Can't really comprehend stupid though.
Russia's population did increase, but it was mostly thanks to the southern republics where they have a ton of kids. In todays climate, it isn't really economical to have many kids simply because it is too expensive. And no, Gaurav, the population of Russia indeed 141M, and Rustats is not lying (Neither is CIA world factbook).
Problem with the ages 15-29 is simple: During the 90's, no one really had kids. If you had more than 1 kid, you were screwed economically, if you weren't already. Russia will indeed hav a massive influx of kids 15-29 in the next 10 years, but that is mostly thanks to majority of the population now popping 2 kids (so evens some things out) or the muslims to the south popping 4 kids.
What a lot of people never noticed is Russia's population trend in the last 100 or so years. Russia's population around the first world war or just before it, was around 80 or so Million people (so that of Germany or France), and then during the hight of the cold war, it was about 150M (Not the close to 300M of all USSR but the 150 of the Russia SSR), and now it is down by about 10M. The scare over the years was the huge drop because of the economic climate of the 90's and the fact that there was a huge influx of people leaving Russia during that time. Only in the recent years (2004 to now) things started to get better and you either have people moving back to Russia or people just staying because it isn't really economical to leave anymore, other than to obtain a degree in another country that is held up higher within Russia (that is the case for many Russian citizens that come to Canada. They eventually go back because job prospects are better).
In regions where they are predominantly poor, I can imagine things like Human trafficing would exist. Or in major cities, as when there is money - there are people who will want to pay for *the fun stuff*. It is bad, but it exists (We have human trafficing here, and I have seen what it can do (with my own eyes). Really sad) and the fight has to continue.
There are multiple of ways to solve the issue, but what I think can really help rest of Russia grow in terms of population wise is the following:
- More construction: The more development of infrastucture means more jobs, more places to live, higher quality of living, and GDP growth (construction has a huge impact on GDP growth).
- More Jobs: One example is what I mentioned above - more construction. But as well, Russia needs more workers for farms, for manufacturing as well as R&D. Although, the jobs need to pay better. Sukhoi design facility pays quite well for their specialists as well as they do onsite training as well as have their own little institution. This is what drives people to work at Sukhoi because the fact that they would get payed quite well and not worry about the education part.
- Better education: State run education can be fine, but I find it is far too bloated in Russia. They need to allow more private institutions in. As those may be expensive, they can produce a better form of education. As well, use the profits from it to help fund public education.
- Control the cost of living: The cost of living is out of control in Russia it seems. While some areas you can get away with having a huge plot of land to build a home that is over 3000sqf for a couple of thousand Euro's, that is in the outskirts of nowhere, but you cannot get away without spending almost half a million on a 1000sqf apartment in Moscow. They really need to control the costs. The other one is fight inflation a bit more (7% is a hell of a lot better than the 14% in the past), and start subsidizing farmer or at least invest even more because cost of food in Russia can be expensive. As well, provide incentives for manufacturing of civil goods in Russia. I am aware that there are companies that make TV's, phones, Microwaves and what not in Russia, but nothing considered a big brand and with not a large logistics infrastructure. I can see opportunity for a company to start up making civil goods ranging in all fields like Samsung or LG. Oil and Gas in Russia isn't cheap either. I understand it is the market and they have to pay market price, but it isn't fair, especially for a country that produces a lot of it.