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    Russian Naval Infantry


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    Post  Hole on Sat Sep 26, 2020 2:47 pm

    A little bit slow but good against backward enemies.

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    Post  Isos on Sat Sep 26, 2020 3:23 pm

    Another proof IMO they need more landing ships. Helicopter carrier are good but they are not enough for landing operations.

    More Ivan Gren but also another 20 lighter landing ship to support them.

    They already propose a 1600t ship for export. They have plenty of shipyards that coukd build them. That's an easy job with no complicated systems.

    Add a Palma or pantsir CIWS and they could be used to protect bases or ships when they don't use it for landings. They can also carry a weapon container with redut missiles or kalibr and use the control of a nearby Gorshkov. It also has a pozitiv radar for radar coverage or adanced radar to detect missiles far away froma foration. Loosing one ship isn't a problem as it woud be empty.

    With 40 such ships they would be fine.

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    Post  GarryB on Sun Sep 27, 2020 10:23 am

    A little bit slow but good against backward enemies.

    It means ships with no Roll On Roll Off capacity can be used for landing vehicles... any flat decked ship with cranes could be used... they don't need to be specialist beaching vessels, which means cheaper simpler ships could be used that during peace time could be doing other more useful things.

    Another proof IMO they need more landing ships. Helicopter carrier are good but they are not enough for landing operations.

    With two 30K Helicopter landing ships on the way, and likely another two follow up vessels, together with upgraded and modified Ivan Gren ships I think they should be pretty fine.

    If ships with deck cranes can be used in support then they should be pretty much OK with the helicopter carriers and a few Grens for the four fleets.

    Would think they would have two new Ivan Rogovs at each main fleet... Northern and Pacific, as well as a few Grens at each, plus a couple of Grens in the Black Sea and Baltic Fleets...


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    Post  franco on Fri Nov 27, 2020 2:25 pm

    "Where we are - there is victory!" What tasks do the "sea soldiers" of the Russian army solve?

    315 years ago, a decree was issued on the formation of the first regiment of "naval soldiers" intended for service in the boarding and landing teams of warships. Today the Marines perform a wide range of tasks, including in Syria. The development of the Marine Corps is one of the priority areas of activity of the Main Command of the Navy
    Annually on November 27, Russia celebrates the Day of the Marine Corps . It was installed by order of the commander-in-chief of the Russian Navy on December 19, 1995. Modern marines are a branch of the coastal forces of the Russian Navy, designed to conduct combat operations as part of amphibious assault forces, as well as to defend naval bases, important sections of the coast and coastal facilities. Their motto is: "Where we are, there is victory!"

    According to open sources, the total number of Marines currently exceeds 12.5 thousand people; separate brigades are deployed in all fleets :

    Baltiysk (336th Guards Bialystok Brigade, the city of Baltiysk);
    Pacific (155th brigade in Vladivostok and 40th Krasnodar-Harbin brigade in Kamchatka);
    Black Sea (810th brigade in Sevastopol);
    North (61st Kirkenes brigade, stationed in the Sputnik settlement, as well as a number of separate units in the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions);
    battalions of the 177th regiment are part of the Caspian Flotilla (deployed in Kaspiysk and Astrakhan).

    The marines are also part of the groupings of troops deployed since 2015 in the Arctic - on the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, the Novosibirsk Islands, on Wrangel Island and Cape Schmidt.

    It is armed with amphibious military equipment, portable anti-tank and anti-aircraft complexes, automatic small arms. In 2019, all marines were equipped with new amphibious armored personnel carriers BTR-82A (they replaced the outdated BTR-80, which had been in service for more than 30 years), and the troops also received more than 100 units of military and special equipment. It differs from the previous vehicle - BTR-80 - with increased survivability. The BTR-82A is equipped with a new radio station, the TRONA-1 topographic orientation system with autonomous and satellite channels for receiving navigation information and a combined observation device for the commander. Firepower has been increased due to the installation of a unified combat module with electric drives and a two-plane weapon stabilizer.

    The replenishment of the Marine Corps units with unmanned aerial vehicles with the ability to conduct reconnaissance at a distance of up to 150 km, new parachute systems, communication and control equipment. It is expected that as part of the reform, separate tank battalions will be included in all marine brigades. All marines are 100% equipped with weapons and military equipment, a significant part of them are modern. A marine regiment has been formed in the Caspian Flotilla, which has been armed with modern models of weapons and military equipment, namely, over a hundred BTR-82A, in total, more than 200 units of military and special equipment

    The ship staff, which is used to transport and disembark the Marines, is being updated. In 2018, the project 11711 Ivan Gren large landing ship (BDK) was accepted into the Northern Fleet , the transfer of the second ship of the series, named Pyotr Morgunov, to the fleet is expected at the end of this year.

    In addition, on July 20, 2020, at the Zaliv shipyard in Kerch , two newest universal amphibious assault ships of Project 23900 - Ivan Rogov and Mitrofan Moskalenko - were laid down . The fleet is also replenished with high-speed landing boats of the BK-16 type and patrol boats of the 03160 Raptor project.

    From sea to land and from air to shore

    According to Lieutenant General Viktor Astapov, Deputy Commander of the Russian Navy for Coastal Forces, in 2019, servicemen of the Marine Corps took part in more than 20 combat services on board ships in various regions of the World Ocean; within the framework of combat training, about 15 thousand parachute jumps were made.

