Could ships of this size be made to carry naval variants of the S-400 and S-500 systems? Having a greater dispersion of naval air defence could be advantageous for use in defending the Russian mainland.
Well the current British Daring air defence destroyer... their version of an American AEGIS cruiser could be used as a model... a 130mm gun at the front so you know it is a warship, plus perhaps two quad launchers for Uran as the token anti ship capability and then the UKSK replaced with Redut and extra Redut launch tubes as well.
Redut is for 9M100, 9M96 (both models), and S-400 they have said though for each 250km and 400km range S-400 you would be able to fit four 9M96 missiles or 16 9M100 missiles so obviously every really big missile they carry will reduce the total number of missiles carried by a huge margin.
Add some TOR missiles in deck launchers and of course a couple of Pantsir systems and you have a ship optimised for air defence only.
The new UKSK launchers, the UKSK-M expand the range of missiles and equipment you can load into the tubes to include SAMs like 9M96 and S-400, as well as Shtil/Naval BUK....
But it is always limited as to what you can fit on a Corvette or Frigate... which is why countries go for bigger ships too when they can.
A single corvette wont be amazing on its own but when you add it to a group of other ships... the same size or bigger then their performance and capabilities increase significantly. The extra radars and sensors and missiles and guns provide depth and reach.
If you want a picket arsenal air defence ship I would go for modifying one of the older ships... a Slava class or a Udaloy class ship.
If you think about the original electronics on those boats... they had computers the size of large rooms that have the processing power of a modern cell phone... a huge amount of internal volume would be freed up just by ripping out the old stuff and putting in new stuff that might fill 1% of the volume and yet be thousands of times more powerful and capable, and much of the new stuff is modular and automated so the crew size could be reduced significantly too.
After you reduce the crew and make all that space with the new electronics you should then have an enormous amount of space when you take the old weapons out and put the new weapon modules in... meaning instead of x number of SAMs you could carry before, you should be able to carry 10x SAMs now or more, and the new launchers that can carry attack missiles can also carry SAMs along with dedicated SAM launchers to fit in small nooks and crannies where nothing else would fit... like a deck mounted naval TOR launcher, or ten.
Being a much bigger ship you could fit bigger radar arrays and sensors etc etc.
It makes more sense to perfect a few Corvette types optimised for the different fleets they have and then just make them in long series.... making one off single unique ships is slow and frustrating... serial production is much more profitable and quicker because you have already solved most of the problems.