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    New Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia #2

    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Mon Sep 05, 2022 6:38 pm

    That is interesting.

    The purpose of wheels and tracks is to reduce friction while moving things, and this will do the same but without the problems of tire tracks and mud and snow presumably.

    How much energy it requires will be important, but on the moon or other places with no atmosphere it would allow almost zero friction movement over any surface... interesting.
    Kiko
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    Post  Kiko Wed Sep 07, 2022 6:10 pm

    A bit old, but extremely interesting detailed analysis of IT development:

    How (Russian) companies are replacing Western office software, by Anna Sokolova and Valeria Borodina for Viedomosti. 07.07.2022.

    And who is now fighting for Microsoft's share in the Russian market.

    In March, following other Western IT companies, American Microsoft announced a halt in sales of all products on the Russian market, including office suites. At the same time, the corporation promised to fulfill old contractual obligations and, among other things, not to leave socially significant Russian institutions like schools and hospitals without updates. In a June interview with The Washington Post, company president Brad Smith said that Microsoft's business in Russia will continue to dwindle - old customers risk being left without support and updates. Against this background, domestic developers of office software can significantly increase their share in the Russian market - up to half. In 2020, J'son & Partners Consulting analysts estimated it at 38.8 billion rubles, of which only 7% was Russian software. Imported software products (Microsoft Office, "Until recently, in Russia, as well as throughout the world, the standard office application on a work or home computer was Microsoft Office,” says the director for the development of electronic services and software solutions at Marvel Distribution, which sells office packages to the Russian company P7 , Igor Martyushev. According to him, although earlier import substitution in this software segment was moving, it was extremely slow and mainly in the public sector.

    The catalyst for this process was the plan for the transition of government agencies to Russian software, which was approved back in the summer of 2016. At the same time, the registry of domestic software was launched - government customers had to purchase products from its participants and justify the need to purchase Western solutions. It was assumed that the share of domestic software in government procurement by 2019 will be 60%, in state-owned companies - 45%, and by 2024 state agencies and state corporations will almost completely switch to Russian programs.

    According to the Accounts Chamber, in 2018 the share of domestic solutions in public procurement reached 50%. But, according to Dmitry Komissarov, co-founder and director of product development and product development at New Cloud Technologies, which develops office suites under the Myoffice brand, only 10% accounted for finished products at that time, the rest were highly specialized programs created for specific customers.

    Now the situation is changing, experts say. If earlier the implementation took place at a small group of workplaces, today, due to increased geopolitical tensions, an increasing number of corporate customers prefer to purchase domestic software licenses for all employees at once, explains Renat Lashin, executive director of the Domestic Soft Software Developers Association. According to him, government agencies and state corporations are the most active in the field of digital transformation, followed by representatives of the banking sector.

    Local players

    Domestic developers of office software have already noticed an increased demand for their products. Moyoffice sees a fourfold increase in sales in January-May 2022 compared to the same period last year. In the first five months, the company launched 127 testing projects, and 39 projects in the same period in 2021. In addition, in June it became known about the largest deal on the domestic software market. VTB bought 100,000 Mygoofisa licenses to replace office solutions from Microsoft. Its amount amounted to approximately 1.2 billion rubles. This was previously told to Vedomosti by a source close to VTB. Komissarov calls all deals this year the result of a lot of preparatory work, testing and pilot implementation of products. "Sanctions served only as a catalyst for making a positive decision and switching to our software,” he said. According to SPARK, in 2021 the revenue of the New Cloud Technologies company amounted to 841.8 million rubles.

    Komissarov began work on the MyOffice project in 2013. By that time, he had extensive experience in developing office programs: back in the 90s. he developed the popular Russian text editor "Lexicon" for Windows. According to the entrepreneur, the product successfully competed with a foreign office: “We sold about 40,000 licenses a year, and Microsoft sold about 100,000.” This continued until the economic crisis of 1998. The company's sales fell 10 times and it became impossible to develop the text editor further, Komissarov recalls. Shortly before these events, due to disagreements with other shareholders, he sold his stake in the Arsenal company, which was developing the Lexicon. Komissarov did not disclose the details of the deal.

    In the early 2010s cloud technologies were already an important trend, and Komissarov decided to develop office software, which would also work in the cloud. To stand out from Microsoftand Google, whose document services stored all their information in public clouds, he bet on a "secure environment." Corporate clients of MyOffice store and process documents on the company's own servers or servers of a trusted partner. Today, 12 packages are presented in the product line of Mygooffice. For example, the flagship product for corporate clients, MyOffice Professional, includes editors for text, spreadsheets and presentations, mail, calendar and contacts. All applications are available to work together on computers, mobile devices and in the browser. The product can be deployed both in the cloud and on the company's local network without Internet access. The MyOffice Standard package includes a text editor, programs for working with spreadsheets, reports and presentations, as well as an email client.

    The company sells its solutions through integrators: a standard yearly license from Softline for corporate customers costs 6,690 rubles. for one device, for government agencies - 5320 rubles. The company's clients include more than 3,600 state organizations and large private companies. In addition to VTB , Moyoffice products are used by employees of Rosatom, Russian Post, Russian Railways , as well as employees of regional departments from St. Petersburg, the Kursk Region, and the Perm Territory.

    For private clients, the company offers the free MyOffice Documents mobile application and the MyOffice Standard office suite. Home version. To date, solutions for private users have been downloaded more than 14 million times. “Now 4.5 million people use our software every month to solve their household problems,” says Komissarov. According to him, by the end of 2021, Mygooffice's market share in the corporate segment of document editors and email solutions was 5%. My Office packages work on such operating systems as Mac OS, Windows, Android, Astra Linux, Viola, Red OS and mobile OS Avrora (the last four are Russian operating systems). The company is included in the unified register of domestic software and is certified by the FSTEC and the Ministry of Defense for compliance with information security requirements.

    According to SPARK, among the shareholders of New Cloud Technologies are Kaspersky Lab (61.5%), Andrey Cheglakov (22.5%), Dmitry Komissarov (5%), Vitaly Kiriyenko (5%), Alexander Timchenko (2, 5%), etc. Kaspersky Lab became one of the co-owners back in 2019, having bought 29.5%. In February 2022, it increased its stake to 61.5%. The amount of transactions was not disclosed. According to Stanislav Kolesnichenko, Managing Director of Skolkovo Ventures, the valuation of the entire company at the time of the first transaction could range from 300 million to 500 million rubles, during the second - from 1.2 billion to 1.8 billion rubles. Kaspersky Lab viewed the deal as a step towards business diversification and an investment in the promising IT segment, a representative of Mygoofis told CNews earlier. A few years before entering the capital, the company announced a technology partnership, within the framework of which MyOffice received protection against cyber threats. Kaspersky Lab did not respond to Vedomosti's request.

    After sanctions were imposed and Microsoft left Russia, the demand for P7 office suites grew, Elena Klykova, the company's marketing director, said without giving details. According to her, the company has already signed several new agreements with Russian regions. Major clients include the Kaliningrad Railway, TASS, Severnaya Verf, the Treasury of Russia, Delimobil, etc. According to SPARK, in 2021, P7's revenue amounted to 503.9 million rubles, net profit - 223.9 million rubles.

