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    Russian Civil Aviation: News #4

    George1
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    Post  George1 Sat Dec 25, 2021 2:22 pm

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    Post  Hole Sat Dec 25, 2021 7:17 pm

    Russian Civil Aviation: News #4 - Page 20 052810
    Russian Civil Aviation: News #4 - Page 20 052910
    Russian Civil Aviation: News #4 - Page 20 053010
    No. 13! Wink

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    Post  Kiko Sun Dec 26, 2021 4:27 pm

    This is why the US is moaning at WTO over Russia's import substitution economic programme:

    Unique wing takes Russia out of Western pressure

    Russia "managed to make a reserve for decades ahead", "now we will work without looking back to the West." With these words, experts assess the first flight of the new Russian airliner MS-21 with a domestically made composite wing. And anti-Russian sanctions helped make such a breakthrough for the Russian aviation industry. How is it?

    At the airfield of the Irkutsk Aviation Plant (a branch of the Irkut company) , the first flight of the MS-21-300 civil aircraft with a domestic composite wing took place. As explained in Rostec, everything went as usual. At the helm were test pilots Heroes of Russia Roman Taskaev and Oleg Kononenko.

    MS-21-300 / 310 is a new-generation medium-range narrow-body aircraft with a capacity of 163 to 211 passengers ("Trunk aircraft of the XXI century 310"). This is Russia's answer to the European Airbus A320 and the American Boeing 737. It has become the most spacious among narrow-body aircraft in the world - the cabin width is more than four meters, which is comparable to wide-body aircraft in terms of passenger comfort.

    The composite wing has become a key feature of the aircraft. Due to the high rigidity and lightness of the material, the flight performance and economic characteristics of the aircraft are increased. The fuselage of the MC-21 is 35% composed of composite materials. Composites based on carbon filaments are also used for the production of tail assemblies (keel, stabilizer).

    It was originally planned that the composite wing would be made in Russia from components supplied from abroad. However, the development and production of its own similar materials began in Russia after the United States imposed trade restrictions on AeroComposite in September 2018. Scientists from Moscow State University and specialists from Rosatom joined in to solve the problem. Now the wing and its consoles are produced at the Aerocomposite-Ulyanovsk enterprise using the patented vacuum infusion technology.

    In addition, the MC-21 aircraft can be equipped with the latest Russian fifth-generation PD-14 turbofan engines for medium-range airliners (MC-21 prototypes flew with American PW1000G engines). This is the first completely Russian civilian engine since the 1990s, the development of which was carried out by the Perm Aviadvigatel within the framework of the state program for the Development of the Aviation Industry for 2013-2025. Only Russia, the USA, Great Britain and France have the capabilities to produce aircraft engines inside and out. China is still dependent on components from other countries.

    In cruise mode, PD-14 consumes up to 15% less fuel than engines of the previous generation, operating costs are 14-17% lower, and the life cycle cost is almost 20% less than that of foreign "classmates".



    https://m.vz.ru/society/2021/12/25/1136025.html

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    Post  kvs Sun Dec 26, 2021 5:45 pm

    The WTO farce is evidence of panic. The clowns assumed that Russia was dependent on precious western tech but it has
    demonstrated the obvious that such thinking is retarded chauvinism. Yeah, Russia is riding the Soviet legacy: of science and
    engineering ability.

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    Post  LMFS Tue Dec 28, 2021 5:35 pm

    MC-21 aircraft receives basic type certificate — Industry and Trade Minister

    Next year, the certificate will be amended to allow the use of the Russian composite wing and the PD-14 engine in the aircraft, Denis Manturov stressed

    MOSCOW, December 28. /TASS/. Russia’s MC-21 civilian aircraft has received a basic type certificate, Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov told reporters.

    "The MC-21 aircraft has received a basic type certificate today," he said.

    The basic certification assumes the use of an American Pratt&Whitney (PW140) engine and a wing made of materials from abroad.

    Next year, the certificate will be amended to allow the use of the Russian composite wing and the PD-14 engine in the aircraft, the minister added.

    "Certification flights to expand the certificate will continue next year and in 2023, as it will expand until 2024. The changes to the certificate, implying the use of a Russian composite wing and a Russian engine, are planned for 2022," the minister said.

