Cold "Dagger": the Northern fleet will receive a strategic weapon
Marine aviation will be equipped with a hypersonic missile system for non-nuclear deterrence
It was decided in principle to arm the Northern fleet's Maritime aviation with the Kinzhal hypersonic complex. Training of personnel and infrastructure for the maintenance and operation of hypersonic weapons will begin next year, sources in the defense Ministry told Izvestia. How long it will take, the military refused to specify. Experts note that the novelty will become a means of strategic deterrence and a tool for demonstrating Russia's strength in the Arctic region.
In the role of carriers of hypersonic missiles" Dagger " use MiG-31 fighters. Such vehicles in the composition of the 45th army of the air force and air defense of the Northern fleet (SF) are now equipped with a squadron of the 98th mixed aviation regiment, located in Monchegorsk on the Kola Peninsula. The complex may enter service with a new aviation unit, which was previously reported by Izvestia.
Chief of the General staff Valery Gerasimov previously told that the missile tests were successfully conducted at test ranges with various climatic conditions, including the Arctic. He also reported on the development of the airfield network to expand the geography of use of the "Dagger".
Earlier this year, the commander of the Central military district, Alexander Lapin, announced plans to equip the 712th fighter aviation regiment in Kansk with hypersonic systems by 2024. Izvestia has already written that there are plans to create squadrons with such missiles in other units equipped with the MiG-31.
From the beginning of 2021, the SF itself will become an independent military district, the fifth in a row. The area of responsibility of the new entity will include the Arctic region, the Arctic coast of Russia and the Northern sea route (NSR). The Atlantic ocean is also included in the sphere of activity of its ships. "Dagger" is capable of striking targets at a range of up to 2 thousand km. Its radius will include Scandinavia, the Baltic States, and most of the NSR. At the same time, the rocket not only has a hypersonic speed, but also maneuvers in flight. The military claims that this makes it invulnerable to existing and prospective air defense and missile DEFENSE systems.
— The Northern fleet has always been an operational and strategic Association that ensures the country's security not only in the Arctic ocean, but also in the Atlantic theater of military operations, — told Izvestia the former commander of the submarine, Hero of Russia rear Admiral Vsevolod khmyrov. — His area of responsibility is the Norwegian sea and everything South of it in the Atlantic. Traditionally, the Northern sea route, the shortest route between Europe and the Far East, is also provided by the Northern fleet. Its forces should be ready not only for use near its own shores, but also at a considerable distance from them. Therefore, when building a fleet, the state should adhere to the principle of balanced weapons systems. We are talking about a combination of surface, underwater, ground, air and space forces.
Recently, NATO's activity in the Arctic region has increased, and Russia, accordingly, is also increasing its forces on the Northern borders, the expert added.
— For any Maritime state, the Navy is the most powerful weapon, even in peacetime. Its functions include, among other things, demonstration of force operations, " the rear Admiral explained.
A weapon of deterrence
Air-based Dagger missiles are one of the newest types of strategic weapons. President Vladimir Putin spoke about them in his address to the Federal Assembly in 2018.
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In the journal of the Ministry of defense "Military Thought", the hypersonic" Dagger " is named as a weapon designed to perform strategic tasks in the pre-nuclear phase of large-scale conflicts. It is designed to destroy critical enemy facilities, including military infrastructure, as well as public administration nodes. Its very presence in service is called a factor of strategic non-nuclear deterrence, which can stop or prevent hostile actions of opponents against Russia.
— Such a product in any direction will be useful — -said the former commander of the 4th army of the air force and air defense, Lieutenant General Valery Gorbenko, to Izvestia. — This is the strongest weapon, other countries do not have such a thing. From the airfields of the SF hypersonic complexes will cover both the Northern and North-Western territories. Today, air defense systems that could intercept the Dagger simply do not exist. Therefore, these missiles will be able to effectively perform their tasks if necessary.
A squadron of ten aircraft with new ammunition is available so far only in the southern military district. She took up experienced combat duty in December 2017.
During the first year of operation, the military reported on more than 380 completed flights related to patrolling over the Black and Caspian seas. Subsequently, the defense Ministry reported several launches of "Daggers" during major exercises. Aircraft with these missiles operated jointly with su-57 and long-range strategic bombers.
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According to the defense Ministry, the MiG-31K is also capable of interacting with other equipment. Thus, the upgraded Il-20M electronic reconnaissance aircraft can issue target designation directly to the Dagger via a secure communication channel.