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    Russian Navy: Status and News #6

    Isos
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    Post  Isos Mon Jan 08, 2024 8:30 pm

    Mir wrote:You must remember that most of the large ships in the BS also serve in the Med.

    The Soviets had the big Kara class cruisers in the BS.

    But back then they had hundreds of ships and subs of all size.

    Anyway making the hull isn't the most expensive and time consuming thing. They can build a huge 20kt icebreaker in like four years. The most expensive thing is the stuffing that goes inside it.

    I suppose there is a question if they could make a cheaper version of the Admiral Gorshkov to mass produce or not.

    Yes but thry can't jist make hulls like that and hope russian navy buys them.

    This one exist and the return of experience of this class is very good.

    A cheaper Gorshkov is the Steregoushchy or the Grigorovitch. Unless you want a gorshkov with Uran and Pantsir only which would be a terrible and useless ship.

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    Post  GarryB Tue Jan 09, 2024 1:21 am

    Moskva would have been better in the northern fleet or the mediteranean keeping an eye on US carriers.

    Moskva would have been fine anywhere at all if it had been given decent regular upgrades of systems and equipment.

    If it was not good enough for the Black Sea then it would not be good enough anywhere except the Caspian or Sea of Azov floatillas.

    Without upgrades it wasn't the capital ship it used to be.

    Hopefully lesson learned... in saving some money it cost them the ship... something the British didn't learn from the Falklands where buying cheaper lighter carriers meant they lost ships that they shouldn't have lost... costing them rather more in lives and ships.

    I suppose there is a question if they could make a cheaper version of the Admiral Gorshkov to mass produce or not.

    I don't think it is cost that is effecting production... upgrading their shipyards and getting ships and subs into full serial production instead of oneoff types will boost production and improve efficiency and reduce costs.


    But back then they had hundreds of ships and subs of all size.

    Once this conflict is over they will want to send Black Sea fleet ships to north africa and further afield... I suspect their focus will shift from Europe to the rest of the world.

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    Post  franco Sat Jan 13, 2024 2:43 pm

    Russian Navy 2023 :: List of Active Russian Navy Ships (225) and Submarines (76)

    Last Update: 29, December, 2023

    https://russianships.info/eng/today/

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    Post  thegopnik Sat Jan 13, 2024 8:25 pm

    no idea which submarine thread to put this.

    https://tass.com/defense/1730385
    Future Arktur nuclear sub to carry strategic weapons, unmanned craft​
    Upgraded missiles help decrease their number onboard a warship, but retain the combat potential

    MOSCOW, January 10. /TASS/. The fifth-generation Arktur nuclear submarine of the Rubin Design Bureau will have smaller signature and carry strategic weapons and various unmanned craft, the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) said.
    "The multifunctional project is vital for yet unknown conditions of the second half of the century. The Arktur can carry strategic weapons and various unmanned craft. Small and medium craft are kept in the ship’s silos while big ones are kept overboard. The underwater robots will help the Arktur better comprehend the surrounding situation, earlier detect the adversary and escape its attacks," it said.
    Upgraded missiles help decrease their number onboard a warship, but retain the combat potential. "Due to it, as well as a changed architecture, the Arktur will have a 20-percent smaller displacement than modern strategic submarines. She will be 134-meter long and 15.7-meter wide. The crew comprises close to a hundred men," the USC said.
    The faceted hull lines, smaller displacement, and active coating decrease the reflected signal of sonars and the detection distance of the submarine, it added.

    The shaftless power plant with a complete electric motion decreases the noise. Two propellants increase maneuverability and reliability. "The solutions are important for the engagement area of the Arktur - high-latitude Arctic. The interest in the region will only grow in the coming decades. The faceted shape simplifies the breaking of ice during surfacing and keeps it away from silo caps. Better maneuverability is necessary to occupy the position in ice holes," it said.
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    Post  GarryB Sun Jan 14, 2024 3:28 am

    The shaftless power plant with a complete electric motion decreases the noise. Two propellants increase maneuverability and reliability.

    So it uses propellers driven directly by electric motors like the Azipods on some surface ships... interesting.
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    Post  Mir Sun Jan 14, 2024 7:25 am

    It's more akin to a pump jet but with stealthy features.

