More than 60 patients of the rehabilitation and educational center of the Central Military Clinical Hospital on April 28 became owners of state awards and documents for obtaining housing. In a medical facility created last year specifically for members of the SVO, the military successfully completed a recovery course. This center is just one of the elements of the Russian military medicine system, which has shown its high level. We are talking about the effectiveness of inpatient treatment, evacuation systems from the battlefield,and emergency care. It is possible that such military-medical complexes will become products of the Russian defense industry in demand on world markets. What is the current state of Russian military field medicine and the export prospects of specialized equipment-in the material "Izvestia".
On April 28, Yuri Bobrov, Acting Head of the Russian Defense Ministry's Personnel Department, visited the Rehabilitation and Educational Center of the Central Military Clinical Hospital. More than 20 servicemen received state awards from his hands, and more than 40 became owners of documents for obtaining housing. In the center, participants not only undergo rehabilitation, but also have the opportunity to get additional education and a new profession. The creation of such institutions is only one of the elements of improving the system of Russian military medicine.
Medical support for military personnel is of the same, if not greater, importance in comparison with the actual military means. In every conflict over the centuries, warlords have tried to save the lives of as many fighters as possible by providing them with timely assistance so that they recover and return to service as soon as possible. This approach is still relevant today.
For example, during the nine years of the 40th Soviet Army's presence in Afghanistan, military doctors managed to reduce the mortality rate in army medical institutions by half. And the number of errors in the provision of medical care during this period decreased by more than 20 times. For the speedy delivery of the wounded, aviation was actively used — in those units that fought in the mountains, 85-90% of the wounded and sick were evacuated by helicopters.
Overall, 77.9% of the wounded returned to service during the Afghan war. By the end of the campaign, this number had increased from 74.1% to 82.4%. In the course of military operations in Chechnya, this figure was 78.3%, in Dagestan — 84.3%.
During a special military operation in Ukraine, according to the Russian Defense Ministry, up to 97% of the wounded return to service. At the same time, at different stages of SVR, the proportion of patients in severe and extremely severe conditions reached 24-27%, in the state of moderate severity-about half, light injuries are recorded in 20-22%. According to the nature of injuries, 70% are mine-explosive wounds, 10% each-diseases, injuries and gunshot wounds.
It is obvious that one of the most effective ways to save the lives of the wounded is to provide them with professional medical care in hospitals as soon as possible. This requires a professional, well-equipped medical service.
The medical service of the Russian army probably reached the peak of its capabilities at the beginning of SVO, having been seriously reformed first in 2008-2010, and then in 2012-2014. At the last stage, work was accelerated on the formation of 50 medical companies capable of providing military personnel with all types of medical care — from the first to special. Each of them had to have an infirmary for 50-75 beds and an outpatient clinic for 150-200 visits per day.
At the same time, units of the military level of the medical service of the Russian Armed Forces were equipped with modern equipment and deployment facilities based on PSM-6 pneumatic frame structures. They were purchased for all 50 medical companies. 35 medical companies were completely equipped and re-equipped with equipment, which were located in standard buildings and in standard equipment.
The coronavirus epidemic turned out to be a real-world test — during this period, the Ministry of Defense deployed nine mobile prefabricated hospitals in various regions of the country. The experience of sending Russian military doctors to Italy, where they also helped fight the infection, was positive.
Military medics also received new samples of special sanitary equipment. By the 2010s, the bulk of the old Soviet specialized cars were outdated morally and physically. This forced the development and purchase of new samples. If the BMM-80 Symphony combat medical vehicle on the GAZ-59039 chassis did not become mass-produced, then the protected tactical vehicle (ZSA) proved its effectiveness. It is available in two versions — the ZSA-T medical transporter (for searching, collecting and removing wounded from the battlefield) and the ZSA-P battalion medical station vehicle (for transporting property and deploying a battalion medical center on its base). These machines are actively used in the course of SVO and, according to available data, have shown themselves to be the most advantageous in terms of security.
Thus, Russian field medicine maintains its leading position in the world, improving the material base and skills of personnel. Such a comprehensive offer may also be in demand on the global market. A potential customer can receive turnkey training and / or retraining of military doctors based on the experience of recent conflicts, construction and equipping of special equipment for stationary and mobile hospitals, delivery of sanitary ground and aviation equipment.
And in the latter case, it can be both UAV transporters of medicines, canned blood, etc., and ambulance planes and helicopters of the IL-76MD "Scalpel-MT" type, ambulance Mi-8 and Ansat. This may be a unique Russian offer on the global market.