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Kiko
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    New Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia #2

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    Autodestruct


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    Post  Autodestruct Sat Mar 12, 2022 8:05 pm

    Aviadvigatel completes the installation of a DLE type combustor for yet another model of gas compressor station.

    https://avid.ru/en/news/2022/03/01/2130/

    Russia has been getting appreciable design and operating experience with advance combustor designs just in time. They are really going to need it now.

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    Post  Autodestruct Tue Mar 22, 2022 1:33 am

    Russian researchers discover a new and cheaper way of creating silicon carbide composites.

    Scientists of Novosibirsk State University (NSU) have developed a simpler and more economical technology for the production of carbido-silicon fibers used in composites for aviation and astronautics compared to Western analogues. The new method was proposed by employees of the Laboratory for the Synthesis of Functional Materials of the Faculty of Physics of NSU, the press service of the university reported.

    In aerospace engineering of the new generation, structural materials are used that combine low density and high strength characteristics at elevated operating temperatures. To achieve these properties, fibrous composite materials based on heat-resistant titanium alloys and ceramic matrices reinforced with silicon carbide fibers are used. A large range of reinforcing fibers is actively developed and manufactured on an industrial scale by a number of companies in the USA and the UK.

    "Foreign production methods require large time costs and monetary investments: the cost of the final product exceeds several thousand dollars per pound. In addition, foreign fibers are prohibited for export to Russia, which makes it difficult to create composites based on them. Our technology allows us to obtain high-quality carbido-silicon fiber for cosmonautics and aviation in a short time and at a lower cost," said Evgeny Galashov, project manager, employee of the Department of Applied Physics of the Faculty of Physics of NSU.

    The new approach is based on the chemical reaction of the formation of silicon carbide on the surface of a continuous carbon filament immersed in a molten silicon solution. Carbon fiber coils are immersed in a vacuum reactor, after which the carbon fiber filament is stretched through fusible eutectic solutions-melts with a high silicon content at a temperature of 350-450 ° C in an inert atmosphere.

    https://aviation21.ru/predlozhena-novaya-texnologiya-proizvodstva-armiruyushhix-volokon/

    Good news for getting PD-35 and other applications in mass production.

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    Kiko
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    Post  Kiko Fri Mar 25, 2022 10:40 pm

    "Kaspersky Lab" considered a threat to US national security

    Kaspersky Lab and two Chinese companies listed as US security threats.

    Kaspersky Lab is included in the list of companies that may pose a threat to US national security. This is stated on Friday, March 25, in a statement from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

    It is noted that two more Chinese companies have also been added to the register.

    “The Federal Communications Commission and the National Security Bureau today listed products and services from three organizations — Kaspersky Lab JSC, China Telecom Americas, and China Mobile International USA — as communications equipment and services that have been identified as a national security risk in accordance with the requirements law <...> of 2019, ”the statement said, cited by Reuters.

    Earlier, on March 24, four Russian citizens were charged with involvement in large-scale cyber attacks against the global energy system in the period from 2012 to 2018. The US Department of Justice claims that Russian Evgeny Gladkikh contributed to damage to important infrastructure through his activities. He was charged with three counts. Three more defendants - Pavel Akulov, Mikhail Gavrilov and Marat Tyukov - as specified in the text of the American department, worked for the Russian government.

    On March 22, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that Russia does not engage in banditry at the state level. So he commented on the March 21 statement by US President Joe Biden that the Russian Federation could respond with cyberattacks to Western sanctions. The head of the White House also advised American companies to strengthen cybersecurity.

    Earlier, on March 9, Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said that the United States recorded cyber attacks from Russia on Ukraine , but they did not have devastating consequences, because “perhaps the Ukrainian side has increased its resilience capabilities” in the cyber sphere.

    https://iz.ru/1310792/2022-03-25/laboratoriiu-kasperskogo-sochli-ugrozoi-natcbezopasnosti-ssha
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    Post  Autodestruct Sat Mar 26, 2022 12:07 am

    Of course they would make those accusations...

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    Post  GarryB Sat Mar 26, 2022 1:55 am

    Did not have devastating consequences in the Ukraine because everything there is already broken so there was nothing left to break.

    This BS is a good warning to any Russian thinking they can run away to the west and be able to build a business and make good money on their talent... they will always be Russian and will be suspected of being a 5th columnest and any rival company or government official you might have annoyed can start a witch hunt to put you out of business or in jail.

    They are not your friend.

    Like that scene in the Simpsons where Homer finds his daughter and son fighting and when he stops them they say they are fighting over who loves him more... he is flattered and tells them to keep fighting, so they each accuse the other of loving their father more.

    In the US the democrats and republicans will fight over who hates Russians more... and who has the strongest sanctions against Russia.

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    Post  sepheronx Wed Apr 06, 2022 4:22 pm

    Rostec showed the capabilities of the country's first miniature OLED display

    New Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia #2 Wstozqqjlc9uh9qonpl1g55mon0jyxza

    Rostec showed the capabilities of the country's first miniature OLED display

    Roselektronika Holding of Rostec State Corporation has demonstrated the capabilities of the first fully Russian microdisplay based on organic electroluminescent light-emitting diodes (OLED).

