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    Russian Civil Aviation: News #5

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    Post  George1 Mon Apr 01, 2024 12:10 am

    First flight of the new Il-114-300 aircraft

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    Post  mnztr Tue Apr 02, 2024 6:28 am

    lancelot wrote:There were plans to make a version of the Superjet with a composite wing. The Superjet 130. This was supposed to be a competitor to the Airbus A220.
    This would slot in between the current Superjet 95 and the MC-21-300. So it would overlap with the MC-21-200 but be more fuel efficient.

    Does composite really make sense in regionals? The jury is out when you compare the E195 E2 vs the A220-300. With AlLi you get excellent economics with easier manufacturing.

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    Post  lancelot Tue Apr 02, 2024 8:22 am

    mnztr wrote:Does composite really make sense in regionals? The jury is out when you compare the E195 E2 vs the A220-300. With AlLi you get excellent economics with easier manufacturing.
    The E2 is not a bad aircraft. But it can carry less passengers (146 vs 160), has smaller seats (46cm vs 47cm seat pitch) flies at a shorter distance (4917km vs 6700km).

    Now if that easier manufacturing translates into a lower purchasing price it might still make sense. Or maybe you just don't need the extra range to begin with. But for some companies it allows using the aircraft in routes it wouldn't otherwise be possible with an aircraft of that capacity.

    I would say that for Russia, with a huge landmass and distant small cities, the extra range on long thin routes would be important.

    The proposed Superjet 130 was supposed to be a stretched version with a composite wing and compete with these aircraft.

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    Post  GarryB Tue Apr 02, 2024 11:11 am

    I would say composites are still a new technology and like any new technology it will reveal problems and issues, but over time such problems and issues can be dealt with and solved.

    Making aircraft lighter is always a good thing as long as it doesn't make them fragile or weaker, but I would expect they would do sufficient testing and research before taking any big steps.

    The aerodynamics of fuselages has not changed a lot so a new lighter wing that can be made more rigid but thinner is a significant advantage for any aircraft.
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    Post  ludovicense Tue Apr 02, 2024 11:26 pm

    George1 wrote:First flight of the new Il-114-300 aircraft


    Actions like this are what bother Americans about Russia. The only country to dominate the complete aircraft production cycle, outside of the USA.. the Yankees do not tolerate such a feat

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    Post  GarryB Wed Apr 03, 2024 3:54 am

    They have no one to blame but themselves... they thought when they cut things off that the Russians would just learn to do without until they cut off so much they would collapse and beg to be allowed to buy western stuff again.

    Instead it forced them to get off their arses and make their own stuff, which in many cases is superior to what they were getting from the west because they used what the west sold to them and they knew what they liked and didn't like about that so when making your own you base it on something that works but you fix any problems you had with it before putting it into serial production.

    The result is that Russia makes its own stuff and is now free to sell that stuff to the rest of the world and it is likely to be rather cheaper than what the west sells their stuff for... so they lost a customer who could afford their prices and gained competition that can beat them on price because their energy is cheaper than energy in the west is now.

    They only punished themselves in the end.

    And made Russia realise a few things... the west isn't as nice as it pretends to be and it is happy to see Russians suffer and die to get even cheaper energy and their way in a few things, and it also made them realise they don't need the west and they can make things every bit as good as the west can and often better and they wont be charging enormous markups like western companies do that think they don't have any competition.

    I remember reading an article by a US pharmaceutical company where he explained why one of the life saving drugs they made suddenly increased in price 10 times the previous value.

    He simply said he has commitments to his investors and if the drug is life saving then the people who need it will find a way to buy it no matter what it costs.

    What a bastard. The issue was that it was for a relatively rare condition and to make money on it they had to jack the price up 10 times or they wouldn't be making money on that product. In terms of business it makes sense. In terms of humanity it is clearly evil.

    That is why I think all drug companies should be state run because it should not be run for profit, but to make the population healthy. Cures instead of just treatments, and governments provide most of the funding to develop new drugs anyway... most drug companies spend three quarters of their funds on advertising and bribing healthcare professionals to peddle their products.
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    Post  mnztr Wed Apr 03, 2024 4:32 am

    lancelot wrote:
    mnztr wrote:Does composite really make sense in regionals? The jury is out when you compare the E195 E2 vs the A220-300. With AlLi you get excellent economics with easier manufacturing.
    The E2 is not a bad aircraft. But it can carry less passengers (146 vs 160), has smaller seats (46cm vs 47cm seat pitch) flies at a shorter distance (4917km vs 6700km).

