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    Russian Military Reform


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    Post  11E 31/12/20, 03:48 am

    I was already afraid that is was a ''difficult'' question. My references were the US Field Manuals FM100-2-1, 2-2 and 2-3 and the old 1987 VS30-1 (organisation and operations of the Soviet Armed Forces of the Netherlands army and I wondered if it changed much in the modern days.

    Anyway, thanks for your answer and clarification!



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    Post  franco 02/02/21, 04:58 am

    A new stage in the modernization of landfills: housing and modern equipment

    The Ministry of Defense continues a large-scale program of modernization and re-equipment of the military training grounds. According to the latest data, in the near future the relevant organizations will be engaged in the renovation and construction of a large number of different objects.

    General plans for the modernization of army training grounds on January 31 were revealed by the press service of the Ministry of Defense. It is reported that among the tasks set by the leadership of the department, a special place is occupied by the arrangement of the infrastructure of training sites. It was decided to carry out such work, and they plan to spend three years on it.

    A large number of landfills are planned to be renovated under such a program. The work will take place at the facilities involved in the International Army Games, which is necessary for more effective holding of such events. In addition, other landfills in remote areas will be modernized. At the same time, the exact list of polygons and their location have not yet been disclosed.

    The renovation processes will begin with large-scale construction. It is planned to build more than 100 complex buildings for personnel. The new housing should have a positive impact on the efficiency of the polygon teams. Other details of the new program have not yet been announced. Perhaps they will be revealed later, as some works are completed and others are launched.

    Central polygons

    The Russian army has at its disposal several hundred land, aviation and naval training grounds, distributed practically throughout the country. Polygons differ in size, purpose, equipment, as well as features of location and transport accessibility. The presence of a network of training grounds allows the armed forces to conduct both small training activities for individual units and subunits, and large maneuvers involving interspecific groupings.

    Earlier it was reported that in recent years, this or that modernization has passed approx. 80 training grounds on the territory of all military districts. Such events were carried out for the further conduct of exercises, as well as for the use of polygons in the Army Games. In addition, new polygons for various purposes are being created.

    First of all, large combined arms training grounds and test sites for advanced weapons and equipment were updated. So, in recent years, new infrastructure has appeared at the Alabino (Moscow Region), Adanak and Dalny (Dagestan), Tsugol (Trans-Baikal Territory), etc. Exercises have already been held at the updated training grounds, incl. international.

    Since 2013, the Sary-Shagan training ground, used for testing missile and anti-missile systems, has been rebuilt. In the recent past, the launch sites of the Plesetsk cosmodrome have been updated, which allows them to be used to launch new rockets. In 2020, the replacement of the control complex at the Kapustin Yar landfill was completed; fundamentally new equipment with broad capabilities has been introduced and is being used. This year in the Krasnoyarsk Territory a new site for the flight tests of the Sarmat missile will be commissioned.

    Peripheral problem

    It should be borne in mind that the bulk of the training grounds of the Russian army are relatively small objects intended for use by individual formations and units. In addition, most of them are located in remote areas of the country. However, all of these facilities also contribute to security and need to be addressed.

    The announced plans of the Ministry of Defense show that the modernization of remote ranges will begin with the construction of new housing for personnel. Such construction will take about three years, and by this time the start of the renovation of the educational infrastructure itself should be expected.

    The experience of renovating large polygons shows what processes will be observed at other sites. First of all, the modernization involves the construction of new buildings and structures for residential and business purposes. It is also necessary to create or update energy and other infrastructure, taking into account modern requirements. Depending on the purpose of the landfill, it is required to create certain buildings, install target complexes, etc. For the safe conduct of the exercises, it is necessary to update the fences around the perimeter of the polygons, as well as the installation of technical controls.

    The question of returning to the use of abandoned landfills remains open. There are many similar sites across the country that have been decommissioned. Perhaps, as part of the future military development, some of them will be returned to work.

    Positive consequences

    The planned program of modernization of training grounds will have a number of obvious positive consequences that directly affect the processes of training troops - and the overall combat capability of the army. In this context, the renovation of remote sites turns out to be no less important than the development of the largest and most central ones.

    First of all, attention is drawn to the emphasis on updating the residential infrastructure. Houses and other objects are not directly related to the educational process, but directly affect its conduct and results. Moreover, this approach is fully consistent with the current course of the Ministry of Defense to improve the conditions of service. Even in remote areas, polygon teams should not face domestic problems.

    The updated polygons on the periphery will provide more effective training of units and formations of these regions. Modern polygon equipment will make it possible to fully master the new material part and new tactics. This eliminates the need for temporary redeployment of units to more developed polygons with better equipment.

