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    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment)

    George1
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    Post  George1 Tue Jan 26, 2021 9:19 pm

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1ac23QOy3Y_xlUpYQ1xjQwVEYHi2qyoo3/view

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    Finty
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    Post  Finty Tue Jun 08, 2021 10:04 pm

    George1 wrote:https://drive.google.com/file/d/1ac23QOy3Y_xlUpYQ1xjQwVEYHi2qyoo3/view

    Thanks for sharing
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    Post  AMCXXL Fri Jun 18, 2021 10:09 pm

    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 Abc47b10

    98º Mixed Aviation Regiment (Monchegorsk) with squadrons of Su-24M , Su.24MR and MiG-31BM

    Some photos of open door day in 2019
    https://www.hibiny.com/photos/archive/194486/#99

    Now the airbase received a second squadron of MiG-31BM, so it was split into a fighter regiment with two squadrons of MiG.31BM (174th IAP), leaving the 98th SAP with the squadrons of Su-24M and Su-24MR. The Su-34 is expected to arrive as a replacement for the Su-24.

    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 C8dcbe10

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    Post  GarryB Sat Jun 19, 2021 10:24 am

    Wonder if Su-34s will fit in those hardened aircraft shelters...

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    Post  AMCXXL Thu Jul 01, 2021 8:51 am

    The defense ministry confirms on its website that the Pushlkn helicopter regiment recovered its old name:

    https://structure.mil.ru/structure/forces/navy/news/more.htm?id=12328185@egNews
    The readiness of personnel, weapons and military equipment for the new academic year in the 332 separate helicopter regiment in Pushkin was reported to the Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, Lieutenant General Yunus-Bek Yevkurov, by his commander, Colonel Rashid Halimov.

    On behalf of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, General of the Army Sergei Shoigu, the Deputy Minister inspected the regiment's weapons and military equipment, as well as the simulator complex being built, and discussed with the builders and representatives of the military-industrial complex the timing of the completion of construction and installation work, as well as the commissioning of flight simulators for Mi-helicopters. 28N and Mi-8.

    332th Helicopter regiment was based at Pribylovo (airfield Glebychevo)
    With the cuts, the regiment was absorved about 2009 in the 549th Airbase in Pushkin, until late 2016 or 2017, that the regiment was restored  


    Now, the 332º OVP (otdel'nyy vertoletnyy polk = separate helicopter regiment)  has the HQ in Leninrgrad city, at the Pushkin airfield,:

    1ºAE: Mi-28 (currently has 16 -12 Mi-28N and 4 Mi-28UB- the normal for a suuadron are 20 helicopters in 5 "zveno" of 4 each)
    2ºAE: Mi-8MTV-5 (currently 18, wait for complete until 20)
    detachment of Mi-35M (the usual probably are 8 Mi-35M in 2 "zveno" of 4 each, but currenly has 6 Mi-35M and 2 Mi-24P)

    3º AE at Prybilovo (Airfield Glebychevo), near the Finnish border
    currently has 8 Mi-24P and 12 Mi-8MT (old soviet hardware)
    This squadron are for the service of peace forces of UN- The helicopters of this squadron are painted in white for this purpose
    The airfield is also often used to store helicopters without use or waiting for repairs at 419º ARZ

    "3rd Helicopter Squadron of the Red Flag Aviation Base of the 1st Command of the Air Force and Air Defense Forces" (2013. Pribylovo airfield in the time that the regiments and Air Armies was abolished)
    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 Wluccw10


    here some photos  of this airfield with the helicopters of the squadron in white color
    http://aviarevue.ru/articles/events/helicopter-traning-un.html
    https://zavodfoto.livejournal.com/4835248.html
    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 Pic_310

    In the satellite image you can perfectly see the white painted Mi-8 and Mi-24 helicopters
    https://yandex.com/maps/?l=sat%2Cskl&ll=28.733566%2C60.461383&z=18
    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 0_126810

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    Post  AMCXXL Thu Jul 08, 2021 10:46 am

