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    [Official] Armata Discussion thread #5

    lyle6
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    Post  lyle6 Sun Feb 21, 2021 8:51 pm

    PapaDragon wrote:
    Hell yeah, stick with what works thumbsup

    Fuck the tree-huggers and fuck the hippies


    Tagging Rosatom to work on their new round says quite a bit. Here's hoping they read the specs wrong and produced nuclear shells instead Twisted Evil

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    Post  GarryB Mon Feb 22, 2021 5:55 am

    Given the profile of Rosatom's activities, it is logical to assume that the ammunition in question is an armor-piercing sub-caliber projectile of increased power. Its core is made of extremely strong and heavy material. Depleted uranium is optimal.

    I don't think that is the smartest idea...

    DU is more valuable to Russia as fuel rods generating electrical power... it actually has commercial value in the energy business, unlike in the west where it is a burden that has to be stored so using in in ammo makes it super cheap and if you can distribute it on foreign battelfields then the ongoing issues with the material are not your problem.

    Doesn't matter what sort of training rounds you use you are obliged to fire real rounds as part of training and in war time and these materials cause serious problems where ever they are used and require extensive cleanups afterwards to reduce their insidious effects... and I am not a greenie tree hugger... this material is genotoxic and when used correctly to penetrate metal structures it forms a fine powder perfectly optimised to enter the human body and also the bodies of other animals in our food chain... this stuff is not worth it... except in the Kaliningrad Enclave of course.

    Hopefully they will produce a few different types of ammo and keep the DU for HATO enemies only.

    Ironically as I mentioned for Russia it is not using up a waste material that costs money to bury or store... you can put this stuff next to the pile of one of their new fast neutron reactors and given time it becomes enriched to where it becomes a usable fuel rod... the ultimate rechargeable battery.

    According to him, "it is too early to say unequivocally that this is a mass car."

    With new state of the art improvements in armour technology ceramic armour, wire armour, electric armour, and of course passive and active armour types as well as interception of incoming rounds and even camouflage and means of reducing the signature of the vehicle they might decide they don't need very many Armata type divisions, which are not highly mobile, but very well armed and well protected.

    They might find that most of the time a Kurganets division has good enough armour and better mobility, with crews protected in armoured capsules and all the other weapons and sensors and protection types that can be fitted to heavier vehicles it might work out more cost effective, while the wheeled Boomerang divisions might become the most common with their mobility and decent level of protection too.

    Hell yeah, stick with what works thumbsup

    Fuck the tree-huggers and fuck the hippies

    Makes sense for the west, because they have no other use for DU except disposal which is not cheap.

    That will make it 7 years since they trotted out these badboys to great fanfare at the parade in Moscow. Hopefully, deliveries will actually start in 2022 and not kicked down the road, as has happened in the past.

    I have seen lots of light tank designs from the US that were going to be air portable and make rapid deployment of US armoured forces much quicker and easier, and replacement vehicle families and replacements for the Bradley too.

    It makes sense to get it right... it is not like HATO is a generation ahead... this is the third world gas station that doesn't make anything leaping a generation ahead of HATO in not just tanks but all armoured vehicles being used today.

    Tagging Rosatom to work on their new round says quite a bit. Here's hoping they read the specs wrong and produced nuclear shells instead

    That is funny because when it was revealed that the main gun for the Armata will eventually be a 152mm gun most "western experts" started dribbling on about nuclear shells... because 152mm artillery pieces can fire nuclear shells so obviously this tank gun will be the same.... except likely much higher pressure and also a smoothbore.
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    Post  Isos Mon Feb 22, 2021 10:42 am

    The rate of cancers has grown where US used such rounds.

    DU must be forbidden.

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    Post  JohninMK Mon Feb 22, 2021 11:50 am

    Whether they make them DU or some other wizzo new material, its a very good idea to announce it.

    It is yet another pressure point, this time on the ground, on the US to force it, at vast cost, to come up with countermeasures, just like 'hypersonic' etc weapons in the air.

    This could be part of the reverse Star Wars, bankrupt the enemy to win the war without fighting, strategy that Putin has been deploying so successfully.
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    Post  Isos Mon Feb 22, 2021 12:00 pm

    Even the old Mango shell can pentrate all the tanks from the front. T-90 has the Lekaklo shell that is even better.

    This new one doesn't change anything.

    Tungsten is just as good as DU but less dangerous for civilians.

