antitenk unit (company sized?)
Yep, a battary, not a batallion as I mistakenly mentioned previously
recon batallion since 2009
air defense batallion
two batallions actually,
- first one ("close range AA"): tunguska battery, strela-10 battery, manpads battery
- second one ("long range AA"): 3 batteries of Tor-M1.
This is a "on-paper" structure, some brigades can have, say, shilka instead of tunguska
that is A LOT of stuff for just 4500 people
This is a soviet/russian way - less men, less support personel, more guns and vehicles. How many men in a NATO mechanized batallion? Around 700? The russian one only has around 400-500.
And actually the new brigades are around 5000 men strong. But still you just caught why "new image" brigades were criticized and MoD still experiment with divisions. Though army command seems to learned how to manage new brigades (complex military testings with thousands men redeploying proves it).
Perhaps they found out the organic logistics for such a brigade just isn't there
What is the organic logistics of a brigade for you? The russian one has an organic logistic battalion and a maintainance battalion plus a support company in every battalion (two or three platoons with NCO in command)
9 artillery brigades (does anyone know composition of these?)
two types: one SP howitzers batallion + one MLRS (Uragan) batallion + AT batallion or two SP howitzers batallions + AT batallion. Plus every brigade do have an artillery recon battery, HQs, logistics, ect.
4 rocket artillery brigades (again, composition?)
Dunno for sure, must be 3-4 battaries of Smerch MRLS plus recon, HQ, logistics.
7 surface to surface missile brigades (how come just 7? i thought there were more tochkas and planes for iskanders are for more than 7, no?)
Iskanders replaces old Tochkas. And yes, 7 to 10 surface-to-surface missile brigades as it's one brigade per army as a guideline.
3 airborne brigades (i thought airborne were not under army command? but rather directly under central command? that changed?)
There were airborne brigades under army command, but now they were reassigned to VDV again. Plan was to use them as an air-assault (helicopter operation) units by ground force commanders (of operational level), but it was deemed ineffective, as long as the ground forces do have their recon units for tactical-level operations plus in case of a warfare VDV units can be assigned to the combined arms commands on a temporary basis.