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68 posters

    Russian Radar systems

    Cyberspec
    Cyberspec


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    Post  Cyberspec Tue Sep 17, 2019 12:19 am

    New (as yet unnamed) LR Radar system with a range of 600km reported to be entering service. They're calling it a land based AWACS as it can not only detect air targets but can be used to guide fighters, SAM's, recomend what weapons to be used against specific targets and so on...

    The Ministry of defense started to obtain new ground-based mobile radar stations of the far detection with artificial intelligence elements. The first radars have been delivered to the units of the CVO and tested. About this report "Izvestia" with reference to the military Department.

    The defense Ministry explained that they are intended for long-range detection of air targets, guidance of aircraft and anti-aircraft missiles. The complex is easily integrated into automated control system of air defense and ACS troops, which will, if necessary, to use the whole range of weapons.

    Characteristics of the radar have not been disclosed, but claimed. the new radar is comparable with an AWACS aircraft. The radar is highly mobile and is used for the continuous monitoring of the air situation. It is able to automatically maintain several dozen targets, determine their coordinates and movement parameters and identify all types of aircraft. The defense Ministry stressed that in the future such radar with artificial intelligence elements will be the basis of Air-Def forces

    The radar equipment is mounted on a cross-country chassis and can be transported by the aircraft of the military transport aviation. The radar can operate in any weather and in the conditions of active counteraction of EW. A few such radars installed at a distance from each other can create a single control area in a short time.

    As explained by the former commander of anti-aircraft missile forces, Lieutenant General Alexander Gorkov, mobile radar "see" at a distance of over 600 km, which is very important for early detection of the enemy and the decision about further actions, especially as they are integrated into a single automatic control system.

    https://topwar.ru/162445-novye-sverhdalnie-mobilnye-rls-nachali-postupat-v-vojska.html

    Original Izvestia report with a few more details
    https://iz.ru/918749/aleksei-kozachenko-aleksei-ramm/daleko-slezhu-voiska-pvo-poluchili-nazemnyi-avaks
    Isos
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    Post  Isos Tue Sep 17, 2019 12:34 am

    The advantage of awacs is that it is not affected by radar horizon. This radar as any ground radar at sea level will spot no fighter (which fly typicall under 5km) further than 300km. Radar horizon is 9km at 400km so at 600km it will spot only the few civilian plane flying high.

    Against a very low flying firmation like the one of indian air force during the bombing in Kashmir it would be as good as a lonely pantsir. While an AWCS would spot it far away and send some fighters to intercept them with the advantage of flying high radars turned off.

    The soviet air defence usally guided the fighters where they wanted since the 50s. Nothing new.

    magnumcromagnon
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    Post  magnumcromagnon Tue Sep 17, 2019 12:52 am

    Cyberspec wrote:New (as yet unnamed) LR Radar system with a range of 600km reported to be entering service. They're calling it a land based AWACS as it can not only detect air targets but can be used to guide fighters, SAM's, recomend what weapons to be used against specific targets and so on...

    The Ministry of defense started to obtain new ground-based mobile radar stations of the far detection with artificial intelligence elements. The first radars have been delivered to the units of the CVO and tested. About this report "Izvestia" with reference to the military Department.

    The defense Ministry explained that they are intended for long-range detection of air targets, guidance of aircraft and anti-aircraft missiles. The complex is easily integrated into automated control system of air defense and ACS troops, which will, if necessary, to use the whole range of weapons.

    Characteristics of the radar have not been disclosed, but claimed. the new radar is comparable with an AWACS aircraft. The radar is highly mobile and is used for the continuous monitoring of the air situation. It is able to automatically maintain several dozen targets, determine their coordinates and movement parameters and identify all types of aircraft. The defense Ministry stressed that in the future such radar with artificial intelligence elements will be the basis of Air-Def forces

    The radar equipment is mounted on a cross-country chassis and can be transported by the aircraft of the military transport aviation. The radar can operate in any weather and in the conditions of active counteraction of EW. A few such radars installed at a distance from each other can create a single control area in a short time.