    Russian Navy: Status and News #6 - Page 22 Aktur-10

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    Post  Arrow Sun Jan 14, 2024 9:46 am

    So it uses propellers driven directly by electric motors like the Azipods on some surface ships... interesting. wrote:

    The French already have it at Le Triomphant and the USA will have it at Columbia in a few years.
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    Post  ALAMO Sun Jan 14, 2024 10:09 am

    GarryB wrote:
    So it uses propellers driven directly by electric motors like the Azipods on some surface ships... interesting.

    Nothing new for Russkie subs.
    Already in the 50s with new 671 nuclear subs, a reserve propulsion was designed. It was all-electric, powered by PG137 electric motors of 275 or 375 HP (RT and RTM) each. Both powered shafts passing through horizontal stabilizers, with two blade screws each. What is extremely interesting and represents the Soviet submarine building school, the whole system was fully automated and required zero access and maintenance.
    This solution was chosen in favor of vanes or jet propellers as easier to both construct and operate at the time.

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    Post  GarryB Mon Jan 15, 2024 1:59 am

    It is important to remember in a marine environment there are so many things in the ocean like old fishing nets and lines and of course seaweed and actual life in the ocean that can all become tangled in pumps and propellers that whichever design you choose has to be robust and reliable as well as quiet and efficient.

    The location of the water intake relative to where the water must be ejected suggests it is probably reversable to generate forward or backward thrust, which would have the advantage that if one or both intakes get blocked going to full reverse might eject the blockage as long as you haven't moved too deeply into whatever is clogging your tubes so to speak.
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    Post  franco Mon Jan 29, 2024 1:56 pm

    MOSCOW, January 29. /TASS/. Russia will begin repairs of the Minsk big amphibious assault ship of project 775 of the Baltic fleet damaged by a Ukrainian strike in 2024, a source close to Crimean law enforcers told TASS.

    "The moored Minsk has damaged superstructure. The repairs will begin this year. The decision has been made," the source said.

    TASS has no official confirmation of the report.

    Another Crimean source earlier told TASS the Minsk was likely to get the superstructure of the Konstantin Olshansky former big landing ship of the Ukrainian Navy. In 2014, she was abandoned together with 20 other warships in Crimea. Project 775 has a superstructure made of aluminum-magnesium alloy.

    Ukraine delivered a cruise missile strike at Sevastopol Shipyard on September 13, 2023. The Minsk and the Rostov-on-Don diesel-electric submarine were undergoing an overhaul there and were damaged. The Defense Ministry said both warships would be repaired as the damage was not critical. The overhaul of the submarine is likely to be completed in the first half of the year.

    The Minsk sailed to the Black Sea before the special military operation began in Ukraine.

    https://tass.com/defense/1738687

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    Post  franco Wed Jan 31, 2024 1:13 pm


    St. PETERSBURG, January 31 – RIA Novosti. This year it is planned to transfer 12 surface ships and 4 submarines to the Russian Navy, said Secretary of State - Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Viktor Evtukhov.
    “Almost every month, either a surface ship or a submarine - nuclear or diesel-electric - is transferred to the fleet. This happens regularly... We all understand that the navy is the basis for ensuring the national interests of our country, the basis for the security of sea routes, this is a strong negotiating position,” Evtukhov noted.
    “And if you look at the dynamics, look at the numbers, over the last 10 years, 40 surface ships and 24 submarines have been transferred to the fleet. A decade earlier, only three submarines. That is, the pace has increased 8 times. In 2024, Russian shipbuilders will transfer 12 surface ships to the fleet and 4 submarines,” he said at the ceremony of raising the Russian Naval flag on the Project 677 diesel-electric submarine Kronstadt.
    Evtukhov also noted that import substitution in the construction of ships for the Russian Navy has reached 100%: “Today, no sanctions can affect construction and delivery.”

    https://ria-ru.translate.goog/20240131/vmf-1924560244.html?_x_tr_sl=ru&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=en&_x_tr_pto=wapp

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    Post  GarryB Thu Feb 01, 2024 12:06 am

    Evtukhov also noted that import substitution in the construction of ships for the Russian Navy has reached 100%: “Today, no sanctions can affect construction and delivery.”

    Which means all propulsion systems problems have been solved...

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    Post  Tsavo Lion Sat Feb 03, 2024 8:19 pm

    They r still struggling with bigger surfac ship construction in needed numbers, & quality of some import substituted items: https://regnum.ru/article/3864235
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    Post  GarryB Sun Feb 04, 2024 8:45 am

    I don't agree that they are struggling to build large ships, what they are doing is designing and building solid reliable and working smaller ships and support ships before they move to making bigger ships that will operate with the smaller ships to get their job done.