    "Obtaining a type certificate from the Federal Air Transport Agency is a milestone event for the MC-21 program and the aviation industry. The document confirms that the MC-21-310 aircraft is ready for full-scale serial production. The airliner turned out to be modern, beautiful and world-class, without exaggeration. It has a number of constructive innovations and the widest salon among the same-class aircraft. I am sure both airlines and passengers will appreciate it," head of Rostec, Sergey Chemezov, said as quoted by the corporation’s press service.

    "In 2022, we will focus our efforts on expanding the type certificate for the MC-21-300 aircraft. First of all, we will complete the certification of an aircraft with a wing made of Russian composite materials. We will also test the plane in high altitude conditions, strong crosswinds, low and high temperatures. This will allow Rossiya Airlines to operate the MC-21-300 in any geographic zones," Irkut Corporation CEO Andrey Boginsky said.

    On December 25, the MC-21 plane with a domestically-designed composite wing carried out its first flight.

    The MC-21-300 middle-range aircraft with wings made of Russian composite materials completed its maiden flight on December 25. The plane was developed by the Irkut Corporation, which is part of the United Aircraft Corporation controlled by Rostec.

    Earlier this month, Manturov said that commercial deliveries of the aircraft were to start next year.

    https://tass.com/economy/1381979

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    Post  Autodestruct Wed Dec 29, 2021 9:21 pm

    New light utility aircraft 'Baikal' to make maiden flight in early 2022.


    Baikal, a Russian single-engine utility plane to be used by local airlines and in hard-to-reach areas, will make its maiden flight in early 2022, Russian Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov has told reporters, writes TASS.

    "This will definitely take place early [next] year," he said.

    Earlier, Manturov said that the serial production of the nine-seat plane is to begin in 2023. The Ural Civil Aviation Plant expects to sign a solid contract for the production of ten aircraft in 2023-2025, the plant’s Sales and Marketing Director Oleg Bogomolov told TASS this summer.

    According to him, the plane should cost 120 million rubles (about $1.6 million at the current exchange rate) in its basic version. The potential state order for the aircraft is estimated at 300 planes by 2030.

    Russian light multipurpose single-engine aircraft Baikal was designed by Ural Civil Aviation Plant’s subsidiary Baikal Engineering to replace the outdated Soviet-made An-2 aircraft. The plane was created to increase transport accessibility of remote Russian regions and help develop local air service.

    https://www.ruaviation.com/news/2021/12/29/17256/

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    Post  LMFS Thu Dec 30, 2021 12:13 am

    Deliveries of MC-21 aircraft to operators are to start in 3rd quarter of 2022 — minister

    Denis Manturov specified that a Russian version of the aircraft and a version with components made abroad will be produced, "depending on how we will further develop our supplies"

    KRASNODAR, December 29. /TASS/. Deliveries of the MC-21 aircraft to commercial operators are expected to start in the 3rd quarter of 2022, after the plane receives an extended type certificate, Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov told reporters on Wednesday.

    "It is the end of the second - the beginning of the third quarter of next year, when we expect to receive an appendix to the type certificate. By that time, we will already supply [MC-21 aircraft] to the first commercial operators, in particular, the Rossiya airline," Manturov said adding that these will already be the planes with the Russian composite wing.

    The minister specified that a Russian version of the aircraft and a version with components made abroad will be produced, "depending on how we will further develop our supplies."

    "First of all, this concerns foreign markets, so that consumers have a choice in which modification it will be more convenient for them to buy our aircraft," the minister explained.

    On Tuesday, Manturov announced that the MC-21 had received a basic type certificate and next year, the certificate would be amended to allow the use of the Russian composite wing and the PD-14 engine in the aircraft. The basic certification assumes the use of an American Pratt&Whitney (PW140) engine and a wing made of materials from abroad.

    The MC-21-300 middle-range aircraft was developed by the Irkut Corporation, which is part of the United Aircraft Corporation controlled by Rostec.

    https://tass.com/economy/1382535

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    Post  dino00 Thu Dec 30, 2021 1:36 pm

    "UAC is also working on the formation of an investment project for the supply of 32 MC-21 aircraft for the needs of the Rossiya airline until 2024."

    https://1prime.ru/transport/20211230/835654924.html

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    Post  Kiko Thu Dec 30, 2021 6:32 pm

    How new Russian-built passenger jet MC-21 took off despite Western sanctions, 30.12.2021.

