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    Development Projects of Russia: Industry, Energy and Infastructure

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    ALAMO


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    Post  ALAMO Thu Dec 14, 2023 8:34 am

    Scorpius wrote:
    I live in a house that was built in 1970. This is a typical five-storey panel building, my apartment is on the top floor. Yesterday it was -12 degrees Celsius outside, wind and snowfall. The temperature in my entrance is kept at +19...+21 degrees. My apartment is about +19 (actually it's easily +22, but I regularly open the window and the door to the balcony, as it's too hot for me). My batteries are heated to a level of +63..+65 degrees, hot water flows from the tap at a temperature of +73 degrees. How do I know the exact values- well, I measured them with a thermal imager. I take a hot shower for at least 15-20 minutes, a couple of times a day. My apartment has gas, and my electricity consumption is about 200 kilowatt hours per month. At the same time, my entire rent is 5,700 rubles per month. Another 500 rubles is spent on paying for the Internet at a speed of 100 megabits.
    I know people from Britain who work, but now the temperature at home is only +10, because heating bills are high even for working people in Britain. They can't even dream of the luxury of a hot shower, since the hot water in the storage unit simply won't be enough for 15 minutes of a shower.
    Yes, tell me more about how Soviet housing is crap compared to Western housing.

    Britain is the only place on earth where you don't have a mixer batteries that allows you t get a desired temperature Laughing
    I have not a single idea how they are dealing with that, having a separate hot water outflow Twisted Evil

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    Post  Kiko Thu Dec 14, 2023 1:06 pm

    Putin: New regions of Russia will receive 1 trillion rubles annually for development, by Denis Telmanov for VZGLYAD. 12.14.2023.

    1 trillion rubles will be allocated annually for the development of new regions of Russia that became part of the country after the start of a special military operation, President Vladimir Putin said during a direct line.

    “Every year, the federal budget allocates over 1 trillion rubles for the development of these regions and their gradual entry into the economic and social life of Russia,” Putin said .

    In addition, other regions of the country have already allocated 150 billion rubles to help the annexed territories, and another 100 billion rubles are planned to be invested.

    According to him, now the situation in other regions of Russia is “much better”, since the “former Kyiv authorities” did not pay due attention to the development of these regions.

    Despite this, in 2023, new regions paid 170 billion rubles in taxes to the federal budget, the president noted.

    “This suggests that the economy of these regions is recovering and returning to normal,” Putin emphasized. 

    “Of course, there is still a lot that needs to be done there. We will do this,” the president promised. 

    The Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics, as well as the Zaporozhye and Kherson regions became part of Russia on September 30, 2022.

    As of the beginning of December for 2023, 5,594 facilities were restored in new regions, 123 new construction projects were commissioned, over 27 thousand people and more than 2.7 thousand units of equipment were involved.

    It was previously reported that the potential of the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions is high, the tourism industry, industry, education are already being restored in the regions, and large infrastructure projects are underway.

    https://vz.ru/news/2023/12/14/1244275.html

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    Post  Hole Thu Dec 14, 2023 3:57 pm

    annexed territories
    No

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    Post  GarryB Fri Dec 15, 2023 4:01 am

    Should call them what they are... liberated from nazism...

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    Post  kvs Fri Dec 15, 2023 4:13 am

    NATzO annexed Kosovo in 1999 and built a massive military base there. But sure, when NATzO engages in military meddling and regime
    change, then it is sung over by the Angels, but when Russia defends ethnic Russians in the south and east of "Ukraine", that is the work
    of the Devil.

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    Post  ALAMO Fri Dec 15, 2023 8:51 am

    Hole wrote:
    annexed territories
    No

    Technically speaking, this is what those are.
    Like Hawaii.
    Or Puerto Rico.
    Or Texas.
    Or California.
    Twisted Evil

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    Post  Hole Fri Dec 15, 2023 11:28 am

    "Ukraine" annexed her territories from Russia. Wink

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    Post  ALAMO Fri Dec 15, 2023 1:42 pm

    Hole wrote:"Ukraine" annexed her territories from Russia. Wink

    Technically speaking, again, they haven't.
    It was an administrative decision, made within Soviet member republics.
    Different in scale, range and time, actually.
    Keep in mind that while talking about "Ukraine" in the shape it existed post-1992, we are talking about three subjects. Crimea was a separate entity, and so was the Sevastopol Hero City. The creation of the Crimean Autonomous SSR was a fully legal effect of the January 1991 Soviet-wide referendum. It was acclaimed by the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR. So technically speaking, Crimean Republic gained its autonomy - and constitution - before Ukraine ceased to be a SU member republic.
    Crimean struggle for independence was finally broken by the Ukro nationalists only by 1994, while Sevastopol status was unresolved until 1997. And both would not happened if not the drunkard Yeltsin at the steering wheel at the time.

