Mobile groups against UAV
The development of technology and technology leads to the emergence of new threats on the battlefield and in the rear. In connection with this, modern armies have to create and adopt the necessary products, as well as form completely new units. One of the most serious threats now are unmanned aerial vehicles, and this must be taken into account when developing the army. Taking into account the existing experience, it was decided to create special mobile groups, which will have to deal with unmanned aircraft. Moreover, such units have already shown their skills in practice.
Currently, several large military exercises are taking place in the Southern Military District, in which parts of various combat arms are involved. Servicemen are practicing skills in all the main ranges of the district and solve tasks to combat the conventional enemy. Together with other units, special mobile EW groups were sent to the test site for the first time, which also had to use their equipment and thereby prevent the actions of the conventional adversary.
Mobile groups of electronic warfare were formed quite recently. They were assembled in accordance with the order of the commander of the troops of South-East Russia, Colonel-General Alexander Dvornikov. Similar units appeared in all units of the district and are intended to protect troops from unmanned aircraft of the enemy in all its manifestations. In particular, when creating new mobile groups, the experience gained during the operation in Syria was used.
During the Syrian operation, Russian troops had to face a new threat. Terrorist organizations have repeatedly attempted to attack Russian or Syrian installations using unmanned aerial vehicles. The lightweight UAV is notable for its low cost and ease of use, but can carry a certain combat load. The fight against such attacks presents a certain complexity for "traditional" air defense, and therefore in such situations, electronic warfare means should be used.
A number of attacks in Syria were repulsed with the help of electronic warfare. At the same time, it became obvious that any opponent could organize such a strike in any area. In this regard, it was decided to create mobile groups of EW, whose task will be to fight enemy drones.
A few days ago, the press service of the Southern Military District reported on the participation of mobile units in one of the current exercises. Activities with their participation were scheduled for Thursday 30 August. The groups had to go to the area of the Marinovka airfield (Volgograd region) and provide protection to the area from the UAV of the conventional enemy. Together with experts in the electronic warfare, anti-aircraft gunners and signalmen were involved in the exercises.
On March 30, the press service of the South-East Division published a report on the successful completion of special exercises. According to their legend, the target of the enemy was the Marinovka airfield. To attack the object, the conventional enemy used several UAVs of different types. Flights were carried out at different heights and courses.
It is reported that mobile EW groups were able to detect in time the flying machines and determine their location. With conditional threats fought in several ways, including with the help of weapons . With the help of the complexes P-934BMV and R-330ZH "Resident", EW units identified, intercepted and suppressed the data channels of the UAV. Due to the suppression of communication, the conventional enemy lost the ability to collect intelligence information and use drone effectively.
The data on the found objects were transferred from the REB complexes to the anti-aircraft systems. "Tor-M2" and "Pantsir-S1" complexes took target designation from EW systems, after which they performed all the necessary procedures and made a conditional launch of missiles against targets. The enemy's UAVs were conditionally destroyed at ranges of up to 10 km. Another goal, flying at an altitude of 150 m, was struck by the fire of small arms from the ground.
One of the goals of the exercises was the development of interaction between the units. EW mobile groups not only searched for unmanned vehicles and prevented their effective work, but also transmitted target designation data to other units. First of all, the security and support units at the control points received information about the objectives. Also, the delivery of data to anti-aircraft gunners was carried out for the purpose of fire destruction.
During the exercises, mobile units of the EW were able to protect the Marinovka airfield from the raid of the UAV of the conventional enemy. With the help of their own equipment, they prevented the effective operation of the apparatus, and adjacent units provided a conditional defeat of air targets. A contingent opponent was unable to break through to his goal and cause damage to it.
In parallel, other training events are being conducted at other polygons of the Southern Military District, including those involving radio electronic warfare units. Personnel work out skills of detection and suppression of enemy communication channels, collection and processing of intelligence information, etc. In the course of current exercises, almost all the REB complexes used in the units of the South-Eastern Military District are used.
