Every year, military training takes place throughout Russia, to which citizens who are in the reserves are called up. The events are carried out by order of the president to increase the level of military training of the population. Izvestia tells what they do at military training camps, who gets to attend them and how to be employed.
Military training: what is it, what is done there, how often it is held
Citizens in the reserves may be periodically called up for military training to undergo training for military service. The category of reservists includes both Russians who completed military service and those who did not serve in the army for official reasons.
The training camps are planned events held by decree of the President of Russia for reservists and reservists - citizens of the reserve who have entered into a special contract with the Ministry of Defense. Military training camps are divided into training and testing. At first, reservists are trained to operate new military equipment, improve shooting skills, undergo physical training and pass the required standards. Training camps to test combat and mobilization readiness (testing) are held in the form of training sessions, which are aimed at maintaining and assessing army skills.
The main purpose of holding military training is to check how prepared reserve personnel are to protect the country in the event of a threat. At the same time, they do not participate in military actions and operations during training camps.
The duration of military training is no more than two months. During this time, participants are placed in military units, training centers or military camps.
Reservists may be called to training camps no more than once every three years. There are no such restrictions for verification fees. They can be called up at any time, it depends on the decision of the Russian Ministry of Defense. The total period of military training for reservists cannot be more than 12 months. For reservists, this period depends on the contract and may be different.
Until what age is military training for reservists?
In July 2023, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law raising the age limit for being in the reserves for citizens of junior military ranks - soldiers, sailors, sergeants, petty officers, warrant officers and midshipmen - by five years.
From January 1, 2024, the maximum period of stay in the reserves for citizens of these ranks will change. For those in the first category it will increase from 35 to 40 years, for the second - from 45 to 50 years, for the third - from 50 to 55 years.
For junior officers - junior and senior lieutenants, lieutenants and captains - the age will be increased to 60 years. For senior personnel, including majors, captains of the third to first rank, lieutenant colonels and colonels, the age will be increased to 65 years. For senior reserve officers - major generals, lieutenant generals, colonel generals, army generals, as well as rear admirals and admirals - the age will be raised to 70 years.
Accordingly, the maximum age for conscription for military training will depend on the rank and rank received.
Who is exempt from military training in Russia
According to Art. 55 of the Federal Law “On Military Duty and Military Service” several categories of citizens are exempt from military training. These include:
- citizens with three or more minor children;
— full-time or part-time students;
— have completed alternative civil service;
— retired to the reserve less than two years ago;
— citizens reserved for the period of mobilization and in wartime;
— employees of the Department of Internal Affairs and National Guard troops, firefighters, customs officers and employees of the Federal Penitentiary Service;
— civilian personnel of the RF Armed Forces and other troops;
— members of parliament, heads of supreme government bodies, heads of regions;
— active pilots and railway workers;
— floating employees of the sea and river fleet;
— teachers of educational institutions;
— Russians who are at work sowing and harvesting.
How are military fees paid to an employee in 2024?
Based on Art. 170 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, if a conscript is officially employed, then the employer is obliged to retain his position and average earnings for the entire period of training. It is calculated from the salary accrued for two calendar months of work before the date the employee is called up for military training.
For those who work unofficially, the employer will be able to retain only part of the official income, for example, the salary portion.
To receive a salary for military training, you must provide the employer with a certificate from the military registration and enlistment office about the number of days the conscript spent at the training camp.
Also, conscripts at military training are paid monetary compensation. According to Art. 13.1 of the Federal Law “On the Status of Military Personnel”, payments consist of salary according to position, salary according to rank and the regional coefficient of the place where the training takes place. In addition, participants in military training camps are paid for travel to the collection point, accommodation, food and doctor’s services.
Call for military training 2024
The summons is handed over personally against signature at the citizen’s place of residence or sent to the place of official work 10 days before departure to the place of assembly.
Before this date, you will need to prepare a bag with things for the trip, and notify your employer and relatives about your departure.
Before military training, it is also important to undergo a medical examination to check your health. If problems are detected, you must obtain a doctor’s certificate, which will be a valid reason for missing military training. It will need to be submitted to the military commissariat before leaving for training camp.
Failure to appear at the military registration and enlistment office on the appointed date without a valid reason is punishable by a fine of 500 to 3,000 rubles.
Dates for military training in 2024 in Russia
The dates for military training for reservists are set after the president signs the decree “On the conscription of citizens of the Russian Federation who are in the reserve for military training.” In 2022, the decree was signed in February, and in 2023 - on May 10.
Most often, the start of annual training for reservists who have completed military service is set at the end of winter or beginning of spring. Specific dates for training camps in 2024 are still unknown. Before official publication, they must be agreed upon with the executive authorities of the regions of Russia. And the timing of the verification training will be determined by the Russian Ministry of Defense.
Next year they also plan to organize military training for reservists who have not served, which will be held separately from reservists with experience. It will be possible to obtain a military specialty with them, said Lieutenant General Viktor Sobolev, a member of the State Duma Committee on Defense.
What to take with you to military training in 2024
The list of documents and personal items that you need to take with you to the training camp is usually written down in the agenda. Of the main documents, the main thing is not to forget your passport, registration certificate and military ID. You will also need a medical insurance policy, documents from your place of work and a driver’s license (if you have one).
To communicate with relatives, it is better to purchase an inexpensive push-button telephone that will not break during exercises. About 10 thousand rubles in various banknotes can also come in handy.
Depending on the season and duration of the training camp, it is better to take several sets of T-shirts, underwear, warm socks and thermal underwear. For footwear, you can take comfortable sneakers and flip-flops.
To eat you will need a knife and cutlery. There is no need to stock up on food , since all participants will be provided with free food at the meeting place. For a snack, you can take food that is good for no more than one day.
In addition, it is important to bring a hygiene kit and your own towel, as well as a first aid kit with plasters, body ointments and pain relievers.
In the field, wrist watches, lighters, a flashlight and mosquito repellent will come in handy. It would be a good idea to bring shoe polish and a clothing repair kit.