    Meanwhile, at the Iturup airfield (also called Yasny), there is a parking lot for a detachment of planes from the 11th Air Army. On this occasion the Su-30SM of Domna (120º IAP) are deployed,
    japanese on fire respekt

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    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 10535010

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    Post  AMCXXL Sun Jul 11, 2021 7:56 pm

    RF Armed Forces in the Western Military District according to the CNA report (Centar Naval Analyzes https://www.cna.org/)

    https://colonelcassad.livejournal.com/6899017.html

    Well, it has some bugs, like calling Pushkin's regiment 549th instead of 332nd.
    Also missing in the 6th Army VVSiPVO a squadron from the 33rd Transport Regiment in Vladimir in addition to the Gromovo base, also from the 33rd Regiment
    Perhaps a glance at Russian wikipedia could have prevented these errors and a few more.

    Here is the 6th Air Army VVSiPVO
    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 28978410

    Equipament of ZPR Regiments
    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 28983610

    Kaliningrad units, including air component
    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 28997110


    About Kaliningrad, finally the Division was called 34º Composite Division
    https://sudact.ru/regular/
    according to the instructions of the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces from DD.MM.YYYY 72 AVB, referred to as military unit 30866 of the city of Kaliningrad, was reorganized into a division referred to as military unit 32312 and three regiments: military unit 77100, military unit 32497, military unit 30866 of the city of Chernyakhovsk - formed from January 1, 2019

    Commander of the Western Military District from DD.MM.YGGGg. № and in order to improve the organizational and staff structure of the formations and military units of the Baltic Fleet, directive D-06 was issued, according to which it was determined to carry out organizational and staff activities in 2018 until DD.MM.YYYY, namely to form the management of the 34th mixed aviation division , 689 Fighter Aviation Regiment, to reorganize 72 air base into 4 mixed aviation regiment and 396 mixed aviation regiment, appoint a military unit - the formation of the 34 mixed aviation division - 72 air base of the Baltic Fleet, form the division on the funds of 72 air base.


    So at the moment there are three regiments in the 34th Composite Division:

    689th IAP with two Su-27P squadrons

    4th SAP:
    - 1st AE Su-24M,
    - 2nd AE Su-24MR, Su-30SM

    396th SAP:
    - 1st AE Ka-27M / PS / PL, Ka-29
    - 2nd AE Mi-24P / Mi-24V
    - 3rd AE: Mi-8, An-26, Tu-134

    4º SAP should receive more Su-30SM for complete two squadrons and become Marine Assault Regiment
    396º should receive more shipborne helicopters , as Ka-27M, Ka-29 and Ka-52K and become helicopter regiment
    Finally , An-26, Tu-134 and Mi-8 will become a intependent mixed transport squadron


    Last edited by AMCXXL on Mon Jul 12, 2021 11:31 am; edited 1 time in total

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    Post  Finty Mon Jul 12, 2021 1:49 am

    Thanks for sharing, I do wonder if the 689th will ever get Su-35s, doesn't seem too illogical for the Navy to use them as well for land based work?
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    Post  AMCXXL Mon Jul 12, 2021 11:29 am

    Finty wrote:Thanks for sharing, I do wonder if the 689th will ever get Su-35s, doesn't seem too illogical for the Navy to use them as well for land based work?

    689th regiment is newly formed, with the majority of novice pilots. It makes no sense to equip them with Su-35s now, the Su-27 is enough to have experience.
    Other regiments such as the 38th in Sevastopol, formed in 2015, will likely receive the Su-35s earlier.
    I don't think any newly formed regiment will receive new material like the Su-35 for 10 years.

    At the moment it was announced that the next regiment to receive the Su-35 is the 31 IAP in Millerovo, which will surely transfer its Su-30SMs to the Navy, either in Saki, or in Kaliningrad, to complete those regiments with Su-30SMs.

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    Post  Finty Mon Jul 12, 2021 2:07 pm

    AMCXXL wrote:
    Finty wrote:Thanks for sharing, I do wonder if the 689th will ever get Su-35s, doesn't seem too illogical for the Navy to use them as well for land based work?

