If Russia had mature 65 nm up to 90 nm along with 200mm and 300mm fabs. You can bet you're ass there would have been orders from abroad especially from japan.
But they didn't... what they do have is ten years of further development in technology and materials research that might mean what they end up with is much better than anything they could have developed 10 years ago.
It is like saying the Mi-28A was first shown 30 years ago... if they had pulled finger and developed it properly then they could already be in service in enormous numbers... but would they be as good as the current Mi-28NM started relatively recently?
The Russian top priority should always be with their military and they should also be looking at what consumer and civilian market they can service with those military developments and vice versa to save money and magnify the effect of money invested in anything at all.
Currently Russian government is getting printers from China. while Russia itself has 2 printer manufacturers.
They clearly need an oversight organisation that examines such cases to make sure Russian companies get work, but equally they need to be able to provide the volume required and the features needed, so foreign sales can still happen... and actually make sense if those Russian companies think they will automatically get the sales without having to even try... having a fat lazy local company who expects to win contracts because it is based in Russia is not good either.
I agree if they can't provide what is needed they can perhaps subcontract the work to do some of the jobs to earn money and get experience and upskill and improve their product range to compete better next time.
Here in New Zealand the government decided to spend more money on rail to reduce the number of trucks on the roads and a local company put in a bid to make a few hundred rail cars and engines and things. The local bid was 125 million and was beaten by a Chinese company that bid 100 million.
The government crowed about saving 25 million but ignored a few important factors... first of all different standards... when the rail cars arrived they had to be sent back and all the asbestos insulation removed... second thing they ignored was that part of the extra money in the local bid was to update the local workshops so they could maintain the carriages and engines over the next few decades and also have the local capacity to make more if they are needed, but the biggest factor the ignored was that spending 125 million to get what they wanted was 125 million that would be taxed in New Zealand and would go to kiwi workers who lived and paid tax in New Zealand, and as they were intended to spend rather more on the rail network having a workshop that could build more carriages and engines and also maintain them was useful and a good way to create good jobs in New Zealand.
Many people don't realise that the cheapest is not always the best and investing in your own economy is often more important than just getting the best price.
Sending the cars back to China to have the insulation done again means they didn't save 25 million at all.
Because work on building up semiconductor sector among other areas could have been started much earlier by a decade plus in fact There was money for this.
The last ten years might have seen shifts in technology and materials... doing it now might be faster and cheaper and lead to a better product that can be mass produced in larger numbers easier.
If they just kept up their development and invested like back when Mikron wanted to go to 28nm, then Russia would be there right now instead of having to wait 5 - 6 till this equipment is completed.
Well ten years ago I think they would have just copied western technology.... I think they should go their own way and find new ways of doing it that are faster and cheaper and more productive.
But if the current companies cannot meet demands then there should be a demand to get these companies what they need to expand production, rather than going the easiest route of buying from China.
The problem is obvious.... Chinese printer companies supply printers around the world to huge markets so they can optimise for volume production for lots of little orders or big orders.
For a Russian company to scale itself so it can fill a big order quickly might mean most of the time is it using 1% of its production capacity until it gets a big order from some Russian oil company or government department.
Until those Russian printer companies have large markets with large volumes then ramping up production for big orders does not make sense and would be very inefficient.
Edit: I think the best and smartest move was setting up a council specifically to make sure these stuff is being made in the economy. So yeah, it's moving to a command economy.
It is critical to meet government and military needs first and business needs are not unimportant, but China is ideal for consumer products while Russian makers develop and branch out and grow.
What irks me the most and especially the elite and leadership. It's the fact that they are not only corrupt but also in a way traitors. Just because they sent their money abroad along with their children. And tried time and time again to actually integrate with the west and it's elite. Putin included.
Well those that did will now have their hidden foreign money pinched and donated to the Ukraine fund to kill Russians.
In a actual well governed Russia the econamie would be even better and the country far more independent.
Putin walked a tightrope of trying to cooperate with the west and looking after Russian interests and I think he did a good job... certainly better than any other leader on the planet most of whom throw their own populations under the bus to please the 1% in the US so the obscenely rich can become slightly richer.
The attempts at cooperation bought time to upgrade and improve in quite a few areas and so if you started doing obvious things like make the things the Ukraine made that Russia bought the process of turning the Ukraine against Russia would have gone quicker perhaps leaving less time to deal with food production issues or mastering EO technology and composites.
A Russia were "liberals" would be turned into fertilizer or like in the Soviet days rightly locked up in a mental ward. And hat list can go on and on.
There are people everywhere that only think of themselves, that is just a fact of life... it is like saying we want a society with no billionaires.... the best way to improve the quality of any society is to narrow the gap between the richest and the poorest... preferably by lifting up the poor.
Only a few countries have this capability. Quantum computing is already domestic and soon microprocessors. But I agree with you where they could have been ahead in this game years ago.
The problem for the external observer is that we don't see any ground breaking new technologies they also invested in... we don't know much about their new types of nuclear reactors or the nuclear propulsion for space tugs or cruise missiles, we don't know much about their new photonic radar technology they are working on too... we have barely scratched the surface... I do think they need to invest in bio weapon technology simply to be able to fend for themselves better the next time something happens and also working on new medicines that are not dangerous and don't have serious side effects that cure rather than treat patients would be valuable investments along with medical departments in government that test the nutrition of food on sale commercially that is independent of the companies that make the food so we are not relying on the maker to prove it is safe or healthy.