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    Post  JohninMK Mon Feb 22, 2021 12:14 pm

    Isos wrote:Even the old Mango shell can pentrate all the tanks from the front. T-90 has the Lekaklo shell that is even better.

    This new one doesn't change anything.

    Tungsten is just as good as DU but less dangerous for civilians.

    Maybe, but the target may be not be what we assume it to be.

    The announcement gives some US contractor's lobbyists (who only know of DU from Iraq) the ammunition to fire up a political case for R&D money on a counter program.
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    Post  lyle6 Mon Feb 22, 2021 1:22 pm

    Isos wrote:Even the old Mango shell can pentrate all the tanks from the front. T-90 has the Lekaklo shell that is even better.

    This new one doesn't change anything.

    Tungsten is just as good as DU but less dangerous for civilians.

    The opponent does not stay static - why should the Russians oblige NATO and be content with rounds that are just good enough for the task? Part of, and arguably the majority of the use you can get out of any weapon is in the capacity of deterrent. If the enemy thinks he does not stand a chance when battle is drawn that's a very compelling argument not to proceed with overt aggression in the first place. What better way to dispel any illusions altogether by designing a round capable of neutralizing NATO tanks even at their thickest front armor, from extended ranges even?
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    Post  GarryB Tue Feb 23, 2021 7:33 am

    In a land based tank on tank conflict with any HATO member it doesn't matter... roll it out and use it... but in Syria or other places around world this ammo is much cheaper than any other ammo that approaches its performance like Tungsten, but the long term effects are totally different.

    What I would love to see is that they develop these DU rounds and store them. Also develop slightly inferior but also more expensive equivalents, and then make some super cheap rounds that mimic the flight behaviour but not penetration performance of both those rounds.

    Use the cheap dummy stuff for practise, the expensive stuff in low tier war zones and keep the DU for the final game... the vast majority of ammo carried in Afghanistan and Chechnia would be HE Frag and HEAT, so not much would change... on a real battlefield most targets are more easily destroyed with HEAT and HE Frag anyway... including using missiles.

    Defenders of DU will say it is cheap because it is spent fuel rod material that in the west has to be disposed of... which means digging a deep hole and burying it for 10,000 years... normally they use disused coal mines that have run out of coal but most of those are open cast these days anyway.

    The DU defenders will also say the radiation levels are so low from depleted Uranium that the dangerous rays can't even penetrate your skin and normal soil in your garden is probably comparably dangerous in terms of radiation levels.

    Well Russia has methods and means to convert those depleted fuel rods into fuel rods again which can be sold on the international open market for big money to produce electricity in nuclear power plants.

    When complete as a solid rod it is relatively harmless... but when used for the purpose it was designed the enormous impact velocity means the DU actually burns and the powder created and released is actually finer than talcum powder and is easily ingested or inhaled into the body.

    Once it is inside your body your body mistakes it for calcium and uses it to build bone structure.

    The weak radiation that can't get through your skin, when made into part of your bone structure then destroys your bone marrow and causes tumours... your bone marrow is critical to your bodys defences, and the radiation... as I mentioned before is Genotoxic... it damages human cells to the genetic level... which is not going to turn you into a cool X Men Super hero... more likely an armless legless jelly blob.

    It is not just about making a war zone dirty... it is about going to firing ranges and contaminating everyone who goes there... if you get a chance to look at destroyed tanks on a battlefield where the US has fought don't go near them... and don't drink the local water either...

    The huge irony is that its tiny level of radiation means it stays dangerous for half the lifetime of planet earth... and in this form when used it becomes readily ingestible.

    I remember reading a story about Stalin being told about nuclear bombs and they gave him a sample of uranium to hold... it was just U238, or natural Uranium, not U235 the weapons grade stuff and he thought they were trying to trick him because it felt warm... he thought there was something inside.

    Wouldn't be surprised to find out someone sold it as an eternal foot warmer, considering what they used to do with Tritium and other glowing materials... or Opium and other hard drugs...
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    Post  Lurk83 Tue Feb 23, 2021 8:19 am

    Any thoughts about when armata might see the proposed 152mm gun? Seems like nato saw armata and shat itself because now rheinmetal is working on a 140mm gun, iirc.
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    Post  lyle6 Tue Feb 23, 2021 10:06 am

    GarryB wrote:In a land based tank on tank conflict with any HATO member it doesn't matter... roll it out and use it... but in Syria or other places around world this ammo is much cheaper than any other ammo that approaches its performance like Tungsten, but the long term effects are totally different.