    There is no point making CVNs and Cruisers if there are not enough frigates and corvettes to defend home waters with.

    They are currently building two 40K ton helicopter landing ships and an upgraded cruiser and their fixed wing aircraft carrier are about to get back into the water after upgrades and overhauls. Before serial producing new cruisers they will need to evaluate the new systems put on their upgraded cruiser to see if it is value for money or if something even better needs to be developed for the new cruisers they will be making eventually.

    The main differences between an old corvette and a new corvette is that an old corvette was a specialised boat... it had torpedo tubes or anti ship missiles or anti sub weapons. It had a small gun like a 57mm or 76mm calibre weapon and some 30mm self defence gatlings, while the new corvettes have missile launch tubes that can load a variety of missiles previously only destroyers and larger ships could carry and they have 100mm guns that destroyers and some cruisers were armed with. The new corvettes have helicopters and a range of land attack and anti ship and anti sub missile options.

    The difference between a modern corvette and a modern cruiser will largely be the size and types of sensors and self defence systems, and the calibre and number of guns and missile launch tubes. A new cruiser will have enormous radar arrays and enormous sonar arrays and all sorts of communication and battle management systems and an enormous number of launch tubes. It will also have lots of self defence guns from 30mm to 57mm right up to 152mm, but will also likely have lasers and an enormous number of missiles of all types. They will likely also carry their own drones and jammers to defend from drones and weapons. They will have S-500 SAMs to shoot down all sorts of ballistic threats and engage targets in space, in the air, on the water, under the water and on land.

    It is going to take planning and work to come up with optimised designs... I rather suspect they will be nuclear powered and all electric drive systems and some rather exotic weapons will be tested on them too.

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    Post  lancelot Sun Feb 04, 2024 11:11 am

    Russia could easily make cruisers if they wanted to. The problem is it makes no sense to have only cruisers and no small and medium size ships.

    Just look at the nuclear icebreakers. Russia has the RITM-200 nuclear reactor. It also has nuclear-electric propulsion. The Baltic Shipyard which makes the nuclear icebreakers could easily do nuclear cruisers if the government wanted to.

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    Post  Tsavo Lion Sun Feb 04, 2024 8:22 pm

    Exactly, but that yard & Svezda in the FE (which just started the Leader class) can't stop building icebreakers as they r needed to replace the old ones + a few extra Leaders to use the entire NSR all year round. That's also why they r arming them & building more subs instead.
    Between corvettes & CGs there r FFGs & DDGs that r needed to escort & assist LHA/Ds, CGNs & CV/Ns. If they weren't that proud & full of themseleves I bet they would be thinking of ordering some from China by now.
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    Post  GarryB Mon Feb 05, 2024 4:55 am

    If they got China to build 30 destroyers and 14 cruisers for them over the next 10 years they will have blown their budget, but also would not have the space to put all these ships somewhere let alone man them or have the shore based infrastructure to operate them and arm them and man them... and they wouldn't have the support ships needed to keep them operational anywhere outside of Russian waters.

    There is no hurry... and it is better to get this all done right, than to get it done now.

    There will be a lot of new technologies they will be incorporating into these new types and just replacing most existing small ships and older vessels makes more sense moving forward.

    Corvettes and Frigates made in serial production should not be a huge technical problem now that the propulsion systems are worked out, but new AESA radar arrays for ships as small as corvettes are going to improve the ability of each type to contribute to the overall C4ISTAR of the navy.

    The new bigger ships will have other things added like S-500 and perhaps even Intermediate range semi ballistic hypersonic missiles with flight ranges of several thousand kilometres and of course flight speeds of mach 10 to mach 15 at 60-80km altitude, and laser defence systems that can dazzle or damage optics at extended ranges like satellites in space or drones and manned aircraft hundreds of kms away, and much closer physically destroy targets like hypersonic weapons.

    Energy weapons could defeat guidance systems or disable warheads or set them off prematurely.

