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    Russian Military Reform


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    Post  11E Thu Dec 31, 2020 8:48 am

    I was already afraid that is was a ''difficult'' question. My references were the US Field Manuals FM100-2-1, 2-2 and 2-3 and the old 1987 VS30-1 (organisation and operations of the Soviet Armed Forces of the Netherlands army and I wondered if it changed much in the modern days.

    Anyway, thanks for your answer and clarification!



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    Post  franco Tue Feb 02, 2021 9:58 am

    A new stage in the modernization of landfills: housing and modern equipment

    The Ministry of Defense continues a large-scale program of modernization and re-equipment of the military training grounds. According to the latest data, in the near future the relevant organizations will be engaged in the renovation and construction of a large number of different objects.

    General plans for the modernization of army training grounds on January 31 were revealed by the press service of the Ministry of Defense. It is reported that among the tasks set by the leadership of the department, a special place is occupied by the arrangement of the infrastructure of training sites. It was decided to carry out such work, and they plan to spend three years on it.

    A large number of landfills are planned to be renovated under such a program. The work will take place at the facilities involved in the International Army Games, which is necessary for more effective holding of such events. In addition, other landfills in remote areas will be modernized. At the same time, the exact list of polygons and their location have not yet been disclosed.

    The renovation processes will begin with large-scale construction. It is planned to build more than 100 complex buildings for personnel. The new housing should have a positive impact on the efficiency of the polygon teams. Other details of the new program have not yet been announced. Perhaps they will be revealed later, as some works are completed and others are launched.

    Central polygons

    The Russian army has at its disposal several hundred land, aviation and naval training grounds, distributed practically throughout the country. Polygons differ in size, purpose, equipment, as well as features of location and transport accessibility. The presence of a network of training grounds allows the armed forces to conduct both small training activities for individual units and subunits, and large maneuvers involving interspecific groupings.

    Earlier it was reported that in recent years, this or that modernization has passed approx. 80 training grounds on the territory of all military districts. Such events were carried out for the further conduct of exercises, as well as for the use of polygons in the Army Games. In addition, new polygons for various purposes are being created.

    First of all, large combined arms training grounds and test sites for advanced weapons and equipment were updated. So, in recent years, new infrastructure has appeared at the Alabino (Moscow Region), Adanak and Dalny (Dagestan), Tsugol (Trans-Baikal Territory), etc. Exercises have already been held at the updated training grounds, incl. international.

    Since 2013, the Sary-Shagan training ground, used for testing missile and anti-missile systems, has been rebuilt. In the recent past, the launch sites of the Plesetsk cosmodrome have been updated, which allows them to be used to launch new rockets. In 2020, the replacement of the control complex at the Kapustin Yar landfill was completed; fundamentally new equipment with broad capabilities has been introduced and is being used. This year in the Krasnoyarsk Territory a new site for the flight tests of the Sarmat missile will be commissioned.

    Peripheral problem

    It should be borne in mind that the bulk of the training grounds of the Russian army are relatively small objects intended for use by individual formations and units. In addition, most of them are located in remote areas of the country. However, all of these facilities also contribute to security and need to be addressed.

    The announced plans of the Ministry of Defense show that the modernization of remote ranges will begin with the construction of new housing for personnel. Such construction will take about three years, and by this time the start of the renovation of the educational infrastructure itself should be expected.

    The experience of renovating large polygons shows what processes will be observed at other sites. First of all, the modernization involves the construction of new buildings and structures for residential and business purposes. It is also necessary to create or update energy and other infrastructure, taking into account modern requirements. Depending on the purpose of the landfill, it is required to create certain buildings, install target complexes, etc. For the safe conduct of the exercises, it is necessary to update the fences around the perimeter of the polygons, as well as the installation of technical controls.

    The question of returning to the use of abandoned landfills remains open. There are many similar sites across the country that have been decommissioned. Perhaps, as part of the future military development, some of them will be returned to work.

    Positive consequences

    The planned program of modernization of training grounds will have a number of obvious positive consequences that directly affect the processes of training troops - and the overall combat capability of the army. In this context, the renovation of remote sites turns out to be no less important than the development of the largest and most central ones.

    First of all, attention is drawn to the emphasis on updating the residential infrastructure. Houses and other objects are not directly related to the educational process, but directly affect its conduct and results. Moreover, this approach is fully consistent with the current course of the Ministry of Defense to improve the conditions of service. Even in remote areas, polygon teams should not face domestic problems.

    The updated polygons on the periphery will provide more effective training of units and formations of these regions. Modern polygon equipment will make it possible to fully master the new material part and new tactics. This eliminates the need for temporary redeployment of units to more developed polygons with better equipment.