    The first Russian-made plane of its kind, MC-21 has proven its airworthiness after years of delays due to Western sanctions.

    The Russian-made medium-haul passenger jet MC-21 has received its "type certificate," paving the way to mass production of the aircraft. The cutting-edge new market entrant has been plagued by sanctions and multiple delays.

    The Irkut MC-21 is the first narrow-body, medium-haul passenger jet designed and built in Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Conceived in the late 2000s, the plane is set to fill the niche that once belonged to the iconic 1970s Soviet  Tu-154.

    1. Jet designed with cutting-edge materials

    Modern materials have been widely used in the construction of the MC-21, with composites amounting to around 40% of its airframe, according to the aircraft’s manufacturers. This makes the plane significantly lighter compared to conventionally-built aircraft, as well as apparently more comfortable for passengers, allowing for more spacious aisles.

    2. MC-21 manufacturer hit by US sanctions

    However, this innovation has proven to be a double-edged sword, becoming one of the main reasons behind delays in mass-production, despite the plane making its maiden flight in 2017. Back in 2018, the manufacturer of the wings, Russian company AeroComposit, was hit by the US sanctions. It was targeted over alleged participation in a Russian “aerospace military program,” despite having zero public contracts with the country’s armed forces. The concern was barred from importing raw materials, and was left unable to produce its orders for the plane.“The sanctions imposed on AeroComposit were nothing, but an example of unfair competition,” Roman Gusarov, the editor-in-chief of the Avia.ru website, told RT.

    “The firm poses no strategic or military threat to our foreign colleagues. It's purely a civilian enterprise.” Boeing simply tried to “strangle its new emerging rival at its birth,” he insisted. The US planemaker and its European counterpart Airbus haven't made new planes in this class for a long time he continued, only upgrading older models, while MS-21 “incorporates all the cutting edge technologies and therefore has a whole range of advantages compared to its foreign competitors,” Gusarov pointed out.

    3. Russia starts production of banned composites

    The  sanctions left the fate of the project uncertain, as fitting MC-21 with wings made out of conventional materials was deemed to be unfeasible. At the time, the country also lacked the technology to produce the what was needed to make the plane’s wing locally. But the sanctions have ultimately given a jolt to local research and development, prompting the creation of the Russian-made composites needed to manufacture the wings.

    4. Import-free jet production challenge accepted

    The MC-21 debacle has also prompted the manufacturers to strive for making the aircraft fully independent from imported systems. It also originally relied on the US-made Pratt & Whitney engines, as well as other imported avionic and electronic systems. The first MC-21 to be made completely out of domestically-developed components, or having a minimal amount of imported parts, is expected to emerge in the mid-2020s.

    5. Airworthiness clearance granted to MC-21

    This week, the jet received its long-awaited type certificate, after successfully passing all the tests and proving its airworthiness. So far, the plane is certified with a wing made out of imported materials and Pratt & Whitney engines. The certificate is, however, expected to be expanded next year.

    “The changes to the type certificate, envisioning the use of a Russian composite wing and a Russian engine, is planned for 2022,” Russia’s Minister of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov has said.

    6. Russian-made wing & jet engines incoming

    Both the homegrown composite wing and engines have been already produced, with tests of the systems still ongoing. An MC-21 fitted with Russian-made PD-14 engines made its maiden flight last December, and the engines were approved for mass production in February this year. Russia’s trade and industry minister, Denis Manturov, praised the PD-14 as a sign of the “maturity” of Russian science and the “high level” of development of the country’s aviation industry.

    The designers and engineers, who received state support, were able to come up with “a very modern and efficient engine,” the minister added, adding that “neither the USSR nor Russia had anything like this in the last 40 years.”  An MC-21 fitted with domestically produced parts has already made its first flight, however. Last weekend, the manufacturer announced that a test MC-21-300 jet with a Russian-made composite wing took off from an airfield in Irkutsk, and that the flight was normal.

    https://www.rt.com/russia/544697-mc21-passenger-jet-certified/

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    Post  par far Thu Dec 30, 2021 8:19 pm



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    Post  LMFS Wed Jan 05, 2022 10:37 am

    Rostec announced the date for the start of serial production of the MC-21 aircraft with a Russian engine and a composite wing

    Rostec announced the date for the start of serial production of MS-21 passenger aircraft with the Russian PD-14 engine and a domestically developed composite wing. The corresponding statement was made by the head of the corporation Sergei Chemezov at a meeting with Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin.