    New large calibre guns might be the simplest and cheapest way to mount a swarm attack on an enemy force... with firing ranges of 250km plus and the ability to fire 60-120 rounds a minute and able to carry thousands of ready to fire round... I would suspect Russia will create drone swarms better than the west can and for a more reasonable price... they had anti ship missile swarms in the late 1970s...
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    Post  Tsavo Lion Mon Feb 05, 2024 6:29 am

    If they got China to build 30 destroyers and 14 cruisers for them over the next 10 years they will have blown their budget, but also would not have the space to put all these ships somewhere let alone man them or have the shore based infrastructure to operate them and arm them and man them... and they wouldn't have the support ships needed to keep them operational anywhere outside of Russian waters.
    IMO they won't need that many; some older ships will be gone by then; those not at sea/in the yards/Syria or visiting Cuba/Venezuela/PRC/NK/Vietnam/Iran & w/o space at a pier will be moored to a buoy or floating/civilian piers part of the time, while more facilities r being built. They'll have enough cargo ships that can be repurposed &/ bought from China or Korea, etc. if need be, to supply/repair/service them.
    Besides, as Russia has many lakes,rivers & canals between them, besides long coast lines, some boats & smaller ships/subs from the Baltic/NF/BSF/PF may use ports on Lake Ladoga/White Sea/Azov Sea/Caspian Sea/Komsomolsk on Amur as their base to make room for bigger ships, respectively.
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    Post  GarryB Mon Feb 05, 2024 7:25 am

    They don't need that many and they don't need them that fast, so why bother with any Chinese built warships at all?

    China and even India can make civilian ships if they need those faster... getting civilian ships into service quickly means generating international revenue for Russia sooner and faster which does make sense because that will create economic growth and help pay for the new navy they will be building.

    China can make ships fast and India can make ships for all the Rupees the Russians have because of their trade surplus...
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    Post  ALAMO Mon Feb 05, 2024 8:06 am

    lancelot wrote:Russia could easily make cruisers if they wanted to. The problem is it makes no sense to have only cruisers and no small and medium size ships.
    Just look at the nuclear icebreakers. Russia has the RITM-200 nuclear reactor. It also has nuclear-electric propulsion. The Baltic Shipyard which makes the nuclear icebreakers could easily do nuclear cruisers if the government wanted to.

    They don't have space for that.
    Russia modernizes its fleet at an unprecedented rate & speed.
    This is why they are forced to prioritize production.
    Baltic Shipyard is fully occupied till mid 30s, and will be constructing icebreakers and gas carriers.
    It is Russia's priority.
    Russkie had giant issues with their shipbuilding forever.
    Even in the Soviet times, lacked the capacity for the construction of vessels, considering the giant Ukrainian yards included.
    Everyone was building for the Soviets, which was Poland, East Germany, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Romania, Finland ...
    They lacked some chain of supplies.
    Like marine-grade cables.
    Imagine that they are making those only for the last 2-3 years or so.
    Russian marine industry skyrocketed in the last two decades, on a scale unimaginable even in the Soviet times.
    The scale of its modernization is mindblowing. They are more self-sufficient rather than in any Soviet period given. Considering the fact that they had received two giant strikes in the back in the process is even more shocking.
    We will have a giant shipyard cluster built on Kotelny Island quite soon, which will double the Zvezda production.
    Zvezda alone is capable of building more tonnage rather than the entire Soviet shipbuilding.
    Fleet will get as much attention as they will consider needed. And as they are a massive landmass and a land superpower, you can imagine the effect.

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    Post  lancelot Mon Feb 05, 2024 10:26 am

    Not really. The Baltic Shipyard can launch a Project 22220 icebreaker three years after they started laying the keel. They only plan to build seven of them. In 2027 the Leningrad should be launched. In 2028 the Stalingrad. And then they will be building nothing. The larger Leader class icebreakers are too large to build there. They are building them at Zvezda shipyard. The diesel icebreakers are built at Vyborg shipyard. So Baltic won't be building those either.

    They could be building floating nuclear power plants. But those ship hulls have already been ordered from China. So they won't be building those either.

    So what will the Baltic Shipyard be doing after the Leningrad is launched around 2027 then? Probably nuclear cruisers I think.

    Even with delays the ship construction should start before 2030.
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    Post  GarryB Mon Feb 05, 2024 11:02 am

    Everything to do with a navy takes decades of preparation... you can't just decide that next year you will start doing this or that and expect anything decent to happen in such a short time period.

    The core of the issues is that they have most of what they need... so unlike the western navies they don't lack a decent Anti ship missile or a decent torpedo or a decent this that or other thing... they have modern SAMs and modern guns and modern radar and modern EO sensors and modern sonar and modern computing power and modern ship design capacity.

    They have gone from cold war period specialised ship classes to modern 21st C modular multirole ships that are corvette and frigate sized.