    What I would love to see is that they develop these DU rounds and store them. Also develop slightly inferior but also more expensive equivalents, and then make some super cheap rounds that mimic the flight behaviour but not penetration performance of both those rounds.

    Its important to note that it might not even be DU that Rosatom would use as the material for the penetrator. It could be some other proprietary heavy alloy optimized for the higher impact velocities than DU was. DU is not even that much effective than WHA, or it only appeared so because of different testing metrics (think penetration into semi-infinite targets vs. perforation of real targets). I think even the Americans are moving away from DU towards more conventional Tungsten alloys the Germans are using - so much for DU supremacy.

    Lurk83 wrote:Any thoughts about when armata might see the proposed 152mm gun? Seems like nato saw armata and shat itself because now rheinmetal is working on a 140mm gun, iirc.

    There is no current or upcoming threat within 10-15 years that would justify the old 152 mm gun. The Soviets made the mistake of jumping to a larger calibre too early with the T-62 when it turns out not that much later newer shells for the 100 mm gun could do the trick just as well. The new 125 mm gun for the T-14 is not the old Soviet 125 mm gun - it has a much higher pressure allowance and thus energy budget and with vertical storage of projectiles could employ much longer penetrators. In 10-15 years when MGCS is entering service that would be enough time for developments in furthering barrel metallurgy and propellant chemistries, as well as round designs to deliver and we might even see the 125 mm gun surpass the 152 mm gun even further.
    http://www.kotsch88.de/al_neue_russische_Panzerkanone.htm

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    Post  kvs Tue Feb 23, 2021 5:58 pm

    It's not that simple. The range and speed of the shell on impact matter too since they are not rocket propelled. That means
    that increasing gun chamber pressure counts for much and not little. The diameter of the gun is directly linked to this.

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    Post  lyle6 Tue Feb 23, 2021 7:03 pm

    kvs wrote:It's not that simple.  The range and speed of the shell on impact matter too since they are not rocket propelled.   That means
    that increasing gun chamber pressure counts for much and not little.   The diameter of the gun is directly linked to this.


    Increasing the gun diameter would increase the parasitic mass associated with the sabot, however. Longer penetrators would require longer sabots with much larger areas of contact with the barrel which further increases losses. Best keep the diameter tight, and raise the pressure the barrel can support as much as metallurgy would allow it.
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    Post  GarryB Wed Feb 24, 2021 6:24 am

    Any thoughts about when armata might see the proposed 152mm gun? Seems like nato saw armata and shat itself because now rheinmetal is working on a 140mm gun, iirc.

    For internet fanboys obviously the sooner the better because it is all about who has the biggest gun and nothing else.

    Introducing the 152mm tank gun introduces a new calibre and an new entire selection of ammo for production and storage and operational use.

    You introduce a new more powerful gun when the current gun can no longer reliably do the job, but working on the new gun they found ways to upgrade the old gun too and its performance has increased to the point where it can do the job.

    It would be the equivalent of the US saying the F-16 and F-15 are not good enough to penetrate Russian air defences so we need a new super expensive F-35 but we will be clever and make it a universal fighter replacement so we only need one type that can do everything and save money on parts and maintenance... the theory was OK, but the implementation was poor and took too long... these days honestly... the best choice for most HATO countries would be to not bother with the super expensive and not invisible F-35 and just take the F-35s avionics and net centricity and apply them to their 4+ gen fighters to get the useful capabilities but with already paid for aircraft and much lower operational costs... they still can't penetrate Russian air defences but at least they wont empty the defence budget on something super expensive but no more effective than previous gen fighters with upgrades.

    Fit an F-16 with the radar and avionics of the F-35 and it is faster and longer ranged with better payload and better manouver performance excellent sensor loadout and a lot more missiles and stand off weapons can be carried for a fraction of the operational costs.

    The 152mm gun of the Armata is useful and might enter service in a tank destroyer sort of role with a break through tank that might operate with lighter forces with the purpose of long range anti armour use to create breakthroughs in lines that can be exploited by lighter faster vehicles.

    I rather suspect EM weapons might result in a much smaller calibre lighter weapon being developed... the HE shell being replaced by a 3km/s mild steel solid round that shatters on impact and fragments everywhere substituting velocity for HE filler for damage.

    Its important to note that it might not even be DU that Rosatom would use as the material for the penetrator. It could be some other proprietary heavy alloy optimized for the higher impact velocities than DU was.