    Remote training grounds with modern equipment can be used together with central ones in the framework of large interspecific exercises. It is possible to transfer formations and groupings to them, simulating hostilities in different areas of a wide front. The presence of unified training ground equipment will greatly simplify the organization, conduct and analysis of the results of combat training events.

    It is possible that certain polygons, which are to undergo modernization in the coming years, will be involved in the holding of the International Army Games in the future. Competitions are already taking place at many Russian and foreign venues - and it is quite possible to expand their list. In addition, in this case, the geography of the competition will expand, and individual events will be held in new regions.

    Construction continues

    Thus, a new stage of work became known within the framework of the general process of military development and modernization of the armed forces. Army modernization programs envisage the creation and reconstruction of various objects directly at the bases, and this task is being successfully solved. In parallel, large polygons were being updated.

    To date, it has been possible to complete the modernization of the main training sites, and it becomes possible to allocate resources to other facilities of a similar purpose. In the coming years, it is planned to improve the conditions of service, and then new stages of renewal will begin. It can be expected that the observed and planned activities in the distant future will lead to a complete renovation of all used landfills - and to a corresponding increase in the quality of education and training.

    Author: Ryabov Kirill

    NOTE: according to the 2020 report there are 208 training ranges (13 large combined arms, 6 testing, 36 aviation and 153 unit)

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    Post  AlfaT8 04/02/21, 08:09 pm

    Which unit are these guys from?

    Russian Military Reform - Page 16 Xlarge

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    Post  TMA1 04/02/21, 08:52 pm

    AlfaT8 wrote:Which unit are these guys from?

    Russian Military Reform - Page 16 Xlarge

    the based department, to be specific. hope they kept the fuse cap on, for their own sake.

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    Post  miketheterrible 04/02/21, 09:28 pm

    AlfaT8 wrote:Which unit are these guys from?

    Russian Military Reform - Page 16 Xlarge

    A unit that looks oddly like from 1996.

    I don't even think such uniform or protective vests/helmet are used anymore besides sent to other countries for spare supplies.

    But that's pretty funny.

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    Post  franco 04/02/21, 10:55 pm

    Polish or Ukrainian would be my guess Very Happy

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    Post  Scorpius 06/02/21, 01:48 am

    AlfaT8 wrote:Which unit are these guys from?

    Russian Military Reform - Page 16 Xlarge
    This is a photo from the training of the Ukrainian National Guard.

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    Post  GarryB 06/02/21, 07:50 pm

    It is not normal for the guy with the rocket launcher to load the rockets himself when he as an assistant sitting next to him...

    I hope it is a joke, and I hope the safety cap is still fitted ...

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    Post  franco 26/02/21, 04:42 am

    A meeting of the Board of the Russian Defense Ministry was held at the National Defense Management Center of the Russian Federation under the leadership of the head of the Military Department, Army General Sergei Shoigu.

    Opening the meeting, the head of the military department proposed to start work by considering the issue of the state and further development of the electronic warfare forces (EW).

    "The joint efforts of the Ministry of Defense, the scientific and military-industrial complex have created modern ground-based, air-based and sea-based jamming systems in all levels of control since 2015. I would like to emphasize that many of these complexes have no analogues in the world, " said Army General Sergei Shoigu.

    The Defense Minister added that 19 new models of electronic warfare equipment, including those on air carriers, have also been developed. When creating them, the prospects for the development of systems for managing troops and weapons of foreign armies were taken into account. The delivery of this equipment to the troops allowed us to significantly expand the range of suppressed electronic means of the probable enemy and increase the range of use by 3.5 times.

    Over the past three years, the Armed Forces have received more than 1,000 pieces of electronic warfare equipment, including small-sized jamming transmitters that operate completely independently.

    "The massive re-equipment of the troops with new electronic warfare equipment required an increase in the intensity of practical training activities. During this period, more than 200 tactical-special and command-staff exercises were conducted, including 15 brigade exercises, " the head of the military department said. "The most extensive in terms of the number of personnel, weapons and military equipment involved were the special exercises of the EW troops, which took place in August last year."

    During the exercises, the joint use of electronic warfare equipment and complexes of interspecific groups of troops and forces, the actions of units in breaking through the air defense system and repelling massive missile and air strikes of a simulated enemy were worked out.

    Sergei Shoigu stressed that the electronic warfare systems and means have already confirmed their high effectiveness in combat conditions, including in the Syrian Arab Republic.

    "And another positive point, which is important to note, is that the increase in the combat capabilities of the EW troops was carried out not by increasing the number of personnel, but by improving the characteristics of the created equipment and its modifications," the Defense Minister stated.

    * * *

    The next issue on the agenda of the meeting of the Board of the Military Department concerned the creation of regional centers for psychological work of military districts and the Northern Fleet.