    "The marines are universal in their landing methods. The nature of the actions of subunits during operations in airborne assault forces determines their preparation for use in three environments: on land, on water and in the air, " Viktor Astapov said in an interview with the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper . , in 2020, parachute jumps were performed from helicopters, naval military transport aircraft - with weapons and equipment. Jumping at night, on the water, on a limited area, both individually and as part of units: airborne assault and reconnaissance units during exercises performed tasks by landing in various ways. "

    At the end of 2020, there has been a significant increase in the number of amphibious training sessions, the marines practiced landing on an unequipped sea coast, in port areas, including along the water area of ​​the Northern Sea Route.

    In the international competition of Marine Corps units, which has been held since 2016 as part of the International Army Games, the Russian Navy team won first place.
    Special project on the topic
    Warships of the Russian Navy TASS talks about the combat strength of the Black Sea, Baltic, Pacific and Northern fleets

    Today, the training of marine specialists is carried out at the Marine Corps Faculties at the Far Eastern Higher Combined Arms Command School (where platoon commanders are trained) and the Ryazan Guards Higher Airborne Command School named after I. General of the Army V.F. Margelova (preparing personnel for service in airborne assault battalions and reconnaissance units).

    In addition, marine units are trained in the Marine Corps Training Center, which is structurally part of the 907th Joint Training Center of the Russian Navy in the Leningrad Region. More than 750 people from all formations and units of the marines of the fleets are trained there annually - more than 40 groups for various purposes. In 2020, the training center trained about 600 marines to perform tasks as part of anti-terror groups aboard ships and vessels of the Russian Navy.

    From the history of "sea soldiers"

    The creation of the Russian regular marines was associated with the struggle of Russia for access to the Azov and Baltic seas in the late 17th - early 18th centuries. However, even earlier, in the second half of the 16th century, special teams of archers were formed as part of the crews of the ships of the flotilla, created by order of Ivan the Terrible, which can be considered the prototype of the marines.

    On November 27 (November 16, old style), 1705, Tsar Peter I issued a decree on the formation of the first regiment of "naval soldiers" intended to serve in the boarding teams of warships. The first such regiment of 1,200 soldiers was formed by Admiral Fyodor Golovin in the city of Grodno (now Belarus).

    Marine regiments existed as separate naval units until the early 19th century. After that, they were transferred to the ground forces, and the execution of landing operations was entrusted to the sailors. Special infantry formations in the fleet were recreated after the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905).

    In 1916, on their basis, two marine infantry divisions were formed in the Baltic and Black Sea fleets. During the Civil War, various detachments of sailors fought in the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army , and in 1920-1921, the 1st Naval Expeditionary Rifle Division took part in battles with units of the Russian army of General Pyotr Wrangel in the Donbass. After the end of the Civil War, all land units of the fleet, with the exception of the guard regiments, were disbanded.

    On July 17, 1939, the 1st Separate Special Rifle Brigade of the Baltic Fleet was created, which was then renamed the 1st Special Marine Brigade. In 1940, separate companies of marines were formed in the Danube and Pinsk river flotillas.

    After the outbreak of World War II , in October 1941, new naval rifle brigades were formed (they sent sailors called up from the reserve to them). During the war, ten divisions and brigades, ten regiments and 34 battalions of marines with a total number of more than 120 thousand people operated on the fronts. Many units of the Marine Corps received honorary titles of the Guards for their valor. 122 people became Heroes of the Soviet Union. For the massive courage and dedication that the Marines displayed on the battlefields, the enemy called them "black devils"

    After the end of the war, the marines were disbanded. Until the 1960s, the Soviet military leadership did not see the need for special troops that could be deployed by sea and used in amphibious and reconnaissance and sabotage operations. However, by the mid-60s, the existence of formations and units of the marines within the Navy was recognized as expedient. So, in 1963, a separate marine regiment was formed in the Baltic Fleet, then units appeared in other fleets. Since 1967, Soviet marines have defended the country's strategic interests in a number of local military conflicts abroad (Egypt, Angola, Yemen, Ethiopia, Seychelles and others).

    Currently, Russian marines are performing special tasks as part of the operation of the Russian Armed Forces in Syria. So, in 2015, they guarded the Syrian airfield Khmeimim, where the air group of the Russian Aerospace Forces is based. For courage and heroism shown in the performance of military duty, 22 marines were awarded the title of Hero of Russia, more than 3 thousand were awarded orders and medals

    On November 24, 2015, in the Syrian province of Latakia, during a search and rescue operation, a Marine, sailor Alexander Pozynich (posthumously awarded the Order of Courage), died on board when fighters fired on a Russian Aerospace Forces helicopter. On September 30, 2017, Colonel Valery Fedyanin, commander of the 61st Kirkenes Separate Marine Brigade (posthumously awarded the Order of Courage), died of wounds received while performing a service assignment in the Syrian province of Hama.

    According to Lieutenant General Viktor Astapov, the experience gained in military operations against terrorists in Syria, the experience of interspecific and inter-fleet exercises, large-scale combat training activities across the entire Armed Forces are being actively introduced and applied. The marines of the Russian Navy are currently performing missions in all regions of the World Ocean.

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