    Now if that easier manufacturing translates into a lower purchasing price it might still make sense. Or maybe you just don't need the extra range to begin with. But for some companies it allows using the aircraft in routes it wouldn't otherwise be possible with an aircraft of that capacity.

    I would say that for Russia, with a huge landmass and distant small cities, the extra range on long thin routes would be important.

    The proposed Superjet 130 was supposed to be a stretched version with a composite wing and compete with these aircraft.

    Its built smaller and has equal or better seat/mile economics then the A220. (harder to do in a smaller plane.)
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    Post  mnztr Wed Apr 03, 2024 4:38 am

    GarryB wrote:I would say composites are still a new technology and like any new technology it will reveal problems and issues, but over time such problems and issues can be dealt with and solved.

    Making aircraft lighter is always a good thing as long as it doesn't make them fragile or weaker, but I would expect they would do sufficient testing and research before taking any big steps.

    The aerodynamics of fuselages has not changed a lot so a new lighter wing that can be made more rigid but thinner is a significant advantage for any aircraft.

    Matrials tech is always improving, from what I read at the time Embrear looked at composite vs Al and decided for the size of plane there was no limit on optmizing the wing on a plane this size. As you get to larger planes, especially wide bodies, then the payback from composites is much better. If the Russians wanna re-wing a plane the TU-204 would be a better candidate and even better if they can adapt the MC-21 wing. Embrear does not use even AlLi so the efficiency they deliver on the E195E2 is impressive.
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    Post  lancelot Wed Apr 03, 2024 6:04 am

    mnztr wrote:Matrials tech is always improving, from what I read at the time Embrear looked at composite vs Al and decided for the size of plane there was no limit on optmizing the wing on a plane this size. As you get to larger planes, especially wide bodies, then the payback from composites is much better. If the Russians wanna re-wing a plane the TU-204 would be a better candidate and even better if they can adapt the MC-21 wing.
    The MC-21 already uses a composite wing. And there is no good reason to waste money continuing to iterate on the Tu-204 design when the MC-21 is basically it's replacement.

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    Post  franco Wed Apr 03, 2024 1:11 pm

    At least 75 airports are planned to be renovated over six years. 250 billion rubles will be allocated for these purposes, Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin said on April 3.

    “The President [of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin ] in his message to the Federal Assembly set a new task for the government to increase the aviation mobility of citizens. Over six years, at least 75 more airports will be renovated. We will allocate a quarter of a trillion rubles for these purposes,” he said, delivering a report to the State Duma.

    According to him, last year runways in nine cities were repaired and put into operation, including Pevek, Yakutsk, Blagoveshchensk, Arkhangelsk and Magnitogorsk.

    “Russia needs strong and modern aviation with an extensive ground infrastructure, so they not only revived the domestic aircraft industry, but also actively modernized airfields in the regions,” the Prime Minister said.

    The head of the Cabinet of Ministers added that at the beginning of 2024, the first stages of work have already been completed at Kemerovo airport and in the settlement of Udachny, which is located near the Arctic Circle.

    Mishustin also emphasized that for the first time, about 53% of domestic flights began to take place without a stopover in Moscow .

    At the end of March, Russian Transport Minister Vitaly Savelyev said that more than 100 airfields in Russia are in need of repair and reconstruction . For this purpose, a special fund is being created for the repair of airports, he indicated.

    Earlier, on January 17, Putin did not rule out the possibility of creating a fund for the construction and reconstruction of airfields . He noted that for this it will be necessary to find sources of financing. Savelyev then emphasized that by 2030 it is necessary to repair 111 airfields, which will require at least 383 billion rubles. He proposed using a public-private partnership mechanism.