    As explained by the former commander of anti-aircraft missile forces, Lieutenant General Alexander Gorkov, mobile radar "see" at a distance of over 600 km, which is very important for early detection of the enemy and the decision about further actions, especially as they are integrated into a single automatic control system.

    https://topwar.ru/162445-novye-sverhdalnie-mobilnye-rls-nachali-postupat-v-vojska.html

    Original Izvestia report with a few more details
    https://iz.ru/918749/aleksei-kozachenko-aleksei-ramm/daleko-slezhu-voiska-pvo-poluchili-nazemnyi-avaks

    There's already radar equipment (Early Detection Radar 91H6E) with S-400 batteries that has a max detection range of 570km in their export version, as well as Nebo-M which has a detection range of 600km, so what is this system?

    Isos wrote:The advantage of awacs is that it is not affected by radar horizon. This radar as any ground radar at sea level will spot no fighter (which fly typicall under 5km) further than 300km. Radar horizon is 9km at 400km so at 600km  it will spot only the few civilian plane flying high.

    Early Warning radars and Over the Horizon radars effectively bounce signals off the Ionosphere and see targets like cruise missiles from thousands of km's away. Russia already fields an Early Warning radar with a range of 10,000km, and fields a ECM/ELINT mobile system that can operate at a a max (ideal condition) range of 8,000km. There's not a single modern AWACS that even comes close to a EW radar from the Cold War era.
    Cyberspec
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    Post  Cyberspec Tue Sep 17, 2019 1:52 am

    While there aren't any specific details available,it's assumed it bounces the radio waves off the atmosphere....the novelty seems to be the level of automation it provides where it automatically selects what to use against which target (fighters, different tupes of SAMs)...also it sounds like it's much more mobile than the Nebo
    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Tue Sep 17, 2019 12:43 pm

    Heating is an issue for IR seekers, a bigger problem the higher the speed. Just a thought about possible causes for AAM s and SAMs not having this kind of seeker more commonly beyond short range, lower speed ones, but have not researched on that deeper.

    A very American centric view... the R-40T and R-40TD, the R-23T and R-24T the R-27T and R-27ET, and a few other long range AAM types with IR guidance to support their SARH or ARH equivalents were standard practise in the Soviet Union.

    My understanding is that the French also have BVR range IR guided missiles too...

    For a closing target radar is fine, but a receeding target is actually a tricky target for most radar, yet with their engines facing you they are much easier targets for IR guided weapons... especially more modern ones.

    Obviously firing two missiles at a target only makes sense if the target is within range of both seeker types.

    Firing two SARH or ARH missiles against one target is simply not done because if one misses or is jammed then both will likely miss or be jammed too.

    Firing an IR guided missile and then a radar guided missile means you get two different chances of a hit, and the target needs to realise there are two missiles coming and defend itself from both missile types.

    Some "experts" suggested that it makes no sense to have two missile types because in a head on engagement... say a MiG-23 with R-24T and R-24R missiles, the IR sensor of the missile means you have to wait until the target gets really close before you can get a clean lock and launch because the IR sensor on an R-24T is not super amazing long range against a head on target, so while the radar homing missile could be launched at 35-45km, you would need to wait until the target as within 20km before the IR guided missile got a lock head on.

    Of course this is rubbish, because the MiG-23 will be directed to intercept the enemy aircraft and like most interceptors it will try to attack its targets from above and behind where it is actually the SARH missile that has the shortest range because tracking receeding targets is not so easy.

    Obviously when firing two missiles you need to fire the IR guided missile first so it is not distracted by a rocket motor in front of it as a decoy flare. SARH missiles have a more aerodynamic shape so tend to get to the target first anyway...

    The MiG-29 originally wasn't even capable of carrying the IR guided R-27 and could only carry the shorter ranged R-27R and R-27P missiles... which made sense of course... when you illuminate a target and launch a missile you get their attention so if they launch a missile at you it will probably be a Sparrow so you launch a passive radar homing missile to defeat that aircraft too. If the enemy gets a lock on you first and fires first you can launch the passive homing missile and turn away...
    Cyberspec
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    Post  Cyberspec Wed Sep 25, 2019 8:02 am

    From the Russian intervention in Syria thread..

    Isos wrote:https://mobile.twitter.com/RALee85/status/1176571431901106177

    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 Efqfd810

    Podlet k1 S-band survelliance radar in Hmeimim acquired by russia since 2016. It is said to be an anti stealth radar and probably used to monitor israeli f-35.

    But I can't find any real data about it. Anyone knows something more about that ?