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    Post  Rodion_Romanovic Fri Dec 15, 2023 1:59 pm

    Yeah, without Eltsin maybe the Baltic statelets and the south Caucasian states ,( Georgia , Azerbaijan and Armenia) could have left, but Ukraine Bielorussia and Kazakhstan (and possibly also Uzbekistan) would have stayed.


    Unfortunately a lot of damage was done anyway by that criminal idiot Gorbachev.

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    Post  ALAMO Fri Dec 15, 2023 2:02 pm

    Belarus was gone, as it was one of the signatories of the CIS treaty. Drunkard being one of the mutineers Laughing along with Shushkevych and Kravchuk.
    If there was any chance to block that, it was all Gorbi's duty and responsibility. He failed.

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    Post  kvs Fri Dec 15, 2023 2:31 pm

    @ALAMO

    Nope, you are wrong. Crimea had a referendum in 1990 which restored its autonomy status and the Ukrainian SSR Rada approved
    the results. The 1991 coup Ukr regime claimed this autonomy did not exist. So it was an actual annexation.

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    Post  ALAMO Fri Dec 15, 2023 2:40 pm

    kvs wrote:@ALAMO

    Nope, you are wrong.   Crimea had a referendum in 1990 which restored its autonomy status and the Ukrainian SSR Rada approved
    the results.   The 1991 coup Ukr regime claimed this autonomy did not exist.   So it was an actual annexation.  


    1990 was a date when it was decided about referendum to be held, next year.

    Development Projects of Russia: Industry, Energy and Infastructure - Page 23 %D0%A0%D0%B5%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%9A%D1%80%D1%8B%D0%BC%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%BE_%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BB%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B0

    Here you have it, in original.

    The formal date of establishing an autonomous republic was 12/02/1991. And changes to the constitution were applied 19/06/1991.
    All well before Ukraine separated from the Soviet Union.
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    Post  Rodion_Romanovic Fri Dec 15, 2023 2:46 pm

    ALAMO wrote:Belarus was gone, as it was one of the signatories of the CIS treaty. Drunkard being one of the mutineers Laughing along with Shushkevych and Kravchuk.
    If there was any chance to block that, it was all Gorbi's duty and responsibility. He failed.
    Shushkevych and Kravchuk alone could not have done anything without Eltsin.
    At that time the 3 of them were something like a US state governor. 

    Of course it would have been Gorbachev's duty to send the 3 of them in front of a firing squad, but Eltsin participation (together with Gorbachev inaction) almost made the coup legitimate.

    The interesting thing is that noone of them cared (or thought) about the consequences of all of that for the people. And i am curious to know if they made on purpose to destroy all the common projects and industries that could not work without close cooperation since supply chain and fundamental industries were split among the various parts of USSR.



    Back on topic

    Do you know what is the plan for the territory from the never finished nuclear powerplant in Crimea?

    I know that the Power Plant is being dismantled.

    The only thing that is clear was that in 2021, a decision was made to demolish unfinished buildings on the territory where the Crimean Nuclear Power Plant was supposed to be located. The vacated territory is planned to be used as an investment site in the future.

    The demolition work is still proceeding but I believe it is not finished yet.  

    What I want to understand is if there are serious prospects to develop that area for other industries or for tourism or if there are just wishes (investment site is a bit vague as a term)

    Освободившуюся территорию в дальнейшем планируется использовать в качестве инвестиционной площадки.

    https://crimea.ria.ru/20211207/posledniy-god-krymskoy-aes-snos-nachalsya-1121661252.html

    https://crimea.octagon.media/istorii/mesto_snosa_atomnoj_stancii_v_shhelkino_gotovyat_pod_investploshhadku.html

    https://krym.aif.ru/society/details/prizrak_mirnogo_atoma_prinyato_reshenie_o_demontazhe_krymskoy_aes
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    Post  Kiko Fri Dec 15, 2023 8:58 pm

    Russia can expect decade of ‘big projects’ – Putin, 12.15.2023.

    Moscow plans to develop major infrastructure systems that will link the country to South and Eastern Asia, the president has said.

    The coming decade will see Russia greatly expanding its infrastructure, particularly in railroad transport, President Vladimir Putin told a major industry gathering in Moscow on Friday. The planned projects will have an impact not only on Russia's logistics network but across the entire Eurasian continent, the president added.