    689th regiment is newly formed, with the majority of novice pilots. It makes no sense to equip them with Su-35s now, the Su-27 is enough to have experience.
    Other regiments such as the 38th in Sevastopol, formed in 2015, will likely receive the Su-35s earlier.
    I don't think any newly formed regiment will receive new material like the Su-35 for 10 years.

    At the moment it was announced that the next regiment to receive the Su-35 is the 31 IAP in Millerovo, which will surely transfer its Su-30SMs to the Navy, either in Saki, or in Kaliningrad, to complete those regiments with Su-30SMs.


    Ah fair enough and yes they'll be the first Su-35s allocated to the Southern MD?

    On another note, I guess an advantage of procuring Su-35s is that for pilots already trained on the Su-27, there won't be a significant difference so the conversion time won't be as long as if another type was being bought in. Rather like training current F-15C crews on the EX.
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    Post  Finty Wed Jul 14, 2021 10:34 pm

    A few mooted changes

    https://www.scramble.nl/military-news/news-from-russia

    Hot news from Russia
    From reliable sources, Scramble has obtained information that the Voyenno Vozdushnyye Sily (VVS, Russian Air Force) has decided on the modernization of some of its inventory.

    The 21st Composite Aviation Division of the Central Military District, based at Perm/Bolshoye Savino (Sokol) is one of the first.

    The 21st CAD is currently flying the MiG-31B/D3/BM, and will switch to the Sukhoi Su-34M and MiG-31BM. The transition will gradually take place, but is expected to be completed by 2024. These MiG-31BMs can be armed with the 2000 km range Kh-47M2 Kinzhal ALBM (air-launched ballistic missile)

    The 2nd Frontal Bomber Aviation Regiment , based at Chelyabinsk-Shagol, will see a transition from their faithful Sukhoi Su-24M to the Sukhoi-34. Initially only the reconnaissance unit (flying the Su-24MR) will switch to the Su-34, later on the other two units of the regiment will change their Su-24s for Su-34Ms.

    Finally a decision was made that the 712th Fighter Aviation Regiment, based at Kansk-Yuzhiny, will be fully equipped with the MiG-31BM.

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    Post  franco Wed Jul 14, 2021 10:48 pm

    Finty wrote:A few mooted changes

    https://www.scramble.nl/military-news/news-from-russia

    Hot news from Russia
    From reliable sources, Scramble has obtained information that the Voyenno Vozdushnyye Sily (VVS, Russian Air Force) has decided on the modernization of some of its inventory.

    The 21st Composite Aviation Division of the Central Military District, based at Perm/Bolshoye Savino (Sokol) is one of the first.

    The 21st CAD is currently flying the MiG-31B/D3/BM, and will switch to the Sukhoi Su-34M and MiG-31BM. The transition will gradually take place, but is expected to be completed by 2024. These MiG-31BMs can be armed with the 2000 km range Kh-47M2 Kinzhal ALBM (air-launched ballistic missile)

    The 2nd Frontal Bomber Aviation Regiment , based at Chelyabinsk-Shagol, will see a transition from their faithful Sukhoi Su-24M to the Sukhoi-34. Initially only the reconnaissance unit (flying the Su-24MR) will switch to the Su-34, later on the other two units of the regiment will change their Su-24s for Su-34Ms.

    Finally a decision was made that the 712th Fighter Aviation Regiment, based at Kansk-Yuzhiny, will be fully equipped with the MiG-31BM.


    The 2nd has already switched out their Su-24M's for Su-34's. Their Su-24MR's are now starting to switch out. In fact some of their Su-34's have started upgrading to the Su-34NOV standard which gives improved ground attack and fighter capabilities. Kansk is already switched over to the Mig-31BM and Bolshoye Savino is partially.

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    Post  AMCXXL Fri Jul 16, 2021 2:21 am

    Finty wrote:A few mooted changes

    https://www.scramble.nl/military-news/news-from-russia

    Hot news from Russia
    From reliable sources, Scramble has obtained information that the Voyenno Vozdushnyye Sily (VVS, Russian Air Force) has decided on the modernization of some of its inventory.