    48Я6-К1 "Podlet-К1" Low Altitude Radar

    Purpose: solid-state (PAR) three-coordinate radar omnidirectional S-range detection and tracking of targets at low and extremely low altitudes in conditions of interference.

    Radar provides:
    - automatic detection, coordinate determination, the capture and maintenance of any aerodynamic targets, including stealth;
    - determination of nationality;
    - giving information about the purpose of its external points (management systems, SAMS, etc.).

    The complex:
    Three transport units:
    - antenna post on the chassis KAMAZ
    - kung management of KAMAZ.
    - the generator on the chassis KAMAZ

    the performance characteristics of the radar (default - source, 2015):

    the Range of frequencies of radiation - cm
    Number of simultaneously detected targets - 200 (the number issued for the survey of routes)

    Range:
    - 10-200 km
    - 10-300 km (extended mode)

    the height of the maximum target detection - 9 km (10 km - EXT. mode)

    detection Area:
    - in azimuth - 360 degrees
    - at the corner of the place from -2 to +25 deg (from -7 to +12 degrees in linked mode)

    target Velocity up to 4400 km/h

    measurement Accuracy of the target coordinates:
    - distance 200 m
    - azimuth - 1.6 grad
    Period of review space 5, and 10 sec

    The coefficient of suppression of reflections from local objects, 50 DB

    deployment Time (clotting) means complex - 20 min.
    switch-on Time of the radar - 3 min

    Sources:
    http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-872.html

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    thegopnik
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    Post  thegopnik Thu Sep 26, 2019 1:25 am

    https://www.aorti.ru/media/news/rti-kachestvenno-uvelichit-obemy-obrabatyvaemykh-dannykh-iz-kosmosa-za-schet-neyrosetey/

    "In the "Radio Engineering Institute. Academician A.L. Mints ”(hereinafter referred to as RTI JSC), which is part of the RTI Group of Companies, under the chairmanship of A.N. Leukhina, a meeting was held on the use of RTI developments in the interests of creating space-based radar-tracking systems for the Earth.

    From the "Radio Engineering Institute named after A.L. Mintsa ”took part in the meeting: Director General A. Osipov, Deputy Director General for Science A. Leukhin, Advisor to the Director General N. Mikhailov and a group of designers - Savchenko V.P., Savkin Yu.P., Evdokimov V.V. and others, as well as representatives of JSC "SPC" Elvis ", JSC" Corporation "VNIIEM" and JSC "TsNIImash" and CJSC "AEROKON".

    In the opening remarks A. Leukhin outlined the competencies of RTI as regards the formation of radar information products. He demonstrated the results of a flight experiment with a mock-up of the X-band airborne radar system (hereinafter - BRLK), as well as the operation of the Automatic Recognition tool, which uses neural network methods. This tool will be used to process Earth remote sensing information.
    The proposed X-band radar system for small spacecraft includes a five-section deployable digital active phased array antenna (hereinafter - CAFAR) and a signal control and processing unit. The key to ensuring the specified weight and size characteristics of the radar control system is the design of the CAFAR section in the form of a modular unit with a board of 32-channel transceiver module. The innovation is the network structure of the 160-channel CAFAR, each digital channel of which is based on an integrated circuit developed by JSC “SPC“ ELVIS ”.

    “The adopted technical solutions provide a significant improvement in the overall dimensions of the ballistic missile system and allow the use of MIMO technology (English Multiple Input Multiple Output) to increase information content. Our unique ballistic missile radar system in Russia will solve remote sensing problems with orbits 400-500 km high with a level of end-to-end characteristics that exceed the characteristics of an analogue - a radar with a synthesized aperture by ICEYE, ”said A.N. Leukhin, Deputy General Director of JSC RTI.

    The creation of a dummy radar in 2019 in the framework of the ELIK project for the development of MIMO technologies will significantly increase the information content of the dashboard without additional modifications to its hardware."


    The ELIK project is the satellite system they would use to track any targets including those in low altitudes.

    Also this might be vital information

    https://www.aorti.ru/media/news/generalnym-direktorom-ao-rti-naznachen-pavel-laptaev/

    "On September 25, 2019, the Board of Directors of RTI JSC granted the request of the Director General Maxim Kuzyuk for resignation. Pavel Laptaev, who previously served as a member of the Management Board and Deputy General Director for Finance, Investment and Economics of RTI JSC, was appointed the new General Director of RTI JSC.

