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    Russian Radar systems

    thegopnik
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    Post  thegopnik Wed Nov 27, 2019 5:07 am

    GarryB wrote:If it penetrates the ground then it will likely also penetrate shallow water too, so it would be useful for port defence and naval operations...

    https://qr.ae/TaCyjR

    Well I am glad that not only KRET but RTI have confirmed that these radars can even operate on the level of hertz. My answer source seems to show everything so far in what capabilities it can have.
    George1
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    Post  George1 Thu Nov 28, 2019 2:07 pm

    Latest radar ready to go on combat alert in Russian Arctic


    Earlier reports said the new radar would assume combat duty in November

    MOSCOW, November 28. /TASS/. The third Rezonans-N radar capable of spotting hypersonic missiles flying at a speed of 20 times the speed of sound and stealth aircraft is ready to assume combat duty on Russia’s Novaya Zemlya Arctic Archipelago, Rezonans Research Center CEO Ivan Nazarenko told TASS on Thursday.

    "The third Rezonans-N radar in the Arctic has been deployed on Novaya Zemlya. It is turned on and tuned in, has undergone all the trials, has been accepted by the military and is ready to go on combat alert within the Northern Fleet," the chief executive said.

    The specific date "for the radar to assume combat duty will be defined by the Defense Ministry," he added.

    Previous reports said the new radar would assume combat duty in November.

    By now, the Russian military has received four Rezonans-N radar stations while the fifth is at the final stage of its manufacture. Two radars are already on combat alert, the chief executive said.

    All the radars are designated to defend the northern direction in the Arctic, he said.

    The radar’s range makes it possible "to detect aircraft based on stealth technology and hypersonic targets flying at a speed of up to Mach 20," he added.

    According to the data of the Rezonans Research Center, the radar is capable of detecting and providing target acquisition on aerodynamic air targets, including stealth aircraft, at a distance of 600 km and at a range of 1,200 km on ballistic targets, at an altitude of up to 100 km.


    https://tass.com/defense/1093763
    thegopnik
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    Post  thegopnik Wed Jan 22, 2020 7:11 pm

    https://tass.com/defense/1111675

    "The RTI Joint Stock Company, a developer and producer of high-tech products, will create new radars that operate in terahertz frequency range and are capable of pinpointing the smallest drone, RTI CEO Pavel Laptayev told TASS.

    "The terahertz technology [featuring radio wave length below one millimeter] will be converted into a product within five years. These radars can detect small drones, and function in space," Laptayev explained.

    According to the CEO, the submillimeter radar enables a beam to be aimed on a relatively small object with extraordinary precision, impossible for other ranges, and identify its shape, material, speed and trajectory.

    Laptayev admitted that RTI managed to achieve significant success in the terahertz range only in 2019, with the company mastering the components for such stations, and learning to identify objects and materials. According to the CEO, the RTI specialists now work on radar software that would swiftly and effectively classify a target and relay this information to the operator.

    "This task will take more time than creating a prototype, because it requires accumulating data and implementing machine learning methods," the CEO specified.

    Small drones are considered a serious threat because they can go unnoticed by conventional radars, especially when flying at low altitudes and low speed. For instance, drones rigged with explosives, attacked Saudi Aramco’s two largest refineries on September 14, 2019. The blasts and fires caused by the strike sent the world’s biggest oil exporter’s daily extraction plunging from 9.8 million bpd to 4.1 million bpd."
    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Thu Jan 23, 2020 6:49 am

    The US regularly uses drones to kill people.... the ones thus far used against people by the CIA in a regime change attack seem to be slow helicopter multi rotor designs of relatively low speed... but it is only a matter of time before faster versions are used... perhaps as a dive bomber with a substantial payload of high explosive... events like parades and air shows or even just the day to day operations of air ports can be disrupted too... being able to track small threats is going to be important in the future... prevention is better than cure.
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    Vann7

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    Post  Vann7 Thu Jan 23, 2020 9:47 pm



    damn...

    Today 23 jan 2020 ,saw a report .. i think was on RT..
    on the Russian military ,someone in the military was claiming
    they detected with s-400s radars.. (FIVE) F-35 planes flying over iraq.. providing
    protection to the american base ,when iran launched its ballistic missile attack..

    The news was about Russia positioning a new S-400 air defense near iraq border..
    and how they detected F-35s due to the proximity with iraq.. and they were very happy
    of the performance of their radars.. Smile

    unfortunately by accident clicked in the wrong button and throw me out of the page..
    and when try to return is gone.. the report.. but this is basically the most important info
    on the today report by russian military.. they moved s-400s to near iraq borders..
    and they detected 5x F-35s flying near their bases providing cover ..

