Reorganization and upgrading of Russia's army tank fleet is now one of the major military order. Reducing the number of armored forces, the gradual build-up of serial production of the T-90 tanks, upgrading old models and develop a new generation of tank T-95 - all of these processes give a lot of food for discussion. For more information, RIA Novosti commentator managed to obtain during an exclusive conversation with Oleg Sienko, Director General of Uralvagonzavod (DC) - Today, Russia's sole manufacturer of tanks.
T-90, created in early 1990 based on the latest at the time modification of the T-72 - T-72B, and Continuous Improvement so far, is the only Russia's main battle tanks, are in mass production. Under the current state program of weapons, Russia's army should have a total of about 1500 tanks of this type. Currently in the Armed Forces of Russia has about 500 cars, and the rate of supply of new tanks are on different information, 60-100 cars a year.
One of the most high-profile order was announced last month, the commander in chief of ground forces, General Alexander Postnikov order for 261 T-90 tank in 2010. Information about the sharp increase in the rate of purchases of T-90 rounds of all the news agencies, but the head UVZ its not confirmed:
"Currently, such an order in the form of a contract for it. We have contracts with the Defense Ministry, and, unfortunately, they had been on a much smaller number of tanks. But I can say that if such an order really did - we would be happy to execute it, and he would have greatly helped in the development of the enterprise, ensuring its stable operation, "- said Oleg Sienko.
Today, T-90 is the most commercially successful tank on the world market - the number assigned to the export of machinery, taking into account mashinokompletov soon be close to a thousand machines. In the geography of supply tanks is gradually increasing - according to media reports, in addition to India (the main buyer of T-90), tanks of this type is in service with Algeria, concluded the contracts with Turkmenistan and preliminary agreements with Cyprus, Libya and Saudi Arabia.
Production of T-90 runs parallel with the ongoing modernization of T-72 tanks for the armed forces of Russia. Currently, the main option for upgrading T-72 is the T-72BA. Modernization involves upgrading the fire control system, increasing resistance of the bottom of mine (more armored plate in the driver's seat), the unification of the chassis and engine with the tank T-90A, and increased armor protection of the tank. Such alterations can significantly increase the capacity of the machine, bringing it into line with modern requirements for the tank and thus much cheaper than building a new T-90.
The main hope for the future, the army, however, already holds the tank the next generation, which eventually will replace the troops of former models of cars and will complement the T-90. The new tank, known as "object 195 and T-95, developed for many years, but detailed information about it still remain secret. Commenting about the T-95, CEO UVZ, which is being developed and will be made this machine, said:
"Work on the project has been going on for many years. We have, unfortunately, today there are some problems with our suppliers of components for which there is a gap, both in quality and level of production. We are working to fix the problem ourselves - our engineers develop new units and subassemblies for a fundamentally new car, and for the interim. If the government allows us, the first sample of the new tank may be submitted at the exhibition salon in Nizhny Tagil in the summer.
The characteristics of this machine, I can not reveal, however, stress that we fully met the technical requirements and fulfilling all the requirements of the military.
So we should wait for the summer - and, most likely, you will see a new car. "
If the demonstration of T-95 at the exhibition will be held in Nizhny Tagil, Russia has become the first country which produces public tank fifth generation. And this machine should surpass all their predecessors and competitors.
Despite the secrecy, some information about the T-95 still breaks out. Thus, with a high degree of confidence we can assume that the weight of the machine will be in the vicinity of 55 tons, the tower will be uninhabitable, but as a tank main armament will have a 152-mm cannon capable of firing as conventional ammunition and guided missiles.
With the decline in tank troops with more than twenty thousand cars in service and in reserve for up to two with a little of thousands in the ranks, plus 5-6 thousand for training and spare parts, performance characteristics of individual machines are especially important. As well as the readiness of their crews. Especially given the enormous extent of Russian borders and the theoretical possibility of conflict on land with superior force of the enemy. As a result, the success of development and testing T-95 will largely depend on the success of reforming the Russian Army.
Ilya Kramnik, RIA Novosti military commentator.