Bolivian Foreign Minister: there was an international articulation at the highest level against Evo Morales, 14.07.2021.
MONTEVIDEO (Sputnik) - Bolivian Foreign Minister Rogelio Mayta, in an exclusive interview with Sputnik, considered that there was an international articulation at the "highest level" to destabilize the government of Evo Morales (2006-2019).
"There was a joint articulation at the highest level, because the shipment of materiel is not defined by a subaltern in any office of state, it is defined at the highest level, including at the presidential level, that's why we pointed out that it is the Government of [Mauricio] Macri [2015-2019, Argentina] or [Lenin] Moreno [2017-2021, Ecuador] which provided such support," said Mayta to Sputnik.
Bolivia denounced on July 8 that the Macri and Moreno governments had supported the coup against Morales with ammunition.
"The question of who was the articulator of everything is very clear, because it has to be an entity or people with great power due to the fact that this material has arrived in Bolivia, that [the Secretary general of the Organization of American States OAS, Luis] Almagro acted in a certain way, shows us that there was an articulation at the highest level," he added.
The foreign minister considered that it could not be ruled out that other Latin American countries have been involved in these arms shipments.
"These elements are raised on the table and the investigative processes, which are likely to settle over time, are those that will allow the truth to be known and if there was greater participation," said Mayta.
In addition, Mayta stated that Bolivian justice could bring charges against Macri and Moreno.
"It's a possibility. That's just beginning. Based on the note that was revealed last week, which is now known to the Bolivian prosecutor's office, they have the power to follow the investigative process and can open different lines of investigation. If they consider it pertinent, they can call these people and they could even file charges," the foreign minister told Sputnik when he was asked if Bolivia could file charges against the former presidents for sending war materiel to support the coup d'état of Jeanine Añez, in November 2019.
Bolivia does not rule out recourse to international bodies for the shipment made by Argentina and Ecuador, Rogelio Mayta said.
"It can never be ruled out, but for the moment the authorities of the Prosecutor's Office have not indicated anything about it," the chancellor said when he was consulted if he could appeal to international bodies.
However, Mayta said that for the moment the Bolivian government will resort to national bodies, since investigations are progressing both in her country and in Argentina.
On July 12, Patricia Bullrich, who was Argentina's Minister of Security during Mauricio Macri's government, said that the armamanto sent to Bolivia in 2019 was to reinforce the equipment of an elite group of Gendarmerie, called Alacrán, responsible for protecting the country's Embassy.
Mayta said the former minister's statement could be a " half truth."
"That Argentine special operations group that arrived in Bolivia could have stayed at the embassy or could have carried out operations. But this group also brought elements that were not appropriate for the occasion ( ... ) It is half true. Did that group come? Wine. But he brought another set of things that would have been handed over to the Executive Branch of Áñez to consolidate his government, which went through exercising State terrorism with violent repression of social protest, with illegal detentions, torture and political persecution," said the Bolivian foreign minister.
Argentina's military cooperation with Bolivia during the events of 2019 came to light when a letter from the then commander of the Bolivian Air Force, General Jorge Terceros, was released to the Argentine ambassador Normando Álvarez, thanking him for the materials sent from Buenos Aires.
Terceros is detained as one of the accused of the coup, along with former president Jeanine Áñez (2019-2020).
The Argentine armament sent consisted of 40,000 rounds of AT 12/70 rubber bullets (antitumulus), 18 MK-9 tear gas sprays, five MK-4 tear gas sprays, 50 CN gas grenades, 19 CS gas grenades and 52 HC gas grenades.
Quito reportedly lent La Paz, in November 2019, at least 5,500 tear gas grenades and almost 3,000 various projectiles, including munitions of war, in support of Áñez.
Meeting with Putin
The Bolivian foreign minister also indicated that Bolivia is working on an "intense agenda" so that the meeting between presidents Luis Arce and his Russian partner Vladimir Putin takes place in the medium term.
"We do not doubt that this meeting will be possible in the medium term, we are working intensely on an agenda that allows this meeting to be highly productive," said Mayta.
In October 2020, a few days after his victory in the general election in Bolivia, Arce told Sputnik that he intends to meet with the president of Russia as soon as possible.
He also assured that he will restore relations with Russia after the deterioration that occurred during the de facto government of Jeanine Añez (2019-2020).
El Alto Nuclear Centre
Rogelio Mayta also said that the El Alto nuclear center is expected to start operating shortly.
"We hope that in a few more months that center can become operational. The support of Russian technicians and scientists is important for this," said Mayta.
The chancellor recalled that there was a "constant" work of Russian specialists for the process of implementation of the nuclear centre.
"It has had a significant advance, but the year of the coup carried out by Jeanine Áñez has involved significant delays, so the schedule that was initially agreed, has had delays, but it continues to move forward in a constant and safe way," he added.
In January of this year, the president of Bolivia, Luis Arce, announced the reactivation of the project of a center for research and development of nuclear technology contracted with the Russian corporation Rosatom.
The $ 300 million project in the city of El Alto will give rise to the highest peaceful nuclear research center in the world, just over 4,000 meters above sea level, according to Rosatom.
The work was stalled from the first quarter of 2020, despite an announcement by the Government of Áñez and the same Russian corporation that the deadline of 2023 for its commissioning was maintained.
Crisis in Cuba
The Bolivian minister pointed out that the US blockade destabilizes Cuba and does not allow access to food, fuel and medicine.
"We believe that the important thing is that each country must be able to solve its problem. The most absolutely clear interference in the crisis that Cuba is experiencing is the blockade that it suffers, which persists by the work and grace of the United States, in which at this moment it has put the Cuban people in a complicated situation, " said Mayta.
The chancellor said that in order for a people to define their destiny, without external interference, the blockades must be suspended.
"I think it is important, in all scenarios, to suspend all these unilateral, arbitrary measures that affect peoples such as the Cuban or Venezuelan, that produce a lack of medicine, food, fuel and that obviously contribute to the destabilization of governments," he added.
On July 11, a popular demonstration broke out in Cuba in the western municipality of San Antonio de los Baños, triggered by the economic crisis and the increase in cases of COVID-19, which was later replicated in other localities of the country.
Without a defined program or leadership, protesters reiterate slogans of "freedom" and demand changes in the country, amid calls for humanitarian intervention with the alleged aim of addressing the ravages of the pandemic.
There were riots and acts of vandalism that led to a series of arrests in the country, and at least one person died in unspecified circumstances in a clash with the police in Havana.
Díaz-Canel admitted that there are reasons for social unrest, but he blamed them mainly on the economic, financial and commercial blockade that the United States has maintained against Cuba for more than six decades.