    As Sergei Shoigu stressed, in the context of an unprecedented expansion of the sphere of information threats, psychological work in the Armed Forces is becoming increasingly important.

    "Let me remind you that in October 2019, at a meeting of the Board, it was decided to reorganize the psychological service on a territorial basis, and to directly subordinate psychologists to commanders," the Defense Minister said. — For the first time, the psychological service has been assigned the task of sociological monitoring in the troops. Thanks to this, we not only know the social situation in the Armed Forces, but are also ready to respond quickly to its changes."

    When performing combat training tasks during the strategic command and staff exercise "Caucasus-2020", new methods were used for the first time, aimed at forming professionally important qualities necessary for military personnel to successfully complete tasks.

    "It is important to say that in the difficult everyday life of military psychologists in hospitals and hospitals where the fight against coronavirus is being conducted. These specialists work not only with doctors, but also with patients directly in the "red zone". As a result, a model of the use of psychological service in conditions as close as possible to combat has been successfully tested, " the head of the military department said.

    According to Sergei Shoigu, the most successful practices, as well as the experience of psychological support for combat training and combat activities of the troops, allowed us to organize high-quality psychological support for the peacekeeping contingent in Nagorno-Karabakh.

    "All this already confirms the correctness of the initiated initiatives. However, there is still a lot of work to be done. It is necessary to thoroughly refine the regulatory framework, improve the organizational and staff structure of the psychological service, especially in critical areas of the troops ' activities. It is important to update the methods of psychological and sociological monitoring, as well as the material and technical base in accordance with the new tasks and challenges," the Defense Minister added.

    * * *

    At the end of the meeting, the head of the military department proposed to discuss the issue of putting the capital construction facilities of the Armed Forces into operation.

    "Our considerable experience allows us to deliver turnkey large infrastructure projects with high quality and in four to seven months, which is significantly faster than it is done in civil construction," Sergei Shoigu stressed.

    The Minister of Defense said that since 2013, more than 21 thousand buildings and structures have been built. In accordance with the established procedure, they are put into operation, and capital investments are transferred to the balance sheet holder for timely planning of the necessary operating costs.

    At the same time, the procedures for registration of land and property relations, excessive requirements for design and estimate documentation seriously delay the documentation of acts of acceptance and transfer of objects.

    To remedy this state of Affairs, the Ministry of defence is continuously improving its internal procedures. A permanent working group has been established to monitor the commissioning of facilities and coordinate the activities of the concerned military authorities.

    "Today we will hear what additional measures should be taken to increase the pace of the transfer of buildings and structures," Sergei Shoigu said.

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    Post  franco 26/02/21, 01:55 pm

    The introduction of ESU TK in the artillery of the ground forces

    Currently, the Russian army is implementing the Unified Tactical Control System (ESU TZ). General control loops are being created, uniting all branches of the armed forces, including artillery. Such modernization should significantly expand the combat capabilities of the army, and the positive consequences of such processes have already been confirmed in practice.

    From concept to implementation

    The development of ESU TK started in 2001 and was entrusted to the Sozvezdie concern (Voronezh). In 2007, the army began testing a basic set of the new system. During these activities, an extensive list of necessary improvements was formed, and later the identified shortcomings were corrected. In the tenths, the ESU TK passed new stages of trial operation, incl. using in large army exercises.

    In December 2018, the Ministry of Defense issued an order for the Sozvezdie concern for the supply of all the main products from the ESU TK for subsequent implementation in the armed forces. The contract is designed for a period until 2027. The production of the ordered components was planned to begin in 2019, and by the beginning of 2020, the first serial devices and complexes were supposed to enter the army.

    The plans of the Ministry of Defense provide for the use of ESU TK in all major branches of the military. Thus, the re-equipment of the missile forces and artillery has already begun. The available equipment can be connected to the new control system both through new devices and by updating command vehicles. Perspective projects initially provide for their application, which is reflected in the terms of reference.

    The purpose of the ESU TK project is to create a fundamentally new command and control complex based on the network-centric principle. All subunits and units, forces and means of troops must work in a single information and control network and constantly conduct an active exchange of data on the situation and targets.

    Artillery control

    ESU TK in the proposed form is an automated control system built on the basis of a variety of components. The system as a whole includes 11 subsystems for different purposes. There are communication subsystems that unite all complexes of this purpose, as well as subsystems for controlling tanks , artillery, air defense, etc.

    At the moment, the main way to integrate artillery units into the ESU TK is to use modern or modernized command and staff vehicles. They retain the communication and control equipment of the old standards, and also receive devices for interaction with ESU TK. Thus, the command post is able to receive data from any sources and, on their basis, form combat missions for the subordinate battery / battalion.