    Prior to this, in August, Mishustin indicated that the government would consider a package of measures to help the aircraft manufacturing industry . According to him, the Cabinet of Ministers will change the rules for the provision of subsidies from the federal budget. This decision will enable a number of aircraft manufacturing enterprises to use about 20 billion rubles for technical re-equipment.

    https://iz-ru.translate.goog/1676315/2024-04-03/v-rossii-planiruetsia-obnovit-ne-menee-75-aeroportov-za-shest-let?main_click&_x_tr_sl=ru&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=en&_x_tr_pto=wapp

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    Post  mnztr Thu Apr 04, 2024 9:01 am

    lancelot wrote:
    mnztr wrote:Matrials tech is always improving, from what I read at the time Embrear looked at composite vs Al and decided for the size of plane there was no limit on optmizing the wing on a plane this size. As you get to larger planes, especially wide bodies, then the payback from composites is much better. If the Russians wanna re-wing a plane the TU-204 would be a better candidate and even better if they can adapt the MC-21 wing.
    The MC-21 already uses a composite wing. And there is no good reason to waste money continuing to iterate on the Tu-204 design when the MC-21 is basically it's replacement.

    The tu 214 is a different class of plane closer to the 767
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    Post  lancelot Thu Apr 04, 2024 10:50 am

    mnztr wrote:The tu 214 is a different class of plane closer to the 767
    Not really. Compare the specs of the Tu-214 with the MC-21-300. Let alone the MC-21-400.
    The Tu-214 has worse specs than the MC-21-400 all the way.

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    Post  lancelot Thu Apr 18, 2024 4:47 pm

    Russian civil aviation: the apocalypse that “experts” predicted did not happen
    04/18/2024

    More than two years have passed since the start of the special military operation and the introduction of "hellish sanctions" against the Russian civil aviation industry. In 2022, some domestic media, relying on the opinion of "experts", predicted a complete collapse of passenger air travel for our country. The forecasts were akin to the apocalypse: flying is dangerous, we won’t fly, there’s nothing to fly. Everything is bad, we are all going to die...

    However, now it’s 2024, Boeings and Airbuses are being purchased from foreign lessors, the planes are flying, their maintenance is being carried out, passenger traffic is growing, and in general the country’s civil aviation industry has adapted to the imposed restrictions and is functioning quite confidently. Of course, there are problems, they relate, first of all, to the production of domestic aircraft; Russian Aviation has already considered this issue earlier.

    In 2022 after the release of the latest apocalyptic forecasts the editors of our site asked the question: "What are the experts and the media that turn to them guided by when they publish lengthy articles about how soon everything will be very bad? What are such forecasts based on?"

    "After February 24, Aeroflot’s problems became a symbol of the isolation of the Russian Federation. As a result of the impact of unprecedented economic sanctions, the company is shifting its attention to domestic flights and Russian-made aircraft. The new Boeing 737 MAX 8 and Airbus A350-900 aircraft, which S7 Airlines and Aeroflot intended to replenish their fleets with, are being sold like hot cakes to Turkish and Indian airlines. And you can completely forget about Pobeda’s upcoming grandiose order for 100 Boeing 737 MAX aircraft", writes in one of the predictions a certain investment banker Evgeniy Kogan.

    It is likely that the B737 MAX aircraft were sold “like hot cakes,” but this was not due to the fact that Boeing banned their deliveries to Russia due to the SVO. Aircraft of this type cannot, in principle, be operated in our country, because due to the irresponsible approach to their development and testing on the part of the American corporation, on March 14, 2019, Rosaviatsia banned flights Boeing 737 MAX in Russian airspace until further notice. In June, when Evgeniy Kogan wrote his article, he could not help but know this.

    In July 2022 RBC and "News" with reference to the Aeronautical Information Center, both reported that air carriers from friendly countries are allowed to use the Boeing 737 MAX for flights to Russia. But the Federal Air Transport Agency did not re-certify this type, and the ban itself is still in effect and was introduced three years before the start of the special operation and the "hellish sanctions", and Pobeda ordered not 100 aircraft, but only 20 with an option for another 30 aircraft.

    The "expert" also touched upon the detention of an Aeroflot A330 aircraft in Sri Lanka on June 2, 2022.

    "The recent situation with the detention of the Airbus A330 aircraft highlights the isolation. The Aeroflot plane was blocked for several days at Colombo airport, even despite 100% guarantees from the Sri Lankan government. First of all, this problem concerns aircraft owned by foreign lessors, transferred to the Russian register. "I am surprised by the lack of professionalism of Aeroflot’s managers, who, in pursuit of profit, were unable to calculate all the risks", the banker writes.