    According to the head of Rostec, the serial production of the MS-21 with the Russian composite wing and the PD-14 engine will begin in 2024. Chemezov explained that the first production cars in small numbers will appear this year, they will be equipped with American engines. Subsequently, production volumes will increase, and from 2024 the "Russian" version of the aircraft will go into production.

    In total, it is planned to release six MC-21 aircraft in 2023, twelve in 2024, reach the level of 32 produced airliners in 2025, and by 2027 the corporation should produce 76 aircraft per year. (Edited)

    https://en.topwar.ru/190850-v-rostehe-nazvali-sroki-nachala-serijnogo-proizvodstva-samoleta-ms-21-s-rossijskim-dvigatelem-i-kompozitnym-krylom.html

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    Post  Krepost Wed Jan 19, 2022 8:41 pm

    The "BAIKAL" flew for the first time.
    Well, does not exactly qualify as a 1st flight because it rose only a few meters in the ir and for a very short distance.

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    Post  Backman Thu Jan 20, 2022 2:42 am

    Kiko wrote:This is why the US is moaning at WTO over Russia's import substitution economic programme:

    Unique wing takes Russia out of Western pressure


    https://m.vz.ru/society/2021/12/25/1136025.html

    Airbus has been experimenting with thin wings for awhile. Maybe they wanted to patent it or something. Too late



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    Post  Kiko Thu Jan 20, 2022 3:28 pm

    Cabinet to allocate $26.1 mln for regional, long-range aircraft projects — PM, 20.01.2022.

    One of the projects is Russian regional Il-114-300, what is to replace obsolete An-24 aircraft on local airline routes.

    VORONEZH, January 20. /TASS/. The Russian government will additionally allocate 2 bln rubles ($26.1 mln) for implementation of regional and long-range aircraft development projects, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin said on Thursday at a meeting on civil aviation development.

    "We will further allocate about 2 bln rubles shortly for implementation of two other significant projects. One of them is a new wide-body long-range airplane and the other one is our regional Il-114-300 also developed on the instruction of the President. It is to replace obsolete An-24 aircraft on local airline routes," Mishustin said.

    Authorities expect that Russian aircraft will enter the global market and "mechanisms of advance funding for the civil aircraft production sector are used proactively" to expedite this effort, the Prime Minister added.

    https://tass.com/economy/1390943

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    Post  Autodestruct Fri Jan 21, 2022 12:30 am

    Il-96-400M will conduct its first flight this year.

    https://aviation21.ru/il-96-400m-pervyj-polyot-sostoitsya-v-etom-godu/

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    Post  Scorpius Sat Jan 22, 2022 1:52 pm


    A delegation of participants of the meeting chaired by the Prime Minister of Russia, dedicated to the development of the Russian aviation industry, arrived in Voronezh on the MS-21-300 aircraft.

    Among the passengers:

    The head of the UAC Yuri Slyusar, the head of Irkut Andrey Boginsky, the head of Rossiya Airlines - the first operator of the MS-21 - Sergey Alexandrovsky, the heads of key cooperation companies - Technodinamika Igor Nasenkov and KRET Alexander Pan. As well as the head of the Yakovlev Design Bureau Daniil Brenerman, the chief designer of the MS-21 Konstantin Popovich and other heads of enterprises involved in the creation of the MS-21 aircraft.

    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/145361/

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    Post  par far Sat Jan 22, 2022 3:52 pm

    Scorpius wrote:
    A delegation of participants of the meeting chaired by the Prime Minister of Russia, dedicated to the development of the Russian aviation industry, arrived in Voronezh on the MS-21-300 aircraft.

    Among the passengers:

    The head of the UAC Yuri Slyusar, the head of Irkut Andrey Boginsky, the head of Rossiya Airlines - the first operator of the MS-21 - Sergey Alexandrovsky, the heads of key cooperation companies - Technodinamika Igor Nasenkov and KRET Alexander Pan. As well as the head of the Yakovlev Design Bureau Daniil Brenerman, the chief designer of the MS-21 Konstantin Popovich and other heads of enterprises involved in the creation of the MS-21 aircraft.

