"Gadfly" for pride: the Navy modernizes small rocket ships
IRA project 12341 Soviet-built remain in the ranks
Aleksey Ramm Bogdan Stepovoy
The Navy adopted a program for the return to service of small rocket ships (MRK) Ovod , told Izvestia at the Main Command of the Navy. In the course of work at the ISCs, they will replace engines, radio electronics and install modern weapons . Formally, the ISCs are ships of the coastal zone, but earlier they even went successfully to the Mediterranean and South China Seas. Updated and re-armed "Gadfly" will be able to deliver rocket attacks on a potential enemy no worse than destroyers or frigates .
Repair to complete
Modernization of the project 12341 "Gadfly" will affect almost all the key systems of the ship , explained in the Main Command of the Navy. RTOs will install modern fire control systems, radar stations, communication systems, more efficient weaponry, as well as more economical and powerful diesel engines .
The “gadflies” that have undergone modernization will be reequipped with Kh-35 missiles - these are subsonic low-altitude munitions with active homing , equipped with high-explosive fragmentation warhead, a source in the Defense Ministry told Izvestia. These missiles are capable of hitting targets at a distance of up to 260 km .
Now the Navy includes 12 small rocket ships of the project 12341 "Gadfly". At the Baltic Fleet, they are consolidated into the 36th brigade of missile boats, which include the Zyb, Geyser, Passat and Downpour. In the 41st brigade of the Black Sea Fleet - "Mirage" and "Shtil". In the Northern Fleet in the 7th Brigade of the Protection of the Water Area (OVR) bear the service "Iceberg" and "Rassvet". In the Pacific Fleet, the "Gadflies" are consolidated into the 114th IAD. There are collected "Smerch", "Frost", "Frost" and "Spill." The existing ships became part of the fleet from 1986 to 1992, with the exception of “Calm” and “Iceberg”, built earlier - in the late 1970s.
Work on the modernization of "Gadfly" has already begun . In April of this year, Kingisepp Machine-Building Plant completed the repair of the main engine compartment of the Rassvet MRK. At the end of 2018, Iceberg and Geyser engines were put in order there. In Kamchatka, Smerch MRK is currently under repair. The Zyb IRC of the Baltic Fleet, which has long been unmanaged, is waiting for a major overhaul of the main engine at the 33rd ship repair yard.
In the hull of the ship with a displacement of about 700 tons, it was possible to place a full-fledged set of weapons. “Gadflies” with a length of 57 m and a width of 12 m received two launchers for six Malachite anti-ship missiles, the Titanit target radar system, electronic warfare equipment, the Osa-M anti-aircraft missile system and one AK-176 caliber artillery unit 76 mm, or two AK-725 caliber 57 mm.
“For the Algerian Navy, three such RTOs were modernized at Russian shipyards,” Dmitry Boltenkov told Izvestia. - They received updated electronics and engines, and were also re-equipped with X-35 anti-ship missiles. This experience is useful in the future. After upgrading, domestic Vodov can get four launchers, each of which is capable of simultaneously launching four missiles. This increased the ship's volley from six to 16 rounds of ammunition
In theory, Onyx anti-ship missiles can be installed on the ISCs. In 1982, one “Gadfly” of project 1234.7 was developed and built for testing these missiles
Navy is going for numbers, kh-35 is good, but Onix will be great.