With the Soviet Union producing many various types of Anti aircraft guns, Anti tank guns, and Artillery pieces, with many still in service around the world and in storage, and in various calibres some even no longer really used. My question is are they of any use or should they be scrapped or could they be upgraded. Below is a list of just few that i would like to focus on mostly because these are still in service with some countries and many are still in storage, some are even being used in conflicts today (syrian civil war)
---------Artillery and Mortars-------
180 mm gun S-23 being used in the Syrian conflict, still used by Eygpt and India (100 in service) to name a few countries.
160mm Mortar M1943 still in current service with Syria, Eygpt, Vietnam, Georgia (was still being produced intil 2011).
ZiS-2 57mm still in limited use.
SPG-9 73mm still in use by many countries newer rounds produced to help penetrate ERA.
B-10 82mm still in use with some forces being used in Syrian conflict.
B-11 107mm still in use with some forces being used in Syrian conflict.
D-44 85mm still in use with some forces being used in Syrian conflict. last upgrades early 1980's
M1944 (BS-3) 100mm Still in use with some forces, still in use on Kuril islands, used as anti-ship and anti-landing guns.
T-12 100mm still in use with many forces including Russia (468 in service), mostly used as artillery now, being used in Ukraine conflict.
----------anti aircraft guns--------
ZPU-1/2/4 14.5mm Still in use by many countries, calibre still in current production, mostly used for ground support,
M1939 (61-K) 37mm still in use by many countries,
AZP S-60 57mm still in use by many countries, calibre still in current production, have been used in ground support,
M1939 (52-K) 85mm mostly in reserve,
KS-30 130mm mostly in resrve,
KS-19 100mm has also been used in ground support role, Recently Iran has built an upgraded automatic version of KS-19 named Sa'ir,
I personally think that majority of the equipment in Russian reserves/service should be replaced the equipment either sold of cheaply or scrapped. Although some could be upgraded and be used, or used by reservists, or even sold in upgraded form.
The S-23 and 160mm mortar don't really have much use especially that Russia has 2S7 Pion and Tulpan in service.
As for anti-tanks the only ones of real use is the SPG-9 and T-12 100mm, but these really should be with reserve forces now. The rest of the anti-tanks should be scrapped or sold if anyone would actually want them.
The anti-aircraft guns still have some use.
ZPU-1 could be mounted on light vehicles like GAZ trucks or Tigr-m and used in ground support role
ZPU-2 could be mounted on trucks or towed and used in ground support role.
ZPU-4 has no real used anymore. sell/scrap or (see below*)
M1939 (61-K) 37mm, has no real use, calibre no longer really used(30mm now). Sell/scrap or (see below*).
AZP S-60 57mm, has no real use, calibre is still currently produced. Sell/scrap or (see below*).
M1939 (52-K) 85mm . has no real use, calibre obsolete. Sell/scrap.
KS-30 130mm, has no real use, calibre obsolete. Sell/scrap.
KS-19 100mm , has no real use, calibre no longer really used. Sell/scrap or (see below*).
* the other use for these would be to develope some along the same lines as what Iran did with the KS-19 and upgrade them, (see link above for more info). But suspect that this would be too much of gamble to invest money into something like this when theres a good chance nobody might want then once upgraded.
It would be great to hear other peoples views on this as it pretty surprising as to the quantity of this equipment still in storage/reserve in Russian warehouses. And this isn't even touching on the vehicles, aircraft or other artillery that are currently in storage/reserve. Russia really needs to start to shift this stuff before they do really become totally obsolete i guess some have already, it better to make some money on this stuff rather than getting scrap value for it.