    Russia has been actively developing economic and trade ties with nations in Asia and elsewhere, amid unprecedented sanctions from the US and its Western allies, over Moscow’s ongoing military conflict with Ukraine. According to the Russian Federal Customs Service (FTS), trade with Asia accounted for around 70% of Russia’s total trade turnover between January and September 2023.

    Russia’s export to Asian nations grew by 10% from $205.4 billion to $226.6 billion over the first nine months of 2023 and Russia’s export to Africa rose by more than 50% from $10.1 billion to 15.6 billion, the FTS said. The nation’s export to Europe fell by 70% from $216.7 billion to $65.3 billion over the same period, it added.

    The upcoming decade will become a decade of major construction [works], big projects, including in the field of railroad transport,” the president told the gathering. Russia plans to modernize its key railway lines – including the 9,289-kilometer-long Trans-Siberian railway. The country also plans to expand transport infrastructure in its ports on the Azov, Black, and Caspian Seas, he said.

    The nation is aiming at developing a “globally competitive transport services market” and building continent-wide transport corridors, Putin announced, adding that Moscow was actively cooperating with its foreign partners, including China, India, and Mongolia.

    The new railway lines – including the Arctic and the Pacific ones – will help Russia link its already vast transport infrastructure to major logistics hubs in southern and eastern Eurasia, the president said.

    “These projects would form a major space for long-term development of entire industry branches – huge Russian territories – and would greatly benefit our nation and its citizens,” he added.

    The Russian leader made special mention of plans to further expand the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC). A network of sea, rail, and highway routes spanning over 7,200km, the INSTC was initially designed to link the Russian city of St. Petersburg, on the Baltic Sea, to Mumbai in India through the Caspian Sea and Iran. The project, the genesis of which dates back to 2002, involves a total of 11 nations.

    The INSTC is designed to halve the time needed to ship goods from the Baltic to India and double cargo turnover on the route. It is expected to be twice as efficient as moving the goods through the Suez Canal, according to some media reports.

    Now, according to Putin, Russia plans to further connect the INSTC to Murmansk, linking the Indian transport hubs to a major Russian sea port in the Arctic. “Shipping goods from Murmansk to Mumbai would only take 15 days,” Putin said on Friday, adding that it would be four times faster than it is now.

    Another group of projects is aimed at creating an additional railway network linking Russia’s far eastern regions to northern ports on the Taymyr and Yamal peninsulas. These new roads would partially relieve the Trans-Siberian railroad and create a “major logistical hub in the Urals and Siberia,” the president revealed.

    https://www.rt.com/russia/589151-russia-decade-big-projects-putin/

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    Post  Kiko Sat Dec 16, 2023 8:21 pm

    With the assistance of the Russian Economic Development Ministry, Russia could establish public-private- partnerships (PPPs) with banks for the enhancement of long term investment options in projects with very high rates of return scenarios.

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    Post  Kiko Wed Dec 20, 2023 10:12 pm

    Serial production of 5G base stations has begun in Russia, by Oleg Kapranov for RGRU. 12.20.2023.

    Active deployment of 5G networks at domestic base stations will begin in 2026 in large Russian cities. The head of the Ministry of Digital Development, Maksut Shadayev, spoke about this during the presentation of Russian communication equipment for 5G networks at the international exhibition and forum "Russia".


    The Ministry of Digital Development gathered everyone in its pavilion at the Russia exhibition to actually hold a mini-version of the specialized industrial competence center (ICC) for communications. The main topic of the meeting was the development of domestic 5G base stations, for which representatives of manufacturing companies, cellular operators and the Ministry of Digital Development came to VDNH.

    Last year, operators signed forward contracts with two base station manufacturers, and the time has come to evaluate the results of the year. “Today we will understand when the first serial deliveries will appear and how this will be organized,” Shadayev said before the meeting.

    The prospects became clear quite quickly. According to Alexander Sivolobov, communications director of the Irtea company, which developed the base station presented at the exhibition, the project has already entered series production. Sivolobov told Rossiyskaya Gazeta that up to 100 base stations will be released in 2023, and plans for 2024 are to release up to 1,000 units of equipment. He noted that the next stage will be testing “in combat mode” on operator networks, which, as a rule, provides very important feedback. According to a representative of Irtey, the planning horizon for today is 2025-2027, when mass shipment of equipment will begin.