    The Nizhny Novgorod company P7 (formerly New Communication Technologies) has been operating in the office software market since 2010. Then it was developing a cloud office and document editors for the Latvian company Ascensio System SIA. And in 2018, she decided to release her own product, which would be focused mainly on the Russian market - "P7-Office". In addition to programs for editing documents, mail and calendar, the product line also includes CRM for managing a client contact database, a video conferencing system, a corporate messenger, etc. Office suites can be deployed in the cloud, on the company's local network, installed on a computer and mobile devices.

    This year, the P7 - Cloud Office package is the most popular among customers, says Klykova. It includes editors for documents, calendar, mail, CRM and video communication service "P7-team". "P7 - cloudy office" works from browsers, it does not require software installation. This product provides work with documents in a private cloud. Its price for individuals is 2990 rubles. per year, for legal entities - 4999 rubles. per user, there is a free 30-day trial period. For the desktop version, the company offers the P7-Office package, which includes editors for documents, spreadsheets, and presentations. The desktop version is free for individuals and schools, for other educational institutions the license costs 500 rubles. per year, for companies - 5000 rubles. Often users come for office editors "P7-office", and then they start using CRM or connect the "Team", says Klykova. New Communication Technologies is included in the unified register of Russian software. P7-Office applications are compatible with operating systems based on Linux, Windows, Mac OS, iOS, Android, as well as their domestic counterparts - Red OS, Aurora, Viola, etc.

    In 2020, Yandex launched its cloud solution. “During the forced self-isolation, we saw that Post and Disk became another 30–40% more in demand. The pandemic served as an additional incentive for the development of a trend towards effective business communication from any device, so we decided to create a convenient set of services for work by combining them in a common interface,” Vladimir Rusinov, Yandex 360 product manager, explains the reason for the appearance of the service. The corporation confirmed the growth of interest in its solution since February, but did not disclose the number of users and sales.

    The Yandex 360 package includes Mail, Disk, the Telebridge video meeting service, Documents for creating and co-editing files, Calendar, and Notes. It is available to users for free, when you connect the premium version, you can get rid of ads, get from 200 GB to 3 TB of additional disk space and make a mail domain with your name. Subscription costs from 108 to 799 rubles. per month.

    According to Rusinov, the Yandex 360 Premium audience is all users who work with a large amount of photo, video content and documents: photographers, videographers, bloggers, freelancers, individual entrepreneurs, lawyers, accountants and people who create their own family archives. They can correspond with clients and partners, exchange documents with them and customize the incoming email flow with mailing management. Yandex 360 also has an extended version for business, which includes corporate mail and messenger, calendar, mailing service and video meetings. A subscription to it for companies costs from 249 to 1399 rubles. per month per user, depending on the disk space and the number of emails in the mailing lists.

    In addition to the above companies, office software is also offered by AlterOffice (Almi group) and Zircon-office (Svemel). Now Almi supplies software to regional authorities: from recent sales - the ministries of digital development of the Saratov and Vladimir regions. According to SPARK, in 2021 Almi Partner's revenue amounted to 354.7 million rubles, net profit - 1.6 million rubles. Svemel also focuses on government customers.

    Among his other clients are the presidential administration, the State Duma, the Ministry of Finance and Russian Railways. According to SPARK, in 2021 the company's revenue amounted to 1 billion rubles, net profit - 2.6 million rubles. In addition to office software, Svemel is developing the Zircon operating system, which, for example, has already been implemented in the Foreign Ministry. Representatives of Almi and Svemel did not answer questions from Vedomosti.

    Transition difficulties

    Microsoft Office clients include the largest Russian companies, such as Gazprom , X5 Group, Technonikol, Russian Railways, Russian Post, etc. According to them, Microsoft's departure did not take them by surprise, but many are already looking for alternatives. “The main problems we encountered are the inability to acquire new licenses and include new affiliates in the EAS contract, as well as the denial of technical support since July this year,” says Vladislav Utkin, IT director of the TechnoNIKOL production company. Now the company is considering domestic alternatives - since last year it has been testing the office solutions of My Office, in the packages of which, however, there are no analogues of the Teams messenger and the Azure computing service. Interest in domestic software is associated with a significant increase in prices for Microsoft Office products, explains Utkin. In addition, Microsoft pushed the company to switch to using only cloud licenses,

    38 billion rubles

    was the office software market in Russia in 2020, follows from J'son & Partners Consulting data. The largest expenses in 2020 for such software were registered in the commercial sector - 26.2 billion rubles. State institutions and state-owned companies purchased office software for 9.9 billion rubles, individuals - for 2.7 billion rubles. On average, for a large organization, the transition from imported software to domestic takes about 1.5 years, experts say. For a large organization, a package of Microsoft products for a workplace costs $300-500 per year, of which the office solution is about 1/3.


    A representative of the X5 Group said that there are no problems or failures, but the company is conducting a smooth import substitution "based on the criticality and market situation." He did not disclose the names of counterparties. "Rostelecom " also has no problems with Microsoft packages yet, but has been testing various products of P7 and "My Office" for several years and is going to make a final choice soon, a company representative says. He notes that the transition is hampered by the incompatibility of some Microsoft file formats with Russian solutions. But these developers have interesting features that are not in Microsoft products: for example, the native work of office suites on Linux operating systems, including domestic ones. Microsoft Office works on these systems only in emulation mode, since the company supports the release of packages mainly for Mac and Windows operating systems, says a representative of Rostelecom.

    Russian Railways also buys Russian office solutions, including Mygoofisa and R7, “for trial”. The share of spending on domestic software in 2022 increased to 63% compared to 33% a year earlier, a company representative said, without specifying details.

    Russian Post has been implementing Mygooffice products since 2019, when it purchased 28,000 packages. The contract amount was 352.6 million rubles. Now she is considering other Russian vendors, but admits that replacing MicrosoftOffice is very difficult. For example, the amount of code in the form of macros in Excel (this is a set of commands and instructions grouped together as a single command to automatically complete a task. - Vedomosti) is much larger than in any other systems, a representative of Russian Post shares. Therefore, while the company uses a hybrid approach - "where the amount of such code is not so significant, it introduces a domestic office suite." In addition, in documents that the user created in MS Word, and then opened in the domestic counterpart, fonts and paragraphs can go. And the most popular font, Times New Roman, is missing from Russian products, warns Igor Mandik, CEO of Pro32, an IT solutions distributor. According to him, the transition from one office solution to another is a very laborious process, requiring time not only for IT departments, but also the users themselves. He estimates the complete replacement of office software at tens or even hundreds of millions of rubles. According to Lashin, on average, for a large organization, the transition from imported software to domestic software takes about 1.5 years.

    Ecosystem for office

    Despite the fact that a favorable period is coming for Russian office software developers, Microsoft's departure from Russia does not mean an unconditional transition to domestic solutions, A.Partners investment manager Innokenty Krasnov is sure. According to him, only 25% of office software falls on government customers. If all state-owned enterprises, within the framework of the import substitution program, switch to domestic software, then the share of Russian developers in the market could grow from the current 7% to 40-50%. The rest will be occupied by other foreign companies, which will also see opportunities in the Russian market, he believes.

    To occupy the vacated niche, local developers will have to do a good job, experts interviewed by Vedomosti believe. The fact is that Microsoft offers not just a set of applications for working with documents, but an entire ecosystem, says Mandik. According to him, now the Russian office suites consist mainly of programs for working with documents and presentations, while the flagship corporate product Microsoft 365 offers a set of cloud products and services for organizing workplaces, collaboration and unified communications. Among them, for example, in addition to Microsoft Office, there is the Teams messenger, Planner and Project project management programs, a SharePoint collaboration portal, etc. All of them are interconnected into a single platform, which is uniformly deployed and administered for all workplaces of a large company, explains Andrey Samchenko, director of Skolkovo Ventures for working with corporate partners. According to him, it is much easier to take such a package than to "glue" a similar environment on your own from different products from different manufacturers.