    Prospective artillery systems will be able to interact with ESU TK without intermediate links. The other day NPK Uralvagonzavod announced the development of new devices for solving this problem. In the Central Research Institute "Burevestnik" (part of the "UVZ") created the so-called. a unified digital set of onboard equipment (OBE), which allows artillery systems to be incorporated directly into new control loops.

    OBE can be manufactured in different versions that meet the requirements of specific samples of self-propelled artillery. This achieves the maximum degree of unification In fact, in the context of communication and control facilities, all ACS are transferred to a single hardware base. The self-propelled gun with the new OBE retains all the previous capabilities for combat work using target designation and control from the command post, and also gets the ability to directly connect to the ESU TZ.

    Command posts and OBE can be used with all modern models of Russian artillery. With their help, the ESU TZ includes self-propelled guns "Msta-S" and their newer modifications, multiple launch rocket systems "Tornado-G", etc. In the promising project "Coalition-SV", such funds are provided initially, in accordance with the customer's specifications.

    Testing in practice

    In mid-January, the first exercises were held in the Western Military District with the full use of the ESU TK and the complexes included in it. Reportedly, artillerymen on self-propelled guns "Msta-SM2" with a set of modern equipment, reconnaissance aircraft with UAVs and other means, as well as promising communication and control systems were involved in the implementation of training tasks.

    During the exercise, using standard reconnaissance means, training targets were identified, and data about them were transmitted in real time to the artillerymen. With a minimal delay, the self-propelled guns struck at the targets, and the drone crews provided fire adjustment.

    To date, the industry has mastered the serial production of all the main components of the ESU TK and supplies them to the troops. This means that exercises with new components and new capabilities will take place more and more frequently. It should also be expected that in the foreseeable future, a full-scale test of the network-centric capabilities of the army will take place at large exercises.

    Artillery benefits

    The inclusion of artillery units in the contours of the ESU TK allows you to obtain a number of important advantages of various kinds. Taken together, they have a positive effect on the overall combat effectiveness, the availability of various capabilities and flexibility in the use of guns or rockets.

    The network-centric principle provides for the connection of all forces and means to the common information and control space. This simplifies and speeds up the transfer of data and commands, for example, from reconnaissance systems to fire weapons. Accordingly, the time required to organize and carry out an attack is reduced, and the processes of adjusting fire are simplified.

    At the same time, target designation and adjustment can be performed not only with standard artillery reconnaissance means. In fact, any member of the information and control network can search for and indicate the target. This approach further accelerates the preparation and execution of a combat mission.

    It should be noted that promising and modernized weapons will go to the troops along with the new command and control facilities. Thus, it is expected that the 2S35 "Coalition-SV" self-propelled guns will be adopted and delivered, and the 2S19 "Msta-S" line will continue to be updated. Thus, the overall efficiency will grow both due to new control loops and by improving the tactical and technical characteristics.

    In the early stages

    Unfortunately, at the moment, the artillery of the Russian army cannot fully use all the advantages of the new control systems. The supply of ESU TK components began recently, and the army has not yet had time to receive a large number of such systems. In addition, the overwhelming majority of the available self-propelled guns and MLRS do not have modern equipment and need the assistance of modernized command posts.

    But in the future, the situation will change. Rocket forces and artillery will receive the required number of modern and updated command posts, other components of the Unified Control System, new types of weapons and equipment, etc. Thanks to all these measures, artillery will not only retain its status as a key component of the army, but will also expand and increase its capabilities - along with other branches of the military.

    Author: Ryabov Kirill

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    Post  franco 03/03/21, 04:31 am

    On 2 March, the Deputy Minister of defence of the Russian Federation – head of the Main military and political control of the armed forces, Colonel-General Andrey Kartapolov during a working visit to the military units of the Baltic fleet (BF) presented the historical banner of the 18th infantry division commander army corps, major General Andrew Ruzinskogo.

    The division was first formed in the fall of 1939 and was one of the most famous formations of the Great Patriotic War. She participated in combat operations from July 1941, held the defense on the Dnieper, in Smolensk and other regions. For the heroism of the personnel, the unit was one of the first in March 1942 to receive the status of the Guards and the serial number "18".

    At the final stage of the Great Patriotic War, the division stormed Konigsberg and Pillau, fought on the Baltic Spit. At the end of 1945, it was transformed into the 30th Guards Mechanized Division, in 1957 — into the 30th Guards motorized Rifle, in 1964-into the 18th Guards Motorized Rifle. In 2001, it became the 79th separate Guards Motorized Rifle Brigade.

    The Motorized Rifle Division of the Baltic Fleet Army Corps was re-formed on 1 December 2020. It includes motorized rifle, tank and artillery regiments.

    NOTE: so the newly formed Motor Rifle division in Kaliningrad will be the 18th Guards Motor Rifle Division.