    By the end of March 2022, according to the Federal Air Transport Agency, there were five countries that guaranteed Russia the ability to fly freely to their airports: Cuba, Sri Lanka, Argentina, Venezuela and Kyrgyzstan. As for Sri Lanka, in September 2022, an apology was made at the government level of this country for the delay of the Aeroflot A330 and assurances that there would be no similar incidents in the future.

    "Over the company [Aeroflot – approx. "Aviation of Russia"] hangs the specter of Iran's lame aviation industry. Decades of US sanctions have devastated the Islamic Republic's aviation sector. The EU has banned most of Iran's airline fleet from its airspace due to security concerns. While the country relies on artisanal production and a network of intermediaries to bypass restrictions and purchase spare parts for aircraft", Kogan said.

    Yes, Iran does not produce large passenger aircraft, and the Islamic Republic did not succeed with the regional An-140. But to call Iran’s aviation industry "lame" can only be a person who is completely incompetent in relation to the Islamic Republic and its aviation industry. Over many years of sanctions pressure from the collective West, they have learned to bypass restrictions and import the necessary spare parts and components, bypassing the American and Anglo-Saxon markets. The same Aeroflot sent to Iran one of its wide-body A330s for maintenance.

    The article by Evgeny Kogan, published in June 2022 in Investing.com, is very lengthy; it makes no sense to cite all the points from it because of its bias. However, answering the three above was imperative in order to show the level of this "expert". The statements and conclusions that the investment banker makes are replete with omissions and distortions of facts. At the same time, Yevgeny Kogan stands up for the truth. In letter to his grandfather, who died in the war, he writes: "The main thing is that I decided for myself so that I would not be ashamed in front of you. Just don't lie." At the same time, May 9, 2023, the grandson’s Victory Day became "Memorial Day" What would his grandfather say to this?

    One of the most pressing problems with the current fleet of SSJ100 regional aircraft is the repair and maintenance of airworthiness of the SaM146 engines.

    On May 10, 2023, it was published in a publication with a solid sign in the title an article by the same author, who later talked about the mastery of the MS-21 aircraft of an altitude of 7000 meters. The article said that if it is not possible to repair the hot part of the SaM146 engines, then, according to calculations by the Irkut Corporation and UEC, by the end of 2030, out of more than 150, only 28 Superjet 100 aircraft will remain in operation. According to some industry experts with whom the author of the article spoke, those SSJ100s that have been actively flying since the spring of 2022 will begin to "fail" en masse within a year.

    In June, telegram channel "MashTech" wrote : "Currently, 314 SaM146 engines are installed on 157 aircraft, of which 32 are in faulty condition. 15 are subject to repair, ten more are in the repair fund and are used to "donate" spare parts, and seven remain in France. Over the past year [2022], 46 engines were repaired at UEC-Saturn, while in 2021 there were 29 repairs. The one and a half times increase is caused by an increase in plaque, and over time this figure will only grow. UEC-Saturn received approval from the Federal Air Transport Agency for the "repair of the SaM146 gas generator", which falls under the responsibility of the French side, but only by "replacing parts using those dismantled from faulty donor engines." Now UEC is extending the service life of engines by 1 thousand cycles, this is only enough for a year of flights, and then problems with repair and maintenance may arise."

    A year has passed. There are no mass failures of Superjets. At the end of 2023, the import substitution program for key components for service maintenance of the SaM146 was completed. In Russia, modular repair of one of the most critical components of the power plant - the electronic control unit - has been mastered, and domestic fuel filters have been created. As part of import substitution, repair work on the air starter valve was approved. In December, supplies of Russian spark plugs to SSJ100 operators began. Airplanes fly intensively, the average daily flight time of Superjets is comparable to the flight time of medium-haul aircraft.

    In 2023, airlines, using funds allocated by the Government of the Russian Federation, cleared some aircraft from double registration. S7 and Ural Airlines reported that they had settled disputes over 45 and 19 aircraft, respectively. Aeroflot Group bought 93 aircraft, eight medium-haul Airbus A319 - the Far Eastern airline Aurora. In total for 2023 and the beginning of 2024, Russian airlines you bought their foreign lessors have 165 aircraft. The Government reported that the limit of funds allocated for these purposes from the National Welfare Fund (NWF) in the amount of 300 billion rubles were exhausted.