    Hot, very hot  lol!

    scramble ???  attack

    The 21st Composite Aviation Division of the Central Military District, based at Perm/Bolshoye Savino (Sokol)


    The 21st Air Division has its headquarters at Shagol Airfield in Chelyabisnk

    The 21st CAD is currently flying the MiG-31B/D3/BM, and will switch to the Sukhoi Su-34M and MiG-31BM. The transition will gradually take place, but is expected to be completed by 2024.


    21º Air Division only has MiG-31BM. This nonsense is writen with these same words in Russian wikipedia

    All the MG-31B were modernized to BM between 2008 and 2013
    The only unit that still has MiG-31DZ in service is Yelizovo

    The 2nd Frontal Bomber Aviation Regiment , based at Chelyabinsk-Shagol, will see a transition from their faithful Sukhoi Su-24M to the Sukhoi-34. Initially only the reconnaissance unit (flying the Su-24MR) will switch to the Su-34, later on the other two units of the regiment will change their Su-24s for Su-34Ms.


    the two squadrons of Su-24M of Shagol were replaced by Su-34 between 2018 and 2020

    Su-24MR is still in service but could be replaced by Su-34NVO (with recon pods), starting this year


    franco wrote:
    . Kansk is already switched over to the Mig-31BM and Bolshoye Savino is partially.

    The MiG-31BM program ended in 2018 for the Air Force

    The four regiments  were full completed betwwen 2011 and 2018. Total 116 airplanes (including training center), 5 of them lost

    Monchegorsk was completed in 2020 with the second MiG-31BM squadron.Other 24
    Only Yelizovo need to be completed, Has 4 MiG-31BM for the moment
    With known data/images 144 MiG-31BM were deployed to the combat units between 2008 and 2020

    712º of Kansk was rearmed with 24 MiG-31BM type 28 (with refueling probe) between 2011 and 2013
    After lost 3 , in 2018 received 4 aditional MiG-31BM type 58 or78 (without refueling), then has one more than necesary
    Because the first airplanes were received 10 years ago, now are passing repairs, it is a mistake of the press that regiment are not complete its MiG-31BM inventory

    It is announced that 712º will receive a third squadron of MiG-31K, as Monchegorsk and Yelizovo.
    It would be good if 764º in Perm also received a third squadron of MiG-31K, the problem is that it is not clear that there are enough MiG-31DZ in storage, if it is that all MiG-31K have a refueling probe

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    Post  AMCXXL Tue Aug 24, 2021 9:25 pm

    Well, it seems that maybe they are going to resume the works in Voronezh AB
    In the new image you can see that they have painted points for the position of the planes and it seems that they plan to put them all indoors:

    -Above left, up to 12 points are seen that must correspond to the Su-24MR aircraft (or its substitute in the future) of the 4th Reconnaissance Squadron currently based in Shatalovo

    -In the center there are 24 points that must correspond to the Su-34s of the 47th Bomber Regiment, which is currently based in Buturlinovka.

    -At the bottom left there are 4 points that must correspond to the Control Detachment of the 105th Division, currently composed of 4 An-30 also based in Shatalovo

    As can be seen in these last 4 positions, the metal structure that will protect the airplanes indoors has already been built.
    In the rest of the positions you can see that there are points on the ground that indicate where the beams will be anchored for the rest of the roof.

    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 Vorone10

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    Post  jaguar_br Wed Aug 25, 2021 12:17 am

    AMCXXL wrote:Well, it seems that maybe they are going to resume the works in Voronezh AB
    In the new image you can see that they have painted points for the position of the planes and it seems that they plan to put them all indoors:

    -Above left, up to 12 points are seen that must correspond to the Su-24MR aircraft (or its substitute in the future) of the 4th Reconnaissance Squadron currently based in Shatalovo

    -In the center there are 24 points that must correspond to the Su-34s of the 47th Bomber Regiment, which is currently based in Buturlinovka.

    -At the bottom left there are 4 points that must correspond to the Control Detachment of the 105th Division, currently composed of 4 An-30 also based in Shatalovo

    As can be seen in these last 4 positions, the metal structure that will protect the airplanes indoors has already been built.
    In the rest of the positions you can see that there are points on the ground that indicate where the beams will be anchored for the rest of the roof.