    This is true... they are not idiots.

    DU also had a chemical reaction with steel where the steel was softened by the DU artificially increasing penetration performance against specific steel types... modern composite and stratified armour likely reducing its effectiveness dramatically too.

    I think even the Americans are moving away from DU towards more conventional Tungsten alloys the Germans are using - so much for DU supremacy.

    It is a very dense relatively hard material... other materials in that category like Tungsten are expensive and not cheap to work either... in comparison DU is expended fuel rods from nuclear reactors that cost money to dispose of.

    Ignoring the downsides it looks rather good for the west and is widely used... 20mm Phalanx cannon shells, 25mm AP Bradley cannon shells, the 30mm cannon shells from the A-10 all used DU to maximise performance and to get rid of some nuclear waste.

    The Soviets made the mistake of jumping to a larger calibre too early with the T-62 when it turns out not that much later newer shells for the 100 mm gun could do the trick just as well.

    To be fair the 125mm was a much better gun and still is rather good.

    In the case of the T-34 there was a choice of either having a medium velocity 76.2mm gun, or the high velocity 57mm gun. The 57mm gun was an excellent anti tank gun and could penetrate Panthers and Tigers from useful distances, but the HE round was weak and for the first few years of the war no T-34 even saw a Tiger or Panther... so they made the right choice.

    What would have been interesting would be to fit the KV-1 with the 57mm gun and make it a big slow heavily armoured tank killer... or just triple the length of the 76.2mm gun it carried to give it some advantage over the T-34.

    In 10-15 years when MGCS is entering service that would be enough time for developments in furthering barrel metallurgy and propellant chemistries, as well as round designs to deliver and we might even see the 125 mm gun surpass the 152 mm gun even further.

    Work on super conducting magnets and EM catapults and all electric drive ships and vehicles in 10-15 years time they might have an EM gun firing 70mm projectiles at 4km/s with no sabot.... dreams are free...

    It's not that simple. The range and speed of the shell on impact matter too since they are not rocket propelled. That means
    that increasing gun chamber pressure counts for much and not little. The diameter of the gun is directly linked to this.

    The method of propelling the projectile are important too... for a heavy tank with long range fire power a scramjet powered kinetic round might actually be most effective at 10-20km range... the round leaving the muzzle at 2km/s and then accelerating to 3-4km/s by about 10km range.


    Increasing the gun diameter would increase the parasitic mass associated with the sabot, however. Longer penetrators would require longer sabots with much larger areas of contact with the barrel which further increases losses. Best keep the diameter tight, and raise the pressure the barrel can support as much as metallurgy would allow it.

    Subcalibre Sabot rounds keeps the projectile low drag... using pocket sabot with cavities inside increases internal volume for more propellent and more velocity...
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    [Official] Armata Discussion thread #5 - Page 20 Empty For the first time in history, the Armata has found targets without the crew

    Post  lyle6 Thu Feb 25, 2021 10:31 am

    MOSCOW, February 25 - RIA Novosti. The fire control system of the T-14 Armata tank for the first time in the history of tank construction has demonstrated the ability to find and recognize targets on the battlefield without the crew, a source in the defense industry told RIA Novosti.

    "The Armata fire control system (FCS) has a digital catalog with signatures of typical battlefield targets, including tanks, BMPs, helicopters and so on. Artificial intelligence elements enable the vehicle's onboard computing facilities to independently search for targets against a complex underlying surface, recognize them, including those visible from behind cover, conduct priority selection and take them on escort," he said.

    In this case, stressed the interlocutor of the agency, the decision to hit the vehicle is still made by a man - the commander. Other armored vehicles, including foreign tanks, now have only automatic target tracking, assuming that the crew finds and selects an object for tracking manually.
    One of the phases of testing the tank's IMS was conducted on the test bench using mathematical models and semi-natural target layouts including photo contrast images and thermal emission simulation matrices.
    "Tests were also conducted at the proving ground, where samples of Russian armored vehicles acted as search objects for "Armata". Based on the results of all stages, it was confirmed that the system's efficiency corresponds to the declared combat characteristics," the source added.

