    As a matter of fact, if we compare the Su-57 to J-10B with full 3D TVC, we come to conclusion that not only that the J-10B is not superior, but inferior in high AoA controlability and in nose pointing capability/rate. Also, fighters with one TVC engine can not create rolling moments, you need two engines for than, and while the 3D TVC is beneficial for the one engined plane, there are not many advantages compared to the two engined fighter with widely spaced, canted 2D TVC nozzles.

    In the Su-57 patent, it is described how 2D TVC is working to create 3D TVC effect, confirming that the engines are 2D TVC.
    Sukhoi official have stated that there is an option of the full 3D TVC for the Izd.30 that can be used for the Su-75, and that is probably the nozzle from the combat approved episode.

    zepia and LMFS like this post

    Arkanghelsk
    Arkanghelsk


    Posts : 3530
    Points : 3536
    Join date : 2021-12-08

    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Arkanghelsk Thu Jan 11, 2024 11:00 pm

    Scorpius wrote:
    The state defense order for the supply of Su-57 fighters doubled in 2023, said Yuri Slyusar, head of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC, part of Rostec), on the Rossiya 24 TV channel.
    https://radiosputnik.ru/20231226/istrebitel-1918204804.html

    In other words, eight serial aircraft were delivered to the VKS in 2023.

    I want to add the original article

    https://tass.com/defense/1726621?utm_source=tass-com.cdn.ampproject.org&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=tass-com.cdn.ampproject.org&utm_referrer=tass-com.cdn.ampproject.org

    And also I want to say, it appears that the state order is for over 20 frames in 2024

    That means by EOY, we will see 50 Su57

    Sponsored content


    Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8 - Page 37 Empty Re: Su-57 Stealth Fighter: News #8

    Post  Sponsored content


      Current date/time is Wed Feb 28, 2024 7:39 am