    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 Vorone10

    Some time ago it was reported that they would build a few hundred aircraft shelters at various air bases. Are these shelters part of that same package?
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    Post  AMCXXL Wed Aug 25, 2021 12:39 am

    jaguar_br wrote:

    Some time ago it was reported that they would build a few hundred aircraft shelters at various air bases. Are these shelters part of that same package?


    They are not shelters, they are metal structures to put the aircraft "under the roof", protect from the rain and hide the aircraft from the satellite so as not to give clues of how many are deployed at each site at any given time, nor to give clues about their operability status.

    The shelters that are in bases further north are used as storage to put planes that are not in use at the time, but they do not make much sense since the bombs can pass through them.

    It was said of making new shelters in places like Yelizovo, Monchegorsk, etc ... but it was not clear if they were real shelters or just a roof as in this case

    Well, if you have more shelters than airplanes, you can always make the enemy spend bombs on empty shelters, since they will have to choose which ones to drop the bombs in and not all will have airplanes.

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    Post  jaguar_br Wed Aug 25, 2021 12:49 am

    AMCXXL wrote:
    jaguar_br wrote:

    Some time ago it was reported that they would build a few hundred aircraft shelters at various air bases. Are these shelters part of that same package?


    They are not shelters, they are metal structures to put the aircraft "under the roof", protect from the rain and hide the aircraft from the satellite so as not to give clues of how many are deployed at each site at any given time, nor to give clues about their operability status.

    The shelters that are in bases further north are used as storage to put planes that are not in use at the time, but they do not make much sense since the bombs can pass through them.

    It was said of making new shelters in places like Yelizovo, Monchegorsk, etc ... but it was not clear if they were real shelters or just a roof as in this case

    Well, if you have more shelters than airplanes, you can always make the enemy spend bombs on empty shelters, since they will have to choose which ones to drop the bombs in and not all will have airplanes.

    Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) bases (Locations, units & equipment) - Page 6 Krasno10

    Yes, but not only for the strategic reeason of hiding aircraft deployment (wich do not need to be 'armoured') or even to protect against bombs. But it's important to protect these aircraft against the severe environment, such as snow, rain, dust or the solar irradiation.
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    Post  PapaDragon Wed Aug 25, 2021 1:24 am


    Hey, even these ''metal structures'' are colossal improvement over leaving aircraft to rot in snow, ice and rain like they usually do

    Every single airbase and airfield should get these ASAP


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    Post  AMCXXL Wed Aug 25, 2021 2:32 am

    jaguar_br wrote:

    Yes, but not only for the strategic reeason of hiding aircraft deployment (wich do not need to be 'armoured') or even to protect against bombs. But it's important to protect these aircraft against the severe environment, such as snow, rain, dust or the solar irradiation.


    Not really, unless you put air conditioning and microclimate inside the shelters
    Airplanes at 20 below zero are perfectly preserved. Inside a refuge in Monchegorsk it is as cold as outside, or even more during the first hours of the day
    The aircraft that had corrosion problems were precisely the MiG-29 parked in the south, due to a combination of rain / humidity and sun. These rooftops seem suggestive for it.
    On the other hand, the fundamental thing is to do the correct maintenance to the airplanes and paint with resistant paint every few years.
    Before it was not done, now it seems that

    PapaDragon wrote:
    Hey, even these ''metal structures'' are colossal improvement over leaving aircraft to rot in snow, ice and rain like they usually do

    Every single airbase and airfield should get these ASAP



    Neither airplanes nor anything rots with ice or snow, cold is a preservative
    The only thing is not to let them get buried by the weight

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    Post  GarryB Wed Aug 25, 2021 11:45 am

    Yes... the risk is like for the Buran where snow collapses the roof onto things... remember 5 tons of snow is still 5 tons and if it comes down on an aircraft then it can do serious damage.

    Whether it is providing shade or just stopping rain it is rather more comfortable operating under a roof even if there are no walls.

