Renewal of the combat strength of the Pacific Fleet in 2021 and 2022
In recent years, the Ministry of Defense has been paying great attention to the modernization of the Pacific Fleet , primarily to the renewal of its combat strength. For it, new ships and submarines are being laid and built, and the existing pennants are being modernized, and the number of such orders is constantly growing. Last year it was once again possible to observe the success of these processes - and in the new year they will be continued.
In the past 2021, three submarines of different types were included in the Pacific Fleet at once. In addition, another one, adopted by the fleet earlier, began service. As a result, in terms of quantitative indicators, the year became perhaps the most successful in modern history and made the most serious contribution to the combat capability of the fleet.
At the beginning of last year, the Volkhov diesel-electric submarine pr. 636.3, accepted into the Pacific Fleet in December 2020, arrived at the place of permanent deployment. In October 2021, a flag-raising ceremony was held on the next ship in the series, the Magadan. Thus, the Pacific Fleet has already received three diesel-electric submarines, project 636.3, i.e. half of the planned series.
In December, two nuclear submarines intended for the Pacific Fleet were accepted into the Navy at once. These are the strategic missile cruiser "Prince Oleg" pr. 955A and the multi-purpose boat "Novosibirsk" pr. 885A. In the near future, they will make the transition to their base in Vilyuchinsk and begin full-fledged service.
In the context of updating the surface fleet of warships, last year was not the most successful. The Pacific Fleet put into operation several new-built ships after modernization. At the same time, for various reasons, not a single act on the acceptance of a surface ship in 2021 was signed.
At the end of 2020, the Navy adopted a new corvette, project 20385 Thundering, and another minesweeper, project 12700 Yako Balyaev, intended for the Pacific Fleet. In the spring, they made the transition to their Pacific bases and are now serving.
In April last year, the large anti-submarine ship "Marshal Shaposhnikov" pr. 1155 returned to the Pacific Fleet after repair and deep modernization. After replacing weapons and equipment, it received a number of new features and was reclassified into a frigate.
Plans for the future
Meanwhile, the construction of new buildings of all main classes continues. Some of these orders, in accordance with the established schedule, have already reached the stage of completion and factory testing. Thanks to this, in 2022 the Pacific Fleet will again be able to receive several new ships and submarines. At the same time, it is the submarine forces that are waiting for a noticeable and important update.
In the coming weeks or months, it is planned to launch the next diesel-electric submarine pr. 636.3 - "Ufa". By the end of the year, it will pass factory and state tests, after which it will be handed over to the customer. The deadline for delivery is December, and service at the assigned base will begin next year.
Work continues on SSBNs for the Pacific Fleet. Recently, the new cruiser Generalissimo Suvorov was brought out of the boathouse, which will be tested this year. If there are no difficulties, the submarine will be handed over this year or at the beginning of the next 2023. The next cruiser, project 955A, "Emperor Alexander III", also intended for the Pacific Fleet, will be launched by the end of the year.
Renewal of the combat strength of the Pacific Fleet in 2021 and 2022
The grouping of multi-purpose nuclear submarines will also be replenished. The new boat "Krasnoyarsk" is already preparing for testing, which is scheduled to be completed before the end of the year. After its delivery, the Pacific Fleet is waiting for a break - it will receive its next submarine, pr. 885M, only in a few years.
Another multi-purpose nuclear submarine will return from a major overhaul and deep modernization. The boat "Irkutsk" was built according to project 949A, and now it is being reworked according to the new "949AM". In the course of such an update, she receives new equipment and weapons that dramatically expand her capabilities.
The restructuring of the nuclear submarine "Belgorod" under a special project 09852 continues. It was built according to pr. 949A and was multi-purpose, and now it is becoming the carrier of Poseidon underwater vehicles. In December, it was reported that the delivery of this ship would take place in 2022, and it would be transferred to the Pacific Fleet.
Year of the ships
The construction of several new surface ships for the Pacific Fleet continues, and the first of them will be put into operation this year. So, last summer another corvette pr. 20380 - "Sharp" was launched. Now he is undergoing factory tests and other events. In the spring it is planned to transfer it to the fleet, and almost immediately after that it will begin service.
The second minesweeper project 12700 for the Pacific Fleet is completing tests. "Pyotr Ilyichev" was launched in April last year, and will soon be accepted by the customer. In November, the next ship of the series, Anatoly Shlemov, was launched. The construction of the minesweeper Lev Chernavin continues. In the absence of difficulties at the stages of construction and testing, already this year the flag of the Navy will be raised on three ships. At the same time, Ilyichev and Helmets, planned for delivery in the coming months, can reach their duty station by the end of the year.
Also this year will continue the construction of new ships. In the near future, the launch of the frigate pr. 22350 "Admiral Isakov" is expected. Also, the construction of a large landing ship pr. 11711 "Vladimir Andreev" is underway. Both of these pennants can be accepted into the fleet next year.
In parallel, the modernization of available ships temporarily withdrawn from service will continue. However, the first of them, having received new opportunities, will return to service only in the distant future - by the middle of the decade.
Change for the better
It should be recalled that in the past the Pacific Fleet faced serious problems in terms of modernization and renewal of the combat strength. Due to objective limitations and problems, the Navy could not build the required ships for this association, not to mention sufficient quantities and the desired pace. However, in the future, the situation began to change for the better.
Real measures to renew the ship composition of the Pacific Fleet have been taken since the end of the 2000s. Then the first ships and submarines of new projects were laid, the construction of which took several years. The Pacific Fleet received its first SSBN of a new type in 2013, and soon it was followed by surface ships, boats and submarines of various projects.
In the future, the pace of construction and delivery of new pennants gradually increased, and now the Pacific Fleet annually receives several combat units. However, it is easy to see that such renewal of the fleet is still limited in scope and pace. First of all, this is reflected in the supply of surface ships. They enter the Pacific Fleet irregularly and in single copies; in addition, there is a lack of first-rank pennants.
However, the situation continues to change for the better. Shipbuilders are systematically building new warships and submarines, gradually covering the needs of the Pacific Fleet. At the same time, other operational-strategic formations are being developed. As a result, the general condition of the combat personnel of the Navy is improving both quantitatively and qualitatively.