According to the press service of the South-Eastern Military District, during the recent exercises, the mobile group EW used the complexes P-934BMV and R-330ZH to solve training and combat tasks. It is entirely possible that new equipment is available at the disposal of new units of a similar purpose. With its help, the mobile group can find enemy communication channels and collect information or suppress them with interference.
According to known data, the P-934BMV product mentioned in the official reports is an interference station from the RB-301B "Borisoglebsk-2" complex. Complexes of the Borisoglebsk family originally represented a deep modernization of older R-330 Mandate systems. Due to the most serious processing of the design and use of new equipment, it was possible to significantly improve the main characteristics and expand the capabilities of the equipment.
The RB-301B complex was developed from the middle of the 2000s and was adopted in 2013. The complex includes a control station and several interference stations, including the already mentioned P-934BMV. All components of the complex are built on the basis of the unified armored chassis MT-LBU, which provides it with high cross-country capability and mobility. The Borisoglebsk-2 complex has been produced serially for several years and is supplied in part of the ground forces.
It is known that the means of radio technical reconnaissance of the RB-301B complex are capable of detecting various enemy radio communication channels and other signals. There is a function for locating the source of signals. The presence of several interference stations provides the possibility of highly effective suppression of a wide range of frequencies. As shown by the latest exercises, the means of Borisoglebsk-2 are able to detect and suppress the control lines of unmanned aerial vehicles.
The "ZHYTEL" automated interference station P-330ZH, also used in the "defense" of the airfield in the Volgograd region, is one of the components of the D-330M1P "Diabazol" complex. The latter represents another version of the modernization of the relatively old "Mandate" with the use of modern equipment. The development of the R-330M1P was carried out during the past decade; The complex entered service in 2008.
The complex "Diabazol" in its architecture is similar to "Borisoglebsk-2". It includes a control point and a set of automated interference stations, one of which is P-330Zh. Unlike some complexes of the "Mandate" family, the R-330M1P is built on the basis of automobile chassis with unified body-vans. In its capabilities, "Diabazol" is similar to other modern complexes of its class, but it differs by other technical characteristics. In particular, it differs from "Borisoglebsk-2" or other systems in the operating range.
The use of electronic warfare complexes RB-301B and R-330M1P allows mobile groups to counteract UAVs or other units to detect radio signals from sources at ranges up to several tens of kilometers. Suppression of communication channels of ground equipment is carried out at distances of 20-25 km. With the suppression of communications between aircraft, the range is doubled.
In the arsenal of the new mobile units of the electronic warfare there are complexes built on the basis of serial chassis. This allows a quick transfer of groups to a given area to cover the necessary facilities. In addition, such a performance does not impose any special requirements on the positions for the deployment of equipment. Preparation of "Diabazol" and "Borisoglebsk-2" complexes requires no more than 30-40 minutes to work. Collapse and transfer of funds in the marital position, too, takes a minimum time.
The mobility of the complexes provides obvious advantages. In addition, it allows more efficient solution of new tasks. Self-propelled vehicles of mobile groups can move to the specified object in a minimum time and provide its protection in a timely manner from scouts or drone drones.
The EW complexes transferred to the new mobile groups were initially created as a universal means of influencing the radio communication channels and enemy control. As part of the new units, their role is slightly changed. Now, first of all, they have to search and suppress data transmission lines connecting UAVs and operator panels. As follows from the available information and the results of recent exercises, modern Russian electronic warfare complexes perfectly cope with such tasks. In addition, such systems can provide information to higher commanders or anti-aircraft gunners.
The widespread use of unmanned aerial vehicles of all classes, which are now available not only to armies, but also to small armed formations, leads to new challenges and threats. It is important that the means to protect against such threats already exist and are in service. Thanks to this, the Russian army is able to organize the protection of objects from UAV relatively quickly and simply. It is enough to form new specialized units and equip them with the required equipment.
It is possible to increase defense capability not only with the help of new weapons and equipment, but also due to the correct organizational structure of the troops. Recently appeared mobile groups of counteracting UAV are called to solve a new urgent task, directly related to the progress of recent years. In addition, these units have already demonstrated their capabilities in the conditions of the test site.