    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Fri Jan 24, 2020 6:48 am

    If you are on a computer look in your browsing history to find the page, your phone or tablet should keep track of the pages you have recently visited too...

    George1
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    Post  George1 Fri Feb 07, 2020 11:00 pm

    Two Rezonans-N radars capable of spotting hypersonic targets will be deployed on the Kola Peninsula in the Russian Arctic by the end of the year.

    https://tass.com/defense/1117577
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    Austin

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    Russian Radar systems - Page 18 Empty Russian OTHR 29B6 Konteyner analysis

    Post  Austin Tue Mar 10, 2020 7:53 am

    Russian OTHR 29B6 Konteyner analysis

    https://planesandstuff.wordpress.com/2020/02/25/russian-othr-29b6-konteyner-analysis/

    Konteyner Follow-up

    https://planesandstuff.wordpress.com/2020/03/06/konteyner-follow-up/
    George1
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    Post  George1 Fri Mar 20, 2020 2:35 pm

    Russia’s advanced radar in Kaliningrad to monitor entire territory of Europe — source

    The first Konteiner radar went on combat duty in the Volga area region of Mordovia on December 1, 2019

    MOSCOW, March 19. /TASS/. Russia’s Konteiner new-generation over-the-horizon radar, capable of tracking launches of cruise and hypersonic missiles at the distance of up to 3,000 km, will be deployed in Russia’s Baltic exclave of Kaliningrad to cover the entire territory of Europe, including the United Kingdom, a defense industry source told TASS on Thursday.

    The first Konteiner radar went on combat duty in the Volga area region of Mordovia on December 1, 2019.

    "The second Konteiner radar will be deployed in the Kaliningrad region. Several potential sites are now being considered," the source said.

    He did not elaborate on when the radar will enter service, saying only that "the radar is planned to be deployed in the short-term perspective."

    "The second radar will complement the first one, which entered service in Mordovia, and will be capable of monitoring the entire territory of Europe, including the United Kingdom," the source said. "Moreover, data coming from both stations will be combined to increase precision."

    The Russian Defense Ministry said last December that Russia would set up a continuous radar field around its borders. The new system will comprise Konteiner new-generation over-the-horizon radars, based on the principle of receiving radio signals reflected from the ionosphere. Those radars are capable of tracking a mass take-off of combat aircraft, the launch of cruise missiles or hypersonic weapons at the distance of up to 3,000 km. Among other locations, Russia plans to deploy Konteiner radar stations in the Arctic region.

    By now, Russia has set up a continuous radar field of its missile early warning system. It integrates Voronezh-type radar stations, which are designated to track the launches of ballistic missiles towards Russian territory.

    https://tass.com/defense/1132191
    thegopnik
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    Post  thegopnik Tue Mar 24, 2020 4:49 am

    http://www.ruselectronics.ru/news/?id=3444

    Roselektronika Holding created the first fully domestic thermal imager with a cooling system. The equipment is designed to solve problems where a large detection range, high resolution and maximum detail of the frame are required.

    The new equipment is a highly sensitive thermal imaging camera, which consists of a photodetector (FPU) and an infrared lens based on diffractive IR optics. To cool the body of the photodetector, a microcryogenic system is used, which allows to reduce the detector's own radiation and increase the resolution of the device. The thermal imager uses a matrix with a format of 640 by 512 sensitive elements.

    The thermal imaging detector has a high threshold sensitivity due to the use of structures on quantum wells (Quantum Well Infrared Photodetector, QWIP). The equipment confidently recognizes objects at a distance of at least 3,500 m, even in a wide field of view of 10.5 * 7.8 degrees.

    JohninMK
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    Post  JohninMK Sat Apr 11, 2020 12:40 am

    Sukhoi Su-57 Felon

    @I30mki
    ·
    Apr 9
    The #Russian Ministry of Defense was able to control airspace over Europe to great depths. In Mordovia, a radar station (RLS) of the next-gen horizontal detection of a new gen of "Container" type has taken up combat-duty duty, press service of Russian Ministry of Defense reports.


