Army special forces in Russia decided to revive at a new level
In the combined arms and tank armies that are part of the Ground Forces of Russia, the formation of separate special-purpose units has practically ended. They, in contrast to the brigades subordinated to the command of the districts, came at the disposal of the army commanders.
All eleven combined-arms armies of the country, linearly deployed from St. Petersburg to Vladikavkaz and from Samara to Ussuriisk, as well as the 1st Guards Tank Army, received separate special-purpose companies at their disposal.
By now, their formation is almost complete, the companies have begun combat training classes. This work includes not only the development of skills in shooting from all types of small arms, but also training in the use of communications equipment, parachute jumps, handling mine explosives, and the ability to provide first aid to the wounded. In addition, this training forms in servicemen a high endurance and moral conviction in the rightness of their cause.
Earlier in the USSR and for some time in the Russian Federation, separate special-purpose companies existed in each combined arms and tank army and army corps. In total, there were more than thirty such units, the number of which in wartime states reached about 120 people.
Such companies could theoretically deploy from three to nine reconnaissance groups, ranging in size from squad to platoon, for operations behind enemy lines. Or the company formed a reconnaissance detachment that could carry out the most important mission in the enemy rear.
The main tasks of the spetsnaz companies were operations behind enemy lines aimed at identifying nuclear attack weapons: missile batteries or individual installations, warhead storage sites, command posts, communication centers, ammunition depots and similar important objects.
Having identified such an object, the special forces were obliged to destroy it - either on their own, or by aiming aviation, artillery, and, in the most important situations, tactical missiles at it.
In some cases - for example, if the war took on a character similar to that of the Great Patriotic War - the special forces could be tasked with destroying those responsible for decision-making - the military and political leadership - in enemy territory.
However, in the mid-90s of the twentieth century, almost all companies were disbanded, and in the early 2000s, the remaining two were also disbanded. The reason is the general reduction of the armed forces and the desire to preserve the special forces brigades, where it would be possible to train specialists with better quality.
And now, now the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation has again come to the decision to return the special forces companies to the subordination of the armies. Having preserved the list of the main tasks, the new companies also received a number of innovations that distinguish them from the special forces units of the model of the mid-90s. In particular, the reconnaissance and strike capabilities of the special forces were increased.
Due to the arrival of new models of electronic reconnaissance and target designation systems into service with the army, which have passed combat "run-in" in the desert conditions of the Syrian Arab Republic, small special forces groups have received the broadest opportunities to detect and destroy enemy targets.
First of all, the "Strelets" intelligence, command and communications complex (KRUS) deserves attention, with the help of which an "electronic battlefield" is actually formed, where the commander can see almost the entire tactical situation in the required territory. He can control the actions of subordinate forces, request support from senior commanders, and report on the results of combat work.
In the same Syria, from the moment a worthy target was discovered until it was covered by artillery or aircraft, when using the KRUS “Strelets”, literally a few minutes passed - a previously unattainable result.
The scouts from the mid-90s had to calculate the coordinates of the identified targets literally on their knees, on a paper map, inevitably getting a large error in the accuracy of their determination. Now this is out of the question, however, modern special forces are still taught to work with paper maps - just in case.
The development of the Iskander-M strike missile systems, the Caliber naval complexes, as well as the missile armament of front-line aviation allows modern special forces to solve much broader tasks. It also takes into account the fact that today a reconnaissance group operating behind enemy lines can use unmanned drones, minimizing the risk of losses among personnel while guaranteeing the completion of a combat mission.
Of course, the formation of separate special-purpose companies will become an important factor in strengthening the defense capability of our country in such a difficult time.
Author: Alexey Sukonkin