    The Board of Directors of RTI JSC thanked Maxim Kuzyuk for the work done, including the implementation of the restructuring program of the RTI group of companies and its preparation for the next stage of development.

    Pavel Laptaev will continue to work on improving the operational efficiency of RTI and the implementation of RTI plans for the development of strategic alliances in the industry."


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    Post  thegopnik Sat Oct 05, 2019 1:59 am

    https://sputniknews.com/military/201910041076958436-russia-to-deploy-over-10-space-monitoring-centres-by-2022/

    "It is planned to deploy over 10 new laser-optical and radio-technical systems in Russia that implement various principles of detecting and identifying space objects," the ministry said.

    The Defence Ministry also said that two new Voronezh-type missile early warning radars will become operational in 2022 in the Komi Republic and the Murmansk region in northern Russia

    "Work continues on the construction of new radar stations for the missile early warning network in the Komi Republic and the Murmansk region. These works are planned to be completed in 2022," the ministry said.
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    Post  George1 Wed Oct 09, 2019 4:31 am

    Radar complex
    artillery firing reconnaissance
    Yastreb-AV


    According to the Militarist telegram channel, it seems that this is a prototype on a BAZ-6910-025 (8x8) wheeled chassis, undergoing interdepartmental tests. State contract for the development of No. 1116187321272010120000343 / N / 3/2 / 158-11-DGOZ was concluded for the development of the code “Yastreb-AV” for the needs of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation in 2011, according to an additional agreement dated July 07, 2017 No. 8, the deadline was extended until August 2018.

    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 73194410
    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 73199510

    https://bmpd.livejournal.com/3803022.html
    Cyberspec
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    Post  Cyberspec Wed Oct 09, 2019 10:12 pm

    ^^^
    Looks much bigger than Zoopark...no publicly available technical info as far as I can see
    magnumcromagnon
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    Post  magnumcromagnon Wed Oct 09, 2019 10:47 pm

    Cyberspec wrote:^^^
    Looks much bigger than Zoopark...no publicly available technical info as far as I can see
    The development ended in 2017, but this is the first time that we've seen any images of it.
    Cyberspec
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    Post  Cyberspec Thu Oct 10, 2019 1:46 am

    New Radars 1L125 "Niobium-SV" to enter service in Crimea and the Southern MD by the end of the year. It's a 3D radar with electronic scanning. Operates in the meter range. Reported to be effective against very small and stealth targets. It will equip units of the Army Air-Defence....seems like the Army equivalent of the Nebo-SVU

    Arrow https://topwar.ru/163356-novejshie-rls-niobij-sv-prikrojut-krym-i-jug-rossii.html

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    Cyberspec
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    Post  Cyberspec Fri Oct 11, 2019 6:19 am

    Rostec has developed a new radar capable of detecting small drones


    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 1570697695_originalRussian Radar systems - Page 17 I?id=2a0000016db7ca2d895cc6278adaf64268f1-1714228-fast-images&n=13

    According to the report, the holding company Ruselectronics, has developed a special multi-channel electronic station Ka-band, which is able to detect and track small targets at ranges of up to 7.5 km.

    It has a small size: 325×240×230 mm, located on a rotary device, allowing circular tracking. Has two modes of operation: automatic and under the control of the operator. The equipment is made entirely on a domestic electronic component base.

    The Station is designed for detecting and tracking small, low contrast targets with an effective dispersion area of 30 square centimeters, with wide speed range and flying at low and extremely low altitudes


    The press service stressed that to date, created the first samples of the new equipment, that have already been tested in the field.

    https://topwar.ru/163398-rosteh-razrabotal-novuju-rls-sposobnuju-obnaruzhivat-malorazmernye-drony.html
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    Post  thegopnik Sun Oct 20, 2019 8:35 am

    So who is ready for some huge extravagant news? What a Face

    https://www.aorti.ru/media/news/rti-sozdast-lokator-tgts-diapazona/

    RTI will create a THz range locator
    10/10/2019
    Two enterprises of the RTI group: JSC Radiotechnical Institute named after Academician A.L. Mintsa (JSC RTI) and JSC NPK NIIDAR (NIIDAR) will conduct a joint experiment to evaluate the characteristics of the terahertz (THz) locator. This decision was made at a scientific seminar held in September.