    Although many companies have a chance to develop in those segments where there used to be powerful foreign competitors, including Microsoft, in the near future their efforts will not be spent on creating breakthrough products, but on filling internal needs and creating analogues of software that left Russia, believes Sergey Dashkov, business angel and co-founder of the Angelsdeck investor club. According to him, the current level of isolation will only increase, and without access to foreign technologies, products and services, it will be problematic to develop our own IT market. Krasnov, on the contrary, believes that state support and the departure of Western players will allow Russian solutions to develop and gain some export potential for a number of regions.

    https://www.vedomosti.ru/management/articles/2022/07/26/933196-kompanii-zameschayut-zapadnoe-po

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    Post  LMFS Fri Sep 23, 2022 3:42 pm

    Russian Nuclear Reactor That Uses 'Innovative' Fuel Goes Into 'Full Power Mode'

    The central hall of the fourth generating unit with a BN-00 nuclear reactor at the Beloyarskaya Nuclear Power Plant in Zarechny, Sverdlovsk Region - Sputnik International, 1920, 23.09.2022

    Use of the new fuel is expected to drastically increase the fuel base of the nuclear power generation sector and further minimize radioactive waste.
    On September 22, Unit 4 of the Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant in Russia reached 100 percent capacity for the first time.
    According to the Atomic Energy web portal, the entire active zone of the BN-800 fast breeder reactor at Unit 4 has been fully switched to mixed oxide fuel (or MOX fuel for short) made from plutonium dioxide, which is made from reprocessed fuel rods used in standard VVER pressurized water reactors, and depleted uranium oxide made from reprocessed byproducts of the uranium enrichment process.
    The use of MOX fuel essentially brings the entire Russian nuclear industry a step closer to a “new technological platform based on the closed nuclear fuel cycle,” drastically increasing the fuel base of the nuclear power generation sector and further minimizing radioactive waste, the portal suggests.
    Ivan Sidorov, director of the Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant, has explained that, as per the license agreement, the reactor at Unit 4 had to spend 300 hours working at 85 percent capacity after the new fuel was loaded, and that nothing out of the ordinary happened during that time.
    Therefore, Sidorov stated, the “innovative” MOX fuel works as intended and the reactor can now generate electricity and heat “reliably, safely and at full capacity.”

    https://sputniknews.com/20220923/russian-nuclear-reactor-that-uses-innovative-fuel-goes-into-full-power-mode-1101149733.html

    Those backward mongoloids angry

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    Hole
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    Post  Hole Fri Sep 23, 2022 4:05 pm

    Your typical Green party voter: It´s just a new Chernobyl!

    Laughing Laughing Laughing Laughing Laughing

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    Post  LMFS Fri Sep 23, 2022 4:29 pm

    Hole wrote:Your typical Green party voter: It´s just a new Chernobyl!

    Laughing Laughing Laughing Laughing Laughing

    Yes, only it is the exact opposite... the solution to many of the worst problems of nuclear power generation, brought to you by the Asian hordes Laughing

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    Post  Broski Fri Sep 23, 2022 4:39 pm

    LMFS wrote:Russian Nuclear Reactor That Uses 'Innovative' Fuel Goes Into 'Full Power Mode'

    https://sputniknews.com/20220923/russian-nuclear-reactor-that-uses-innovative-fuel-goes-into-full-power-mode-1101149733.html

    Those backward mongoloids angry
    Not bad for a "gas station with nukes", it's almost as if Russia is a technologically advanced country, but luckily CNN and the BBC told me that is #fake news.

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    Post  owais.usmani Wed Sep 28, 2022 7:28 am

    https://www.comnews.ru/content/222301/2022-09-23/2022-w38/ar-platformu-iksar-ispytali-proekte-arktik-spg-2

    IKSAR AR platform tested at Arctic LNG 2 project


    Arctic LNG 2, together with INLINE GROUP, tested the domestic IKSAR software platform in combination with industrial AR glasses in real field conditions at the site of the Center for the Construction of Large Offshore Structures (TsSKMS) in Murmansk.


    The tests were carried out at two geographically separated locations (zones) of the TsSKMS according to two production scenarios as part of the acceptance tests of the ISSU equipment and the inspection of the boil-off gas compressor.

    When performing operations on AR-glasses, the employee received step-by-step graphic and text instructions for action, sound audio prompts for ongoing operations, read marks, filled out checklists, entered data, made photo and video recording of both the operations themselves and incidents. Voice comments recorded during the execution of actions were automatically converted into text messages when processed on the server side of the platform with the possibility of subsequent viewing of this information in the report on completed operations.

    Steps and instructions, as well as all actions on AR glasses, were controlled by simple, understandable voice commands in Russian.

    A separate block of tasks was implemented via IKSAR video communication, which allows not only working in the already familiar videoconferencing format, but also connecting employees in AR glasses directly from the production site.

    The actions of the specialist were observed in real time from the first person by a large number of remote experts who instructed him and at the same time carried out inspection and acceptance of the performed actions.

    Due to the fact that IKSAR is a ready-made domestic software for industrial use, the pre-commissioning preparatory work before the start of testing at the site of the TsSKMS "Arctic LNG 2" in Murmansk was completed in a matter of hours, the production personnel underwent a brief briefing and independently performed all planned events with the assistance of the "IKSAR" team in a remote format.

    An important feature of the IKSAR platform is that an employee could perform all actions (except for video calls) offline.

    Separately, test participants highly appreciated the effectiveness of using AR glasses on a production site in conditions of severe ambient noise. It did not affect the operation of AR glasses, voice control on AR glasses worked with high accuracy of voice command recognition.

    Commenting on the results of tests in real conditions, Sergey Vargashkin, IT Director of Arctic LNG 2 LLC, noted the potential of using the IKSAR platform in combination with AR glasses to increase the efficiency and speed of operations, transparency, objectivity of the process and results, control of compliance with safety regulations , increasing the reliability of the data received from the "fields".

    Representative of the IKSAR team, Igor Starodubtsev, noted the high organization of the tests carried out by Arctic LNG 2 with the participation of a large number of "observers" from different geographical regions, and also emphasized the company's great interest in applying advanced innovative technologies and services in its production processes.

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    Post  kvs Thu Nov 03, 2022 7:51 pm

    http://stereotech.org/en

    StereoTech is a Russian company that makes 5D polymer and composite materials printers. 5D printing substantially
    improves the characteristics of parts compared to 3D.

    https://all3dp.com/2/what-is-5d-printing/

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    Post  AlfaT8 Thu Nov 03, 2022 8:05 pm

    kvs wrote:http://stereotech.org/en

    StereoTech is a Russian company that makes 5D polymer and composite materials printers.   5D printing substantially
    improves the characteristics of parts compared to 3D.  

    https://all3dp.com/2/what-is-5d-printing/


    What? Shocked Shocked
    I didn't even know we had 4D printing, now we have 5D.