    If numbers were all that mattered they could have pumped out cold war era boats and subs and be fine with numbers... but be stuck with a rather ordinary fleet.

    Things are expensive at the moment because everything is still new but everything is also standardised and modular and so once serial orders for ships and subs are given they should be able to ramp up production rather quickly once they decide what they want.

    They need to replace their merchant marine fleet which takes up a lot of shipyard space and resources and at the same time they are trying to upgrade and improve their shipyards and train new people to use the new technology and new way of building ships.

    They invested in South Korean ship building technology in the Zvezda shipyard and no doubt took note of French ship building practises when they made their portion of the hulls of the two Mistral class ships they had built, so it is not like the don't know how to make ships and subs... they do need to test and evaluate the designs they have made and the changes they have made to new versions laid down to decide which to mass produce, but once they decide on final designs the serial production should be much smoother and also cheaper and faster.


    Other countries in BRICS that don't make their own ships might be customers further down the track as these Russian vessels are put into serial production and get a bit of experience under their belts.
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    Post  Rodion_Romanovic Mon Feb 05, 2024 11:04 am

    The export version of the Chinese 052 class destroyers was also considered by Saudi Arabia last year.
    I doubt they would cost much less than 800000 dollars each.

    Russia cannot spend this amount of money now. There are other priorities. Furthermore why introduce foreign models which do not have components in common with other ships?

    In a few years all of Novorossia until the Danube will be Russian again (otherwise Russia will have other worries than the lack of destroyers). That amount of money can be used to rebuild (possibly from scratch) the shipyards in Nikolaev and Kherson. We are talking at least of two very large shipyards (Okean and Black sea shipyard in Nikolaev) and two medium shipyards, (Nikolaev North (Former communara 61) and Kherson Shipyard).

    Furthermore possibly new locations there to build new shipyards can be identified (i.e. near Odessa).

    Ideally the ship repairing yard in Mariupol can be also enlarged to build other ships (Or maybe even a brand new shipyard in the area near azovstal). Due to the depth limitations of Azov sea it will be impractical to build very large ships, but there should not be any problems for corvettes and patrol ships (up to potentially even frigates and destroyers, possibly so freeing other shipyards).

    My understanding is that ships with a draft up to 8 meters and length up to 240 m can reach the Port of Mariupol, so project 22350 Gorshkov class frigates (draught 4.5 m, length 135m) could be built in an eventual new shipyard there, and possibly even 22350M (Udaloy class destroyers (which have a similar size to the Chinese type 052D and to 22350M) have a draught of about 6.2 m).

    I would like to see 22350M destroyers in serial production before Russia starts producing Nuclear Cruisers.
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    Post  ALAMO Mon Feb 05, 2024 11:34 am

    lancelot wrote:Not really. The Baltic Shipyard can launch a Project 22220 icebreaker three years after they started laying the keel. They only plan to build seven of them. In 2027 the Leningrad should be launched. In 2028 the Stalingrad. And then they will be building nothing. The larger Leader class icebreakers are too large to build there. They are building them at Zvezda shipyard. The diesel icebreakers are built at Vyborg shipyard. So Baltic won't be building those either.
    They could be building floating nuclear power plants. But those ship hulls have already been ordered from China. So they won't be building those either.
    So what will the Baltic Shipyard be doing after the Leningrad is launched around 2027 then? Probably nuclear cruisers I think.
    Even with delays the ship construction should start before 2030.

    Rosatom plans to have 17 nuclear icebreakers by 2030. So you can easily add some more after 2027.
    They have just floated a new 220m drydock in Turkey, not sure when it will be finally towed to the Baltic dunno
    But only by watching the planned cargo traffic on the NSR, it requires crazy expansion of the ice class carriers of a different types - just to imagine, this year they plan a 80mln T of cargo, 150 mln by 2030, and 220 mln by 2035 ...
    This is what the Russian shipyards will be busy with in the next decade.
    Only in 2023, the number of job offers in Russian shipbuilding increased by 23%, and they lack more than 22k personnel, 6000 of them in the Petersburg cluster. This rate is really insane.

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    Post  GarryB Mon Feb 05, 2024 12:06 pm

    As Europes economy collapses a lot of skilled shipbuilders might want to start learning Russian..... Shocked

    Rodion_Romanovic likes this post


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    Russian Navy: Status and News #6 - Page 22 Empty Re: Russian Navy: Status and News #6

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