    The process of agreeing on technical requirements with operators is one of the most labor-intensive stages in the development of such equipment, all base station manufacturers agree. “Our forward contracts with operators took months to be agreed upon, and the amendments to them, which contain technical requirements, amount to hundreds of pages. We hold regular sessions with operators, we are already conducting tests, showing this or that functionality. It is important that this is a specific, rare segment. We We are solving a super-ambitious task - to manage with limited resources in a very short time,” said Alexey Shelobkov, CEO of Yadro. According to him, mass production of Yadro base stations is planned starting in the second quarter of 2025.

    Shelobkov told Rossiyskaya Gazeta on the sidelines that companies today solve different problems and with different levels of equipment localization. Implementing the full stack of code and hardware that Yadro handles requires significantly more time, but the result will allow for a higher level of localization.

    Another developer, the Proteus company, also outlined comparable deadlines. According to its director of marketing and systems research, Vladimir Freinkman, the company expects to begin implementing 5G on private networks in 2024-2025.

    Based on manufacturer data, Shadayev outlined the timing of the appearance of 5G in Russia. “The active deployment of 5G networks at domestic base stations will begin in 2026 in large Russian cities,” the minister said.

    According to Shadayev, preparatory work to launch the networks will take place in 2025. The minister also added that it is planned to connect Russian base stations in friendly countries.

    In the meantime, at VDNH, in the pavilion of the Ministry of Digital Development, a test zone of the 5G standard, supported by domestic equipment, has opened. All owners of smartphones that support the new standard can test its operation.

    https://rg.ru/2023/12/20/s-setiu-ne-zatiagivaiut.html

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    Post  Kiko Thu Dec 21, 2023 2:20 pm

    Putin took part in the opening ceremony of the M-12 road via video link, by Tatyana Zamakhina for RGRU. 12.21.2023.

    The construction of an 810-kilometer expressway between Moscow and Kazan was completed seven months ahead of schedule. Thanks to the new highway, travel time from Moscow to the capital of Tatarstan will be reduced from 12 to 6.5 hours. This was stated by Russian President Vladimir Putin during the launch ceremony for traffic on the new high-speed federal highway "Vostok" (East) on the section from Moscow to Kazan.

    The federal highway M-12 "East" Moscow - Kazan - Yekaterinburg - Tyumen, the total length of which will be 1980 kilometers, is one of the main sections of the international transport route "Russia". In 2024, the highway is planned to be extended to Yekaterinburg, and in 2025 - to Tyumen.

    As the Kremlin reported, the launch of traffic along this highway will have a positive impact on the socio-economic situation of 12 regions, including through the development of access roads.

    “Today we are taking another important step in the development of the M-12 Vostok highway, which will become part of the international, Eurasian transport route Russia,” Putin said at the ceremony. “As you know, we opened this highway in stages, including September of this year, the section from Moscow to Arzamas was put into operation."

    Now, he continued, the entire modern, high-speed highway between Moscow and Kazan - the largest business, tourist, and cultural centers of the country - is ready. “The journey, which is more than 800 kilometers, will take approximately six and a half hours, which is almost twice as fast as before,” the Russian leader said.

    In general, car travel in this direction, in his opinion, will become more convenient and - importantly - safe. “The volume and efficiency of cargo transportation will increase. The development of domestic tourism will receive a good incentive,” the head of state added.

    According to him, the route passes through the Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Vladimir regions, the Republic of Chuvashia and Tatarstan. The project, Putin noted, will increase their investment attractiveness, will contribute to the creation of jobs, housing construction, the opening and growth of companies in industry, agriculture, logistics, and services. “This always happens: a road appears and life immediately bursts into full swing,” the president emphasized.

    He thanked all the specialists, workers, engineers, and designers who participated in the construction of this important transport route. Including - for completing construction seriously ahead of schedule.

    “In such a period, which is only three years, we have never implemented infrastructure projects of such a scale and complexity,” the president recalled. “This is an excellent example, a good guideline for the future, another proof that we can and are ready to build qualitatively, faster and more."

    “With God, I allow it!” - with these words the president opened traffic on the new highway.

    https://rg.ru/2023/12/21/putin-v-rezhime-videosviazi-prinial-uchastie-v-ceremonii-otkrytiia-dorogi-m-12.html

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    Post  GarryB Fri Dec 22, 2023 5:11 am

    800km in 6.5 hours... so the speed limit is about 120km/h?
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    Post  kvs Fri Dec 22, 2023 5:42 pm

    The major highways, when not clogged up with jams, see speeds of 120 km/hr by the traffic here in Kanada. May as well make the speed limit 120 km/hr
    and there are some highways where this is done. Of course, the fuel consumed goes up noticeably between 100 and 120 km/hr.
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    Post  GarryB Sat Dec 23, 2023 6:09 am

    Of course, the fuel consumed goes up noticeably between 100 and 120 km/hr.