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    Post  kvs Sun Nov 06, 2022 9:29 pm

    https://digitnews.in/russia-launched-the-production-of-tropospheric-communication-stations-groza/

    Russia launched the production of tropospheric communication stations “Groza”



    Roselectronics, which is part of Rostec, with the support of the Industrial Development Fund, launched the production
    of Groza tropospheric communication stations at the Krasnoyarsk enterprise Radiosvyaz.

    These stations provide mobile communication and Internet access at a distance of up to 210 km in hard-to-reach areas,
    where tropospheric communication is the only possible and economically viable solution. For example, in mountains or
    places with extreme climatic conditions.

    As the press service notes, the main advantage of the new equipment is the communication range and the speed of the
    information flow. The equipment can transmit data at speeds up to 25 Mbps in tropospheric mode and up to 155 Mbps
    in radio relay mode.

    As part of the pilot tests of the Groza station, several social and infrastructure facilities in the Krasnoyarsk Territory
    were successfully connected, including a feldsher-obstetric station and a 50-kilometer section of the route between
    settlements.

    The equipment uses data transmission technology based on the reflection of a signal from the troposphere – the lower
    layer of the atmosphere. To organize a tropospheric communication line, at least two receiving-transmitting stations
    are required. An antenna with a diameter of 150 cm can be placed on the roof of a building, a mobile mast or a tripod.
    The product also includes a high-speed digital tropospheric communication modem based on neural networks. Due to
    the built-in information processing algorithms, the equipment is able to “learn” in the process of operation and isolate
    a useful signal from background noise.


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    Post  flamming_python Mon Nov 07, 2022 12:21 am

    AlfaT8 wrote:
    kvs wrote:http://stereotech.org/en

    StereoTech is a Russian company that makes 5D polymer and composite materials printers.   5D printing substantially
    improves the characteristics of parts compared to 3D.  

    https://all3dp.com/2/what-is-5d-printing/


    What? Shocked Shocked
    I didn't even know we had 4D printing, now we have 5D.


    Axial rotation and so on; adds extra degrees of motion during the printing process

    5D has been around for some time already

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    Post  Kiko Fri Nov 18, 2022 3:17 pm

    Russia Begins Construction, Tests of Its First VTOL Aircraft: Engineering Bureau, 11.18.2022.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) - Russia has begun the development and bench tests of individual systems of its first vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft, Russian aviation engineering bureau Ecolibri told Sputnik on Friday.

    "The company's specialists are developing Russia's first vertical take-off and landing aircraft. The first stage of designing the aircraft has already been completed in accordance with current aviation standards, and bench tests of individual systems are underway. The new airplane will be an aircraft equipped with a hybrid engine. Vertical take-off and landing will be carried out by electric engines of our own design," the bureau said.

    The bureau added that the new aircraft would partially replace helicopters in passenger transportation as it has no complex mechanisms, which allows for reducing the cost of the aircraft.

    "The vertical take-off and landing aircraft will be equipped with modern Russian avionics and will be made mainly with Russia-made components. As a result, it will be more cost-effective than helicopters in some applications," the company said.
    Alexey Rogozin, the chairman of the scientific and technical council of Ecolibri, has told Sputnik that the aircraft would have a range of up to 1200 kilometers (745 miles) and a flight speed of about 270 kilometers per hour (167 miles per hour).

    https://sputniknews.com/20221118/russia-begins-construction-tests-of-its-first-vtol-aircraft-engineering-bureau-1104354380.html

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    New Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia #2 - Page 2 Empty Re: New Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia #2

    Post  Kiko Sun Nov 20, 2022 5:38 pm

    Russian industrial enterprises are switching to local software, by Yulia Vasilkina, Ilyin Vladimir and Oleg Kapranov for Rossiskaya Gazeta. 11.20.2022.

    According to experts, since the spring of 2022, the demand for Russian software products has grown 10 times. The main customers are industrial enterprises that seek to replace the software of foreign companies that have left the Russian market. However, the implementation of these plans requires measures of support from the state and a clearer understanding of the tasks of customers by developers.

    The first inter-regional conference "Domestic software: the path to technological leadership" in Samara was attended by representatives of industrial enterprises and companies - developers of specialized software. According to market participants, now system software is becoming the most in demand: operating systems, databases, data storage and backup systems. Representatives of industrial enterprises noted that software is a strategic issue, Russian application software was previously used in a number of companies.

    The head of the Ministry of Digital Development Maksut Shadayev noted that domestic solutions in this area are already being used at enterprises, and IT companies and businesses in general have begun to work in cooperation, which will only develop in the future.

    InfoWatch President Natalya Kasperskaya emphasized that there are many talented developers in Russia who make excellent products, but not everyone knows about it. "Our task is to show the existing potential of the IT industry to work with industrial enterprises. Developers are open to dialogue, ready to improve their solutions, adapt to customer requirements and modern realities," Kasperskaya said.

    Representatives of companies at the exhibition noted that they feel the support of the state and regulation in this area is enough, but there is potential for growth. Anton Ananiev, Managing Director of ASCON-Samara, believes that there are no problems with the software, it is available and solves almost all the problems facing industrialists. The problem is in some standards that need to be revised to work together.

    Vasily Shpak, Deputy Head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, spoke about the interaction between customers of domestic software and its developers. In particular, six sectoral committees for key industries have been formed, which include 12 industrial competence centers (ICCs) that unite industrial enterprises - industry leaders. The ICC participants analyzed the key needs of the industries and carried out work on the selection of solutions. The government has approved 54 such projects, of which 27 have been approved for grant support. This work of the TIC will be continued. However, import substitution is only one of the important directions.

    "The issue is the digitalization of our industry, the main task of which is to increase efficiency and labor productivity. We must do this on the basis of our products, there is a whole industry, a large number of companies work, a good scientific school, which allows us to develop the development and implementation of software in order to increase the efficiency of our industry," Shpak stressed. The country has a fairly developed industry, a large number of companies, a good scientific and mathematical school, which allows us to confidently develop the development and implementation of software in order to increase the efficiency of our industrial enterprises, he added.

    There are many talented developers in Russia who make great products, but not everyone knows about it
    According to experts, for "digital" sovereignty in Russia, it is imperative to create its own independent technological hardware and software platform. "It is vital that our Russian data be processed by Russian database management systems, only they can provide the proper level of reliability and security," said Ivan Panchenko, Deputy General Director of Postgres Professional, Head of the Software Integration Committee of ARPP "Domestic Soft". According to him, when foreign suppliers left Russia, there was a threat that the data would be lost. Those who timely took up the replacement of such bases many years ago are today in the most advantageous position.

    In terms of interaction between industrial enterprises and the IT industry, software import substitution is a top priority, as is building a fault-tolerant secure IT infrastructure, says Yulia Erina, commercial director of i-Sys Labs. In addition, we need to accelerate, increase production, and transform companies. We need to learn to hear each other and pay attention to what is happening in the software market and manufacturing companies, Erina believes.

    https://rg.ru/2022/11/20/nashi-softovye-sviazi.html

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    New Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia #2 - Page 2 Empty Re: New Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia #2

    Post  Kiko Thu Dec 01, 2022 6:25 pm

    Russia's Technological Breakthrough Uses Stalin's Approach, by Andrey Rezchikov for VZGLYAD. 12.01.2022.

    The departure of foreign companies from Russia and Western sanctions have freed domestic producers a market niche worth trillions of rubles. But in order for the domestic industry to be able to launch the production of goods to replace foreign ones and introduce high-tech developments, it will have to solve the personnel problem. How to train the necessary specialists and engineers, prevent brain drain abroad and bring back professionals who have already left?

