Defective defense of Primorye
The Trans-Siberian Railway is still the longest railway in the world. Its zero kilometer is at the Yaroslavl station of Moscow, the last, 9288th, at the station of Vladivostok. This railway connecting Vladivostok with the rest of Russia seems to strengthen its strategic position. But in fact, the situation is extremely difficult. Vladivostok and neighboring Artem, Nakhodka, Ussuriysk, other cities and villages of the southern part of Primorsky Krai are located just a few turns of the border from the main territory of the country, and the Trans-Siberian Railway passes right next to this border. China is located abroad, which is officially listed as our strategic partner, but in reality it represents the most serious threat to the eastern regions of Russia, and to Russia as a whole. Vladivostok and neighboring cities are sandwiched between the Chinese border and the ocean, which we also do not control. There is nowhere to retreat from here, no reinforcements to be expected from. Even the islands and peninsulas of the Far East (Sakhalin, Kuril Islands, Kamchatka, Chukotka) that do not have land communications with the mainland the situation is not that, to put it mildly not easy.
The defense of Primorye is carried out by the 5th army with headquarters in Ussuriysk. It consists of eight brigades and one regiment.
The 59th motorized rifle brigade is deployed in the village of Sergeevka, the 60th motorized rifle brigade is in the village. Kamen-Rybolov and the Monastery, 70th motorized rifle brigade - in s. Drum In total, they are armed with 123 T-72B tanks, 240 BMP-1 tanks (yes, still!), More than 80 BTR-80s, about 200 MTLBs, more than 100 152-mm self-propelled guns 2S3 Akatsiya and 2S19 Msta-S ", More than 50 120-mm mortars 2S12" Sani ", 54 122-mm MLRS BM-21" Grad ", up to 40 self-propelled anti-tank systems" Competition "(also still), up to 20 100-mm anti-tank vehicles MT-12, not less than 40 air defense systems "Tor-M2U" and "Strela-10", up to 20 ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" (again, until now). Currently, the 127th Motorized Rifle Division with headquarters in Sergeevka is being reconstructed on the basis of these three brigades. In particular, the 59th Motorized Rifle Brigade was transformed into the 394th Motorized Rifle Regiment of this division. At the same time, the T-80BV tanks (lifted from storage), and not the T-72, are likely to be in service with the division.
The 20th Missile Brigade (Spassk-Dalniy) has 12 ISK Iskander launchers in service.
The 305th artillery brigade (Ussuriysk) has 18 152-mm self-propelled guns 2S5 "Hyacinth", 8 240-mm self-propelled mortars 2С4 "Tulip", 8 MLRS "Hurricane", 18 self-propelled anti-tank systems "Sturm-S", 6 anti-tank missiles MT-12 .
Also in Ussuriysk, the 80th command brigade, the 101st MTO brigade, and the 8th anti-aircraft missile brigade with three divisions of the Buk-M1 air defense missile systems were deployed. In the village Sergeevka is stationed the 25th RKhBZ regiment with 3 flamethrower MLRS TOS-1A.
In addition, the 5th Army includes two bases for the storage and repair of weapons and equipment (bhirvt). The 245th bhirvt is located in the city of Lesozavodsk, the 247th bhirvt is in the village. The monastery. Each of them is a folded motorized rifle brigade.
Four more brigades, one regiment and one bhirvt, stationed in Primorye, report directly to the command of the BBO.
In Ussuriysk, the 83rd Air Assault Brigade, the 338th RSZO Brigade with 18 Uragan MLRS, and the 7020th Bhirvt (collapsed artillery brigade) are deployed. The 106th communications brigade was deployed in the city of Dalnerechensk, the 92nd radio engineering brigade in the village of Starosysoevka, and the 7th radio engineering regiment in Artyom.
Two air regiments and an army aviation base are deployed from the 11th Air Force and Air Defense Army with headquarters in Khabarovsk in Primorye.
The 22nd Fighter Aviation Regiment is deployed at the Tsentralnaya-Uglovaya aerodrome in the city of Artem. In service, it has 22 MiG-31BSM interceptors, 11 new Su-35S fighters and 4 Su-30M2 fighter-bomber, up to 9 older, but modernized Su-27SM fighters and 2 combat training Su-27UB.
The 18th assault air regiment is deployed at the Chernigovka airfield; it has 24 Su-25SM attack aircraft in service. At the same airfield, the 575th Army Airbase with 36 Mi-24P and Ka-52 combat helicopters and 19 Mi-8AMTSH multi-role helicopters is deployed.