    Russian Radar systems - Page 18 EVLbf2EU4AAT6o7?format=jpg&name=large
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    Austin

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    Post  Austin Sun Apr 12, 2020 11:07 am

    https://www.sigidwiki.com/wiki/29B6_%27Kontayner%27_OTH_Radar

    29B6 commonly uses 50 sweeps/sec (max range 3000 km), but it has been seen with 25 sweeps/sec (max range 6000 km) and 100 sweeps/sec (max range 1500 km). 29B6 uses Frequency Modulation On Pulse (FMOP), unique among OTH Radars since they tend to use Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW).

    How does reducing the sweeps increases its range ?
    Big_Gazza
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    Post  Big_Gazza Sun Apr 12, 2020 3:39 pm

    I suspect that that as the sweep frequency increases the beam has less time to illuminate the targets and return sufficient signal for the detector to process out the noise and confirm the contact? The net effect is to degrade the effective range against a standard target size.
    kvs
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    Post  kvs Sun Apr 12, 2020 7:22 pm

    Big_Gazza wrote:I suspect that that as the sweep frequency increases the beam has less time to illuminate the targets and return sufficient signal for the detector to process out the noise and confirm the contact? The net effect is to degrade the effective range against a standard target size.

    Yes, reducing the sweep means sending more photons (for the same installation power level) in the direction of interest and thereby
    getting more return signal.

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    Austin

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    Post  Austin Mon Apr 13, 2020 4:24 pm

    So you can double the range of radar by just reducing the sweep by half that would be interesting.

    Can they actually build such oth radar say with 10000 km range with high quality data that can cover all of europe , me and SE Asia and beyond ? Will it need more power or a new design from scratch ?
    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Tue Apr 14, 2020 7:52 am

    Think of it more as a balance... you can extend one feature by reducing another feature... for a fighter it can carry external fuel tanks on its weapon pylons so it extends flight range but at the cost of payload capacity and also probably flight speed and manouver performance.

    Equally with no external stores and only half internal fuel will maximise speed potential at the cost of range and combat performance... but the top speed limitation might not be based on weight... it might be an engine limitation so there might not be any speed increase from only having a quarter of a tank of fuel instead of half a fuel tank in weight.

    thegopnik
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    Post  thegopnik Tue Apr 21, 2020 5:23 pm

    https://www.aorti.ru/media/news/v-rossii-sozdayut-opytnyy-obrazets-kompleksa-dlya-skrytnogo-dosmotra-lyudey/

    prototype of the new complex, which allows you to secretly and non-stop searches of people, is planned to be created in 2021, told RIA Novosti Deputy General Director of JSC RTI on intelligence and information systems Kirill Makarov.

    A prototype of the new complex, which allows you to secretly and non-stop searches of people, is planned to be created in 2021, told RIA Novosti Deputy General Director of JSC RTI on intelligence and information systems Kirill Makarov.

    “We are at the final stage of the research work, during which we achieved confirmation of the correctness of our approaches and ways of implementing this project. We are faced with the task of expanding the complex’s functionality, in particular, increasing the viewing angle of the inspection object and introducing new components of neural networks. What As for the prototype, provided that there are no constraints in a year and three months, we plan to submit it, "Makarov said.

    The institute, he said, is already receiving technical requirements from customers. "Those who are interested in acquiring are registered for early sales of the inspection complex, despite the fact that the final prototype has not yet been created. Customers understand that the main advantages that distinguish us from our competitors in the world are non-stop and covert inspection. Now it has not been implemented anywhere. Unless Israel has something similar, but the low resolution with which they work does not allow the use of neural networks for object recognition, "the source said.

    Speaking about the element base, Makarov said that it is 85-90 percent domestic. “In the near future, domestic developers will be ready to present analogs of foreign components comparable in technical characteristics,” the deputy general director of RTI explained.

    Regarding the effects of radiation on humans, Kirill Makarov noted that the complex is based on non-ionizing radiation. "Terahertz radiation is non-ionizing, it is safe for humans. There are corresponding emission standards, and our complex fits into these standards with a margin of five times. An emitter is being developed that will work over long distances and with less power," he said.

    According to Makarov, while we are talking about a ten-meter corridor, which will accommodate three inspection zones. “Passing through these zones, a person will be completely remotely examined, and the neural network will be able to determine what it carries with itself and where it hides,” the agency’s interlocutor concluded.

    Earlier in the RTI, it was reported that a sample of the inspection complex had already been created, demonstrating the fundamental functions and capabilities of the secret detection complex of dangerous objects (such as weapons) and prohibited substances.

    Thanks to the use of two frequency ranges, the complex will determine with high resolution and distinguish between types of potentially dangerous objects using machine learning. The RTI noted that the properties of the waves make it possible to covertly place equipment behind the radiolucent walls of the corridors.