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    Post  franco 13/03/21, 05:18 am


    Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russian army has gone through a series of painful reductions. The reason was the chronic underfunding, as well as the lack of the required number of conscripts.

    Almost all ORB of combined arms divisions were transferred to a reduced staff. In their composition, tank and reconnaissance-landing companies, as well as radio-technical reconnaissance units, were curtailed. Also, the reduction of individual army companies for special purposes began. First, they were transferred to a reduced staff, then to the category of personnel. Later, these military units were disbanded altogether.

    In 1993, the formation of the Mobile Forces began in the Armed Forces. From the Ground Forces, newly formed separate motorized rifle brigades were to be included in their composition. It was planned that each OMSBR would have a reconnaissance battalion of the "Afghan" state, as well as reconnaissance platoons in each motorized rifle battalion. But later, due to a lack of funds, the ORB brigades were cut back, and reconnaissance companies took their place.

    During the first Chechen war, the 205th separate motorized rifle brigade was formed. It included not only reconnaissance platoons, but also a full-fledged reconnaissance battalion. Later, a separate special-purpose company was even included in the 205th Omsb Brigade. True, it did not last long. The company was disbanded in the mid-2000s.

    But already in the course of the second Chechen campaign, the GRU and the command of the Ground Forces made every effort for the full functioning of the intelligence system on the scale of the United Group of Forces deployed in the republic. When the 42nd Guards Motorized Rifle Division was formed on the territory of Chechnya in the early 2000s, much attention was paid to the organization of reconnaissance units.

    A reconnaissance battalion was formed in each divisional motorized rifle battalion. In the regimental reconnaissance companies, radio-technical reconnaissance platoons appeared. In the divisional ORB, two reconnaissance companies and a radio-technical reconnaissance company were formed. The latter included units of unmanned aerial vehicles. Instead of an airborne reconnaissance company, a special forces company appeared in the battalion.

    Also, as part of the reconnaissance battalion, an analysis and information processing center was created for the first time, which in real time analyzed, processed and transmitted reconnaissance information to the division command both from divisional reconnaissance officers and from the means of higher headquarters. The only problem with the ORB of the 42nd MRD was that it was the only one for all the Armed Forces.

    During the reform of the "New Look" great attention was paid to intelligence units. So, reconnaissance platoons appeared in each motorized rifle battalion of the newly formed brigades. Also, the brigades were replenished with separate reconnaissance battalions.

    Tank companies and reconnaissance landing companies were excluded from the ORB. Instead of them, one reconnaissance company on the BRM-1 or BRM-3, a company of radio-technical reconnaissance means, as well as a center for analysis and information processing, became part of the new reconnaissance battalions. Later it was decided to transfer the soldiers of the reconnaissance companies to the Tiger armored vehicles.

    In the late 2000s, the Ground Forces returned to the issue of forming separate reconnaissance brigades as part of combined arms armies. Several scientific papers were published, and one article even got into the popular at that time magazine "Brother".

    It was planned that the new military units would be a kind of hybrid of American armored cavalry regiments and special forces brigades. The first battalion was to be armed with tanks and infantry fighting vehicles, the second was formed in this way a special-purpose detachment, and the third was equipped with electronic intelligence equipment. Also, the brigade was supposed to include an artillery battalion, a squadron of helicopters and separate units of unmanned aerial vehicles.

    The first such military unit was the experimental 100th reconnaissance brigade (ORBr), stationed in Mozdok (it was subordinate to the 58th Army of the Southern Military District). Its formation began in 2009. At the same time, the Ministry of Defense reported that the new military unit should "become a light mobile unit with a sufficient number of reconnaissance assets and powerful weapons."

    The organizational and staff structure of the 100th ORB turned out to be very original. The brigade included a reconnaissance battalion, radio intelligence units and unmanned aerial vehicles, as well as an airborne assault battalion, tank units, an artillery division, and even a special forces unit with a helicopter squadron. True, the exercises carried out showed that the brigade is too overweight, and its units and subunits do not work well together.


    At present, the structure of the reconnaissance bodies of the Ground Forces is as follows. Reconnaissance companies have been formed as part of the combined arms regiments. Reconnaissance battalions operate in divisions and brigades. In turn, in the interests of the command of the combined-arms army, separate reconnaissance brigades, as well as separate special-purpose companies, conduct reconnaissance.

    Significant changes were made to the organizational structure of the reconnaissance battalions. They included two reconnaissance, as well as one reconnaissance landing company and an electronic reconnaissance group.

    The former battalion radio intelligence companies were merged with drone units. They also included calculations of short-range reconnaissance radar stations. In reconnaissance battalions, in addition to information processing centers, special communications platoons have appeared, which deploy automated control systems. This is especially true in view of the massive equipping of reconnaissance intelligence systems, command and control and communications (KRUS) "Strelets".

