Well Tajikistan is one of the poorest post-Soviet countries, next to Kyrgyzstan
During the 90s they had a bad civil war and that pretty much wiped the slate clean in regards to a lot of progress they had made under the USSR. But it also ended in victory against the Islamist crazies and prevented ultimately from any Islamic fundamentalism taking hold there. Since then they have been a stable, if underdeveloped country that are overly reliant on remitances from Russia.
Gaining citizenship is a means to scale the social ladder, open new opportunities for kids and improve material wealth. Same as getting citizenship as an immigrant in any country which affords more opportunities than your home one does.
I don't know what's behind the rise specifically this year. Perhaps some new scheme or loophole
I wouldn't say they live in ghettos as such. They just live in cheaper areas with cheaper, older housing but such neighborhoods are always mixed.
They do tend to stick more to their own communities but everyone diaspora that to various extents. They mix more with other Muslim diasporas, although not exclusively. A lot of people come to Russia from the rural areas of Tajikistan and Central Asia. These people are more religious, more conservative, speak Russian worse - but what I noticed is that they pick up the language very quickly, because these people simply have a good work ethic. I had a friend from Tajikistan who came to Russia as a student and didn't speak the language at all. But within a few years had learned it to an impressive degree, made money as a chauffeur before getting into law, set his brother up here with his own garage business, and then got citizenship not long after.
I also a knew a mother and her 12-year old daughter; I used to hire them to clean my place. They were both from a rural area, but again, both had learned Russian to a very conversational degree quickly. The daughter was studying in a Russian school and getting good grades. And they did an excellent job cleaning, even if they tried to slowly increase the charge over time
On the whole, Russia is a big country and it won't suffer from an infusion of immigrants from Tajikistan.
Last edited by flamming_python on Mon Dec 26, 2022 8:27 pm; edited 1 time in total