The Ministry of Defense will strengthen the Baltic Fleet with the latest diesel submarines of the 0636 project.3. The first in this series will be built the submarine "Petrozavodsk". In the future, several more ships of this project should be sent to the region. According to experts, they are well suited for the Baltic Sea and will become an effective means of deterring aggression against Russia.
The first of a series of ships of the 0636.3 project, intended for service in the Baltic, is being prepared for laying, sources told Izvestia in the military department. It was named "Petrozavodsk". The contract for the construction was signed last year.
In total, several such submarines are planned to be built for the Baltic Fleet (BF). The parameters of the new contract are currently being worked out, the sources said. There is no final decision yet whether one document will be signed for the entire batch or whether each ship will be ordered under a separate contract.
According to sources, the ships planned to strengthen the BF will be built according to an improved project. They will be more effective compared to submarines that are already serving in the Black Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
Project 0636.3 was developed in the Central Design Bureau "Rubin". It was based on the export version, which was supplied to China, Algeria and Vietnam. From 2010 to 2016, six ships were created for the Black Sea Fleet, then the manufacturer began to build a series of submarines for the Pacific Fleet . The first of them — Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky — was accepted by the TOPF at the end of 2019, the second — Volkhov-at the end of 2020. In March, the commander-in-chief of the Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, said that this year two more boats of this project — "Mozhaisk" and "Yakutsk"will be laid for the Pacific Fleet at the Admiralty shipyards. And the entire series of six ships intended for the Pacific Fleet, according to him, will be completed in 2024. The commander-in-chief stressed that the boats of the 0636.3 project are rightly considered the lowest noise in the world. They carry on board the latest inertial navigation system, a modern automated information and control system and powerful weapons, including high-precision missiles.
At the end of May, Nikolai Evmenov said that the BF will be replenished with diesel boats, and its underwater component will correspond to the volume of tasks facing the fleet. According to him, the role of the BF has recently been increasing due to new challenges and threats associated with the expansion of the NATO presence near the borders of Russia.
Deadly and silent
Historically, submarines have been part of the BF since the birth of the submarine forces, but today the predecessors of the 0636.3 project ships are outdated and they need to be replaced, military expert Andrey Frolov told Izvestia.
— By and large, we do not have another project of this class, — he noted. — There is still the 677 series, but it is unlikely that a significant number of such ships will be built in the coming years, and even if this happens, they will go to larger fleets — to the Northern or Pacific. The ships of the 0636.3 project will be able to show themselves well in the Baltic.
The expert noted that modern diesel submarines are a serious weapon.
— For Russia, the presence of submarines will allow to block the Baltic Straits and thereby close access to the sea. And since the boats of the 0636.3 project are cruise missile carriers, this significantly expands the capabilities of the BF. The fleet will thus receive a platform for launching warheads with a radius of at least 1000 km — " Andrei Frolov concluded.
The submarines of the 0636.3 project are distinguished by perfect sonar complexes and can be effectively used for reconnaissance and surveillance, the former commander of the submarine, Rear Admiral Vsevolod Khmyrov, told Izvestia.
"The actions of diesel submarines in such a theater of military operations are very important for providing reconnaissance, and if necessary, sabotage operations," he explained. - Submarines of this project are produced with new sonar and radar equipment, modern weapons control systems. These ships are universal weapons carriers, they can use torpedoes, torpedo missiles, cruise missiles.
The ships of Project 0636.3 belong to the third generation of diesel-electric submarines and are considered one of the lowest noise in the world. They have a length of 74 m and a displacement of more than 3.9 thousand tons. They can dive to a depth of up to 300 m and have a range of up to 7.5 thousand miles. The main armament is the Kalibr-PL missile system.
In recent years, Russia has been actively strengthening its defense in the Baltic. This year, the re-equipment of the 36th brigade of small missile ships (MRCS) is being completed. It will be completely re-equipped with the latest MRCS of projects 22800 and 22631, after which the BF will have a powerful strike group. The coastal forces are also actively developing. In particular, this year it is planned to deploy a division of Bastion missile systems near Kaliningrad. They are armed with supersonic Onyx anti-ship missiles capable of hitting targets at a range of up to 600 km. And the Bal complexes will be sent to St. Petersburg. This system is designed to protect the coast and straits, as well as to cover naval bases.