General spoke about the lessons of the Karabakh war for the Russian army
Developed tactics for dealing with attack drones
December 27, 2020
The war in Nagorno-Karabakh, which ended in the defeat of the Armenian armed formations, showed the increased role of attack drones and kamikaze drones in battles. This weapon did the maximum damage to the enemy. So far, the Russian army does not have such funds in large quantities. Does it have ways to defend itself against precision drone strikes? It turns out that the Russian military has learned from the Karabakh war and has already developed tactics to combat aerial drones.
Thanks to the drones, the Karabakh war, which lasted 44 days, could be watched almost online. Almost every day, video evidence appeared on the Web of how an aircraft, imperceptible to the enemy, chose a target - an anti-aircraft complex, a tank or a strong point, and, taking aim, destroyed it with high-precision ammunition - a guided missile or a guided aerial bomb.
It was striking that the attack weapon remained unnoticed, a blow from heaven followed suddenly. The fighters in the position did not see the threat, because the relatively small apparatus hung at a high altitude and was invisible.
Obviously, the old Soviet anti-aircraft air defense systems, for example, "Shilka" or "Wasp", which are in service with the Armenian troops, could not detect the small-sized target. Several cases of the destruction of these anti-aircraft complexes by drones have been recorded.
The Azerbaijani army has purchased a large number of attack drones from Turkey and Israel in advance. The military perfectly worked out the tactics of the combat use of drones and included them in reconnaissance and strike complexes. It had an effect. He could be seen during the victory parade on December 10 in Baku, when a month after the end of the war, destroyed Armenian equipment was transported through the city streets.
The Russian army understands the danger of unmanned strike weapons and is looking for ways to counter them. This was told by the chief of the air defense of the Russian Armed Forces, Lieutenant General Alexander Leonov.
Assessing the experience of armed conflicts in Syria, Iraq, Libya, Nagorno-Karabakh, the general said in an interview with Krasnaya Zvezda: the strength of the enemy. "
The general said that in the units of the military air defense, the main task of which is to protect the troops from air strikes, special attention is paid to training the commanders of the military air defense in organizing countering unmanned aerial vehicles, improving the methods of their detection and destruction.
Military personnel from the air observation posts are regularly trained to destroy microdrones and mini-drones, including those from small arms. But these traditional methods of fighting air targets are no longer enough.
A new special tactics for countering drones has been developed. As General Leonov said, the most effective was the joint, that is, the coordinated use of all the available heterogeneous forces and means of the combined-arms brigade, aimed at combating drones.
To combat drones, it was decided to create mixed tactical groups. They include combined arms units, as well as units of military air defense and electronic warfare.
As the general said, this provides early detection and warning of the approach of drones, electronic suppression of the UAV control system and echeloned, that is, sequential fire impact on unmanned vehicles at different ranges and altitudes.
It is planned to use, in particular, the promising anti-aircraft artillery system "Derivation-Air Defense" as an effective antidron. It can be guaranteed to detect and destroy even mini and micro cameras at short range. For this, an innovative projectile with programmable detonation near the target has been developed. The machine is capable of firing on the move and even afloat.
"Derivation-Air Defense" is still being tested. They are expected to be completed in 2022.
Among other effective means of combating unmanned threats, the general named anti-aircraft missile systems and complexes S-300V4, Buk-MZ, Tor-M2 and Tor-M2DT, portable anti-aircraft missile systems Verba, radar stations Niobiy -SV ", sets of automation equipment" Polyana-D4M1 "," Barnaul-T ".