    According to the developers, the applied technologies will be able to reliably determine the coordinates of potentially dangerous objects, their radio images under clothing, and identify prohibited substances. The company emphasized that the screening process using the technologies used is non-ionizing, in contrast to the X-ray screening systems currently in use.



    Link to the source: https://ria.ru/20200418/1570222598.html
    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Wed Apr 22, 2020 7:20 am

    In a sense that is a radar system, but effectively it is the sort of system you would have at an air port, or sea port, or border control building to scan for contraband on a person.... fire arms or ammo, drugs, or bombs etc...

    It would make entry and exits from border checks much much faster as you would be scanned while waiting in queues for tickets or baggage or whatever...

    I suspect they would also use sniffer dogs and guys with wands to check for metal objects, but only with people selected from the group for whatever reason... ie skin colour and presence or absence of a beard...
    Tsavo Lion
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    Post  Tsavo Lion Thu Apr 23, 2020 10:53 pm

    Far East strengthened with modern air defense systems
    https://iz.ru/1002703/aleksei-ramm-anton-lavrov-bogdan-stepovoi/zashchitnye-sily-dalnii-vostok-usilili-sovremennymi-sredstvami-pvo
    JohninMK
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    Post  JohninMK Thu Apr 23, 2020 11:17 pm

    Tsavo Lion wrote:Far East strengthened with modern air defense systems
    https://iz.ru/1002703/aleksei-ramm-anton-lavrov-bogdan-stepovoi/zashchitnye-sily-dalnii-vostok-usilili-sovremennymi-sredstvami-pvo
    This is an English language website. Some here don't read Russian.

    Surely if you think it is worth putting a post like this up it is worth going to the trouble of translating it? Rather than make multiple people translate it, or not bother which defeats your objective in the first place.
    George1
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    Post  George1 Fri Apr 24, 2020 2:21 pm

    Its about air surveillance radars, here is the translation:


    Defense forces: Far East strengthened with modern air defense systems


    Previously, such a powerful radar dome was only in the Crimea.

    The Far East will cover an impenetrable radar dome. The Ministry of Defense has completed the deployment of the latest Sky-M and Podlet stations in this region. Now, Russian air defense is capable of detecting at a distance of hundreds of kilometers, in addition to conventional aircraft, also drones, cruise missiles and even hypersonic aircraft. After finding the targets, their data will be transmitted in real time to military calculations - for this, the air defense group is strengthened by the Foundation-M automatic control system (ACS). Experts note that before such a single radar shield was only in the Crimea.

    Far East will repel blow

    New weapons and equipment were received by one of the radio engineering brigades, which is deployed in the Far East, sources in the Defense Ministry told Izvestia. Previously, such systems were located in the Crimea - at the beginning of 2018, the "Nebo-M" radar was sent to the peninsula.

    The most advanced radars and air defense systems have always been transmitted to border areas - this allows you to keep an eye on your neighbors in order to protect the country from an unexpected enemy attack, said Vice President of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems, Colonel Vladimir Anokhin.

    “The situation in the Far East can hardly be called calm,” the expert told Izvestia. - The United States is currently playing an important role in the region. They have military bases in Japan, South Korea and several other Asian countries, which allows Americans to intervene in their affairs. States are actively using this, making often harsh statements regarding, for example, China’s policies. And the situation is unlikely to change. For more than half a century, Americans have invested huge amounts of money in their military bases and are not going to leave them. For example, the last joint exercises of the US and Japanese Armed Forces took place this year.

    The fact that the new Russian weapons systems were the first to appear in Crimea and the Far East indicates the importance of these strategic directions for ensuring the country's security, the expert said.

    The equipment received by the troops will help saturate the radar field in the Far East, believes former lieutenant commander of the Air Force on the issues of the combined air defense system of the CIS countries, Lieutenant General Aitech Bizhev.

    “This replacement is planned and necessary,” the specialist told Izvestia. - New radars allow you to define targets in a wide range of heights. Most importantly, low-speed high-speed aircraft - cruise missiles, and subsequently hypersonic missiles, will not hide from them. ACS, responsible for the rapid collection and processing of information, is the basis of any modern air defense. Now the air defense units operate in a single information field, where the exchange of data streams between command posts and individual calculations is in electronic form in real time. This is a necessary condition for the accurate operation of modern air defense.

    It is not possible to transmit target coordinates by phone, as they did before, today. By the end of such a conversation, the enemy will have completed all the combat tasks before him and will go unpunished, said Aitech Bizhev.