    Next year, NIIDAR and RTI JSC will conduct the first joint experiment using a THz locator and a high-performance experimental flight test complex ELIK. The experiment will consist in the detection of people and various biomaterials (for example, oil), as well as remote sensing of the Earth through the use of THz technology.

    THz technologies have extremely broad prospects for application in various civilian and military spheres, among them we can distinguish such as: high-precision location systems (LS) operating in a complex electromagnetic environment; radio electronic systems (RES); high speed communication lines; medical equipment; security systems and others. Conducting an experiment in the framework of the ELIK project will allow combining the scientific potential of two enterprises to develop technologies for creating signal structures for a THz locator and processing radar data. The creation of a THz locator will open up the possibility of accumulating information for a database on the reflectivity of objects in the THz range.

    “We plan to focus joint efforts and resources on the implementation of a specific and demanded by potential customers project on the use of THz radiation in security systems. In this regard, much work remains to be done on the use of competencies and the scientific backlog of not only RTI JSC, but also MARGU, ”said A.N. Leukhin, Deputy General Director for Research
    If the experiment is successful, the ELIK complex, which currently operates in the centimeter and decimeter ranges, will be supplemented by the millimeter wavelength range. This will allow the formation of radar images with a larger placement capacity of less than 10 cm.

    https://www.euspaceimaging.com/sar

    https://www.satellitetoday.com/imagery-and-sensing/2019/08/09/iceye-releases-under-1-meter-resolution-sar-satellite-imagery/undefined

    Going from that ROFAR 100ghz to 1000ghz with a smaller than 10cm SAR resolution. Hope their will be a estimated test launch of the Elik project other than waiting next year.

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    Post  Cyberspec Fri Oct 25, 2019 6:55 am

    A 3rd Rezonans-N radar capable of spotting stealth targets, cruise, ballistic and hypersonic missiles will assume combat duty on Russia’s Novaya Zemlya Arctic Archipelago in Nov. 2019....a 4th one has already been handed over and a 5th one is being built

    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 Russia_sets_up_radar_in_Arctic_to_detect_hypersonic_and_stealth_targets

    Details in link
    http://airrecognition.com/index.php/archive-world-worldwide-news-air-force-aviation-aerospace-air-military-defence-industry/global-defense-security-news/2019-news-aerospace-industry-air-force/october/5565-russia-sets-up-radar-in-arctic-to-detect-hypersonic-and-stealth-targets.html
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    Post  Hole Fri Oct 25, 2019 10:53 am

    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 000243
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    Post  Hole Sat Oct 26, 2019 4:51 pm

    New radars in Vorkuta

    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 Radar_10
    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 Radar_11
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    Post  Hole Sat Oct 26, 2019 4:52 pm

    Resonanz radar in Anapa

    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 Radar_12
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    Post  Hole Sat Oct 26, 2019 4:53 pm

    Konteyner in Mordovia

    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 Radare10
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    Post  George1 Sun Oct 27, 2019 4:30 am

    Resonance-N radar installed on Novaya Zemlya

    As TASS news agency reported on October 24, 2019 , the third Rezonans-N radar in the Russian Arctic, capable of detecting stealth aerial objects, cruise missiles, ballistic and hypersonic targets, will take up combat duty on the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in November 2019 This was announced to TASS by the Director General of the Resonance Research Center Ivan Nazarenko. Radar complex "Resonance-N" (s) "New defense order"


    "The third Resonance-N radar station in the Arctic has been deployed on Novaya Zemlya. The radar station will take up combat duty this November," he said. Nazarenko added that the station is already on, configured and ready for combat use, an interdepartmental commission is currently working to accept and transfer it to the Northern Fleet air defense.

    According to him, to date, the Russian military received four Resonance-N stations, the fifth is at the stage of completion. Two stations are already on duty. "The task of all radars is to cover the northern direction in the Arctic," Nazarenko said.

    “The meter wavelength range of the station allows us to detect aircraft made using stealth technologies and hypersonic targets flying at a speed of up to 20 Mach, because when using it, there is a resonant increase in the effective reflective surface of aircraft,” the director general said.