    The concept of technological sovereignty provides new opportunities not only for scientists and their research, but also for industry as a whole, especially in conditions when many foreign goods have disappeared from the Russian market. This was stated by Dmitry Gerasimov, Deputy General Director for Development of JSC "NII NPO Luch" of the state corporation "Rosatom". He spoke on Thursday during a round table discussion of the Expert Institute for Social Research (EISI) on the topic: "Technological Sovereignty: Russia's Development Strategy in the New World Order."

    “According to the World Bank, Russia is the 19th world market in terms of imports. In 2021, the country imported about $378 billion worth of products. Thus, under the conditions of sanctions within the country, a market niche of several trillion rubles is being formed,” he explained.

    Most of the dropped volume of imports can be localized, the expert is convinced. “Technical sovereignty is, first of all, an opportunity for the development of Russian industry, which will pull along a number of other areas, including science, education, the social sphere and the economy as a whole,” Gerasimov said. He recalled that Russia withstood both the imposition of sanctions in 2014 and the coronavirus pandemic, and in response to these challenges, a set of tools was created in our country to quickly solve many problems. In his opinion, the ban imposed by the West on the supply of many types of Western products to our country will have the opposite effect to the desired one - a number of new opportunities will open up in the manufacturing sector.

    In turn, the head of the EISI Expert Council, Gleb Kuznetsov, gave such an example - after the start of the Ukrainian special operation, American Boeing lost access to Russian engineers and began looking for replacements in Brazil, where it had already hired up to a hundred specialists. This not only halted a number of technological developments in the Latin American country, but also "bled the Brazilian space program," which is now suing Boeing to limit the drain of engineering brains.

    “The world is not organized in a fair way. An explanation in the spirit of “we have NWO and geopolitics, therefore we are excluded from everywhere, and in the rest of the world they are freely engaged in fair technological competition” is an explanation in favor of the poor. Everywhere is the same: big oligarchs seek to recruit as many high-quality personnel as possible, ignoring the interests of countries that are at lower levels in the value chain,” Kuznetsov explained. The expert urged to act in a similar style: to support and attract young scientists and engineers, but at the same time, those who left Russia should not be declared traitors.

    “We need to think about their return and how they can be used when they are abroad. There is no jingoistic dimension in attracting personnel. We need brains, not a political position. We should not be afraid to involve people who look differently at some political things,” Kuznetsov said. He recalled the experience of the USSR in the 1930s, when the authorities widely used Western engineering solutions for industrialization. “Comrade Stalin did not care about the position of the American engineers who built the giants of the Soviet industry,” the political scientist recalled.

    The expert urged scientists to remain within the framework of international cooperation and, in particular, not to be afraid to participate in foreign congresses, not to wear a “offended” suit. He emphasized:

    “Technological sovereignty is not synonymous with technological isolation. We must be open to the world. The path to true sovereignty lies through openness.”

    Another participant in the discussion, Vladimir Gutenev, head of the State Duma Committee on Industry and Trade, called for identifying “in which areas of science our best young people are most important to us.” One of the important problems, in his opinion, lies in the professions necessary for the country - engineering and technical, where it is not always possible to provide higher incomes than in the humanitarian professions or among financiers. “We need a decent salary. Parents and young people look to the future. They need to create a family, provide a life, have an interesting and eventful life. This also requires resources. Therefore, we must create preferences, including financial ones, for those areas that are important for our country,” Gutenev is convinced.

    In many ways, technological sovereignty is people, so the personnel issue is especially important, says Alexander Mazhuga, First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Science and Higher Education. First of all, it is important for young scientists to solve domestic issues, including housing issues, he admits. “A large housing program for young scientists was adopted. This year, this program has been expanded,” the deputy said, adding that funding for science, including the work of young scientists, is growing in Russia every year. “1 trillion 207 billion rubles have been allocated in the budget for science within the framework of the state program of scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation,” Mazhuga explained.

    “In addition, discoveries are not made alone, communities are needed. To form them, separate tools are created - for example, laboratories. Last year, more than two hundred such laboratories were opened. And all the support measures that the Ministry of Education and Science is developing today necessarily take into account the interests of young scientists. This is a program of advanced engineering schools, the Priority 2030 program, in which a lot of emphasis is also placed on supporting young scientists,” Mazhuga listed.

    It is no coincidence, the deputy noted, that on the same day when the round table was held, President Vladimir Putin met with participants in the II Congress of Young Scientists in the Sirius Park of Science and Arts. At the meeting, according to Mazhuga, novice researchers just discussed with the head of state the issues of international cooperation and the achievement of scientific and technological sovereignty of Russia.

    https://vz.ru/society/2022/12/1/1189207.html

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    Post  Kiko Tue Jan 03, 2023 3:00 pm

    Russia creates a whole range of breakthrough technologies, by Andrey Borisov for VZGLYAD. 01.03.2023.

    The response of Russian industry and science to Western sanctions has been a sharp acceleration of its own technological developments. Rosatom, Roskosmos and a number of other leaders in their industries showed especially significant results in the outgoing year. Domestic mechanical engineering is replacing imported analogues, including surpassing them in quality.

    At the end of December 2022, Roscosmos announced that it would attract 50 billion rubles in the construction of two new satellite manufacturing plants at once. Rosatom, meanwhile, announced the delivery of the most important test bench for testing its Proryv project, and Power Machines announced the completion of assembly and testing of the first large-capacity gas turbine in recent Russian history. But what about the sanctions that were introduced just to block Russia's opportunities for high-tech development? How do they fit in with all this news?

    From the very beginning, Western sanctions were aimed not only at creating a quick instant shock in the economy, but also for the long term - to make it impossible for the further technological development of our country. In an attempt to explain why the “close-range” measures did not work, many Western observers and officials even said: nothing, but the long-term component of the sanctions will work. Sophisticated Western-made technological equipment, which often does not have full-fledged Chinese counterparts, will soon begin to break down without spare parts and service (also Western). This is where the Russian economy will face a catastrophe.

    Gas turbine history

    It would seem that there were risks. After 2006, 30 gigawatts of combined cycle thermal power plants were built in Russia: that is, those in which gas turbines serve as the “first stage” and steam turbines as the second. And if our country produces and produced steam engines on its own, then everything is worse with gas engines: under the USSR they were made in Ukraine.

    Naturally, Ukrainian turbines are not available to us after 2014. Ultimately, 70% of these 30 gigawatts are provided by equipment from foreign manufacturers - for example, Siemens. Today, the company not only does not sell us new ones, but also does not service old turbines. Without repair and replacement, the bulk of these 30 gigawatts would have gone out of service before the end of the 2020s.

    However, the Russian state thought about such a scenario not even yesterday. Back in 2018, it was decided to turn Power Machines, a Russian manufacturer of steam turbines, into a gas turbine manufacturer as well. Technologically, this is very difficult: gas turbines rotate several times faster than steam turbines and operate at much higher temperatures of the working fluid (a difference of hundreds of degrees). This means that turbine blades must have higher specific strength and heat resistance.

    By the end of 2019, Power Machines was able to create a design bureau for gas turbines. And by December 26, 2022 - in an unusually short time - the company completed the assembly and testing of the first GTE-170 turbine. It is especially noteworthy that almost the entire assembly, as well as the primary test cycle, took place in 2022. That is, under the conditions of the very sanctions that were aimed, among other things, at depriving the country of the opportunity to produce such complex units.

