Periodically on the Internet or in the press, the issue of the number of tanks in the Army of the RF Armed Forces is being discussed, and now there are tanks in the Airborne Troops, and they are also part of the Navy's Marine Corps (as part of the Navy Coastal Troops and were, in fact, conventional motorized rifle brigades , but listed for the Navy due to the geography of its permanent deployment). No, everyone knows that, along with long-term storage, Russia's tank reserve is such that it will be enough for us, our friends-allies, and our potential adversaries. But there are many different variants of evaluation about the tanks in the linear parts, and very often they refer to different calculations of the beginning of the 2010s, when the formations and parts of the frame were liquidated, and divisions were transformed into brigades. But since that time a lot of water has flowed both in the rivers and from the stands. The RF Armed Forces gradually formed brigades, then they began to form divisions.
Let's try to estimate how much we should have about machines in parts, based on sample states and their total number. The exact organizational and staff structures for each unit or unit in our country are secret, we have long been de facto in the CFE Treaty, so there is no exact information on this matter. But the typical OLS are more or less known, so you can estimate approximately what we will do.
To begin with, we will open the Military Balance 2018, published by the Stockholm SIPRI. Frankly speaking, even in the description of the NATO armies sins with mistakes and oddities, but when it comes to Russia, it seems that although the Vikings have become history, like berserkers, the art of consuming fly agarics in Sweden has not been forgotten. Although the endless searches by the Swedes of the submarines of the Russian Navy, the underwater means of the saboteurs movement, even of some bottom caterpillar vehicles (there was something like this in the Swedish media in due time), also leads to these thoughts - without the fly agarics obviously also does not do.
According to this reference book, the Russian Armed Forces have 2,780 tanks in combat composition, but what is written there is inaccurate information, can be seen from what tanks and how many. For example, the T-90 and the T-90A have 350 cars, but in fact, they have much less troops in their forces, and even T-90, except for a few cars in combat training groups and training units, mostly stand on the central reserve bases (for SIPRI this is noted, but the total figure of 550 machines does not correspond to the truth). T-72B3 and T-72B3 UBH - a total of 880 vehicles, in their opinion, although this modernization comes with a large number of UVZ in 2011, in some years and up to 300 cars reached, and 200 per year handed over, and all no way they have in the directory to 1000 at least nedotyetet, although there have long been more than 1000 in fact. However, another year or two ago they had everything in the directory even worse, there both the T-55 and T-62 were in reserve, for example. Which have been removed from the armament for a long time (although, of course, the reserve bases are still present, from where the same T-62 and T-62M get to Syria).
Some time ago, the American Insitute for the Study of War (ISW), the Institute for the Study of War, released the report Russia's Military Posture - Ground Forces Order of Battle. From there, we will take information about the number (for about the second half of last year) and the dislocation of the airborne troops of the RF Armed Forces. Dislocation does not particularly interest us, but the compounds themselves are. It should be understood that this directory is also inaccurate, for example, in a number of divisions, the fourth military (combined-arms - tank and motorized rifle) regiments were already being formed, and there they are not indicated, there is not anything at all, but this is not generally true and important. When counting, we will take as a basis that in individual motorized rifle brigades the tank battalion has 41 tanks - 4 companies with 3 platoons each with 3 tanks plus a company tank each and plus a battalion command battalion. And in tank battalions of tank regiments of divisions and separate tank brigades - 31 tanks, in tank battalions of motorized rifle regiments of divisions we will use as a basis 41-tank staff (although variants are possible). Although there are also reports that we switched to 42-tank and 32-tank The staffs are another tank in the battalion's management. In the tank brigade of tank battalions 3, motorized rifle -1, in the motorized rifle brigade on the contrary, in the tank regiment also 3 tank and motorized rifle battalion, in the motorized rifle brigade on the contrary. The motorized rifle division has 3 motorized infantry regiments and a tank regiment (we are only talking about combined-arms regiments, artillery and anti-aircraft missile systems and all the rest of the economy are not of interest to us now), the tank division is the other way round. Speech, of course, about the ordinary states, there are also the so-called heavy ones. Accordingly, 41 (42?) Tanks leave the tanks in the motorized rifle brigade or regiment, in the tank 94 (97?), As well as in the tank regiment, in the motorized rifle division - 217 (223?) Tanks, in the tank 323 (333) tanks. It is clear that the division command also has tanks, but we will not count them. Of course, this is in the full-blooded pre-formed to the end of the division, but in reality somewhere there are 3 regiments, somewhere 3 regiments and a tank battalion, but in the process of formation there is already a regiment, and somewhere, maybe even 2 regiments still. But this, of course, is a temporary moment, and we do not take it into account.