    Regarding upgrades to Su-35... it makes little sense to have different engines and radar and systems for the various Flanker types... so unifying them all with Su-35 avionics and engines and radar will reduce maintenance costs and simplify maintenance and spares support... and for the Navy I would include the Su-33 in that because keeping it unique makes little sense.

    Better radar and engines and electronics is a good thing and when everything uses it it becomes cheaper too.

    If they are building shelters perhaps they might be planning to massively increase fighter aircraft numbers with lighter cheaper platforms... whether that is MiG-35s or something in the pipeline coming soon... Twisted Evil

    Extreme cold is like 'desert like' heat... it gets rid of moisture which is actually a very good thing for storage.

    But regular maintenance is important too... don't just abandon them.
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    Post  Russian_Patriot_ Fri Aug 27, 2021 5:30 pm

    The construction of the Nagurskoye airfield is coming to an end.

    This is the northernmost Russian airfield. 

    Source: 
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    Post  medo Sat Aug 28, 2021 2:17 pm

    Any picture of Temp airfield in Kotelny island? It should also get concrete plates for whole year operations.

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    Post  Russian_Patriot_ Wed Sep 08, 2021 8:54 pm

    The Bauman Institute hopes to conclude a contract for the construction of ice airfields by 2022.

    Bauman Moscow State Technical University expects to sign a contract with the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation for experimental design work (R&D) on the "Platform" project, which involves the construction of ice airfields, by the end of the year. This was reported to TASS by the director of the Directorate of Arctic programs of the University Rodion Stepanov.

    He recalled that the research work was carried out for the military department. The specialist also expressed the hope that the ROC will be carried out in the interests of the Ministry of Defense. "We are also promised this. I hope that it will be so" – Stepanov said in response to the question whether it is really planned to conclude a contract for ROC on the "Platform" project this year.

    According to the head of the directorate, the development of the rapid deployment airfield has been underway for three years. "The project includes a set of radar, optical-electronic means, a system for organizing an airfield based on modified ice, if necessary" – he explained.

    Rodionov noted that experimental samples of optoelectronic and radar equipment have now been created. They are able to detect even small drones. "To make them prototypes, it is necessary to conduct a full cycle of tests, including operational impacts. Strictly speaking, it would be necessary to put an OCD, make prototypes based on the results, then get a letter and implement it, put it on supply" – the specialist added.

    In August 2020, Yevgeny Storozhuk, Vice-Rector for Economics and Innovation at Bauman Moscow State Technical University, told TASS that the university had developed a technology for changing the structure of ice using special chemical reagents to use it in the construction of runways in the Arctic. According to him, in the future, heavy military transport aircraft Il-76 will be able to land at such airfields.

    Source: 

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    Post  Russian_Patriot_ Wed Sep 22, 2021 11:37 am

    Commander of Chukotka: a military airbase will be revived near Anadyr. 

    The Russian Defense Ministry has decided to modernize the military sector of the Anadyr (Ugolny) joint-base airfield. Design and survey work for the first stage of reconstruction has started. They will create a modern infrastructure for the permanent basing of the aviation group there. Experts note that Chukotka is a strategic point for controlling the Northern Sea Route and protecting Russian economic interests in the region.

    Remote airfields

    The reconstruction will provide year-round comfortable basing of various types of combat aircraft and drones at the north-eastern airfield of the country, sources in the military department told Izvestia. The project will take several years to complete.

    Since December 1 last year, for the first time since the beginning of the 1990s, the MiG-31BM fighter-interceptor flight has been on permanent duty at the Anadyr airfield. Planes and crews from Kamchatka from the 317th Mixed Aviation Regiment of the Pacific Fleet work in shifts in Chukotka. They have already flown several times to escort American air scouts cruising near the borders of Russia.

    In the summer of this year, as part of the long-range aviation flight and tactical exercises, two Tu-160 strategic missile carriers flew from the Saratov region to Anadyr, covering about 7 thousand km.To ensure the exercises, Il-78 tanker planes were transferred to Ugolny in advance, which provided the actions of the "strategists".

    Drones have already been sent to Chukotka. In addition to light "Orlan", medium-sized "Forpost" of naval aviation were on duty here, capable of moving 250 km away from the control point and patrolling not only over land, but also over the sea. In the future, it is possible to place models with a longer range here.