    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/145361/


    Very nice.

    When the MS-21 goes into full service, I really hope the first flight is from Moscow to the Crimea.

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    Post  franco Thu Jan 27, 2022 2:01 pm

    Russian air traffic management system centers to be re-equipped in 2022
    As part of import substitution, the re-equipment of the enlarged center in Rostov-on-Don with a modern Russian-made ATM system is at the final stage

    MOSCOW, 27 January. /TASS/. The Almaz-Antey concern in 2022 will re-equip 12 enlarged centers of the Unified Air Traffic Management System (EU ATM) and three special centers - in Kaliningrad, Kamchatka and Crimea. This was announced on Thursday in the press service of the concern.

    "As part of the modernization program of the EU ATM of Russia, by the end of 2022, 12 enlarged centers of the unified air traffic management system and three special centers in Kaliningrad, Kamchatka and Crimea will be re-equipped by the end of 2022," the press service said.

    The holding noted that within the framework of import substitution, the re-equipment of the enlarged center in Rostov-on-Don with a modern Russian-made ATM system is at the final stage.

    "The concern supplied equipment and performed work in the interests of the air navigation system of Russia in the amount of about 100 billion rubles. With the commissioning of the St. Petersburg enlarged center, we completed work on the enlargement of the EU ATM centers in Russia," the press service quoted the head of the holding, Yan Novikov, as saying.

    The newest center of the Unified Air Traffic Management System, necessary for safe air navigation, was put into operation in St. Petersburg on the night of January 26-27. With the launch of this regional center in Russia, the formation of an updated air navigation system in the airspace of the Russian Federation was completed.

    15 regional centers have been built and modernized in the country over the past 11 years to improve the quality of air navigation in the airspace and optimize its costs. In total, as part of the creation of an updated system, 104 regional air traffic management centers operating in Russia were replaced by 15 enlarged regional EU ATM centers.

    https://tass-ru.translate.goog/armiya-i-opk/13542675?_x_tr_sl=ru&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=en

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    Post  dino00 Thu Jan 27, 2022 7:04 pm

    Russia plans to develop a high-tech supersonic aircraft

    Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin noted that artificial intelligence technologies are of great importance


    VORONEZH, January 20. /TASS/. The Russian authorities intend to set the task of creating a high-tech supersonic passenger aircraft that will reduce the flight time to the Far East, Australia, South Korea and Japan, such an aircraft will be created using advanced scientific solutions, Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin said during a visit "Voronezh Joint-Stock Aircraft Building Company" (VASO).

    "Today, our specialists, our people, everyone needs a serious supersonic aircraft that would reduce the time of flight over long distances. These are all our directions to the Far East, this is the connection of territories, including with foreign countries, this is Australia, this is South Korea, this is Japan, this hub. And, accordingly, such a product will not only need scientific elements, it will practically consist of the most advanced solutions of science. Probably, this is the main thing we should strive for, we will set this task, today we We will discuss this in great detail at our meeting," Mishustin said during a conversation with VASO employees.

    Mishustin added that artificial intelligence technologies are of great importance. Also, according to him, the future belongs to hybrid power plants. "The Tu-155 flew in the 1980s using liquid hydrogen. <...> We must understand that in this sense, the price of performance with a minimal carbon footprint is, in fact, a victory for, including, perhaps, world market. Of course, this is where we need to strive, and only science can help implement such projects," Mishustin emphasize

    https://tass.ru/ekonomika/13480287

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    Post  Kiko Sun Jan 30, 2022 1:31 pm

    Russian aircraft "Baikal" made its first flight, 30.01.2022.

    The Russian light multi-purpose aircraft "Baikal" made its first flight. This was announced by the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia Denis Manturov.

    “Light multi-purpose aircraft LMS-901 Baikal made its first flight. Baikal takes into account existing developments, as well as the wishes of the regions and operators, ” RIA Novosti quotes Manturov as saying.

    It is noted that the Baikal project will help increase the number of flights on local airlines, solve problems with ensuring transport accessibility in the Far East.

    The flight took place at an altitude of 500 m and lasted about 25 minutes.