    As the chief of reconnaissance of the Ground Forces, Major General Aleksey Belousov, said in an interview, “in poor visibility, fog, heavy snowfall, and rain, our radars can see a lot. In addition, our units are equipped with the Strelets-M reconnaissance, control and communications complex (KRUS). This is an excellent complex that has proven itself well. Also, our tactical unit is equipped with complexes of unmanned aerial vehicles ”.

    Initially, reconnaissance and landing companies in battalions became special-purpose companies. But later this decision was abandoned - now these units are called "special reconnaissance companies." It is noteworthy that in mountain motorized rifle brigades (34th motorized rifle brigades and 55th motorized rifle brigades) these are mountaineering companies. Their personnel are trained to conduct reconnaissance and combat operations at an altitude of over 3,500 meters. And in the 80th Arctic Motorized Rifle Brigade, the reconnaissance and landing company is able to operate in the most difficult conditions of the Far North.

    In 2016, the re-equipment of reconnaissance units and subunits started. The scouts again moved to the combat reconnaissance vehicles BRM-1 and BRM-3. As an unnamed representative of the military department said, "armored vehicles will not be replaced everywhere, but only in reconnaissance companies of reconnaissance battalions of motorized rifle and tank brigades and divisions." The Tigers will remain in the deep reconnaissance companies.

    In 2017, the formation of new separate army intelligence brigades began. In addition to the 100th orbr, a second military unit was formed - the 96th brigade, which became part of the 1st Tank Army of the Western Military District.

    After an unsuccessful experiment with the 100th brigade, the organizational and staff structure was revised. However, while it remains closed. It is only known that the orbr includes a reconnaissance battalion. The latter includes the so-called deep reconnaissance companies (most likely we are talking about reconnaissance and landing companies), as well as special-purpose companies. There are also electronic intelligence units in the brigades, as well as drones.

    If we analyze the photo and video footage dedicated to the 100th and 96th reconnaissance brigades, we will notice that the personnel are moving in armored vehicles "Tiger-SpN", as well as "Typhoon-K". It is noteworthy that the residents of Nizhny Novgorod also have Lynx cars in their fleet.

    Also in 2017, the formation of separate army companies for special purposes began. Currently, two such military units are known. One company is part of the 49th Combined Arms Army of the Southern Military District. In November 2020, the personnel of this military unit took part in joint exercises with soldiers of the special operations forces in Pakistan.

    The second company became part of the 20th Combined Arms Army of the Western Military District. In December 2018, the press service of the Western Military District reported that “a separate special-purpose unit was included in the combat composition of the combined arms army of the Western Military District. Special forces soldiers will be deployed in the Voronezh region, where for combat training of personnel of the reconnaissance groups, facilities of the material and technical base will be created at the Pogonovo training ground.

    The question arises: what is the difference between the special-purpose companies, which are part of the intelligence brigades, and separate companies of the special forces of the army subordination? It can be concluded that army companies are sharpened primarily for assault actions - raids, capture of objects, ambushes, etc. But the soldiers of the reconnaissance brigades operate covertly behind enemy lines.

    NOTE: full article

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    Post  franco 15/03/21, 05:22 am

    Vanguard" of the revolution

    Journalist Alexei Ramm talks about how new training centers can help solve the problems of the Russian army. The author is a military columnist for Izvestia

    This year, 37 Avangard training centers will open in Russia, on the basis of which high school students will take a practical course of basic military training. In total, 70 such educational institutions will be built in the country. There, teenagers will be introduced to modern weapons, protective equipment, and drills will be held. With the help of virtual simulators, young people will be able to feel like drivers of trucks and combat vehicles, perform a parachute jump and even take part in a combined arms battle.

    A pilot Avangard, built in the Patriot park near Moscow, is currently operating in Russia. The first study group began classes in September last year, but immediately after that, the center was quarantined, and the training went online. Classes resumed only in February. At the moment, about a thousand high school students from Moscow and the Moscow region have completed the five-day training.

    The creation of a network of Avangard centers is one of the most ambitious projects of the Russian military department. And its implementation is no less important for the defense capability of Russia, as is the intercession on alert duty of their "namesakes" - the "Avangard" hypersonic warheads. I am sure that the emergence of new training centers will revolutionize the system of training future professional soldiers.

    One of the main tasks facing the Russian military department now is to increase the number of contract servicemen. Reduction of conscripts is not only a socially significant task. Without increasing the share of professional soldiers, it will not be possible to complete the rearmament of the Russian army with modern weapons and military equipment.

    Therefore, for several years now, young people have had a choice: to go to serve for one year by conscription, or to sign a two-year contract instead. Jokingly, such contract soldiers are called "alternative workers" in the army.