    The device, which is comparable in size to a ten-ruble coin, has a resolution of 1280x1024 pixels and a pixel pitch of 12 microns. Its scope of application includes virtual, augmented and mixed reality glasses, photo and video cameras, thermal imaging sights and thermal imagers.

    One of the essential conditions for the production of OLED microdisplays is strict compliance with the increased requirements for the technological process. In particular, it requires high precision processing of the upper stack of an ultra-large silicon integrated circuit and the application of a multi-layer OLED structure with a thickness of no more than 100 nm.

    There are five countries in the world, including Russia, that own the technology for creating such devices. The only company in our country that has the appropriate equipment and technology for manufacturing OLED structures and devices based on them is the Central Research Institute "Cyclone "of the Roselektronika holding.

    Source:

    https://rostec.ru/news/rostekh-pokazal-vozmozhnosti-pervogo-v-strane-miniatyurnogo-oled-displeya/

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    Post  Autodestruct Thu Apr 07, 2022 9:38 pm

    Russia keeps working to perfect the marriage between CAD and 3d printing to make structures with next generation physical properties.

    Perm Polytechnic University has developed a methodology that allows designing parts with a complex internal structure, including those consisting of several materials with different characteristics, for which the shape and internal structure are developed for specific production conditions. This was reported by the press service of the Perm National Research Polytechnic University.

    The researchers published the results of their work in the journal Russian Engineering Research. The development was implemented according to the state task of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russia.

    "Using mathematical algorithms, parts and structures were optimized in such a way that the products were lighter, stronger and more reliable than analogues. The development can be used in the production of domestic aircraft and cars and in the field of heavy engineering," polytech experts believe.

    According to scientists, modern 3D printing capabilities allow you to create parts with the structure and properties of materials that change in the volume of the product. It is also possible to obtain structures with a cellular structure that will provide unique material properties. Most often, one metal is used for this. Perm Polytechnic University has proposed a methodology that will help create effective products simultaneously from several materials. It will automate the technological process of their design and production.

    "Two materials in the same design can have different elasticity, strength and weight. Therefore, it is important to create a rational structure that will effectively withstand the loads. To do this, scientists of Perm Polytechnic University used multimaterial topological optimization algorithms. The design methodology also made it possible to identify areas suitable for the formation of a cellular structure, while part of the part is filled with solid material, and the other part with cells," the vuZe said.

    Scientists have analyzed the mechanical behavior of cellular structures of various types and identified possible limitations in the manufacture of products using additive manufacturing methods. The researchers confirmed the effectiveness of the use of cells in complex structures. The results of the work will allow you to create materials with the required mechanical properties and optimize products for the necessary parameters.

    https://aviation21.ru/v-permi-razrabotana-metodologiya-proektirovaniya-detalej-so-slozhnoj-vnutrennej-strukturoj/

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    Post  GarryB Sat Apr 09, 2022 5:12 am

    Posts on new replacements for western social media like FB and instagram etc moved to:

    https://www.russiadefence.net/t5437p75-russian-internet-related-services-and-products

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    Post  GarryB Mon May 02, 2022 12:26 pm

    Russian Scientists Create All-Weather Solar Cells

    Researchers from the National University of Science and Technology “MISiS” (NUST MISIS) have adapted the technology of applying semiconductor layers of post-silicon photo-converters to industrial standards.
    The scientists behind this latest innovation believe that the technology will make the production of solar cells cheaper and easier, and capable of working in any weather, the university's press service reported.
    According to the authors of the research, the silicon crystals used today in the production of solar cells are difficult and costly to produce, and have serious operational limitations. Lately, scientists all over the world have been actively researching perovskite materials as an alternative to silicon. The researchers noted that today the efficiency of perovskite solar cells has already reached the efficiency of commercial silicon cells.

    Researchers at NUST MISIS have been developing perovskite-based solar cells and photo-detectors since 2015. The scientific team's work has yielded a technology that ensures high stability and luminescence of perovskite layers and is adapted to modern industrial application standards.

    “We have demonstrated the formation of perovskite layers by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) in a one-step process. The use of the standard method in combination with mechanochemical synthesis will scale it up to an industrial level. Furthermore, we have demonstrated and explained the high stability and luminescent properties of inorganic perovskites and we particularly distinguish CsPb2Br5 for its best optical properties at all technological stages”, said Arthur Ishteev, a researcher at NUST MISIS’ Laboratory of Advanced Solar Energy.

    The researchers emphasise that the CVD technique is now the industry standard for LED and solar-cell production. According to them, it is possible to incorporate perovskite technology into existing production lines without replacing the equipment fleet.
    The scientist added that perovskite solar cells and light-emitting diodes are now set to go into mass production and become widespread in industrial and consumer electronics. They have a major advantage in that they cost little to produce costs and can be manufactured in large batches.

