During recent meetings of Putin drew attention to the foreign projects missile systems that could pose a threat to Russian security. According to the Russian president, the true purpose of these projects implemented US and its allies is no defense against nuclear attack, and the achievement of global military supremacy. Such a violation of the balance of power is very dangerous, because of what Russia will be forced to respond.
Modernization of the Strategic Missile Forces
According to the president, Russia will strengthen its strategic nuclear forces. It is planned to build a missile defense system, but for now the main task is to work on the shock systems that will be able to overcome any potential enemy defenses.
There is an ongoing series production and supply of troops in the latest missile systems. Putin once again said that during 2015 the Strategic Missile Forces must obtain four regiments with the most modern missiles. This information was repeatedly voiced earlier by various officials, and now once again received confirmation. The president did not specify the type of new facilities, but most likely it was a system RS-24 "yars". Available information on the structure of the missile forces suggest that in the current year they will receive 36 new complexes.
Progress has been made in the establishment of new missile systems, which in the future will replace the existing in-service equipment. The closest to the adoption intercontinental ballistic missile RS-26 "Boundary". She is a further development of the product family "Topol" / "yars" and has similar goals. Previously it stated that the complex "Boundary" in the distant future will replace the existing missiles "Topol-M" and the "yars". However, within the next few years, all three types of complexes, may be used in parallel.
Drafting of the RS-26 was launched about ten years ago at the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology. The existence of long-term project was known only to a few years later, when he reached the stage of construction of prototypes and testing. The first launch of an experimental rocket in September 2011 and ended in failure (according to other sources, they were successful throwing trials). Also in 2011 there was an alternative designation of the project, which is why different sources of complex PC-26 may be cited as the "Abroad" and "avant-garde".
There are currently performed several test launches. Almost all starts, except the first, successfully completed the defeat of the conditional goal. In March 2015 it hosted another successful launch, after which it was decided to launch serial production of missiles, followed by the deployment of the troops.
In 2014 and 2015 officials have repeatedly raised the topic timing of "Limit" on the arms. For example, last year argued that the missiles entered service in 2015. In the spring of this year, the Strategic Missile Forces Commander Col. Gen. Sergei Karakayev said that the complex will be commissioned in late 2015, and mass production will start within the first months of 2016.
The project MS-26 "Boundary" entered the final stage. As soon as the new system will be put into service the Strategic Missile Forces, and over the next few months, the army received the first production missiles. By the end of next year on duty to intercede first compound, armed with new systems. So now the project "Border" can be considered successfully completed. Nomenclature RVSN added a new type of missile with improved characteristics.
The missile RS-26 "Boundary" in the distant future would replace the system "Topol" and "yars". In the nearest future it is planned to gradually replace ICBM heavy class, such as the P-36M, etc., which is currently being drafted missile RS-28, "Sarmat". By now it becomes aware of some features of this promising project, but most of the information is still not subject to disclosure.
Creating a project "Sarmat" was launched at the end of the last decade. The lead developer became State Rocket Center. Makeyev. In addition, the project employed some other enterprises, in particular, Reutov Machine-Building NPO. The aim of the project is the creation of a heavy liquid ICBM, which will replace the Strategic Missile Forces samples available in its class.
The exact requirements for the missile remain unknown, though echoed some sample information. For example, the former chief of staff of the Strategic Missile Forces commander and consultant Missile Forces Viktor Yesin mentioned that the throw-weight of the new missile will reach 5 tons. The flight range is not disclosed. At the same time Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov last year noted that the prospective ICBMs able to fly over the North or South Pole.
In the late spring of last year Y. Borisov also said that all the work on the project "Sarmat" goes according to schedule. In the summer of 2015 there were reports according to which is currently under the third phase of development work. At the same time he mentioned that the prospective missile flight tests will begin next year.
Previously available information on the timing of construction of the first prototype of the product PC-28. According to Tass, the first prototype of the rocket must be built by the middle of autumn. In the future it will be used in the first trial throwing in which to check the work of the launcher and its systems. It was also reported that as of the end of June the assembly of the prototype is completed by 60%.
At the moment, we can assume that the test missile RS-28, "Sarmat" will start next year, after which time it will take to carry out all necessary checks and modifications. As a result, prospective ICBMs able to go to the series and went on duty a few years. It has repeatedly argued that the range of "Sarmat" will go into operation by the end of the decade - in 2018-20, respectively. Given the available information on the current status of the project timeframe look real.
Currently in service with the Strategic Missile Forces are composed of several types of facilities, including developed several decades ago in the Soviet Union. In recent years carried out a program of modernization of weapons RVSN, which aims to create and formulation of the duty of new missile complexes. The result of the current work should be complete rejection of the use of legacy systems with the transition to new ones.
Several years ago, to finalize the draft RS-24 "yars", after which the Strategic Missile Forces began receiving a new type of rocket. The following year, the troops will receive the first batch of systems "Boundary". By the end of the decade arsenal of missile troops replenish complex "Sarmat". Thus, to the 2020-22 base year arms Strategic Missile Forces will be complex created for the last 10-15 years, which will positively affect the combat capability of the Strategic Missile Forces and strategic security.