    To understand the complexity of what has been done, let us recall: it contains ten thousand details. And only a part of them can be made by 3D printing technologies. Many, including the most critical - turbine blades, require the creation of special equipment or modifications to the existing one for manufacturing. The casting of blades is also difficult for the developed types of turbines, and even more so for completely new ones for our country.

    A series of creation of new turbines will begin as early as 2023, and the manufacturer will reach full capacity - eight GTE-170 per year - by 2025. In the future, the capacity is planned to be increased to 12 units per year.

    What is especially important: Power Machines is working quite hard on efficiency. If GTE-170.1 (already assembled) has an efficiency of 34.1% (GTE-160 Siemens had 34.4%), then GTE-170.2, which will be made from next year,  will receive an  efficiency of 35.1%. 1% efficiency does not sound very significant, but it must be understood that on the scale of the energy system, this means saving literally billions of cubic meters of gas per year.

    The project to create new turbines was not cheap - $ 0.2 billion, of which a smaller part was financed by the state. However, it will allow Russia to build power plants worth billions of dollars a year and eventually export its gas turbines to foreign markets.

    No less important, the produced turbines will be serviced by Russian specialists - that is, there will be no chance of losing their power plants if the leadership of a country does not please the West enough, buyers of new turbines will not have. Needless to say, for Vietnam, Iran, India, and, in fact, any other country with an independent foreign policy, this is a significant factor.

    Atomic "Breakthrough"

    If gas turbine import substitution and exports are an important component in the coming years, then nuclear energy looks more strategically important. Whatever one may say, but gas is a limited resource and significantly growing in price. Nuclear fuel, in principle, looks much more profitable. But it is also more difficult to approach it: technologies are needed much higher. Why?

    The reactors that exist in the Western world operate on slow neutrons, and even in Russia such systems still predominate numerically. Slow neutrons are well captured only by uranium-235, which is only 0.7% in natural uranium. And if the neutron is not captured by the uranium nucleus, the probability of the atom splitting is low. Consequently, for slow neutron reactors, the fuel base is only 1/140 of all natural uranium.

    The decision suggests itself to use fast neutron reactors - like the Russian BN-600 and BN-800. Fast neutrons are also well captured by uranium-238 nuclei, that is, by the remaining 99.3% of natural uranium. In this case, the fuel base automatically expands by a factor of 140, and then the known uranium deposits will last not for 50 years, but for many thousands of years.

    However, there is a nuance: BN series reactors use sodium as a coolant. The problem is that sodium is extremely capricious. Sodium reactors have been tried in France, the United States, and Japan, and leaks have occurred in all of these countries due to design and operational miscalculations. Upon contact with air or water, sodium burns, and in such a way that reinforced concrete structures after such fires are not very suitable for repair. And even though there were no large sodium fires at nuclear power plants in our country, it is almost unrealistic to convince foreign customers to buy something like this. In addition, BN type reactors require a high enrichment of nuclear fuel with active isotopes - and this goes against the wishes of the IAEA to minimize the possibility of highly enriched fuel falling into the wrong hands.

    That is why Russia is working on the Proryv project, the key component of which is the BREST-OD-300 reactor. Its coolant is lead. Unlike sodium, it does not burn and at the same time moderates neutrons just as weakly. Fast neutrons turn the nuclei of the uranium-238 atoms that capture them into plutonium, which, in turn, fissions vigorously, providing the energy that powers the nuclear power plant.

    Another advantage of the Proryv project reactors is that they can use as fuel not only uranium and plutonium, but also the so-called minor actinides. This is the name given to neptunium, americium and curium formed in spent nuclear fuel. These rather exotic substances are actively fissile and create the bulk of the radiative activity of spent fuel. For conventional reactors, they are not suitable fuel. But BREST can burn up to 80 kilograms of such actinides in one fuel campaign. Considering that they account for almost 3% of the mass of spent fuel, and another almost 97% of "mining" is uranium and plutonium, within the framework of the "Breakthrough" 99% of spent nuclear fuel can be reused - reducing the amount of fuel that is then needed a hundred times will be disposed of.

    Have the sanctions affected our country's ability to implement Proriv? Judging by the  news  about the commissioning of the most important test facility for "lead" reactors just in December 2022 and  the continuation of the  construction of the reactor itself, no. This is not surprising: less than all other Russian high-tech companies, Rosatom relied on imported components and systems. Now it has paid off handsomely: he can work on the future of earthly energy in a calm and confident rhythm.

    Space "Sphere"

    After the events of 2022, it became finally clear that low-orbit satellite Internet is not a whim, but an urgent need. If not for the mass civilian segment, then at least for the military. Starlink in Ukraine turned out to be a mass means of communication for the Armed Forces of Ukraine, and the appearance of fundamentally new antennas (suitable for installation on vehicles with speeds up to hundreds of kilometers per hour) also means the possibility of remote control of combat drones anywhere in the world. And about “any point” is not an exaggeration. 3271 Starlink satellites (more than 50% of all active artificial Earth satellites) already provide coverage even in the Arctic and Antarctica.

    This is not to say that the US military did not use satellite Internet to control UAVs before. However, traditional providers of such services kept the satellites in higher orbits - that is, the control delay was greater, which is acceptable for reconnaissance drones, but not very suitable for strike drones. Accurately hitting a moving target during delays or communication failures is too difficult. And the total number of global Internet satellites before Starlink was negligible - Iridium had less than a hundred of them.

    It is not surprising that Russia is also beginning to actively create its own low-orbit satellite constellation. Moreover, after the appearance of Western sanctions, we are not talking about problems with its implementation, but, on the contrary, about its expansion. As  the new head of Roskosmos, Yuri Borisov, noted  : “What is immersed in FKP and Sphere ... at the turn of 2030 is clearly not enough for our consumers. And together with private companies, with the attraction of extra-budgetary funds, we will work to create a more serious constellation... At the turn of 2025-2026, we should produce 200-250 satellites a year instead of today's 15. And by 2030, reach at least a satellite a day.”

    And it's not just plans. Yuri Borisov  noted that the corporation plans to attract 50 billion rubles of investment in the construction of two new satellite factories at once: one in Krasnoyarsk, and the other in the Moscow region. It is also planned to partner with private companies interested in working in this industry.

    Thus, in the coming years, despite the sanctions, Roscosmos plans to increase satellite production by more than an order of magnitude. What is important, using GLONASS satellites, it was possible to completely replace the supply of Western electronics, and other components of the orbital constellation are moving in the same direction.

    But the plans of the Russian space industry are not alive only with satellites. Let us quote the same Yuri Borisov: “Now the first stage is the space constellation. In the second place, it is necessary to develop scientific space and manned programs ... But if you heard from me that we will not deal with science and deep space, because this is not important - I should have been immediately removed from this chair and sent to sweep the streets".

    This refers to the corporation's plans for the Angara missile, which is gradually entering serial production, and for the so-called nuclear tug, which in the future may be of no less importance. At the moment, Roskosmos is working on its "stripped down" version - with a reactor for a megawatt of thermal power, and not electrical power. In this form, it is not powerful enough to transport people to Mars, but nevertheless it is quite suitable for overclocking research vehicles capable of reaching both Mars and the more distant planets of the solar system.

