The other day, a source in the defense industry complex told the media the cost of building the first two Russian UDCs - a little less than 100 billion rubles. ( link 1 ). There is confidence that such "information leaks" are quite reliable , since they could not be made public without the sanction of the Ministry of Defense and the FSB (otherwise the sources would be immediately identified and held accountable for the disclosure of state secrets). Nevertheless, there is doubt about the adequacy of the price of 50 billion rubles. for one ship: firstly, because the 25,000- ton UDC is, in fact, not a very large marine transport vessel with a limited armament, and secondly, there are two other good reasons.
The amount of the contract for the supply of two Mistral UDCs concluded on June 17, 2011 to Russia amounted to 1.2 billion euros ( Ref. 2 ), of which 980 million accounted for directly on the construction of ships (excluding training of crews, adaptation of documentation and licensing of transferred technologies - reference 3 ), i.e. 490 million euros or 19.5 billion rubles. for one ship. Translation at the rate of the Central Bank on March 6 this year (the day of the OPEC-plus transaction failure and the beginning of the force majeure fall of the ruble) gives 36.1 billion rubles. At the same time, when recalculating 19.5 by the inflation coefficient (1.70 - ref. 4 ), 33.2 billion is obtained. The average value is 34.7 billion rubles.
On the other hand, in February 2014, the General Director of the Nevsky Design Bureau S. Vlasov announced the cost of a promising UDC (in the text - BDK), similar to the work done by then, which would probably be similar to Mistral - about 20 billion rubles. ( link 5 ). Recalculated by the same inflation calculator on the same date (06.03 - x1.47), this value is converted to 29.4 billion. As a result, the average value between 34.7 and 29.4 billion is a little over 32 billion rubles, tons e. 18 billion (almost 20) less than the declared 50 billion.
The apparent contradiction is easily explained by the assumption that 50 billion rubles. Includes the cost of the air group and landing craft. The fact that the price of 490 million euros did not include the price of helicopters, obviously, landing craft (DKA), is very likely ( Ref. 6 ). The shipbuilder Vlasov, evaluating the cost of a promising UDC, probably also had in mind only the ship itself.
The aviation component of the UDC’s variable armament, which is planned to be laid in early May, is expected to consist of 8 Ka-52K, 12 Ka-29 and 2 Ka-27PS ( ref. 7 ). The docking chamber of the ship with the largest length of 220 m and the estimated with a width (nb) of about 40 m, by analogy with Mistral and Juan Carlos, it should have dimensions of the order of 66x20 m (30 and 50% of L nb and B nb), which suggests three optimal options for deploying landing and landing equipment in it: 1) two DKAVP pr. 12061M; 2) 4 DKA ave. 11770M; 3) one 12061M and two 11770M.
Without going into detail in figuring the cost of helicopters and boats (ie, without overloading the link text and the reader's attention - unspecific contradictory data) with an acceptable degree of reliability can be assumed , that the Ka-52K worth 1 billion rubles. Ka-29 / 27PS - 0.5 billion, 12061M - 3 billion, 11770M - 1 billion. In this case, the average cost of the air group and landing and landing facilities will be 20 billion rubles, which was to be proved. ■