    The radar is capable of detecting and providing target designation for aerodynamic air targets at a range of 600 km, for ballistic targets - up to 1200 km, in height up to 100 km. The first Resonance-N radar was put on combat duty in Russia five years ago.

    https://bmpd.livejournal.com/3816924.html
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    Post  Isos Wed Nov 13, 2019 12:42 am

    Hole wrote:Konteyner in Mordovia

    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 Radare10

    It seems new Container has 360° coverage.

    https://mobile.twitter.com/krakek1/status/1193922227831476225


    Last edited by Isos on Wed Nov 13, 2019 12:45 am; edited 1 time in total
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    Post  Isos Wed Nov 13, 2019 12:43 am

    Container's range :

    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 Ejhapg10
    Hole
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    Post  Hole Wed Nov 13, 2019 11:09 am

    Russian Radar systems - Page 17 000424
    New radars
    thegopnik
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    Post  thegopnik Tue Nov 26, 2019 3:27 am

    More interesting news updates on photonic radars. https://itech.aorti.ru/upload/iblock/ac3/IT_23.pdf Google translated the pages.

    "Then comes to mind
    a person born in the Soviet Union when he hears the word
    "Elik"? Possibly: “What has I reached?”
    progress? To unprecedented miracles! Sank to the depths
    and rose to heaven! ”In this children's film with a philosophical
    the subtext of the android Electronics, or Elek, freed a person from routine duties, and Seryozha’s personality
    Syroezhkina began to develop rapidly. About
    the ELIK project can also change the development of modern business, science and defense
    Institute of Radio Engineering
    (RTI) named after academician Mints
    and Mari State University.
    "ELIK" stands for experimental
    flight test complex. Scientists took up their development in 2013. To date, specialists
    fully mastered the technology, created a workable layout and tested it
    In action.
    - The main value of the ELIK project is that
    we have now created a completely new, unconventional
    direction for RTI named after academician Mints, ”explains Anatoly Leukhin, Deputy General
    Director of the Institute for Scientific Work. - Everyone knows that
    we produce large ground stations, superradar. A competency
    on the development of airborne radar systems
    we did not have. Now it is -
    we created inside the institute
    such a technology. We can say that we will soon be ready to move to the production stage of the experimental
    sample, and then serial
    production.
    In the framework of the ELIK project
    developed hardware and software complex, one
    part of which is installed on board an airplane or helicopter, the other is stationary
    is on the ground.
    The hardware part of the airborne radar consists
    from several large building blocks. It is active
    phased array X- and P-bands.
    - In the X-band we reach a resolution of 30 cm
    inclined range
    and in azimuth. In the P-band
    we achieve resolving
    ability of 2.5 m in azimuth and range, - clarifies
    Deputy General Director of the Institute.
    Also in the side of the radar there are transmitting
    modules, a device for transferring frequency to an intermediate frequency with subsequent
    digitization of data, a device for recording holograms and the formation of radar images, block
    recording navigation information and digital signal processing unit.
    - We have right on board
    it is possible to form a radio hologram and build radar
    images, - says Anatoly Leukhin.
    On the ground is set
    complex simulation

