The composition of the Russian marine civilian fleet
The PоrtNews web resource has published data on the composition of the Russian civilian marine fleet. The data on the presence of the marine fleet were obtained by processing the database of the Russian Maritime Register of Shipping, the database of the Russian International Register of Vessels provided by FSUE Morsvyazsputnik, and statistical form No. 53-M (court) “Information on the presence of sea vessels in the Russian Federation”. Storage tanker Umba of VLCC class with deadweight of 300 thousand tons RPK Nord LLC and an Arctic shuttle tanker Shturman Skuratov moored at its side, Gazpromneft Marine Bunker LLC.
The marine fleet includes transport vessels (carriage of goods and passengers), support (icebreakers, rescue vessels, bunkering vessels, bilge water collectors, pontoons, etc.), fishing and research vessels.
The sea transport fleet controlled by Russian shipping companies, as of 01.02.2020, is:
- the fleet of Russian shipping companies registered under the Russian flag - 1,176 vessels with a total deadweight of 7.7 million tons;
- the fleet of Russian shipping companies registered under foreign flags - 247 vessels with a total deadweight of 14.7 million tons.
Data on the fleet of Russian shipping companies registered under foreign flags were obtained by processing information from open and commercial sources (official websites of the companies, Equasis and Sea-Web databases).
The total number of vessels in the marine transport fleet controlled by Russian shipping companies, as of early 2020, is 1,423 vessels with a total deadweight of 22.4 million tons, of which 65.7% of the tonnage is operated under foreign flags. Compared to 2019, there has been a slight increase in the number and tonnage of vessels in the sea transport fleet: by the number of vessels (+ 2%), by the deadweight (+ 3.0%).
At the beginning of 2020, 1,454 vessels with a total deadweight of 7.0 million tons were registered in the Russian International Register of Vessels, of which the sea transport fleet has 771 vessels with a total deadweight of 6.1 million tons, over the past 10 years, since the adoption of FZ-305, the total deadweight such vessels increased by more than 3.8 times.
The navy under the flag of Russia can be conditionally divided into three parts: sea vessels, river-sea navigation vessels and passenger ships.
Marine vessels - 296 vessels with a total deadweight of 4.7 million tons (26% by number and 64% by deadweight).
River-sea navigation vessels - 833 vessels with a total deadweight of 2.5 million tons (74% in terms of quantity and 36% in terms of deadweight).
Passenger ships - 47 units.
In general, according to the Russian Maritime Register of Shipping, there are 425 shipping companies in Russia, including 71 companies (17%) with sea vessels.
Analysis of the structure of the domestic fleet in terms of ship assignments allows us to note the following.
The dry cargo fleet includes 18 container ships with an average age of 17 years, 11 bulk carriers with an average age of 14 years, 9 railway ferries with an average age of 30 years, 144 refrigerated vessels with an average age of 30 years, 542 universal vessels with an average age of 25 years, 47 passenger ships of an average age 33 years.
349 tanker vessels with an average age of 16.8 years.
There are 8 container ships with an average age of 17 years and 35 bulk carriers with an average age of 17 years in the fleet under foreign flags, controlled by Russian shipowners. However, the most modern are 138 tanker ships with an average age of 12 years.
There are 10 of the largest shipping companies in Russia (by deadweight): PJSC Sovcomflot, LLC LC Volga, LLC RPK Nord, PJSC North-West Shipping Company, JSC Rosnefteflot, LLC Gazpromneft Shipping, LLC Novograin, Volga Shipping Company Shipping Company, Palmali LLC, Pola Rise LLC.
In February 2020, JSC "Shipping Company" Volga Shipping Company "was reorganized by joining PJSC" North-Western Shipping Company "and JSC" North-Western Fleet ".
The project of LLC LK Volga is an offshore transshipment complex (RPK) in the area of Cape Filinsky in the Kola Bay, intended for transshipment of crude oil from Varandey. The deadweight of the storage tanker "Kola" is 309 thousand tons, length - 335 m, width - 58 m. The project has been implemented since January 2018.
RPK Nord is an offshore transshipment complex based on the Umba floating oil storage facility. Storage tanker Umba with a deadweight of 300 thousand tons was installed in the Kola Bay in January 2016. RPK Nord is designed to transship crude oil from the Prirazlomnoye field and the Novoportovskoye field in Yamal.