So you are saying that there is no countermeasures against Beam Riding ATGMs?
Of course not, but it is not easy. Kornet has a range of about 5km at night and 6km during day time and Kornet EM has a range of 8.5km against armour and 10km against soft targets with a HE warhead.... it would be near impossible to detect the launch most of the time and being supersonic missiles they will hit you before you hear them.
The Kornet EM uses an auto tracker so the operator locks the target and fires and the tracking system will follow the target to impact... but if the target drives behind cover it is safe. If it pops smoke and reverses out of there it would most often be safe... but as I said most of the time it wont know it is under attack until boom.
An APS system to shoot the missile down in flight.
But flares and chaff make no difference... it is neither radar guided nor heat seeking...
The missile is fired towards the sea so that it falls in the beach. The missile falls in the beach (sand)
Wouldn't it make more sense to use it on land on a shooting range where a real target can be used so its accuracy can be determined.... and its ability to hit targets in the different flight modes can be tested?
But you need first to detect it and like Syrian conflict showed it isn't really easy and even t-90 and leopard 2 tanks got hit and didn't detect the missile. Humans with portable missile launchers can hide much better than atgm equiped vehicles.
In Syria a TOW missile launch was often not spotted from less than 4km range, and TOW is a wire dragger so it moves at less than half the speed of Kornet.
You can't make a weapon totally useless. It was created to destroy tanks and the designers took into consideration the enemy protection systems. If you come up with a new defensive system, the atgm will be adapted to counter it. That's why you have plenty of different atgm created often.
And if you are smart and use a few different types of ATGMs guidance options you end up with weapons very tricky to stop.
Laser beam riding ATGMs also have limitations, since laser designation/illumination activates the laser warners & countermeasures suites.
No it doesn't.
Because the sensor that looks for the laser beam is actually looking back directly at the laser the power of the laser is orders of magnitude lower than a laser that has to reflect off the surface of a target to provide a mark for laser guided weapons to target. Laser warners and countermeasures systems can't be set sensitive enough to detect the laser beam of a beam riding missile otherwise the damn things will be popping smoke and sounding warnings all the time because of laser range finders.... both your own and the enemies...
If they were sensitive enough to detect a Kornets laser beam it would go off every time the vehicle used its own laser range finder to range a target... and every time friendly and enemy forces did the same... it would be going off all the time and you either learn to ignore it, or most likely you turn it off and it is useless if you keep it off.
The Kornet system lases the target for range when you select it so it will know the distance to the target. When you choose to launch a missile it knows the flight speed of the missile so it can calculate the flight time to the target and so it controls the laser so for the first few seconds of the engagement it aims several metres above the target so that the missile flys clear of clutter on the ground like bushes and trees... when the missile gets to 1000m from the target it will automatically drop the laser onto the point of aim to impact... it will also send a coded pulse in the laser beam that will activate the missiles fuse so it can explode.
Hence, dual-mode or tri-mode guidance is the preferred alternative.
You don't want it too complex...
The latest ATGMs available today incorporate dual-mode or triple-mode guidance for overcoming countermeasures.
Actually one of the best weapons right now would be Khrisantema... it can use laser beam riding and has MMW radar guidance as backup... meaning it can operate in a snow storm or dust storm... MMW radar is tough to jam...
To overcome them you can point the laser on the ground near the tank and point the tank at the last second.
For rangefinding you can find an object beside the target the same distance away that way if it detects the reflections it will think the laser came from the thing you lased instead of from you. The Kornet-EM is basically automated, with aiming high as standard to prevent the missile running in to objects on the ground on its way to the target.
But IMO the best is man in the loop wire and optically guided, i.e the french MMP.
Wire makes the missile slow and limits the range.... and means you need to be stationary when firing the missile...
Fire and forget are the worst missiles you can have.
Often the most expensive, and for a sophisticated enemy fairly straight forward to either decoy, jam or otherwise defeat.
Driving behind something is the best way to protect from most missiles...
Laser beam riding missiles like Kornet of course have their advantages but since their max range is around 10kms, acquiring the target becomes a challenge.
Drones can locate targets for them and from a defensive position seeing tanks approaching even from 10km away is not impossible... they have excellent magnified optics and thermals...
Similarly, man-in-the-loop wire and optically guided ATGMs have their advantages. However, Sensors on MBTs, IFVs, etc that track incoming shots at the vehicle can also paint a target on the shooter and activate Slew-to-Cue weapons to neutralize the ATGM operators.
Popping smoke and reversing out of the position and moving is their best move... but of course if you have ERA and APS and you feel safe you might want to try to locate the shooter and fire at them.
Anti armour Kornet-EMs reach 8.5km which is a huge volume of space to search looking for a threat...
Better to pop smoke and reverse and try to spot where the missile seems to come from as it blows past and then send a drone in that general direction and look for the launch platform...
10km for the kornet is good if you have the optics to detect a target at that range. Most man portable kornets would be used at 2 or 3km max. Its main advantage is 1300mm of penetration after ERA.
Kornet crews will try to launch their missiles from near max range, which would be about 5-6km. AFAIK Kornet EM is a vehicle based system with more powerful optics than the man portable model. The missile is supersonic and relatively small... it would be difficult to spot... it is not a smoker.
Firing at the operator while he is firing his missile is a suicide.
From 5-6km away he is going to be a tiny target... very difficult to spot with no reason to move around and draw attention to himself...
Earlier this month, the US State Department reiterated that India must “forgo transactions with Russia that risk triggering sanctions under the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act”. wrote:
India is under no obligation to follow US laws... especially when they go against Indias national interests...