d_taddei2 wrote:With still a huge number of Soviet made SAM systems still in operation around the world i was looking to see what peoples views are on these systems and how capable they are on the modern battlefield up against NATO aircraft.
the following systems are the ones in question. And we can assume that they have had the latest upgrades if it makes it easier to answer.
SA-3 (S-125 Neva/Pechora)
SA-4 (2K11 Krug)
SA-6 (2K12 Kub)
SA-8 (9K33 Osa)
SA-9 (9K31 Strela-1)
SA-13 (9K35 Strela-10)
SA-19 (2K22 Tunguska)
I haven't included the MANPAD's SA-7, SA-14, SA-16, SA-18, but if you want to mention please feel free i also havent mentioned the SA-1 (S-25 Berkut) as North Korea is the only current operator and i guessing that the condition of these will be poor and possibly out of service due to condition, but yet again feel free to mention if you want.
According to the public reports, Syria is building a new air defense system, and is doing it with a mix of advanced and less modern systems.
Everyone knows at this point about the presence of the SA-10/12/20/23 (S-300) and SA-22 systems. Also they increased the number of SA-11/17, SA-19 and SA-6. Only the SA-8 and the SA-13 seems to have a decline of its numbers since the begin of the war.
But in adition to this, Syria also increased significantly its numbers of SA-3, SA-5, SA-2and S-60 towed systems, until a point that makes the SA-2 almost exhausted worldwide, keeping the numbers of SA-9 and ZSU-23-2 (also used for infantry) .
The lower effectiveness of the oldest systems is a fact. But Syria is applying the easiest formula in case of lower effectivenes: Higher density of systems
The weakness of the SA-3, SA-5 and SA-2 is clear. Towed launchers that make more difficult its survivability in case of attacks. But like they have a range that is not easy to avoid, with high density of systems, they can be able of doing significant damage before to be destroyed, and more if are combined with more modern systems.
Between the self propelled systems, the SA-9 has the smallest range. It would be the weakest in my opinion and the first to disappear totally (today totally retired in Russia). The next for me would be the SA-13, also by its shorter range.