    Earlier, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of Russia Oleg Bocharov said that the first flight of the Baikal aircraft is scheduled for January.

    https://russian.rt.com/russia/news/955148-samolet-polet-rossiya

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    Post  magnumcromagnon Sun Jan 30, 2022 5:04 pm

    Kiko wrote:Russian aircraft "Baikal" made its first flight, 30.01.2022.

    The Russian light multi-purpose aircraft "Baikal" made its first flight. This was announced by the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia Denis Manturov.

    “Light multi-purpose aircraft LMS-901 Baikal made its first flight. Baikal takes into account existing developments, as well as the wishes of the regions and operators, ” RIA Novosti quotes Manturov as saying.

    It is noted that the Baikal project will help increase the number of flights on local airlines, solve problems with ensuring transport accessibility in the Far East.

    The flight took place at an altitude of 500 m and lasted about 25 minutes.

    Earlier, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of Russia Oleg Bocharov said that the first flight of the Baikal aircraft is scheduled for January.

    https://russian.rt.com/russia/news/955148-samolet-polet-rossiya
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    Russian Civil Aviation: News #4 - Page 20 Light_multi-purpose_aircraft_LMS-901_Baikal

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    Post  Kiko Sun Jan 30, 2022 6:10 pm

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    Post  GarryB Mon Jan 31, 2022 3:32 am

    So I am guessing the Russian engine and props are ready?
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    Post  Kiko Mon Jan 31, 2022 8:56 pm

    Russia has made a breakthrough in small aircraft, by Olga Samofalova for VZGLYAD. 31.01.2022.

    The first flight was made by the LMS-901 "Baikal" multi-purpose aircraft, which replaced the legendary An-2 "maize" aircraft developed more than 70 years ago in the USSR. Attempts to find a replacement for the Soviet counterpart were made many times, but it was only possible to do this now. Can the new aircraft become as unique and go down in history as the An-2?

    The day before, the light multi-purpose aircraft LMS-901 Baikal made its first flight, which should replace the legendary An-2 corncob. The plane took off from the Yekaterinburg (Aramil) airfield. The flight took place at an altitude of 500 m and lasted about 25 minutes. Test pilot 1st class Valentin Lavrentiev was at the helm.

    “Baikal takes into account the existing developments, as well as the wishes of the regions and operators, this project will revive transportation on local airlines, solve problems with ensuring transport accessibility, primarily in the Far East,” said Denis Manturov, head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade.

    “The first flight is an event of extreme importance. This modern aircraft for nine passengers is to replace the An-2 (maize), created more than 70 years ago, in 1947. This is a small aircraft, but its social and economic importance for the country then and now should not be underestimated,” says Roman Gusarov, head of the Avia.ru industry portal.

    An-2 is the most massive production aircraft of the Soviet Union. A total of 18 thousand maize plants were produced. No other aircraft even came close to such figures.

    The secret of the largest biplane (with two wings on top of each other) with a piston engine is simple, the source points out. Firstly, it is a versatile aircraft, which is adapted to the most severe operating conditions. It can take off and land from any clearing, unprepared airfield, where the surface is uneven, mud, ice, etc. An-2 operates at extremely low temperatures. Secondly, it is a cheap plane. The third important advantage is maintainability. “We can say that this is a “rural tractor”, which does not care about anything, you can even repair it with a hammer. The plane is completely disassembled and reassembled like a big Lego. It seems to have an infinite lifespan. It has not been produced for a long time, but they still continue to fly on it, ”says Roman Gusarov.

    For many years, the authorities tried to find a replacement for him, but not a single aircraft project to replace the An-2 was approved. “Either it was just a new reincarnation of the Soviet maize, but with worse characteristics than the analogue. Or Western analogues were offered as replacements, which are not always suitable for working in our climatic conditions, in terms of flight range, and are very expensive, ”says the industry expert.

    In his opinion, the Baikal project finally managed to combine the unique characteristics and parameters that the An-2 has with modern certification requirements, and get an inexpensive car as a result.

    “The new Baikal aircraft costs 120 million rubles, or about $2 million. It is cheaper than any Western analogue. The Canadian Twin Otter aircraft, which could replace the An-2 in terms of its characteristics, costs four times more - $ 6 million,

    Gusarov points out. – Thanks to Baikal, we can find a worthy modern replacement for the old maize plant. The new aircraft has a chance to get a long history too.”