    Remote training grounds with modern equipment can be used together with central ones in the framework of large interspecific exercises. It is possible to transfer formations and groupings to them, simulating hostilities in different areas of a wide front. The presence of unified training ground equipment will greatly simplify the organization, conduct and analysis of the results of combat training events.

    It is possible that certain polygons, which are to undergo modernization in the coming years, will be involved in the holding of the International Army Games in the future. Competitions are already taking place at many Russian and foreign venues - and it is quite possible to expand their list. In addition, in this case, the geography of the competition will expand, and individual events will be held in new regions.

    Construction continues

    Thus, a new stage of work became known within the framework of the general process of military development and modernization of the armed forces. Army modernization programs envisage the creation and reconstruction of various objects directly at the bases, and this task is being successfully solved. In parallel, large polygons were being updated.

    To date, it has been possible to complete the modernization of the main training sites, and it becomes possible to allocate resources to other facilities of a similar purpose. In the coming years, it is planned to improve the conditions of service, and then new stages of renewal will begin. It can be expected that the observed and planned activities in the distant future will lead to a complete renovation of all used landfills - and to a corresponding increase in the quality of education and training.

    Author: Ryabov Kirill

    NOTE: according to the 2020 report there are 208 training ranges (13 large combined arms, 6 testing, 36 aviation and 153 unit)

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    Post  AlfaT8 Fri Feb 05, 2021 1:09 am

    Which unit are these guys from?

    Russian Military Reform - Page 16 Xlarge

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    Post  TMA1 Fri Feb 05, 2021 1:52 am

    AlfaT8 wrote:Which unit are these guys from?

    Russian Military Reform - Page 16 Xlarge

    the based department, to be specific. hope they kept the fuse cap on, for their own sake.

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    Post  miketheterrible Fri Feb 05, 2021 2:28 am

    AlfaT8 wrote:Which unit are these guys from?

    Russian Military Reform - Page 16 Xlarge

    A unit that looks oddly like from 1996.

    I don't even think such uniform or protective vests/helmet are used anymore besides sent to other countries for spare supplies.

    But that's pretty funny.

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    Post  franco Fri Feb 05, 2021 3:55 am

    Polish or Ukrainian would be my guess Very Happy

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    Post  Scorpius Sat Feb 06, 2021 6:48 am

    AlfaT8 wrote:Which unit are these guys from?

    Russian Military Reform - Page 16 Xlarge
    This is a photo from the training of the Ukrainian National Guard.

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    Post  GarryB Sun Feb 07, 2021 12:50 am

    It is not normal for the guy with the rocket launcher to load the rockets himself when he as an assistant sitting next to him...

    I hope it is a joke, and I hope the safety cap is still fitted ...

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    Post  franco Fri Feb 26, 2021 9:42 am

    A meeting of the Board of the Russian Defense Ministry was held at the National Defense Management Center of the Russian Federation under the leadership of the head of the Military Department, Army General Sergei Shoigu.

    Opening the meeting, the head of the military department proposed to start work by considering the issue of the state and further development of the electronic warfare forces (EW).

    "The joint efforts of the Ministry of Defense, the scientific and military-industrial complex have created modern ground-based, air-based and sea-based jamming systems in all levels of control since 2015. I would like to emphasize that many of these complexes have no analogues in the world, " said Army General Sergei Shoigu.

    The Defense Minister added that 19 new models of electronic warfare equipment, including those on air carriers, have also been developed. When creating them, the prospects for the development of systems for managing troops and weapons of foreign armies were taken into account. The delivery of this equipment to the troops allowed us to significantly expand the range of suppressed electronic means of the probable enemy and increase the range of use by 3.5 times.

    Over the past three years, the Armed Forces have received more than 1,000 pieces of electronic warfare equipment, including small-sized jamming transmitters that operate completely independently.

    "The massive re-equipment of the troops with new electronic warfare equipment required an increase in the intensity of practical training activities. During this period, more than 200 tactical-special and command-staff exercises were conducted, including 15 brigade exercises, " the head of the military department said. "The most extensive in terms of the number of personnel, weapons and military equipment involved were the special exercises of the EW troops, which took place in August last year."

    During the exercises, the joint use of electronic warfare equipment and complexes of interspecific groups of troops and forces, the actions of units in breaking through the air defense system and repelling massive missile and air strikes of a simulated enemy were worked out.

    Sergei Shoigu stressed that the electronic warfare systems and means have already confirmed their high effectiveness in combat conditions, including in the Syrian Arab Republic.

    "And another positive point, which is important to note, is that the increase in the combat capabilities of the EW troops was carried out not by increasing the number of personnel, but by improving the characteristics of the created equipment and its modifications," the Defense Minister stated.

    * * *

    The next issue on the agenda of the meeting of the Board of the Military Department concerned the creation of regional centers for psychological work of military districts and the Northern Fleet.

