Is isos's claim that EW pods just reduce RCS by a linear value true?
EW pods come in an enormous variety of shapes and sizes and types... many creating false signals, for example one type was used on Strategic bombers trying to penetrate enemy airspace at very low altitude that used the same radar frequencies the enemies were using to track the bomber itself... the frequency signal was copied and bounced off the ground back at the enemy position so from the enemy radars perspective the much stronger radar return was coming from the ground a few tens of kilometres ahead of the actual aircraft trying to penetrate your airspace... any home on jam or SARH or even ARH missile would then attempt to get a lock on a target effectively on the ground whose impact will of course take out any SAM or AAM of any type... conventional or nuclear armed.
Other jammer types apply including mirroring the radar reflections so the enemy radar gets a kalidoscope of dozens of radar reflections that could be aircraft all around the actual position of the real aircraft, but which image is real... each will have a sightly different reflection intensity so going for the weakest or strongest signal might result in you missile passing through empty space.
Missiles do not turn around and have another go at the target... you miss and you miss.
The only exceptions are ARH missiles like those used against ships... the British lost ships during the Falklands war because their military ships successfully jammed and decoyed the missiles away which then locked onto the simple container ships and cruise ships they were using for support that didn't have military jammers or decoys fitted and were hit instead.
The other exception would probably be Meteor because it can throttle down and up so a 180 degree turn... or turning and heading in the opposite direction bleeds a lot of energy... a ramjet powered missile with its motor still burning can maintain speed... the Iskander and Kinzhal also have continuously running motor with thrust vectoring flight controls to continue to manouver to impact.
Most other missiles you don't want to lock on to stuff because it might lock back on to the original target but it could just as easily lock on to a friendly or civilian or neutral and blow that up instead.
Most SAMs have their warheads locked all the way to the target.... when they are 1km or so away, the warhead is armed... if it misses and gets 1km away again the warhead is often disarmed again to prevent friendly fire incidents.
The Vikhr ATGM does that too to prevent flying past high tension wires or large trees from setting off the proximity fuse warhead in air to air mode against low flying targets.
I thought EW scrambled radar tracking but is vulnerable to home on jam missiles.
It is a case of measure and counter measure and counter counter measure... just making noise means a filter or coded signal means the missile and radar can screen out your noise and still hit you, being smarter means needing to be smarter to defeat you... the process is ongoing.
Imaging IR seekers means choosing the cockpit canopy on an aircraft to target instead of a radar centre point can make them very deadly.
If you think of radar signals the radar centre of a donut shape from the top is totally empty space in the hole in the donut.
I remember playing a computer game in the early 2000s where an enemy fired an Air to Air missile at an American helicopter... the American helicopter was a Blackhawk and had its side doors taken off for gunners with gun mounts.... the missile approaching from side on went in one side and out the other... the makers of the game claimed that was OK because the missile didn't hit anything so the warhead would not have been triggered, but of course the proximity fuse would have set off the warhead... an R-27 which would have obliterated the helicopter of course.
The real prodblem with the S-30s is that potbelly dinosaurs don't procure targeting pods for them. Targeting pods can detect ground vehicles like himars and krab 50-60km out.
Even on the current aircraft their radars should be able to detect artillery fire better than any imaging targeting pods, but battlefield based artillery radar would be better suited and preferably set up to transmit target information to an HQ which should then send target information to drones and friendly artillery nearby... most of the time friendly Smerch and Iskander vehicles should be able to respond faster than slow flying drones or Su-30s that just happened to be nearby at the time.
I would expect that HATO surveillance of the region should allow them to warn their little terrorist cells of when Russian planes are operating and for them to remain quiet and stationary when such aircraft are operating and to attack when they are no longer in range.
The Su-30 will pick up HIMARS and M777 and other platforms, but they will also pick up trucks and busses and other vehicles as will targeting pods and narrowing the thousands of vehicles to work out which is worth attacking in the time available is not an easy task.... having an HQ tracking artillery in the area and narrowing the launch position to a few square kilometres will massively reduce the number of vehicles that need to be looked at hard.... some high flying drones would be excellent for longer term surveillance watching what they actually do, where they go for maintenance and refuelling and rearming so that all those locations and the trucks carrying fuel and ammo and crews can also be hit too.
This is not a simple as a video game where the only glowing stuff on the thermals are the targets you shoot with feed back telling you how many crew you just killed with each shot and whose side they are on.
Ironically dropping hand grenade sized bombs from a drone could take out an M777 battery simply because they don't have replacement tires for the guns or the trucks to tow those guns and taking out the civilian vehicles leads to the entire battery being stuck now unable to move at all...