    The new system works very efficiently. I personally know young people who, right after school, deliberately decided to sign a contract and became servicemen of one of the motorized rifle brigades - machine gunners, operators of short-range reconnaissance stations, gunners-operators of infantry fighting vehicles.

    But there is one problem. Young contractors - "alternative workers" come to military service with very little baggage of military knowledge. Often they do not even understand what service is, let alone the primary skills of their future military specialty.

    In recent years, there has been a clear directive in the Ministry of Defense - to appoint conscripts mainly to positions that do not affect the combat readiness of the unit. They can serve in the rear divisions, ensure the repair of equipment and the delivery of materiel, serve in the security divisions. But the important tasks are performed by contract servicemen.

    Therefore, from the very first hours of military service, "alternatives" find themselves in a difficult and often incomprehensible situation for them. For many, it comes as a complete surprise that the Armed Forces are in many ways no different from the school. There are also lessons, homework and even grades. A contract soldier spends most of his official time not in exciting adventures, but in combat training classes in classrooms, on simulators and on training grounds.

    Plus the restrictions imposed by military service. Even for contract servicemen, this is strict discipline, subordination, and a tough routine.

    Training at the Avangard center lasts only five days. All this time, schoolchildren live in a special dormitory according to a strict daily routine. They are given uniforms - T-shirts, trousers, jackets and caps. The same strict rules apply here as in the troops. Even at the entrance, the young men deposit all the gadgets. All five days you can use only simple push-button telephones.

    There are five training companies in the center - one for each type and branch of the Armed Forces: the Ground Forces, the Air and Space Forces, the Navy, the Airborne Forces and the Strategic Missile Forces, although this division is largely a formality: the cadets are allowed to try specifics of the service of all types and branches of the RF Armed Forces. Therefore, at the end of the training, the high school student already has a clear idea of ​​how the service of a motorized rifleman differs from the activities of a Strategic Missile Forces specialist.

    At first glance, Avangard is a kind of advertising project on how to serve well in the Russian army. But this is far from the case. It is no coincidence that the Ministry of Defense spent five whole years on the development and implementation of the concept of new training centers. The task of "Avangard" is the professional orientation of future conscripts. In a concise form, they get acquainted with almost all the nuances of military service. And this is not only the specificity of the types and types of troops, but also, in principle, an understanding of what awaits them in the troops. In the future, these educational institutions will become training centers for those who decided to choose a contract service.

    The creation of new training centers is in many ways a revolutionary decision. With their appearance, a clear and effective system of training future servicemen is being built. Now there is already a proven training program for trainees at Avangard, developed with the participation of specialists from the Ministry of Defense. A structure of regional branches is being created, which will work on the model of a center near Moscow.

    But the success of the program depends on many factors, including the interaction of local governments, regional authorities, and educational structures. Unlike the Ministry of Defense, which subordinates the forces, means and services of the army and navy, the educational department does not manage schools and colleges. Secondary educational institutions are run by regional authorities.

    Therefore, the "military educational revolution" will depend on the clear interaction of all parties. While the military department is optimistic. As Sergei Shoigu said, "the plans are big, I hope we will be able to implement them with the heads of the subjects, the mayors of cities, who are certainly interested in this."

    NOTE: this would be in addition to the present pre-military service training systems
    - DSOOF - presently training >30,000 youths a year at ~500 clubs in military trades and basic training
    - Civilian University Military Training Centers (96) - in which ~50,000 University students receive Military Leadership Training in lieu of regular military service and enter the reserves upon graduation as Officers or Sergeants

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    Post  franco 05/04/21, 09:55 am

    Interesting read of the military prison system
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    Post  Tsavo Lion 16/05/21, 11:48 am

    What kind of army do we need today? Reform of the Russian army [Why Russia fails?]

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    Post  Atmosphere 16/05/21, 11:52 am

    Ah shit here we go again

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    Post  PhSt 16/05/21, 05:50 pm

    Atmosphere wrote:Ah shit here we go again

    Tsavo P confuses Propaganda with "Freedom of Speech" Laughing Laughing

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    Post  PapaDragon 16/05/21, 06:19 pm

    Atmosphere wrote:Ah shit here we go again

    Moron truly went off the rails ever since Analny went to the big house...

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    Post  franco 17/05/21, 05:45 pm

    Southern Eyes: Helicopter Squadrons are created for night operations They are prepared for military operations in mountainous conditions at night.

    Several squadrons of the Army Aviation of the Southern Military District (YuVO) will specialize in night operations in mountainous conditions. The units equipped with new types of helicopters, after in-depth training, will be able to land tactical assault forces and support them with fire on difficult terrain, even in the dark. Experts believe that this will reduce the loss of vehicles and deliver surprise attacks on the enemy.