    modeling stand - high performance computing servers. It is used for computer
    modeling, testing
    all algorithms and the formation of model radar images.
    - The software part of the onboard radar is
    a large set of different procedures for the formation of radio holograms and radar
    images, - reveals the details of Anatoly Leukhin. -
    Given two polarizations,
    excluding two polarizations,
    with the construction of a pseudo-color or monochromatic radar image, with different functions
    display dynamic alignment
    on the screen, with a different set of autofocus algorithms, taking into account navigation information and without it
    accounting, with adjustment of the horizontal component
    speed and the vertical component of speed, etc.
    That is, it is a very multifunctional program.
    Software
    works in real time and allows you to create a radar
    image and even video data stream right on the screen
    monitor.
    This summer, onboard
    radar project "ELIK"
    passed tests at the Malino airport in the suburbs. He fully confirmed
    scientists' calculations: equally
    clearly sees objects in the fog,
    in the rain, through dense foliage and tarpaulin, night and day.
    As experts noted,
    this is a great tool for
    border control
    and air reconnaissance.
    - We counted on such results - they
    were not news to us, -
    says Anatoly Leukhin. -
    But completely unexpected
    in the radar pictures we saw large shields laid out by each
    after another. There was nothing on earth, so first
    did not even understand what it is.
    It turned out that we got
    underground vision results. These were stainless steel sheets. During World War II,
    as the head of the airdrome later said, they served
    runway.
    Runway times
    World War II was
    covered in 30 centimeters
    a layer of earth. Scientists continued the experiment and discovered cables of the same pore at a much greater depth.
    However, airborne radar systems are inferior to optical instruments
    remote sensing accuracy. Moreover, they
    have a number of obvious advantages. The first is the absolute correlation between
    radar images and humidity that
    allows you to talk about the application in agriculture.
    Secondly, in the optical range it is difficult to build
    three-dimensional image, and in the radio range you can form a three-dimensional image with a very high
    resolution
    in height, and much easier than in optics. Therefore, where you need three-dimensional
    scanning, a radar is preferable to optical. Another major benefit: sounding
    land by airborne radar is much cheaper. It opens wide
    opportunities for civilian use. For example, in archaeological
    expeditions.
    - If ELIK comes out
    to the market and will be available,
    then in archeology will happen
    revolution! - Vladimir Poryvaev admires the opening opportunities,
    military archaeologist and the first
    officially recognized treasure hunter in Russia. - First of all, it will be possible to detect all the lost
    military equipment of the Great Patriotic War and bury soldiers of all armies. And it’s not going to take decades to search,
    but a few days. Next year is the 75th anniversary of the Victory,
    and we could already put
    point in that war saluting
    to the last soldier.
    Archaeologists work with
    with small ground-based georadars, and in principle, devices
    cope with their task.
    For example, using a radar, a cave was discovered at the pyramid of the moon in the legendary ancient Mexican
    the city of Teotihuacan. In Austria
    under modern houses found archaeological
    the remnants of the city of Karnunt are
    the largest settlement of the ancient Romans in these places.
    But the main problem of georadars is that you need to know where
    to search. Endless steppes or
    thick taiga with it
    practically scan
    impossible. A radar
    the ELIK project gives an opportunity for carpet archaeological exploration: one flight -
    and almost all the secrets of history
    the world at a glance.
    - The oldest cultural layer is located

    at a depth of 30−35 m. But the ancient Roman, Mexican,
    Russian settlements are located just 2 m below the surface of the earth, although they date back to 2-3 millenniums
    BC. "ELIK" would allow in the literal sense of the word to look deep into
    centuries, - so Vladimir Poryvaev imagines which
    opportunities will open for
    science and culture. - If we talk about point discoveries, then we can find a treasure
    Kolchak (he is somewhere in Siberia), the treasure of Napoleon (in the vicinity of Vyazma). Guns, ancient weapons, decorations
    Kremlin and the Cross of Ivan the Great - according to legend, trophies were taken out of Moscow burned
    huge convoys.
    The advantages of airborne radars are also obvious.
    "ELIK" when controlling the sidebars
    pipelines and inspection of oil pipelines underground and underwater at shallow depths. Airborne radar
    can detect deposits
    light oil, monitor the thickness of ice and monitor the ice situation in the North
    sea ​​way.
    Now RTI named after Mints
    is in negotiations with the holding
    Russian Helicopters on the acquisition of on-board radars of the ELIK project. And although
    the airborne radar market has not yet been formed,
    according to Anatoly Leukhin,
    their mass use
    not far away. Firstly, because the best of them allow you to carry out all-inclusive
    and round-the-clock observations, and secondly, all technologies are deeply developed, experimentally confirmed
    and understandable their practical
    significance.
    It is only necessary to formulate it on the legislative
    level. As soon as appropriate decisions are made, mass demand will not be long in coming. &
    Underground Vision Results
    "ELIK" - sheets
    stainless
    steel serving
    during the great
    Patriotic
    runway wars
    stripe
    OBVIOUS
    ADVANTAGES OF ONBOARD
    RADAR
    ELIK UNDER CONTROL
    PIPE IN PIPELINE
    AND SURVEYS
    OIL PIPELINES UNDER
    LAND AND UNDER WATER
    At shallow depths"


    https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/p-band

    P-band The radar frequency band between 225 and 390 MHz. It is commonly used in remote sensing because of its good vegetation penetration.

    Apparently pilots will become archaeologists.

    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Wed Nov 27, 2019 1:00 am

    If it penetrates the ground then it will likely also penetrate shallow water too, so it would be useful for port defence and naval operations...

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