Long-range ATGM "Hermes" is a promising set of new generation of precision-guided weapons - a reconnaissance and firing anti-tank systems, multi-purpose, combining the properties of artillery and anti-tank systems. The complex is designed to defeat current and future armored vehicles, soft-skinned vehicles, stationary engineering structures, surface targets, low-altitude low-speed air targets and manpower in shelters.
The complex is designed in Instrument Design Bureau (Tula), under the leadership of AG Shipunova.
Hermes opens new directions for combat use anti-tank weapons - carry his fire into the depths of the band of the enemy units and the possibility of reflection attacks on any part of the defense without changing the firing position. This will prevent the recruitment and deployment of armored units of the enemy on the frontiers of attack while reducing its own losses. Using this tactic makes the task of a radical expansion of the range-range reconnaissance and destruction of armored units promising anti-tank systems to be able to cover the entire area of responsibility of its units for exploration and defeat the enemy on the full depth of the near-tactical zone (25 - 30 km). Moreover, since modern armored group is a complex mobile system, for the destruction of such groups requires an integrated fire destruction of all range of purposes, included in its structure, as well as other targets of different classes, which operate in the offensive zone.
ATGM "Hermes is built on a modular principle which allows to optimize the composition of the borrowed funds, depending on the tasks, it is reasonable to combine different ways of pointing at the various firing ranges as well as host complex on land, air and sea carriers.
The use of external detection and targeting, including those placed on remotely piloted vehicles (RPV), can more fully realize the core of the concept of "non-contact war, reduce turnaround time and expand the range of tasks involving the minimum number of forces and means, and also to minimize the material costs of operations.
Testing of aviation variant complex Hermes-A "in the armed attack helicopter Ka-52 completed in the summer of 2003. Complex Hermes-A has been prepared for serial production.
Composition of the complex:
ammunition guided missiles in the transport-launch containers (TPC) with three types of homing (semi-active laser, infrared, radar);
combat vehicle with a launcher batch type (from 24 WPK) with airborne reconnaissance and laser illumination purposes;
Engine fire control masted lifting apparatus for multi-channel, multispectral electro-optical and radar reconnaissance assets, which is designed for reconnaissance, detection and identification purposes, tseleraspredeleniya and target designation.
Launch Hermes with detachable booster has a universal high-explosive fragmentation warhead. Controls - aerodynamic control surfaces. Type start - from the WPK expelling charge. For large range (up to 100 km) rocket launch vehicle is equipped with larger caliber. Control system - a combination: the initial part of the missile is controlled by an inertial system (for versions with a range of 15-18km) or radio command (for versions with a range of 40 and 100km), the terminal phase is carried out semi-active homing missiles at a target on it reflects the laser radiation or other types of homing.
Target designation for Hermes may issue as its own control vehicle mounted on an armored tracked chassis and capable of acting directly in combat formations, as well as manned and unmanned aircraft equipped with appropriate equipment, as well as infantry, having a mobile set of automated remote control fire " Malachite. For targeting can be used and combined arms reconnaissance. This provides "Hermes" high flexibility and low response time to call fire.
Algorithms used as a basis for building management system, allows the operator to quickly make a decision about the attack and respond to changing combat situation, which reduces the overall response time of the complex to a few seconds. Smoothly and error-free operation of the system control is provided of the hardware and software redundancy.
For coastal defense version of the proposed complex in the steady-state performance.
The structure of complex control equipment includes:
stabilized day / night optical-electronic system with a television and infrared channels (standard for information exchange MIL STD 1553);
its conjugate a computer system with dual laser designator and automatic target tracking;
additional equipment (multi-color LCD display and control panel, display facilities and documentation).
Complex Hermes provides:
the possibility of fire from prepared and unprepared firing positions, including closed on a "shot - forget"
fired a volley with individual guidance on the elements of group goals (by 2 SD in a volley of semi-active laser homing head and up to 12 SD in the volley in the use of autonomous homing);
all-weather activities in actual combat conditions;
flexible tactical cooperation with the attached resources exploration and management of ground and air bases;
placing on military vehicles of various classes.
For the survival of helicopters - carriers guided weapons and the performance of combat tasks in a fire and counter enemy information they need to be able to implement:
hidden out in the area of attack when flying at extremely low altitudes (20-50 m) c using the screening effect of terrain and vegetation;
- Short-term "jump" at a given height in the zone of attack for intelligence purposes and the use of guided weapons.
This elevation hung or flying helicopters should be minimal (30-100 m) and residence time (ideally - is less than the response time of air defense systems) - to 10-15 with or comparable to it.
Complex "Hermes-A airborne can hit targets at a distance of 15-18 km, being himself inaccessible to fire anti-aircraft fire near the enemy abroad. To derive the rocket in the region capturing target homing head uses inertial guidance system. In this case, the functional composition of the complex elements of the excluded radio command, accommodation on board the aircraft which the carrier is problematic. Vsesutochnost application provides day / night optical-electronic system with dual laser designator and automatic tracking of targets with a range of optical channels (television, thermal imaging, laser designator / rangefinder) to 15-25 km, which does not concede the possibility of controlled weapons.
Complex Hermes-K is intended to address the urgent problem of equipping the small-sized high-precision missile system boats, corvettes, landing ships, whose numbers in the Navy RF 4 times higher than the ships of the far sea zone, and vulnerability due to the smaller sizes below.
Using complex Hermes-K for small patrol boats to combat surface ships firing range advisable to have equal to 15-18 km. With its location on the landing ships and corvettes, facing more important challenges, in particular struggle with large surface targets and suppression of enemy coastal defense - at least 25-30 km. This carrier is able to execute complex combat mission, while remaining outside the effective range of enemy artillery.
Complex Hermes-K "sea-based, designed to equip small-tonnage boats, for the withdrawal of missiles in the target region using inertsiapnuyu guidance system. For surface ships with a displacement of several hundred tons of output missiles in the target region is provided by radio command guidance system, which includes radar and command transmitter on board SD (similar to land-based variant). This complex is capable of a single missile to cause the level of deadweight losses sea targets up to a displacement of 100 tons and larger deprive the combat capability of getting into the vital parts (cutting, intelligence systems, the storage of ammunition).
Multipurpose complex sea-based Hermes-K is also capable of striking low-speed aerial targets (helicopters) without any additional anti-aircraft fire.
The performance characteristics
Firing range, km 15-40-100
Max speed, m / s 1300
Average speed at a distance of 40km, m / s 500
Starting weight of the rocket, kg 90
Weight missiles in TPK, 107 kg
Weight of warhead, kg 28
Weight of explosives, kg 18
Penetration of the ERA, mm 1000
Body diameter rockets, 130 mm
Diameter boosters, mm 170 (210 for the version with a range of 100km)
The length of the WPK, mm 3500
Wing span, 240 mm