So, according to the aforementioned report, there are now 12 armies (1 of them tank) and 4 army corps in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and the Naval Forces of the Navy. In the Western Military District (ZVO) of this number, 3 armies (1 GVTA, 20 GV OA, 6 OA) and 1 Corps (11 GV AK in the Kaliningrad Defense District), to the combined operational-strategic command "North" (Northern fleet) includes 14 AK on the Kola Peninsula, in the Southern Military District (SE) - 3 armies (8 Guards OA, 58 OA, 49 OA) and 1 Corps (22 AK in the Crimea), 2 in the Central Military District Army (2 Guards OA, 41 OA), in the Eastern Military District (VVO) - 4 armies (29 OA, 35 OA, 36 OA, 5 OA) and 1 Corps (68 AK in Sakhalin and Kuriles). As part of the 1st Guards Tank Army, the 4th Guards Tank and 2nd Guards Motorized Rifle Divisions, the 6th Separate Tank Brigade, the 27th Guards Motorized Rifle Brigade (various formations and parts of army and corps kits do not count), totaling 675 ( 695) tanks, subject to the completion of the fourth regiments in 4 gv.td and 2 gv.m.dd, but while they are only being formed. In the 20 Guards Combined-Arms Army - 144 gv. and 435 (446) tanks, as long as the divisions are fully completed, but it is known that until the fourth pair of regiments there is only being formed in both divisions. However, it is possible that 144 gv. MTS will have not one tank regiment, but two - on the basis of a separate tank battalion a tank regiment is being formed, and meanwhile, the 228th TP in the division is already available. That is, the division will be something like 150 msd
In the north and north-west of the ZVO, with tanks much worse, in 6 OA there are only 2 motorized rifle brigades (138 and 25 OMBR), so there are 82 (84) tanks for the army, and the army general, small. On the other hand, in potential adversaries there is only a superpower of the Baltic states with three NATO battalions inside and yes Finland. True, it seems that in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, when forming divisions, they re-approach the issue in such a way that clearly in the end each army will have at least one MDA, so it is possible that in the next few years such a decision will also be possible in this case. In the Kaliningrad 11 Guards AK only two motorized rifle brigades (OMSBR), 7 Guards and 79 Guards, total 82 (84) tanks. In the nearby area of the 336th Guards Brigade of the Marine Corps of the Baltic Fleet, tanks have not yet appeared, but for sure in the next couple of years, first a company will appear, and then a battalion - a similar process is already under way in the Pacific Fleet. So far, no one has formed any divisions, but such a decision seems to be asking for in the future. However, soon only a fairy tale is telling from the rostrum, but things are usually much slower. In total, we have 1275 (1305) tanks in the line of line connections, although in reality they are still fewer. If you add there the 14th AK from the USC "North", while there is definitely a tank battalion of 200 OMBR, it may or will be in the 80th Arctic OMBR, there are no tanks yet in 61 brigade of marines, but they will definitely appear soon. So far, we count 82 (84 tanks).
In the TSO, according to the same report, consisting of 2 Guards. OA now 3 motorized rifle brigades, under numbers 21, 15 and 30. But they are all different. 21 ombra from Totsky, seemingly, the only one in the RF Armed Forces (perhaps not), formed according to the so-called. "heavy state" with 2 tank and 2 motorized rifle battalions, it leaves 82 (84) tanks, but 15 ombrells is peacekeeping, the tank battalion in it, it seems, is absent, that up to 30 osmbr, newly formed to replace the seized after the war on Ukraine from this army units and formations (which became the basis for the formation of 144 MSD) - there is no information on its composition, except that in it the reconnaissance battalion on the Syrian tracks seems to have been put on various light vehicles, beginning with the Tigrov-M and ending with "Patriots". Probably the tank battalion is still there. In general, conditionally we will record for the army 123 (124) tanks. According to the same document, the newly formed 90 Guards Tank Division is a part of 41 OA (previously there were reports that it remained district subordination, who is right - it is not known), together with the 74th Guards. osmbr, 35 gv. omsbr and the 55th mountain brigade from Kyzyl in Tuva. Tanks in the Tuva "mountaineers" do not, they do not need them, but all the others have. There also includes 201 military base in Tajikistan, in which there are now three motorized rifle regiments, seemingly, tanks are everywhere. In total, a fairly strong fist in 534 (543) tanks, if all is correct, of course. Total for the CVO is 657 (667) machines.
In the VVO, in spite of 4 armies and corps, divisions, namely they are the most "rich" in heavy armored vehicles, have not yet been formed, but only for the time being. The army itself is far from being all that can be considered deployed, in a number of them the combined arms brigades are given by God 1-2 and with deployed brigades and regiments of the army kit. In general, this situation is understandable - China at the moment is not an enemy to us, but a friend and ally, and potential enemies are increasingly in Europe, in NATO. In all of these 4 armies and 1 corps, there are 10 motorized rifle brigades, 1 tank brigade and 18 machine-gun artillery division in the Kuriles (reinforced, but tank units are also present in it, without them), that is, about 600 tanks. In addition, in the Pacific Fleet, there are no tanks yet in the 155th Marine Brigade, but soon there will be a company deployed in the 40th Marine Corps Brigade, but it will be reorganized into a battalion, which we also count.