    You can't really say that because it would very much depend on the vehicle.

    Fuel efficiency comes down to driving as fast as you can using the lowest rev count for the engine in the highest possible gear.

    If you are in top gear and you can idle along at 120km/h on a flat level straight road then your fuel economy should improve.

    Conversely your worst fuel economy would be at max revs in your lowest gear reducing your speed potential and maximising fuel burn.

    Of course engine type also comes in to it but not always the way you might think. Sometimes a more powerful car can get to higher speeds and maintain them better than cars with smaller or less powerful engines.

    Does anyone know the open road speed limit in Russia?

    If not how about in your country.

    Here in New Zealand the speed limit on the open road is 100km/h, while in towns it is usually 50km/h and near schools often 30km/h.
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    Post  Rodion_Romanovic Sat Dec 23, 2023 11:15 am

    GarryB wrote:Does anyone know the open road speed limit in Russia?

    If not how about in your country.

    Here in New Zealand the speed limit on the open road is 100km/h, while in towns it is usually 50km/h and near schools often 30km/h.
    In Italy it is 50km/h (30 mph) in cities and towns, 90 km/h (55 mph) on single carriageways, 110 km/h (about 68 mph) on dual carriageways and 130 km/h (80 mph) on toll motorways.
    Some motorways with at least 3 lines per direction (and some other requirements) are allowed in some cases to have a higher limit up to 150km/h, but I am not sure if there are currently any toll motorways which in Italy apply this higher limits.
    The main problem in Italy is that toll motorways are very expensive and they were given into private management (almost for free to a company belonging to Benetton family) for more than 20 years. I do not know what is exactly the current situation but I believe they that government had even to pay more money to Benetton, even if they did a shitty job and caused a lot of death with their lack of maintenance of roads and bridges (while getting a lot of profits in this 20+ years).


    If you have the driving licence for less than 3 years the limits are 90km/h on dual carriageways and 100 km/h on toll motorways.
    Furthermore some towns are restricting the speed even more, putting a limit of 30 km/h in all their urban areas.

    In Germany I believe that urban limits are the same, i.e. 50km/h with some area that can have further restrictions.

    Non urban roads (which are not autobahn) should have a limit of 100 km/h unless a lower limit is specified.

    Autobahn can have a recommended speed limit of 130 km/h or no limit at all (except for some parts where a lower speed limit is specified).

    Furthermore Autobahn have also a minimum allowable speed: in highways with at least 3 lines per direction the minimum speed for the fast lane is 110 km/h, middle lane is 90 km/h, and slow lane is 60 km/h.
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    ALAMO


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    Post  ALAMO Sat Dec 23, 2023 11:34 am

    Russia has quite harsh speed limits, for example, it is the only country I know with 20 km/h limit in residential areas.
    The maximum speed on federal-level highways is 110 km/h.

    In Poland, in residential areas speed can be limited, but only locally and by the road signs. Usually it is 30 or 40 km/h. I have seen some places with 20 km/h limits, but none of that if formal - those are limits put on private roads by the owners. One can't be punished for not obeying those.
    Otherwise, we have quite liberal limits of 140 km/h on highways (A road marking), 120 km/h on motorways (S road marking), 100 km/h on express roads, 90 km/h outer city limits and 50 km/h in city limits.
    A while ago, we had an additional 10 km/h tolerance with no penalties if you kept with that limit, but it has been terminated. Sadly Laughing
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    franco


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    Post  franco Thu Jan 25, 2024 11:08 pm

    Russian President Vladimir Putin, during a working trip to the Kaliningrad region, took part in the launch of the country's largest enterprise for the production of components for solar energy.

    We are talking about a plant for the production of silicon wafers for solar batteries in Chernyakhovsk.

    The opening ceremony took place via videoconference during a meeting on the socio-economic development of the region. The opening was attended by Deputy Prime Minister - Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Denis Manturov.

    “I would like to thank, dear friends, everyone who participated in the construction of the new industrial complex. “I congratulate the company’s staff on the start of work,” said the head of state.

    The Russian leader drew attention to the fact that the opening of the plant created new jobs, thus increasing the demand for specialists, which allows local residents to grow professionally and increase their income.

    https://tvzvezda-ru.translate.goog/news/20241251841-OPOrd.html?_x_tr_sl=auto&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=en-GB&_x_tr_pto=nui

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