    “Unlike silicon, perovskites provide generation in diffuse light and low light conditions. A perovskite solar cell works in all weathers and even indoors. This extends the range of its applications, for example for autonomous powering of stationary devices and wearable devices, such as watches and smartphones”, Ishteev said.
    At present, NUST MISIS has organised the full assembly cycle of perovskite solar cells. In laboratory conditions, solar cells are assembled in 5 hours - from glass to a finished product. The technology has been granted a patent and is ready for large-scale production and competition with silicon competitors. The developers are garnering investments and looking for industrial partners.

    The global objective of the researchers in the NUST MISIS’ Laboratory of Advanced Solar Energy is to bring perovskite devices to mass production. The researchers believe that affordable energy sources will improve the energy infrastructure in Russian and foreign markets.

    https://sputniknews.com/20220425/russian-scientists-create-all-weather-solar-cells-1095032199.html

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    Post  Kiko Tue May 17, 2022 9:50 pm

    The expert explained the mass return to Russia of IT specialists who left earlier, by Tatyana Kosolapova for VZGLYAD. 17.05.2022.

    “They are sitting abroad, reading that an IT boom is expected in Russia, so they simply cannot continue to stay on the sidelines,” Alexander Malkevich, a member of the commission for the development of the information community, media and mass communications of the Civic Chamber of Russia, told the VZGLYAD newspaper, commenting on the relevant statement of the Ministry of Digital Development.

    The head of the Ministry of Digital Development Maksut Shadayev at the federal educational forum "New Horizons" said that about 80% of the Russian citizens who left the country after the start of the special operation in Ukraine, a significant part of which are IT specialists, returned to their homeland after May 15.

    “In my opinion, the return of Russian citizens to Russia is due to the fact that they understand that there are prospects in the country. Firstly, the package of decisions that has already been adopted by the government, and additional measures to support the industry, which are being discussed in the State Duma, in the government, cannot be ignored. Secondly, now there is a huge window of opportunity, the industry is restarting. We need our startups like air, we have a lot of our own regional, Russian solutions, which means we need specialists,” says Malkevich.

    He emphasizes that in connection with the real development of the industry in Russia there are prospects. Therefore, there can be no talk of any “chance to find oneself” in the West. Of course, there are few cases when our specialists find a place for themselves in foreign companies, but now even the largest corporations in the West are going through hard times. As an example, Malkevich cited the collapse of the shares of American companies Netflix and Big Tech. The interlocutor also recalled that the American service Twitter, which was never bought by entrepreneur Elon Musk, lost 20% of the share price only on information about fake accounts.

    “There are definitely more prospects in Russia, smart people understand this. They, and this is important, did not allow themselves offensive statements of an anti-Russian nature, they did not stain themselves with anything, ”the member of the OP notes, adding that abroad there is also no familiar comfort and affordable service that they received while living in Moscow or St. Petersburg.

    In addition, the expert does not exclude that a number of citizens simply started to run out of money, life abroad turned out to be not as bright as they imagined. “They are sitting abroad, reading that an IT boom is expected in Russia, so they simply cannot continue to stand aside. Now they have the opportunity not just to jump into the last car, but to arrive and comfortably accommodate in the second, third, fourth cars of this rather long train,” Malkevich concluded.

    Earlier, Secretary of the United Russia General Council Andrey Turchak proposed extending measures to support IT specialists to specialized teachers, since the Russian economy needs at least another 1 million specialists in the IT field. In addition, State Duma deputy Anton Gorelkin called for permission to receive a second higher education in IT for free.

    https://vz.ru/news/2022/5/17/1158888.html

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    Post  lancelot Yesterday at 1:46 am

    A lot of those people might have feared the introduction of a draft and/or had difficulties of payments. Some may even have worked for Western companies with operations in Russia and had to move or be laid off. With the guarantee of IT workers not being drafted, the low rate loans, and preferential tax regime for IT companies, plus huge gap to fill now that foreign companies are leaving the market, only idiots wouldn't come back I think. I bet a lot of them had difficulty even opening bank accounts outside Russia. Let alone getting their own housing and other things like that. Heck, if I was younger, I might have moved to Russia right now. There is an accelerated program for citizenship for foreigners with skills in Russia and this includes IT. And this is actual citizenship, not just work Visas like the US shit program where you need to be a slave attached to a certain corporation, and if you lose your job you get kicked out of the country.

    I think the software market isn't a problem in a large enough time horizon. The problem is the hardware market. Russia needs to first organize alternative import routes and make sure all the necessary data centers and services are moved inside Russia proper. The semiconductor and chip manufacturing industry needs to be beefed up. Substitution with alternative non Western products must be achieved as a long term goal. Russia should work on setting up a 300mm wafer fab with Chinese help even before its own tools become ready. And like I said the whole semiconductor industry needs to be mobilized and rationalized. The industry needs to cooperate. The time when Mikron and Angstrem-T worked in their own silos despite being located in the same city needs to stop. I should be able to move a chip design between fabs with zero extra effort.

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    Post  Hole Yesterday at 11:55 am

    Looks like an old style "Ministry for Micro-Electronics" could help. Very Happy

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