I know I was mostly repeating myself, but I'm really confused right now...
So has the media been full of shit (as usual) all this time? So that "600 billion" (old exchange rate) was actually never the whole (well, most of the) budget? Then what was the real amount? How is the new armaments program any different?
Also, the military wanted 55 trillion originally, or something like that. So are you people saying that 55 trillion, so over 5 trillion only for procurement was ever ever seriously considered by anyone!? Can Franco clear things up?
But I'll repeat one last time that my main issue was not the current spending per se, a little over 2 trillion makes sense currently. Which is indeed something like $80 billion in 2013's exchange rate... so it's certainly the whole budget (just realized that). The issue was that it makes no sense in the long term, by the early 2020s, as the economy grows, not to mention inflation, etc.. Especially when it's seems to be slightly less than that (1.9 trillion per year, or so).
24 trillion would've actually made much more sense, but that should've been the lowest realistic amount, and even then, only for the next 5 years (I mean 2.4t a year), not 10. Anything below that for the next 10 years is utter BS.
I'll stop here for now, don't worry.
Take this into perspective:http://www.russiadefence.net/t24p325-military-budget-of-the-russian-federation#205116
Now it is starting to make a lot more sense.
So they get about 1.8T - 2T rubles a year and the "Military" gets about 800B Rubles. This pays for things like wages, training, housing, insurance or whatever, etc etc etc. The procurement which is the larger part of paid for things like MiC retooling (4T out of the 24T Rubles), Rest for procuring of weapons, some new storage facilities, R&D, etc. All broken down of course. And their method of procurement has been rather very different than the west. They will purchase for lets say, in 1 year, 50 Su-35's for 1 year for about $1.2B Dollars, another 48 of another kind, etc etc. So in 1 year, they may spend about $10B on procurement, but that is stretched out till the orders are finished and then they go towards the next orders.
Costs for sustaining the buildings, etc etc etc are all rather cheap in Russia. It isn't like in the US were a toilet seat costs $800, or a hammer costs $400. Thats why the smaller part of the budget that i was very curious about, is for everything else that isn't procurement or part of the SAP program.
As for the 55T wanted or whatever, it was actually initially 30T rubles. And no, no one actually ever took that seriously. The government is split between the two sides - Finance and Defense. And so the one side (defense) gives a very high amount in what they demand, and the Finance demands a low amount. So that for the Defense ministry, the high amount that they claim (they cant go too overboard or people start questioning the MoD and they lose credibility), so that when negotiations happen, they still get a rather large amount that they need. Everything else is already determined in prices for what the MoD needs to sustain what they already have, hence the 900B Rubles per year. But the other set of money is really the "what can we get so that we can purchase". Hence why they negotiate it. They are not negotiating the 900B Rubles, they are negotiating the other set of money needed for procuring the weapons that they want. Of course, they would want to build lots and lots of stuff that costs a lot, but they cant and wont. Instead, they are going the route with "OK, we now get roughly about 1.5 - 1.8T Rubles a year in procurement funds. What can we get with this amount? What is it that we are lacking? Where are the gaps that need to be filled? If we decide to go Route A - can we solve more issues going that route than Route B? Or is it better to leave some gaps open from Route A in order to be ahead with Route B?" So on so forth. Hence why they also mention what their intentions are: S-500, Strategic ICBM's like Rubez and the train ICBM system, SSBM's, Su-35's, 30's, MiG-35's, Su-57's etc. So they know at this point - OK, this is what we are getting per year till x date. Now we can determine with it, what we need.
If you think this is convoluted as it is. Be prepared, its going to get even more convoluted in near future because (they extended it due to lack of funds) they are planning by then next year to early 2019 to militarize (in this case, add in to the military structure) the Rosgvardi (Russian National Guard). So in this case, some parts of the Russian National Guard will be a military force to be able to participate in wars either outside or inside the country. This also makes some sense since they absorbed OMON which was heavily used during the wars in Chechnya and are heavily used in Caucuses now. But now, can you imagine how that will look? Some parts of the Russian national guard who gets 1.2T Rubles, will be part of a military structure - which will then fall under the military branch? Which has their own budget. So now you will see how things are going to get even more confusing.