    Radar stations "Nebo-M" and "Podlet" are highly mobile. If necessary, they can be transferred to the right place by ships or aircraft, the specialist noted.


    Look to the sky

    The new generation of radars is made on the domestic element base and uses advanced phased array technology. According to the developers, this not only increases the capabilities of the equipment, but also simplifies its maintenance and repair.

    The "Nebo-M" radar can detect not only aircraft, but also ballistic missiles at ranges of up to 1 thousand km. It will detect air and hypersonic targets at a distance of 600 km, which is twice the capacity of the previous generation of stations. Neither will camouflage targets with stealth technologies for the new radar - radars will recognize them without any problems. The Ministry of Defense stated that at least twenty units of such equipment would be delivered to the radio engineering troops by 2021.

    Developed by the Almaz-Antey concern, the Podlet radar complements the "Nebo-M", detecting small targets at low altitudes of tens and hundreds of meters above the ground. Its main purpose is the detection and tracking of massive attacks by cruise missiles, as well as aircraft trying to break through an air defense system on a low-level flight. The station operates reliably even in conditions of active and passive interference. It is specially designed for collaboration with new air defense systems and can provide target designation for S-400 air defense systems.

    The Fundament-M mobile automation complex for radio-technical troops, unlike its predecessors, is located in the same machine. With it, you can bring together information collected from a variety of radars and electronic intelligence tools in real time to get a single picture of what is happening in airspace.
    George1
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    Post  George1 Thu May 21, 2020 12:19 pm

    Russia’s state arms seller Rosoboronexport (part of the state hi-tech corporation Rostec) has started promoting on international arms markets the 59N6-TE mobile radar capable of detecting hypersonic targets, the company’s press office reported on Thursday.

    https://tass.com/defense/1158773
    George1
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    Post  George1 Sat Jul 04, 2020 12:49 am

    Russian specialists are developing a new radar station Nioby for radio-technical troops that will be capable of detecting hypersonic targets at long ranges

    https://tass.com/defense/1174549

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    George1
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    Post  George1 Sat Jul 04, 2020 1:09 am

    Russia to build three more Container-3M early warning radars


    In December 2019, the first Container-3M radar station entered service in Mordovia, according to official data

    MOSCOW, July 3. /TASS/. Construction of three more Container-3M missile defense early warning radars are underway in the Siberian, eastern, and the Kaliningrad directions, Russian Aerospace Forces Commander-in-Chief Sergei Surovikin said in an interview Friday.

    "Currently, we have commissioned construction of three more such radar stations — the Siberian one, the eastern one and the Kaliningrad one — which would allow us to monitor airspace from all strategic aerospace directions," he said.

    In December 2019, the first Container-3M radar station entered service in Mordovia. "This station conducts reconnaissance of airspace over Europe and the Middle East," Surovikin said.


    https://tass.com/defense/1174383
    thegopnik
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    Post  thegopnik Sat Jul 04, 2020 4:18 am

    https://www.aorti.ru/media/news/rti-predstavil-novyy-sposob-obnaruzheniya-nevidimykh-obektov/

    At JSC “Radiotechnical Institute named after academician A.L. Mintsa (RTI JSC), a member of RTI JSC, introduced a new way of selecting moving objects (SDO) made using stealth technology. The method is based on the analysis of radar shadow (RLT) of the observed object.

    As part of the development of a new method, RTI JSC assessed the possibility of using radar shadow analysis by synthesizing the aperture of moving objects that arise at the stage of terrain mapping. As a result, it was possible to introduce a new model for calculating the RLT of a moving object and show that the method under consideration is simple to implement and can be used as an additional feature in the selection of moving objects.

    “The developed method for observing“ invisible ”objects made using stealth technology is the result of the joint work of several educational institutions, enterprises of the military-industrial complex and small business. We have achieved viable cooperation, ”said Makarov Kirill , Deputy General Director for Intelligence and Information Systems of RTI JSC .

    This method has high practical significance. If along with the image of an object shifted along the bearing, its shadow is observed, then direction finding should be carried out along it. In this case, the difference of the bearings of the radar image of the object and the shadow carries information about the speed of the object.

    A new method reduces the level of direction finding errors. The proposed structural diagram of a multi-channel synthesized aperture radar (SAR) provides for the simultaneous formation of a high-resolution radar image, the selection of moving objects on board a small-sized aircraft, and the reception and transmission of data to a control center in real time.

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