    Night snipers

    Squadrons based in Budennovsk and Zernograd will be the first to receive night mountain training. They will include both transport and attack combat helicopters, sources in the Defense Ministry told Izvestia. Training is already underway. They will be able to airlift not only special-purpose units, but also ordinary motorized riflemen.

    In the south of Russia, one of the largest groups of helicopters in the country has been assembled as part of the 4th Army of the Air Force and Air Defense. During the landing maneuvers, the joint use of up to fifty combat vehicles of new modifications has already been repeatedly demonstrated.

    In April, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said at a meeting of the department's collegium that Russia was building up the combat capabilities of the Southern Military District in response to NATO's attempts to oppose the normalization of the situation in some countries of the Middle East and Transcaucasia.

    As Izvestia previously reported, at the end of last year, the defense department approved test programs for the modernized attack Mi-28NM and super-heavy transport Mi-26T2V at high altitudes in the Elbrus mountains. The adopted models have already been tested there.

    According to the former commander of the 4th Air Force of the Air Force and Air Defense Valery Gorbenko, the night use of such vehicles gives a number of combat advantages and reduces their losses from enemy fire.

    - The enemy not only does not see, but also cannot determine from the sound where the helicopters are approaching. Such strikes are often sudden. In the dark, it is difficult to find out where the landing groups have landed, to find out where they went and how many they have, '' said Valery Gorbenko.

    In order to fly in the mountains at night, special training is needed both for the landing of an assault force and for inflicting fire damage on the enemy in the dark, the expert noted. This is a whole section of complex combat training of army aviation, for which the most competent pilots and appropriate equipment are selected, he explained.

    Dark mountains

    - It is not easy to carry out night flights in the mountains. Consideration should be given to weather conditions and difficult terrain. In the dark, it is difficult to see and it is difficult to pass the gorges even for pilots who know the territory well. Air flows coming from different directions greatly complicate the control of the helicopter, - emphasized Valery Gorbenko. - Army aviation still has little experience in flying at night - mainly in Afghanistan, but most often they worked there in daytime conditions.

    Based on the results of studying the experience of Afghanistan, both combat and transport models of machines were modernized and equipped with more powerful aircraft engines for flying in the mountains. But due to outdated devices, their ability to work at night and in adverse weather conditions remained limited.


    Over the past decade, army aviation has received about 700 new and upgraded helicopters. The key feature of most of the vehicles was the adaptation for operations at night. They are equipped with modern flight and navigation equipment, thermal imagers. The cockpits are adapted for pilots wearing night vision goggles. Among these vehicles are the attack Mi-28N "Night Hunter" and Ka-52 "Alligator", as well as the transport Mi-8MTV-5 and Mi-8AMTSh "Terminator". On the basis of the latter, a well-armed and armored Mi-8AMTSh-VN "Sapsan" was created for the Special Operations Forces, well adapted for operations in the dark.

    In Syria, new Russian machines worked not only on plains and deserts, but also in the mountains of the provinces of Latakia and Idlib. They also carried out night operations. So, on August 12, 2017, with their support, an assault detachment of Syrian troops was landed 20 km behind the front line of the Islamic State terrorist group (banned in Russia). Fire was supported by the Ka-52. They, with the help of night vision devices, corrected the shelling of militants with multiple launch rocket launchers. Finding the enemy in their rear, the extremists fled. As a result, the government forces managed to liberate 60 sq. km of territory in the province of Raqqa, three villages and two oil fields.

    Airmobile novelties

    Since December 2018, an experiment has been carried out in the Southern Military District to give airmobile capabilities to conventional motorized rifles. For transportation by helicopters by air, we have prepared a company in each regiment or brigade. Without their own combat vehicles, they can be quickly moved to the desired direction. This is especially important in mountainous conditions, when it can be problematic to get to the site by land.

    Motorized riflemen train to disembark from helicopters with light infantry weapons: automatic and anti-tank grenade launchers, mortar complexes.

    In April this year, at a large-scale exercise at the Crimean Opuk training ground, helicopters from the Southern Military District landed a tactical assault from two companies of the 42nd Motorized Rifle Division, stationed in Chechnya. They helped the Marines in conquering the coastal bridgehead and expanding it, which ensured the defeat of the conditional enemy.

    First of all, it is planned to transport airborne units of the airborne forces of a new type by helicopters, not airplanes. Soldiers can disembark from them on special ropes from several tens of meters or jump out with a parachute from great heights. In addition to the paratroopers themselves, the vehicles will deliver howitzers with ammunition to the landing point.

    At the Center-2019 exercise, about 1,500 blue berets from the 31st Airborne Assault Brigade were dropped from helicopters, along with weapons. This took 124 flights.

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