    In total, at the end of 2023, Russian airlines transported 105.4 million people, which is 10.7% higher than the previous year, but 5 percent lower than in 2021. The volume of passenger air traffic exceeded the target value (101.2 million people) by 4 percent, which was included in the base scenario of the comprehensive program for the development of the air transport industry for 2023. It is expected that in 2024 the positive trend will continue, passenger traffic will increase by 8 percent compared to 2023 and will amount to about 114 million people. This is stated in research State Transport Leasing Company (STLC).

    There are comments in the Russian information space by the Honored Pilot of Russia, former flight director of Vnukovo Airlines Yuri Sytnik. In the summer of 2022 he shared with the TV channel “360” the opinion that the Boeing and Airbus planes that remained in Russia are already "sitting without spare parts", since neither Europe, nor the USA, nor China supply the necessary components due to sanctions. "More than 700 aircraft will be inoperative in two to three months. Everything will stop, because a plane cannot fly without maintenance, without regulations and with parts that exhausted their service life", Sytnik asserted.

    The reality is that the bulk of foreign aircraft were not grounded then by the winter of 2022, and are not sitting now. Industry experts claim that there are no serious problems with spare parts, but the existing mechanism for their delivery to Russia leads to increased costs for carriers and the state. Previously, ordering spare parts was a simple process, but now, due to sanctions, it requires complex logistics through intermediary companies, which increases the cost of spare parts by up to three times. The number of suppliers has increased sharply from three to 330, mainly from the United Arab Emirates, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. It is planned to expand the geography of supplies, attracting other countries such as Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia.

    Spare parts are often not original, but not counterfeit either. Some are made in China, with Boeing and Airbus officially recognizing them. Pilot and commander of the A320 Andrey Litvinov emphasizes that control over spare parts in Russia is very strict. If a part or assembly turns out to be counterfeit, it is not accepted and is not installed on the aircraft. Airlines also support their air fleet by reinstalling components and assemblies from non-flying aircraft to operational ones, resorting to cannibalization of part of their aircraft fleet. Thus, for example, one of the "Superjets" of the Yakutia airline was restored to airworthiness. According to Transport Minister Vitaly Savelyev, Russian airlines will be able to maintain the airworthiness of their fleet for another ten years to enable the Ministry of Industry and Trade to reach the planned rate of production of new domestic aircraft.

    The main issue in the context of sanctions against Russian civil aviation and the simultaneous increase in passenger traffic of domestic carriers remains flight safety. Early December 2023 magazine Newsweek (access from Russia is blocked) conducted a study in which the authors found that the number of aviation incidents with passenger aircraft in Russia tripled after the introduction of Western sanctions. Researcher at IMEMO RAS Alexander Ermakov in the business magazine "Profile" named such "research" creates a self-sustaining meme, when "more attention to a topic provokes more publications that confirm fears and fuel interest."

    The Federal Air Transport Agency stated based on this publication that there is no trend towards an increase in the number of aviation incidents in Russian air transport. Over the 11 months of 2023, their number with aircraft carrying passengers and cargo decreased by 1.3% compared to the same period last year to 670 cases. Of these, the number of incidents related to failures of aircraft and engines amounted to 400 cases - 2% less than in January-November 2022. FAVT Press Secretary Artyom Korenyako emphasized that the safety of flights and passengers is a key priority for all air transport workers.

    We are also very attentive to the situation with flight safety in Russia. An analysis by Kommersant did not see an increase in the number of air incidents, which was reflected in its infographics.

    The Russian civil aviation industry remains heavily dependent on imported equipment and spare parts. But despite this, having been under the most severe restrictions for two years, the industry not only did not collapse, but showed resilience and showed the ability to adapt. In the next 2-3 years, a further recovery in air traffic volumes is expected, and the completion of the SVO and the start of production of MS-21-310, SJ-100, Tu-214 and Il-114-300 will give it a powerful impetus for further progressive development.

    Andrey Velichko
    for the Russian Aviation website

    https://aviation21.ru/grazhdanskaya-aviaciya-rossii-apokalipsis-kotoryj-predrekali-eksperty-ne-sluchilsya/

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    Post  kvs Thu Apr 18, 2024 5:23 pm

    The point of the Tu-214 is to build an existing, functional design instead of starting from scratch. In order to fill a supply gap. There
    is absolutely nothing wrong with the T-214 for Russia's needs. Comparing to the latest and greatest is misleading. Lots of aircraft are flying
    and will continue to fly for the next 10+ years that are not the latest and greatest around the world, including in precious NATzO.