    As Sergei Shoigu stressed, in the context of an unprecedented expansion of the sphere of information threats, psychological work in the Armed Forces is becoming increasingly important.

    "Let me remind you that in October 2019, at a meeting of the Board, it was decided to reorganize the psychological service on a territorial basis, and to directly subordinate psychologists to commanders," the Defense Minister said. — For the first time, the psychological service has been assigned the task of sociological monitoring in the troops. Thanks to this, we not only know the social situation in the Armed Forces, but are also ready to respond quickly to its changes."

    When performing combat training tasks during the strategic command and staff exercise "Caucasus-2020", new methods were used for the first time, aimed at forming professionally important qualities necessary for military personnel to successfully complete tasks.

    "It is important to say that in the difficult everyday life of military psychologists in hospitals and hospitals where the fight against coronavirus is being conducted. These specialists work not only with doctors, but also with patients directly in the "red zone". As a result, a model of the use of psychological service in conditions as close as possible to combat has been successfully tested, " the head of the military department said.

    According to Sergei Shoigu, the most successful practices, as well as the experience of psychological support for combat training and combat activities of the troops, allowed us to organize high-quality psychological support for the peacekeeping contingent in Nagorno-Karabakh.

    "All this already confirms the correctness of the initiated initiatives. However, there is still a lot of work to be done. It is necessary to thoroughly refine the regulatory framework, improve the organizational and staff structure of the psychological service, especially in critical areas of the troops ' activities. It is important to update the methods of psychological and sociological monitoring, as well as the material and technical base in accordance with the new tasks and challenges," the Defense Minister added.

    * * *

    At the end of the meeting, the head of the military department proposed to discuss the issue of putting the capital construction facilities of the Armed Forces into operation.

    "Our considerable experience allows us to deliver turnkey large infrastructure projects with high quality and in four to seven months, which is significantly faster than it is done in civil construction," Sergei Shoigu stressed.

    The Minister of Defense said that since 2013, more than 21 thousand buildings and structures have been built. In accordance with the established procedure, they are put into operation, and capital investments are transferred to the balance sheet holder for timely planning of the necessary operating costs.

    At the same time, the procedures for registration of land and property relations, excessive requirements for design and estimate documentation seriously delay the documentation of acts of acceptance and transfer of objects.

    To remedy this state of Affairs, the Ministry of defence is continuously improving its internal procedures. A permanent working group has been established to monitor the commissioning of facilities and coordinate the activities of the concerned military authorities.

    "Today we will hear what additional measures should be taken to increase the pace of the transfer of buildings and structures," Sergei Shoigu said.

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    Post  franco Fri Feb 26, 2021 6:55 pm

    The introduction of ESU TK in the artillery of the ground forces

    Currently, the Russian army is implementing the Unified Tactical Control System (ESU TZ). General control loops are being created, uniting all branches of the armed forces, including artillery. Such modernization should significantly expand the combat capabilities of the army, and the positive consequences of such processes have already been confirmed in practice.

    From concept to implementation

    The development of ESU TK started in 2001 and was entrusted to the Sozvezdie concern (Voronezh). In 2007, the army began testing a basic set of the new system. During these activities, an extensive list of necessary improvements was formed, and later the identified shortcomings were corrected. In the tenths, the ESU TK passed new stages of trial operation, incl. using in large army exercises.

    In December 2018, the Ministry of Defense issued an order for the Sozvezdie concern for the supply of all the main products from the ESU TK for subsequent implementation in the armed forces. The contract is designed for a period until 2027. The production of the ordered components was planned to begin in 2019, and by the beginning of 2020, the first serial devices and complexes were supposed to enter the army.

    The plans of the Ministry of Defense provide for the use of ESU TK in all major branches of the military. Thus, the re-equipment of the missile forces and artillery has already begun. The available equipment can be connected to the new control system both through new devices and by updating command vehicles. Perspective projects initially provide for their application, which is reflected in the terms of reference.

    The purpose of the ESU TK project is to create a fundamentally new command and control complex based on the network-centric principle. All subunits and units, forces and means of troops must work in a single information and control network and constantly conduct an active exchange of data on the situation and targets.

    Artillery control

    ESU TK in the proposed form is an automated control system built on the basis of a variety of components. The system as a whole includes 11 subsystems for different purposes. There are communication subsystems that unite all complexes of this purpose, as well as subsystems for controlling tanks , artillery, air defense, etc.

    At the moment, the main way to integrate artillery units into the ESU TK is to use modern or modernized command and staff vehicles. They retain the communication and control equipment of the old standards, and also receive devices for interaction with ESU TK. Thus, the command post is able to receive data from any sources and, on their basis, form combat missions for the subordinate battery / battalion.