In the Southern Military District, there are now 42 gv in the 58 OA. mdd, 19 and 136 ombar, 4 Guards military base in South Ossetia. 42 Evpatoria division is now fully deployed, but according to researchers from the United States, there is no tank regiment in it or it is deployed. In total, 340 (350) machines are produced. In 49 OA, as many as 2 combined arms brigades, 205 and 34 mountain, in which tanks are not available. Where more interesting is the newly formed 8 Guards. OA, formed with a clear sight of the possible coercion to the world of various shrewd Cossacks with the territory neighboring the Donbass republics, who adore reasoning about how they "restrain Russian fascism" without forgetting, of course, shouting Nazi slogans and "greeting the Sun" with a characteristic gesture. It has 150 Idritsko-Berlin MTS, consisting of 2 tank and 2 motorized rifle regiments, which are, as it is claimed, formed in heavy states. That is, it has both tanks and artillery in it, not only more conventional but also much more. If we assume (and this is most likely the case) that the states of this division are repeating the OCS of the so-called "Ogarkov" heavy missile systems, successfully overclocked under Gorbachev, then tanks can eventually be 400 at the end of formation. In those battalions there were 4 companies in each battalion (in msb 3 and 1 tr, in reverse on the reverse), with all tank companies being 13-tank, and battalions, even in tank regiments, had 40 tanks each. And at the battalion level there were 122-mm SAU 2S1 and much more useful, and in the shelves 152mm 2C3 served in artillery regiments, which were in artillery regiments in ordinary divisions. Also in the same army is 20 gv. omsbr from Volgograd (if Americans are not mistaken). In the Crimean 22 AK, a combined-arms brigade with tanks is still one - at number 126 of Perevalnoye, called the coastal defense brigade, but in fact it is a motorized rifle, just naval, like everything in the Crimea, subordination. This is another 41 (42 tanks). A total of 860-876 tanks are delivered to the South East Fleet, if all units are completed, and estimates for 150 divisions more or less coincide with reality.
A total of 3475-3530 vehicles are produced in all districts. In reality, there are fewer of them, for the above reasons - not all connections have been completed, on the other hand, training centers and military schools, where there are more than one hundred tanks, we also do not consider, like much else. And, of course, tanks are not taken into account in bases for the storage and repair of military equipment (BHiRVT), that is, bases for the formation of regiments and brigades of the first stage of mobilization (everything else is already formed on the basis of equipment from the central reserve bases). These BHiRWT are now being reorganized into so-called CAMRs (centers for ensuring the mobilization), in fact, this is the same basis, but with the training and other base for ensuring the activity of reservists of permanent reserve, which was recently officially formalized, and this is a very good and long overdue solution. We do not take into account the bases of the dual-basing system, where we keep sets of equipment for relocating light connections from the interior of the country, and the central reserve bases themselves - after all, we considered combat vehicles. So in the sum would come out about 15 thousand cars, maybe less, 12-13 thousand.
At the same time, it must be said that the formation of divisions will continue in the near future. So, according to media reports, the formation of three MSDs (possibly less, still) at the base of 19, 20 and 136 OMBR will begin in the South-East. There were reports of the creation of a "coastal defense" division in the North, perhaps even two - on the Kola Peninsula and in Chukotka. The formation of divisions and beyond the Urals begins, for example, in the 5th Krasnoznamennaya OA in Primorye, the 127th Red Banner is formed. Each msd means an increase in the order of 176 or more tanks (this is if it is formed on the basis of one motorized rifle brigade, but if two of them - the increase will be less significant). It is clear that with this deployment of units of the Ministry of Defense was ready to abandon the previously declared thesis about getting rid of a variety of tanks and to reinstate the T-80BB tanks with repair and minimal modernization, while simultaneously launching the modernization program of their fleet in T-80BVM. Tanks need a lot, and still need a lot of personnel, especially officers. And with the release of young officers there are problems - a really normal number of graduates is only expected, before this, officers are issued that have been enrolled in a small set in the school. Of course, this is not the situation before the Great Patriotic War, when 30 mechanized corps was formed, and a shortage before the war in them reached tens of thousands of posts. But we are not in a situation like before the war. Although it is clear that the RF Armed Forces are gradually unfolding, but this is not of a mobilization nature. The situation in the world has simply changed - priorities, goals, tasks, and requirements to the structure and numbers, including the tank fleet, have changed.
In addition, we forgot about the Airborne Forces, and in fact there are also formed 6 tank companies (in each of the 2 assault and assault divisions and 4 landing assault brigades), the companies in the divisions are deployed in battalions, in brigades, seemingly, still remain companies or then they will also become battalions. It's more than a hundred tanks.
A lot of this or a little - more than three thousand tanks in the line of linear parts? This is a lot, considering that even the US Army has only 10 tank brigades with 87 tanks each, 3 such brigades in the National Guard and several hundred (maximum) tanks in the ILC. And about the various European "great powers" and say nothing: except for the Poles, as well as the Greeks and the Turks (whose almost completely obsolete tank fleets are aimed at each other in general), the European powers for the happiness of having two hundred cars in the ranks. France has 200 cars, Germany has 225 (there is a plan to deploy up to 328), Britain has less than 200, and so on. And there are also parks with 32-40 cars, such members in NATO are the absolute majority. This does not apply to the real combat readiness of these units, formations and armies in these countries. As well as comparing the technical level of all vehicles that are in service in the RF Armed Forces or NATO countries. But this is no longer the topic of this material.