    As Izvestia has already written, the Yelizovo air base in Kamchatka will also undergo a serious modernization. Now it remains the only one in the far north-east of Russia. In the spring of this year, the construction of concrete shelters for aircraft and the updating of communication and navigation systems began there. In the future, it is planned to place Su-35S fighters on the peninsula, in addition to the fleet MiG-31s.

    Without a proper level of military presence in the Arctic region, unacceptable events may occur for Russia, former Deputy Foreign Minister, former Deputy UN Secretary General Sergei Ordzhonikidze, said. 

    "Without a strong military presence, our arguments of a political and legal nature will not be supported" – the expert explained to Izvestia. – "It is always important to confirm the political line by force influence. There are a lot of candidate countries for the region now. This is not only the United States, but also its NATO allies. I think the Chinese are among the applicants. They have repeatedly spoken about their interest in the Arctic, although China is not a northern country. It is clear that the prospect of obtaining enormous economic benefits through the extraction of mineral resources gives rise to very tough competition. Subsequently, it will only become more complicated and more intense, including in military terms."

    Return to the Arctic

    The Northern Sea Route and our Arctic shelf have recently become strategically difficult areas, because the United States questions and does not recognize Russian rights to them, Sergei Ordzhonikidze added.

    "In order to establish a Russian presence in the Arctic region, it is necessary to have appropriate armed forces, including a navy with landing ships and a strategically strong base. In Soviet times, there were such people there, there was not even one on Novaya Zemlya. Now all this is gradually being revived" the former diplomat said.

    The Ministry of Defense has launched a comprehensive reconstruction of the northern airfields on the mainland and the polar islands. The largest project is the transformation of the Nagurskaya base into a year-round base on thei sland of Alexandra Land in the Franz Josef Land archipelago. Due to the extremely harsh climate, heated hangars for the storage and maintenance of air equipment will be erected at this world's northernmost airfield. It will be possible to accommodate up to a squadron of Su-34 bombers or MiG-31 interceptors, Il-78 tanker aircraft.

    Serious reconstruction is underway on Novaya Zemlya. They are upgrading the Rogachevo air base there. Since last year, the presence of fighter aircraft has also resumed on it. On the principle of rotation, MiG-31BM interceptor fighters and Su-33 deck fighters flying from the Mainland are on duty there.

    A small town is being built in the village of Tiksi to accommodate a new air defense division armed with S-300 anti-aircraft missile systems. Its first regiment has already taken up combat duty there.

    The base of "strategists"

    After the Second World War, they planned to deploy a strong land military group in Chukotka, but these plans were quickly abandoned. The peninsula turned out to be much more important for the country's Air Force.

    The Anadyr airfield was created in 1950 for the joint basing and reception of both military and civilian aircraft. For bombers and fighters, support units and personnel, all the necessary infrastructure was gradually built there-from ammunition depots to residential buildings. From the very beginning, it was actively used not only by aircraft of the country's air defense forces, but also by long-range aviation.

    Until the mid-1980s, the airfield was operational for Tu-95 strategic bombers. They could refuel, repair or replenish ammunition there. For atomic ammunition, a special, well-protected storage facility was created nearby in a rocky massif. At the same time, the 99th Motorized Rifle Division was deployed in Chukotka, albeit in a reduced composition. It covered the airbase and warehouses.

    The Yak-28 and Su-15 interceptor fighters were also based here. However, in the early 1990s, the military sector of the Anadyr airfield was empty and was not in demand for a long time. Combat aircraft were no longer there on a permanent basis, but arrived several times a year. The infrastructure for them gradually fell into disrepair. The airfield was used mainly for civil flights and communication with the Mainland.

    The return of military aircraft and helicopters has begun in the last few years. Exercises with the landing of Tu-22M3 and Tu-160 long-range bombers at the airfield have been resumed since 2017. Several buildings were repaired there last year to base the MiG-31BM formation. Now the 3.5 km long runway is capable of receiving any type of military aircraft.

    Source: 

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