    Prospective artillery systems will be able to interact with ESU TK without intermediate links. The other day NPK Uralvagonzavod announced the development of new devices for solving this problem. In the Central Research Institute "Burevestnik" (part of the "UVZ") created the so-called. a unified digital set of onboard equipment (OBE), which allows artillery systems to be incorporated directly into new control loops.

    OBE can be manufactured in different versions that meet the requirements of specific samples of self-propelled artillery. This achieves the maximum degree of unification In fact, in the context of communication and control facilities, all ACS are transferred to a single hardware base. The self-propelled gun with the new OBE retains all the previous capabilities for combat work using target designation and control from the command post, and also gets the ability to directly connect to the ESU TZ.

    Command posts and OBE can be used with all modern models of Russian artillery. With their help, the ESU TZ includes self-propelled guns "Msta-S" and their newer modifications, multiple launch rocket systems "Tornado-G", etc. In the promising project "Coalition-SV", such funds are provided initially, in accordance with the customer's specifications.

    Testing in practice

    In mid-January, the first exercises were held in the Western Military District with the full use of the ESU TK and the complexes included in it. Reportedly, artillerymen on self-propelled guns "Msta-SM2" with a set of modern equipment, reconnaissance aircraft with UAVs and other means, as well as promising communication and control systems were involved in the implementation of training tasks.

    During the exercise, using standard reconnaissance means, training targets were identified, and data about them were transmitted in real time to the artillerymen. With a minimal delay, the self-propelled guns struck at the targets, and the drone crews provided fire adjustment.

    To date, the industry has mastered the serial production of all the main components of the ESU TK and supplies them to the troops. This means that exercises with new components and new capabilities will take place more and more frequently. It should also be expected that in the foreseeable future, a full-scale test of the network-centric capabilities of the army will take place at large exercises.

    Artillery benefits

    The inclusion of artillery units in the contours of the ESU TK allows you to obtain a number of important advantages of various kinds. Taken together, they have a positive effect on the overall combat effectiveness, the availability of various capabilities and flexibility in the use of guns or rockets.

    The network-centric principle provides for the connection of all forces and means to the common information and control space. This simplifies and speeds up the transfer of data and commands, for example, from reconnaissance systems to fire weapons. Accordingly, the time required to organize and carry out an attack is reduced, and the processes of adjusting fire are simplified.

    At the same time, target designation and adjustment can be performed not only with standard artillery reconnaissance means. In fact, any member of the information and control network can search for and indicate the target. This approach further accelerates the preparation and execution of a combat mission.

    It should be noted that promising and modernized weapons will go to the troops along with the new command and control facilities. Thus, it is expected that the 2S35 "Coalition-SV" self-propelled guns will be adopted and delivered, and the 2S19 "Msta-S" line will continue to be updated. Thus, the overall efficiency will grow both due to new control loops and by improving the tactical and technical characteristics.

    In the early stages

    Unfortunately, at the moment, the artillery of the Russian army cannot fully use all the advantages of the new control systems. The supply of ESU TK components began recently, and the army has not yet had time to receive a large number of such systems. In addition, the overwhelming majority of the available self-propelled guns and MLRS do not have modern equipment and need the assistance of modernized command posts.

    But in the future, the situation will change. Rocket forces and artillery will receive the required number of modern and updated command posts, other components of the Unified Control System, new types of weapons and equipment, etc. Thanks to all these measures, artillery will not only retain its status as a key component of the army, but will also expand and increase its capabilities - along with other branches of the military.

    Author: Ryabov Kirill

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    Post  franco Wed Mar 03, 2021 9:31 am

    On 2 March, the Deputy Minister of defence of the Russian Federation – head of the Main military and political control of the armed forces, Colonel-General Andrey Kartapolov during a working visit to the military units of the Baltic fleet (BF) presented the historical banner of the 18th infantry division commander army corps, major General Andrew Ruzinskogo.

    The division was first formed in the fall of 1939 and was one of the most famous formations of the Great Patriotic War. She participated in combat operations from July 1941, held the defense on the Dnieper, in Smolensk and other regions. For the heroism of the personnel, the unit was one of the first in March 1942 to receive the status of the Guards and the serial number "18".

    At the final stage of the Great Patriotic War, the division stormed Konigsberg and Pillau, fought on the Baltic Spit. At the end of 1945, it was transformed into the 30th Guards Mechanized Division, in 1957 — into the 30th Guards motorized Rifle, in 1964-into the 18th Guards Motorized Rifle. In 2001, it became the 79th separate Guards Motorized Rifle Brigade.

    The Motorized Rifle Division of the Baltic Fleet Army Corps was re-formed on 1 December 2020. It includes motorized rifle, tank and artillery regiments.

    NOTE: so the newly formed Motor Rifle division in Kaliningrad will be the 18th Guards Motor Rifle Division.

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