    The source specified that the T-14 uses a combined sight operating in the visible and infrared ranges to find and capture targets.
    The press service of "Uralvagonzavod" Concern (part of Rostec) confirmed to RIA Novosti that the tests of APC of "Armata" in automatic mode with automatic search and acquisition of targets are really taking place, but the details were not specified.
    The T-14 main battle tank was developed at the Ural Transport Engineering Design Bureau (part of the UVZ). The development of the vehicle began in early 2010, and the first prototype was built in 2013. Armata-based armored vehicles were first presented to the general public in 2015 at the Victory Day parade - several T-14 Armata tanks and T-15 APCs rode through Red Square in Moscow on May 9.
    State tests are now underway, and the T-14 is scheduled to enter service this year.

    https://ria.ru/20210225/armata-1598859233.html

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    Post  lyle6 Fri Feb 26, 2021 11:54 am

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    [Official] Armata Discussion thread #5 - Page 20 Empty New role of the T-14 Armata tank on the battlefield revealed

    Post  lyle6 Fri Feb 26, 2021 12:39 pm

    The Russian Ministry of Defense is developing a program to use the T-14 Armata as staffs to control other tanks in combat conditions. "It is planned to equip battalions and regiments with Armata tanks and send these combat vehicles to already formed units.

    Thanks to the unique ACS (automated control system), commanders will be able to control other combat vehicles in real time using the Armata.

    The battalion or company commander will be able not only to monitor enemy positions on the screen inside the T-14, but also to know the location of enemy military equipment and be aware of the actions it is performing and the remaining ammunition in these tanks. In order to trigger an artillery strike the commander will only have to use a combination of keys on his computer.

    According to Viktor Murakhovsky, editor-in-chief of Arsenal of the Fatherland magazine, the Russian armed forces have more than a hundred tactical groups, manned by contract servicemen and ready for combat use. For them, the T-14 Armata in its new role would come in handy, since the tank is already built into the tactical control system and is equipped with equipment for closed information transfer.

    https://topcor.ru/18790-raskryta-novaja-rol-tanka-t-14-armata-na-pole-boja.html

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    Post  mnztr Fri Feb 26, 2021 10:35 pm

    lyle6 wrote:
    Increasing the gun diameter would increase the parasitic mass associated with the sabot, however. Longer penetrators would require longer sabots with much larger areas of contact with the barrel which further increases losses. Best keep the diameter tight, and raise the pressure the barrel can support as much as metallurgy would allow it.

    Assuming the goal is to deliver more energy to the target, why would you keep the size of the penetrator the same? Higher velocity has many negatives such as barrel wear, and air resistance for instance. 152mm vs 125mm gives you just about a 50% increase in energy all other things being equal. Alonger sabot can be made with very small increases in weight if properly designed.
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    Post  lyle6 Sat Feb 27, 2021 2:49 am

    mnztr wrote:
    Assuming the goal is to deliver more energy to the target, why would you keep the size of the penetrator the same?
    Because there's a certain length allowance on projectiles for the autoloader. It can't be any longer than the radius of the turret ring or it can't be cleanly brought in line to be rammed home.

    mnztr wrote:
    Higher velocity has many negatives such as barrel wear, and air resistance for instance.
    The newer 125 mm gun actually had the milder barrel consumption rates between it and the old 152 mm gun. Drag is no issue at all compared to accelerating substantial parasitic mass to the muzzle velocity.

    mnztr wrote:152mm vs 125mm gives you just about a 50% increase in energy all other things being equal.
    No it doesn't.

    mnztr wrote:
    Alonger sabot can be made with very small increases in weight if properly designed.
    Maybe, but why make it even a problem in the first place?
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    Post  mnztr Sat Feb 27, 2021 8:12 am

    lyle6 wrote:
    The newer 125 mm gun actually had the milder barrel consumption rates between it and the old 152 mm gun. Drag is no issue at all compared to accelerating substantial parasitic mass to the muzzle velocity.

    These things can be affected by metallurgy, but yes of course a heavier round will result in more consumption if the friction surface is not proportionally increased. From what I have seen the muzzles velocities were not much different but that depends on what rounds we are comparing

    lyle6 wrote:
    mnztr wrote:152mm vs 125mm gives you just about a 50% increase in energy all other things being equal.
    No it doesn't.  

