First printed on a 3D printer for the nano-satellite will launch in 2017
The main purpose of the launch AppData is to study the performance and reliability of materials and structures
TOMSK, January 3. /TASS/. The first Russian nanosatellite printed on a 3D printer elements of the hull will be launched from the International space station (ISS) in 2017, reported TASS the head of the strategic academic unit of "Space engineering" at Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) Eugene Kolupaev.
"The launch is scheduled during the exit of astronauts into space in 2017, he said. - It will release into orbit, and he had no engines, due to the initially given inertia will work 4-6 months is the estimated time, and then fall and burn up in the dense layers of the atmosphere".
As explained TASS Director of the Institute of high technology physics TPU Aleksey Yakovlev, the main objective in launching nanosatellite into space - the study of the behavior of materials and structures with which it is made. "We got through the first stage, when the satellite was delivered to ISS, have traced it withstood all loads during transportation to orbit. The next stage is when the astronauts will prepare to launch and release in open space, we will be able to receive telemetry and track its trajectory", - said Yakovlev.
According to him, scientists of the University it is important to understand that the materials and design of workable and reliable for use in extreme conditions of space. "If we are going out to get the telemetry, so it works. In addition, the main problem of the satellites to conserve battery power when you exit in sub-zero temperatures, because the open space more than 100 degrees below zero. We used a special thermal insulation design, which will reduce temodar, can lead to damage of the battery, this solution allows to increase the resources of the battery," - said the head of the Institute.
He stressed that if the studies are successful, the University will be able to produce elements for such devices in series. "We have this all ready, there are consumers who are ready to order - Russian and foreign companies, particularly Chinese," said Yakovlev.
Satellite "Tomsk-TPU-120" - the first Russian spacecraft, created using 3D technology and specially selected materials. It was developed by the TPU in cooperation with RSC "Energia" and the Institute of strength physics and materials science SB RAS, in the spring of 2016, he was taken to the ISS. In Russia a consortium was established, which deals with the creation of groups of small robotic spacecraft weighing from 3 to 30 kg, in the long term, as scientists believe, these satellites together in groups, can even repair each other in orbit. In the next two years to orbit the Earth is scheduled to bring two groups of small satellites.