    “What is the difference between Baikal and An-2? This is a more modern aircraft that has a glass cockpit, more comfortable seats for passengers, and a warm cabin. The turboprop engine has better parameters than the An-2. Therefore, the flight speed has become more. The speed, flight range and carrying capacity have increased, efficiency has improved, ”Gusarov points out.

    The cruising speed of the aircraft is up to 300 km/h. The maximum range is 3 thousand km, and with a payload of two tons - 1.5 thousand km. “This is a completely new car, it is not copied from anything. According to the results of flight tests, it should confirm the possibility of operation from the same flight sites as the An-2. At the same time, "Baikal" will have one and a half times greater cruising speed than the An-2, and twice the carrying capacity. Therefore, we can count on the fact that the new aircraft will become a worthy successor to the famous An-2, ”says Mikhail Dryagilev, Deputy Chief Designer of OSKBES MAI, Izvestia writes.

    The only negative, according to Gulyaev, is that a new aircraft is always more expensive than an old one (within the country). Therefore, it will be necessary to encourage airlines to replenish the fleet with modern "corn" with the help of a special financial program from the state. Carriers will buy Baikal if buying a new aircraft on lease (lease) is cheaper than taking a bank loan and buying a used foreign aircraft on the secondary market, the expert believes. The state already has experience in subsidizing the sale of domestic liners.

    “I think that the old An-2 will continue to fly where there is no large passenger flow, where you need to fly from time to time, conditionally - once a week. But where regular transportation is needed, the old corn mills are no longer suitable, a modern aircraft is needed, ”says the head of Avia.ru. Baikal is able to occupy this niche. The market volume is estimated at 300 cars by 2030.

    Who will be interested in Baikal? First of all - to airlines that are engaged or want to carry passengers on a regular basis in remote parts of the country. For example, the airline "Polar Airlines", which operates regular flights to small towns, including in the Arctic.

    “Beyond the Urals, conditional Mercedes and Bentleys are not needed, UAZs and loaves are needed there. Other equipment simply will not survive there. In Yakutia, for example, about a million people live at a gigantic distance, scattered across dozens of villages. But in every more or less large village, where 500-2000 people live, there is an airfield. There are about 40 of them in total. What airfield can be in permafrost conditions? Air communication is necessary to send passengers, or mail, documents, medicines, etc.,” says the interlocutor. Baikal will also be of interest to Kamchatka, Magadan, Sakhalin, etc. Often, such air transportation is subsidized by local authorities for more than half of the ticket price.

    The second direction of transportation is the fulfillment of orders of corporate clients in various industries, for example, in the oil and gas sector. This aircraft may be of interest to special services.

    The use of a helicopter in such cases is possible, but as a rule it is extremely expensive. And the flight range of Baikal significantly exceeds the capabilities of helicopters.

    The engine - the heart of "Baikal" - must be domestic. However, the first flight, most likely, was made on a foreign engine - the General Electric H80-200. But the aircraft should be put into production with the currently developed domestic VK-800 engine. “To create an engine is more expensive and longer than an airplane. But work on the engine is being actively carried out, and by 2024 they should have time to certify an aircraft with a domestic engine, ”Gusarov hopes. At one time, the MS-21 also first took off with a foreign engine, and only then did the domestic development of the PD-14 appear.

    A domestic engine is needed not only because of sanctions risks, here the question of price comes to the fore. Foreign engines are much more expensive than domestic counterparts. And it will be impossible to reach the declared cost of Baikal at 120 million rubles with a foreign engine, the price may almost double. “Foreign manufacturers - monopolists of their products, often begin to twist their arms. So it was with the SSJ-100. Parts for it were twice as expensive as similar parts for Boeings and Airbuses. It’s a terrible addiction,” says the expert. Plus, currency risks remain.

    https://m.vz.ru/economy/2022/1/31/1141360.html

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    Post  Autodestruct Tue Feb 01, 2022 2:04 am

    The Russian government allocates another 1.8bil rubles for the development of the CRAIC CR929 and Ilyushin Il-114.

    https://aviation21.ru/pravitelstvo-rf-vydelyaet-dopolnitelnoe-finansirovanie-na-razrabotku-shfdms-i-il-114-300/

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