The 93rd Air Defense Division with headquarters in Vladivostok includes the 344th Radio Technical Regiment (in Artyom) and two anti-aircraft missile regiments: 589th in Nakhodka with two S-400 air defense divisions and 1533rd in Vladivostok, also with two S-400 air defense divisions and one S-300PS air defense missile division.
Vladivostok is the main base of the Pacific Fleet, its main surface forces, shipbuilding and ship repair base are deployed here.
In total, the Pacific Fleet Primorsky Flotilla has 7 submarines of pr. 877 (B-187 Komsomolsk-on-Amur, B-190 Krasnokamensk, B-345 Mogocha, B-394 Nurlat, B-464 Ust -Kamchatsk ”, B-445“ Nikolai the Miracle Worker ”, B-494“ Ust-Bolsheretsk ”), missile cruiser“ Varyag ”, pr. 1164, 3 destroyers, pr. 956 (“ Stormy ”,“ Fast ”,“ Fearless ”), 4 BOD Project 1155 (Admiral Panteleev, Admiral Tributs, Admiral Vinogradov, Marshal Shaposhnikov), 4 IPC Project 1124M (IPC-17 Ust-Ilimsk, MPK-64 Metel, MPK ‑221 “Primorsky” and MPK ‑ 222 “Koreets”), 1 missile boat, Project 1241T (R ‑ 79) and 10 Project 12411 (R ‑ 11, R ‑ 14, R ‑ 18, R 19, P-20, P-2 4, P-29, P-261, P-297, P-298), 3 base minesweeps, pr. 1265 (BT-100, BT-114, BT-232), BDK " Nikolay Vilkov ”, pr. 1171, 3 BDK pr. 775 (BDK-11“ Peresvet ”, BDK-98“ Admiral Nevelskaya ”, BDK-101“ Oslyabya ”) and the landing boat“ Ivan Kartsov ”pr. 21820.
72nd Coastal Missile Brigade deployed in the village. Smolyaninovo near Vladivostok. It includes three divisions - two divisions of PKKK “Bastion” and one division of PKKK “Bal”. In fact, Vladivostok is hiding behind only one Bastion division, the other two divisions are transferred to the southern Kuril Islands disputed by Japan. The PKKK Bastion division is located on about. Iturup, division of PKK "Ball" - on about. Kunashir.
The 155th Marine Brigade is stationed in Vladivostok. It is armed with at least 10 T-80BV tanks, up to 60 BTR-80 and BTR-82A, up to 20 self-propelled guns 2S1 and 2S9, 6 MLRS BM-21, SAM "Strela-10", SAM "Tunguska".
At the 7062nd naval aviation base (Nikolaevka, Nakhodka airdrome) there are 6 IL-38 anti-submarine aircraft (including 2 modernized IL-38N), 1 VKP Il-22, 7 Ka-27 anti-submarine helicopters, 6 Ka-29 attack aircraft and 2 multipurpose Mi-8s. 12 air transport aircraft of the Pacific Fleet are based at the Knevichi airfield in Artem.
The grouping of the RF Armed Forces deployed in Primorye will not allow Japan to land troops here, but it is unlikely to prevent the region from being blocked by the Sea of Japan. The same applies to the US Navy. But Russian troops in the Vladivostok region, unfortunately, will not be able to confront the PLA for at least a long time, given the enormous quantitative, and in many respects qualitative superiority of the enemy. The Russian group has no room for maneuver; it has neither a pre-field, nor operational, nor strategic depth. You can only retreat into the ocean or, at best, into the Sikhote-Alin mountains (and there you can proceed to a guerrilla war, which, alas, will be able to be waged for very short time without external support). The situation is aggravated by a very high proportion of openly obsolete equipment in service with Russian units and, as was said at the beginning, the lack of a real opportunity to receive reinforcements and supplies from the mainland.
Thus, the group defending the “far, but nashenny” region is completely inadequate to the situation on the theater of military operations. However, it is not very clear what efforts should be made to eliminate this inadequacy. Perhaps that is why no effort, in fact, is being undertaken at all. The “injections” of modern technology into the units and formations deployed here (Iskander, Tor-M2U, S-400, Su-35S, Ka-52, “Bal” and “Bastion”) are so insignificant in volume that in no way they cannot affect the general balance of forces in the region (at the same time, the equipment of the ground forces, which the main burden of the war will certainly fall on, is not being updated at all). But the volumes of false propaganda demagogy about “strategic partnership” and “unprecedented good relations” with Beijing are infinitely large.
About the author: Alexander Khramchikhin - Deputy Director of the Institute for Political and Military Analysis.