1.) I don't mean to use the GSH-23M as a CIWS system for PGM's, as you said the 2-3km engagement just won't cut it these days. When I meant by 'hardkill' I meant for the purpose of destroying ATGM's mid-air, like a extension of APS, as well as engaging technicals, infantry, UAV's as a point defense weapon.
If you mean you want it to act as an APS then why not just fit an APS?
They have DRODZ-2, ARENA-2, and Afghanist.
For engaging ATGM teams before or during missile launch, for engagement of enemy light vehicles that don't really need 57mm cannon shells, and for infantry it would be rather good... but against UAVs, air burst ammo is vastly superior because getting a direct hit is rather unlikely, which means requiring large numbers of shells to be fired for a kill.
Having airburst rounds means rather fewer rounds would be needed so you will be able to engage more targets.
I have mentioned a light UCAV armed with a 40mm grenade launcher with a grenade designed as a claymore type mine that has fragments in the nose and a small explosive charge in the rear to blow the fragments forward like a super shotgun blast... such a round with a fixed flight distance of say 50m would be excellent for shooting down enemy UAVs, but having a rear facing sensor in the grenade that detonates the grenade upon being lased by the platform that fired the round would mean it could be detonated at any range as it approached the target... including troops on the ground. A secondary fuse could detonate the grenade after it penetrated light cover... so say punch through a car window and then boom.
The advantage of the 40mm is it is a small light gun that will already be entering service. Its very low trajectory means you can lob it over frontal cover like a wall or small building, which would be a problem for a high velocity 57mm round.
As you mentioned in prior posts, the 23mm shells parent case is the 14.5mm shells, with the difference is that the diameter is wider but the length is relatively the same. The 23's dimension of '23x115mm' to the 14.5's dimension of '14.5x114mm'. With the relative compact shell it allows a significant amount of shells to be stored in a turret bustle, hundreds easily, in a black eagle style turret bustle, easily thousands. With the promotion of swarm UAV's and their tactics, as well as the prolific rise of ambush ATGM tactics, a point defense weapon could add a significant contribution.
The 23mm round is very useful and is already in service, and would be a very useful high volume fire round that would be useful to stop an ambush... most ambushes rely on overwhelming fire power... having a few vehicle spewing 23mm cannon shells back at you in enormous numbers could break the ambush and turn the tables.
Actually I could see a twin barrel 23mm gun being used on a ZU-23 mount with lighter lower recoil rounds, you could use it for perimeter defence at a base as it could still reach out to great distances and kill with its HE rounds being rather potent for their calibre.
But then a 40mm grenade launcher could also do the same job with lower velocity grenades but with even bigger payloads out to 2.5km.
The 57mm shells could be focused on defeating more sophisticated threats, like aerodynamic targets, MLRS munitions, more sophisticated UAV's (Predator/Reaper, Global Hawk, MALE/HALE), and more sophisticated ground targets like modern NATO Medium armor. 23mm shells defeats all the low-intensity expendable targets, conserves the main weapons ammo store, and it's huge ammo capacity significantly decreases the success of cheap suicide-UAV's utilized in swarm tactics.
I understand what you are saying... Israeli tanks often carried 60mm mortars... originally for firing illumination rounds for night fighting but they started carrying HE rounds too because the 60mm bombs were small but quite effective against a range of targets and you could easily carry a lot more than you could carry 105mm or 120mm main tank rounds.
Like the BMP-3 carries 100mm shells and 30mm shells and ATGMs that can be fired through the main 100mm gun each weapon compliments the other and there is no real overlap of capabilities... the 100mm gun is relatively low velocity, while the 30mm cannon is high velocity... it could benefit from a 30mm grenade launcher because the two 30mm weapons have different trajectories and purposes... the low velocity grenade can be used to hit targets behind frontal cover for example but is smaller lighter ammo than the 100mm rounds which you could also lob over cover...
2.) For defensive purposes the chaff shells will be fired in front of the Derivation to protect if if from being targeted from PGM's (with semi-auto control, manned by the commander), while the main 57mm gunner engages the PGMs (and if in range) the munition launching platform as well. The chaff shells could also be used to defend armor columns from sophisticated PGM attacks (fired in front of the incoming attack direction), as well as stationary points.
Again, an interesting idea but I would think having large chaff/flare/decoy/smoke grenades in the fixed grenade launchers would make more sense and always be ready to use at the flick of a switch...