    When MC-21 production is ramped up and the bugs are worked out, the Tu-214 production can be retired. Or maybe an updated variant
    with composite wings and new engines can be produced.

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    Post  Hole Thu Apr 18, 2024 10:48 pm

    Boeing 737 MAX
    Nobody with a functioning brain would set foot onto that plane.

    but 5 percent lower than in 2021
    People got no time to fly. They are busy working.

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    Post  GarryB Yesterday at 12:49 pm

    I would say the Tu-204/214 has enormous potential as a replacement for a large number of much older military aircraft and indeed the potential for future development in the form of the Tu-330 transport design.

    The currently produced Tupolevs are a stopgap to fill production gaps so aircraft are being produced instead of nothing... over time the improved designs, the MS-21s and Superjets can expand production to feed the market while Tupolevs can be reverted to cargo roles or sold to the military to replace existing much much older types like Il-20/22, Tu-154M, Il-62, Il-38, Yak-40 etc etc etc.

    There are plenty of military aircraft that need to be retired that I am sure the Russian military would prefer to be replaced by metal aircraft rather than composite material aircraft because absolute fuel economy is not their highest priority.

    There is plenty of growth potential in the design for expansion and extended use in different roles including AWACS and inflight refuelling roles.

    Recon models could also be further developed... wasn't the open skies aircraft based on a Tupolev 214 or 204 that the US were upset about because it was so sophisticated and capable?

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    Post  JohninMK Yesterday at 2:40 pm

    GarryB wrote:
    Recon models could also be further developed... wasn't the open skies aircraft based on a Tupolev 214 or 204 that the US were upset about because it was so sophisticated and capable?

    I thought that is was the Russian move to digital cameras that was the last straw.

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    Post  kvs Yesterday at 4:16 pm

    Russia had high resolution photography capability long before any digital transition. There is no magic in pixels. The US was just dropping
    any pretense of fairness and asserting its exceptionalism. One rule for me and another rule for thee. The same as with the INF treaty.

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    Post  GarryB Yesterday at 4:28 pm

    I thought that is was the Russian move to digital cameras that was the last straw.

    They were afraid that the improved resolution and sensitivity of the sensors on the Russian aircraft might expose their cheating and deception I suspect.

    So they withdrew from the Open skies agreement hoping Russia would remain a party because that would mean Americas western allies could fly over Russia and pass information to the US and Russia had no way of getting data about the US in the same way.

    Obviously Russia withdrew too.

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    Post  kvs Yesterday at 4:33 pm

    But that expectation of Russia staying obedient just shows how utterly detached from reality western (mainly US) deciders are. Chutzpah monkeys
    who expect to have everyone bow to them as they do what they please. Reality can't be wished into existence.

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    Post  Hole Yesterday at 4:44 pm

    Russian Civil Aviation: News #5 - Page 23 005116
    Russian Civil Aviation: News #5 - Page 23 005915
    Russian Civil Aviation: News #5 - Page 23 006010
    Besides optics the Tu-214ON is equipped with a SAR radar and an IIR device.
    The Americans were freaking out because of the latter two.  Very Happy

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    Post  GarryB Today at 5:49 am

    But that expectation of Russia staying obedient just shows how utterly detached from reality western (mainly US) deciders are. Chutzpah monkeys
    who expect to have everyone bow to them as they do what they please. Reality can't be wished into existence.

    Glad you said the west because there has been nothing funnier than Europe spending time openly talking about what sanctions they are going to impose on Russia for her aggression and violence in the Ukraine, only for Putin to respond in a way that is quite damaging for Europe... things like the food ban, which would violate WTO rules if it wasn't in response to illegal sanctions from Europe... they are only doing what is right and punishing a bad country... it is not fair for Russia to respond and hurt European interests... that is not how it is supposed to work... you are supposed to take your punishment... realise you were in the wrong and appologise and then go back to sending us cheap energy and raw materials while buying our expensive shit you could make yourself if only someone would invest in that in your country.

    Besides optics the Tu-214ON is equipped with a SAR radar and an IIR device.
    The Americans were freaking out because of the latter two.

    That is the one. Now it can't be pride because their companies would love the investment needed to put such things on US aircraft doing the same job, so all that can be left would be they have something to hide and this level of capability would make hiding things too hard and would reveal their deceptions... so they had to quit...

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