    Sure it does its math. Equal break mean effective pressure means the energy transferred would be proportional to the surface area. Of course you can screw it up with poor engineering.

    lyle6 wrote:
    mnztr wrote:
    Alonger sabot can be made with very small increases in weight if properly designed.
    Maybe, but why make it even a problem in the first place?
    [/quote]

    Well because you want to increase the mass of the penetrator and reduce its frontal cross section and aerodynamic drag.
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    Post  lyle6 Sat Feb 27, 2021 9:15 am

    mnztr wrote:
    These things can be affected by metallurgy, but yes of course a heavier round will result in more consumption if the friction surface is not proportionally increased. From what I have seen the muzzles velocities were not much different but that depends on what rounds we are comparing Sure it does its math. Equal break mean effective pressure means the energy transferred would be proportional to the surface area. Of course you can screw it up with poor engineering.
    That the two guns have comparable muzzle velocities despite the massive energy advantage of the 2A83 gun is bad news. The only energy that counts is energy transferred to the projectile - its the only energy that would do the actual work of penetrating the tank's armor. Everything else is just losses.

    mnztr wrote:
    Well because you want to increase the mass of the penetrator and reduce its frontal cross section and aerodynamic drag.
    I'm referring to the sabot - why make it any larger than it has to be? The projectiles are more or less the same, being limited to what the vertical carousel autoloader can hold upright in the hull.
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    Post  mnztr Sat Feb 27, 2021 6:19 pm

    lyle6 wrote:
    That the two guns have comparable muzzle velocities despite the massive energy advantage of the 2A83 gun is bad news. The only energy that counts is energy transferred to the projectile - its the only energy that would do the actual work of penetrating the tank's armor. Everything else is just losses.

    I'm referring to the sabot - why make it any larger than it has to be? The projectiles are more or less the same, being limited to what the vertical carousel autoloader can hold upright in the hull.

    The projectile is much heavier this is why the speed is the same and the energy increased If you use the exact same penetrator as a 125mm, then the muzzle velocity will hugely increase. If you do this you get 2 problems, firstly barrel wear and secondly you need a much faster burning propellent as the propellent needs time to fully ignite and expand to transfer the energy to the projectile. If the projectile is too light it will accelerate too quickly and be clear of the barrel before the gas from the propellent has fully expanded.
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    Post  lyle6 Sat Feb 27, 2021 6:55 pm

    mnztr wrote:
    The projectile is much heavier this is why the speed is the same and the energy increased If you use the exact same penetrator  as a 125mm, then the muzzle velocity will hugely increase. If you do this you get 2 problems, firstly barrel wear and secondly you need a much faster burning propellent as the propellent needs time to fully ignite and expand to transfer the energy to the projectile. If the projectile is too light it will accelerate too quickly and be clear of the barrel before the gas from the propellent has fully expanded.

    That heavier projectile can only really have a wider diameter due to the length limit baked in with the autoloader. Wider penetrators would tend to expend more energy for the same amount of penetration than a more narrower penetrator of the same length. It can't be too narrow, however or it would just snap on impact. Older penetrator designs utilizing monolithic slabs of DU or WHA would have some ratio typically around 30:1 of the length to diameter, but newer segmented designs utilizing more novel materials would have relaxed that rule somewhat so there isn't much impetus to go for accelerating a fatter and heavier projectile either Razz .
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    Post  mnztr Sat Feb 27, 2021 7:48 pm

    lyle6 wrote:
    That heavier projectile can only really have a wider diameter due to the length limit baked in with the autoloader. Wider penetrators would tend to expend more energy for the same amount of penetration than a more narrower penetrator of the same length. It can't be too narrow, however or it would just snap on impact. Older penetrator designs utilizing monolithic slabs of DU or WHA would have some ratio typically around 30:1 of the length to diameter, but newer segmented designs utilizing more novel materials would have relaxed that rule somewhat so there  isn't much impetus to go for accelerating a fatter and heavier projectile either  Razz .

    Actually there is. Its been found that ERA can shear rods which dissipate their penetrating power. The latest KE used by the US has become shorter and thicker to counter this.
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    Post  lyle6 Yesterday at 1:59 pm

    mnztr wrote:

    Actually there is. Its been found that ERA can shear rods which dissipate their penetrating power. The latest KE used by the US has become shorter and thicker to counter this.

    There is no countering the shear - if the penetrator is not getting snapped its being pitched off its axis and a penetrator that is off by even a few degrees before encountering the main armor would be at a severe disadvantage. Modern armor arrays typically respond better with increasing obliquity with the bulging layers significantly enhancing penetrator's pitch until it either snaps or is forced to push through more material until its eventually stopped. The best counter is so far is segmented penetrators where you only lose one segment to ERA while the rest are more or less intact for the main armor. The only hang-up with the concept is that it requires much higher impact velocities to work properly which is probably why the only users of segmented penetrators are the ones with active projects for much more powerful guns at the moment.

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