    Aircraft, ships and aircraft engines

    Of course, breakthrough projects that are being successfully implemented under sanctions are not limited to energy and space. The flights of the Russian airliner with the MS-21 carbon fiber wing have already begun, for which the domestic aircraft engine PD-14 is being tested. In the fall of 2022, these engines switched from test flights on a single MS-21 to being installed on the second airliner of this type. Next year, it is planned to actively work on the certification and testing of the connection "domestic aircraft - domestic engine."

    What is important, both the engine and the aircraft have fuel efficiency above the world level, and this distinguishes them from domestic engines and airliners of the Soviet period. A more compact PD-8 engine is also being created, which will be used to equip the new Superjets to replace engines of French origin that have shown themselves to be problematic (and now also inaccessible due to sanctions).

    Serious work is underway in the field of shipbuilding: Russia has launched the production of tankers of record size for the domestic industry, with a deadweight of 114,000 tons and a quarter of a kilometer in length. The country is also building the largest (half a kilometer) dry dock for the construction of floating drilling platforms needed for the development of oil and gas fields.

    Thus, the expectations of Western partners not only did not work, but will not work either. Not only did the decline in GDP this year - which amounted to less than 2.5%, while 10-20% was expected in the West - not take place. The “degradation of high-tech sectors”, which is so expected on the other side of the ocean, did not take place either.

    St. Petersburg turbines will replace the German turbines, Western-made satellite electronics have already been replaced. Shipbuilding, oil and gas equipment, civil airliners - all these areas are characterized not only by import substitution, but also, importantly, by import substitution for equipment with often better parameters.

    Judging by the technological advances of this year 2022 alone, the West could be in for a nasty surprise by the end of this decade. An attempt to strangle the Russian economy with sanctions could end just as unexpectedly as similar Western attempts to strangle the Russian military-industrial complex with a supply blockade after 2014. That is, the growth of the technological capabilities of our country - despite the undoubtedly very serious external pressure.

    https://vz.ru/society/2023/1/3/1193351.html

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    Post  kvs Tue Jan 03, 2023 5:10 pm

    People really have no idea the depth of Russian scientific and engineering capacity. The story about the high output gas turbine
    demonstrates this. Such rapid transition from draft table or CAD system these days to a fully functional prototype is impossible
    without all the inputs. This is not like going to the local parts supplier and knocking up a product form parts. This is literally production
    from concept and raw materials.

    The NATzO sanctions rest on the concept that Russia is a banana republic that needs to import high tech components. After all
    John McShitstain and Obummer told us that Russia does not make anything and is a gas station posing as a country. NATzO is
    going to learn eventually that Russia is the source of high tech. The sanctions are wonderful stimulus for Russian technology.

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    Post  Big_Gazza Sun Jan 22, 2023 6:22 am

    UEC manufactured the first high-power serial turbine GTD-110M

    New Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia #2 - Page 2 Gtd-1110

    As Deputy General Director of Rostec Vladimir Artyakov noted, from 2024 the company intends to produce two turbines a year and gradually increase production.

    JSC United Engine Corporation (UEC, part of Rostec) has produced the first serial Russian high-capacity turbine GTD-110M for Udarnaya TPP. Vladimir Artyakov, First Deputy General Director of Rostec, told TASS about this.

    According to him, from 2024 UEC intends to produce two turbines a year and gradually increase production. “The production of the GTD-110M high-power turbine is already underway, the Rostec United Engine Corporation has manufactured the first serial machine for the Udarnaya TPP. Starting from 2024, it is planned to start producing two turbines per year with a gradual increase in production volumes in the future,” Artyakov said.

    He stressed that it is still premature to talk about specific projects in which this machine will be used. “We consider the domestic market as the main one, its volume is several dozen units of such units,” added the deputy general director.

    The message on the Rostec website notes that the unit has been successfully tested at the Ivanovo combined cycle plants (CCGT) and will be transferred to the Udarnaya thermal power plant in the Krasnodar Territory.

    The gas turbine was manufactured by UEC-Saturn in Rybinsk, Yaroslavl Region. The developers are PJSC Inter RAO, the Rosnano group (engineering center Gas Turbine Technologies) and the state corporation Rostec (PJSC UEC-Saturn).

    UEC Deputy General Director for Energy and Industrial Programs Sergey Mikhailov, whose words are quoted in the message, noted that the machine is not inferior to foreign analogues in terms of technical parameters and has smaller weight and size characteristics, which significantly expands the possibilities for delivering a gas turbine engine to customers.

    GTD-110M is a serial high-power gas turbine engine designed for use as part of gas turbine power and combined cycle plants at generating facilities of the Unified Energy System of Russia. Previously, turbines of similar power were imported from abroad. The engine is designed to drive electric generators as part of gas turbine power and combined cycle plants with an electric power of 115 MW.

    source

    For those interested, here is the manufacturers website for this unit.

    source

    New Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia #2 - Page 2 Gtd-1111

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    Post  Kiko Fri Feb 03, 2023 5:22 am

    Mishustin: Russian analogues can replace up to 85% of foreign software, 02.03.2023.

    For most foreign software, there are Russian counterparts, Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin said, speaking at the Digital Almaty 2023 forum. The head of government estimated this volume at 85%. According to him, now in Russia they are adjusting their own software for the specific needs of business and industries, and support the creation of new software products.

    Russia ranks first in Europe in terms of the number of citizens who have the Internet, the Prime Minister noted. At the end of last year, the country ranked sixth in the world in terms of the availability of home and mobile Internet access and tenth in terms of the number of modern data centers. Over a hundred million people have personal accounts on the Russian portal of public services, and over the past five years there have been almost one and a half times more verified accounts, Mishustin said.

    The number of services rendered per month has increased by about three and a half times, and the daily audience - by almost four times.

    https://rg.ru/2023/02/03/mishustin-rossijskie-analogi-mogut-zamenit-do-85-inostrannogo-softa.html

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    Post  Kiko Fri Feb 03, 2023 5:46 am

    MISIS (National University of Science and Technology of Russia) will be the first in the world to train designers of 3D bioprinters, by Maria Nabirkina for Rossiskaya Gazeta. 02.03.2023.

    MISIS Advanced School of Engineering is launching the Master's program "Biomedical Engineering and Biofabrication" in 2023.

    It will train versatile designers of new generation 3D bioprinters for printing organ and tissue equivalents. Today, not a single university in the world trains personnel capable of creating bioprinters from and to: from the development of drawings to a real product.

    As a rule, the companies working in this field are engaged in the preparation of such specialists.

    The direction of bioprinting is developing rapidly and actively: over the past 10 years, it has become part of one of the most important areas of biomedicine - regenerative, from absolute fantasy.

    The shortage of donor organs and their immune rejection is one of the most important problems in medicine. But, as explained to "RG" in MISIS, today bioprinting technologies are not yet ready to solve it.

    - We set ourselves an ambitious task - to form a national industry of biomedical materials and bioengineering, - Alevtina Chernikova, rector of the MISIS University, told RG. - To solve it, a consortium "Health Engineering" was created, headed by Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Vladimir Chekhonin. One of the key activities of the consortium is the training of a new generation of specialists in the field of biomaterials science. Graduates of our master's program "Biomedical Engineering and Biofabrication" will be engineers and scientists who are able to independently design advanced medical equipment, develop import-outpacing technologies with the prospect of rapid commercialization to improve the quality and duration of people's lives.

    Graduates of the program - design engineers - will gain knowledge in the design of parts and mechanisms of bioprinters and electrical engineering, skills in creating software for managing bioprinters. By understanding the features of cell functioning, they will be able to create devices for printing with living cells. In addition, there are separate modules related to the registration of medical devices and the launch of the product on the market.

    https://rg.ru/2023/02/03/v-misis-vpervye-v-mire-nachnut-obuchat-konstruktorov-3d-bioprinterov.html

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    Post  Scorpius Wed Feb 22, 2023 5:39 pm


    A great video about the work of the Scientific and Production Association "Android technology" and somethig other companys.

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    Post  Kiko Sat Feb 25, 2023 12:36 pm

    Russian Startup Develops Innovative Face Cream From Spider Web Protein, by Sergey Lebediev for SputnikNews. 02.25.2023.

    The product promises to trigger a rapid rejuvenation and regeneration process within 1-2 weeks and help with such skin issues as large pores and post-acne scars.

    A cream with proteins from cobwebs that reportedly heals and rejuvenates the skin and fights imperfections has been developed by a student startup in Russia's Saint Petersburg, Sputnik was told by the National Technology Initiative (NTI) Platform.

    "SilkIns startup from the Institute of Fine Mechanics and Optics (ITMO) has developed cobweb-based proteins that can be added to creams to heal cuts and eliminate skin defects and acne by stimulating intracellular processes in one to two weeks. Work on the solution is being carried out as a part of the accelerator of the federal project 'University Technological Entrepreneurship Platform'," NTI representatives stated.

    According to the scientists, the cream is based on a protein obtained from the silk of tarantulas and silkworms. The spider proteins increase the rate of formation of new cells.

    According to the researchers, this cream heals cuts and burns, removes age spots and rejuvenates the skin in a couple of weeks. The development has already passed in vitro studies and has proven its effectiveness.

    "Today there are a lot of foreign manufacturers of regenerative cosmetics on the market, about 80%. Therefore, we decided to create our own, Russian products. This is important, because every year the environment is deteriorating, and the skin, as the largest organ in the human body is being negatively impacted from the outside,” said the founder of the startup, Daudy Dauddin.

    At the moment, the company has already manufactured the first product line and is in the process of getting a patent in the Russian Federation. In the summer, the startup plans to open its own laboratory for the production of proteins and apply for an international patent.

    https://sputniknews.com/20230225/russian-startup-develops-innovative-face-cream-from-spider-web-protein-1107801831.html

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    Post  Kiko Mon Feb 27, 2023 9:46 pm

    Russian IT industry expanding– official, 02.27.2023.

    Government support has facilitated tech sector development, says deputy PM.

    Revenues of Russian IT companies grew by 35.3% last year in annual terms to more than 2.3 trillion rubles (over $30 billion), Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko revealed this week.

    Commenting on Russian President Vladimir Putin’s message to the Federal Assembly earlier in the day, Chernyshenko said the average monthly salary in the IT sector was up by 16.4% when compared with 2021, and now stands at over 124,000 rubles ($1,657).

    "The president drew attention to the effectiveness of IT support measures and announced the decision to extend them to high-tech industries. Such measures have become a factor in the growth of the information and communication technology sector, the development of domestic digital products, and an increase in the number of IT companies,” Chernyshenko said, as quoted by his office.

    Putin announced on Tuesday that Russian companies could reduce income tax payments if they purchase advanced domestic IT solutions and products using artificial intelligence. For every ruble invested by a company in the purchase of these products, there will be a tax deduction of 1.5 rubles, Putin explained. The Russian leader instructed the government to draw up proposals for a list of such equipment based on the industries in which it is used, and on the procedure for granting benefits.

    https://www.rt.com/business/571849-russian-it-industry-expanding/

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    Post  Scorpius Tue Mar 14, 2023 5:50 am

    169 teams of inventors from more than 30 countries took part in the 13th International Exhibition of Inventions in the Middle East. Russia was represented by seven developments.

    Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky showed two projects:

    "Method of cargo transportation by lifting force" — the project received gold at the 13th International Exhibition of Inventions in the Middle East

    "A method for registering a person's post-ovoid state according to a cardiorhythmogram", which the international jury awarded bronze

    A subsidiary of JSC "Russian Railways" — JSC "NIIAS" — demonstrated three developments:

    "A method for determining the freedom from rolling stock of track sections on a railway stretch" — the project received gold

    The "System for managing the operation of marshalling yards" was awarded a gold medal and a special prize of the World Intellectual Property Organization;

    "A system for managing the operation of a railway section with the construction of a single schedule" received silver

    A team of inventors from the N.N. Burdenko Neurosurgery Research Center under the guidance of Prof., Doctor of Medical Sciences A.N. Shkarubo presented two projects at the exhibition — both were awarded gold medals:

    "Spine stabilization device"

    "Intraoperative detection of neurovascular structures" — gold medal and special prize of the Kuwait Scientific Club.
    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/150390/#cut

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    Post  kvs Tue Mar 21, 2023 8:04 pm

    https://rutube.ru/video/c460f259c52cf7f2445d2343de51c5a6/

    Only in Russian. See around 30 minutes for video of ceramic 3D printed parts. Fully Russian 3D printer and material inputs.
    The work is done at the Obukhovo enterprise park.

    Other enterprises make small UAVs and ground delivery systems to extend the range of safety of the operator (see video before the
    above part).



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    Post  GarryB Thu Apr 06, 2023 9:44 am

    Some news bytes from Rostec:

    Rostec has Presented a Log-Range System for Fighting Swarm of Drones

    Range of dealing with enemy drones extended from 3km to 5km in the new version.

    https://rostec.ru/en/news/rostec-has-presented-a-log-range-system-for-fighting-swarm-of-drones/

    Rostec has Started Deliveries of Cameras for Surveillance in Poor Visibility Conditions

    New cameras for poor visibility conditions for use in a range of platforms including drones and aircraft and weapon sights. Extends laser target marking performance to 20km. Works in IR wavelengths, visible wavelengths and UV wavelengths.

    https://rostec.ru/en/news/rostec-has-started-deliveries-of-cameras-for-surveillance-in-poor-visibility-conditions/

    Rostec and a Samara-Based University have Developed New Types of Optical Fibers

    For improved fibreoptics performance and quantum computing sensors.

    https://rostec.ru/en/news/rostec-and-a-samara-based-university-have-developed-new-types-of-optical-fibers/

    Rostec has Developed a Stealth Material to Achieve Aircraft Invisibility

    Stealthy fibreglass material for construction of aircraft and platforms that is high stealth without expensive fragile coatings that need to be replaced.

    If the structure is made of this material each layer would absorb radiation so three layers thick would absorb most radiation directed at the aircraft. Making a low maintenance aircraft... I suspect Checkmate will be made of this material to keep operational costs down.

    https://rostec.ru/en/news/rostec-has-developed-a-stealth-material-to-achieve-aircraft-invisibility-/

    Rostec has Phased Out the Imports of European Dental Materials

    Replacing formerly imported materials used for dental work with local materials that are cheaper and not inferior.

    https://rostec.ru/en/news/rostec-has-phased-out-the-imports-of-european-dental-materials-/

    Rostec to Increase the Airborne Radar Performance for Helicopters

    New quartz fabric material replaces the previous radar radomes on helicopters which improves radar performance by 10%. In other words the new materials effect the radar waves leaving and being received by the radar less than the old radome material.

    https://rostec.ru/en/news/rostec-to-increase-the-airborne-radar-performance-for-helicopters/

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