Special Forces of the Russian Federation and the USA: a race for improvements
At the end of 2021, reconnaissance units of formations and military units were for the first time equipped with modernized silent small arms. The reconnaissance and snipers were armed with silent ASM "Val" assault rifles and VSSM "Vintorez" special sniper rifles.
Shot without clap
This weapon is used to hit targets with silent-flameless firing with special subsonic ammunition. Compared to previous versions of the assault rifle, the upgraded "Val" and "Vintorez" have comfortable ergonomics, almost no recoil, flash and sound after the shot.
The effectiveness of firing from silent special rifles "Val" and "Vintorez" at a distance of more than 1 km was confirmed by scouts during exercises. Although officially their firing range is up to 450 m.
The bullet "Vintorez" and "Val" in flight does not pass the sound barrier - that is, there is no cotton heard over long distances. Silent and flameless shooting is combined with a high armor-piercing effect and powerful stopping power.
Reconnaissance and special forces units will be completely re-equipped with Dragunov sniper rifles - modernized (SVDM). They differ from their predecessors in higher accuracy, it is possible to install various sights, a silencer, and additional equipment on them. The first receipts took place at the end of last year in the Southern Military District.
The first samples of SVD are already more than half a century old. They got used to it, even not very skilled fighters fell in love with it, because they hit targets from it at a distance of up to 800 m. This rifle has greater shot power and range than an automatic rifle, it is reliable and simple. The modernized SVD is made of modern materials, has improved ergonomics, and accuracy is improved due to the weighted barrel.
Dude vs Kalashnikov
The Kalashnikov concern has far-reaching plans. First, to finalize the novelty - the Chuvakin sniper rifle (SHF). It is expected that it will hit targets with the first shot at a distance of up to a kilometer. The rifle is designed for the domestic 7.62x54 mm rifle cartridge and for the NATO 7.62x51 mm cartridge.
The reconnaissance units of the Airborne Forces also received the latest AK-12 assault rifles. From this machine gun, you can fire in fixed bursts with a two-shot cutoff. It has a more durable barrel, additional removable muzzle devices, more convenient switching of firing modes. New thermal imagers, silencers and collimator sights are planned for release for him.
The AK-12SP assault rifle is a version of the AK-12. The efficiency of the machine has been increased, moreover, without interfering with the nodes, the design of which is the basis of the reliability of the AK family. The AK-12SP has a new adjustable stock and pistol grip. The butt can be equipped with a folding cheek for the optimal position of the shooter's head when firing using sights. The double-sided fuse can be switched by right and left hand.
The AK-12SP is equipped with an aluminum handguard with a Picatinny rail and standard M-Lok slots - you can install various combinations of optoelectronic devices on the machine.
On and under water
Special Forces weapons are not only machine guns and machine guns. Rybinsk Shipyard (part of the Kalashnikov Group of Companies) has developed the first Russian inflatable assault boat DS-RIB. It will be required for the rapid delivery of special forces.
The boat is filled with compressed air from a cylinder in just 45 seconds, even on the high seas. It is very compact: two such boats will fit in the trunk of an SUV (of course, when folded). The diameter of the folded product is less than 500 mm - it can be used through the submarine's torpedo tube, and the boat in working order can be transported by helicopter on an external sling.
The material of the boat is an innovative drop stitch. Hence the seaworthiness of the inflatable DS-RIB is like that of planing boats with inflatable sides of the RIB type. The drop stitch material allows you to replace the folding "hard floor" with an inflatable deck.
The variant of the boat DS-RIB 450 has a length of 4.5 m, a width of 1.85 m, a weight of 70 kg, and a capacity of eight people. With a 50 hp LS engine. With. cruising speed - 50-60 km / h. The DS-RIB 540 variant can accommodate 10 to 12 people. The length of this boat is 5.4 m, width - 2.34 m, weight - 110 kg. Cruise speed - 40-60 km / h when using two SS engines with a capacity of 30 liters. With.
DS-RIB will be able, of course, to deliver combat swimmers. In addition, the Russian special services received a new two-medium special machine gun - ADS. It is already being mass-produced. Created a novelty in the holding "High-precision complexes". This weapon can be used both on land and under water - only the types of ammunition differ. In 2021, mass production of the two-media machine has begun.
Until now, another weapon for combat swimmers is in demand - a special underwater pistol (SPP-1) and a special underwater assault rifle (ASP).
In general, the arsenal of special services is replenished with very different products. Ruselectronics holding of the Rostec state corporation and the Integral pilot plant of the Vega concern have created the Lyutik-N visual-optical interference station. It will be required during special operations.
The device is installed on helmets, shockproof or armored shields and allows you to temporarily blind the enemy, including those equipped with weapons with an optical sight, at a distance of up to 100 m. The station's operation is based on the modulation of the brightness of light radiation. The effect of temporary blindness is created.
Weight "Buttercup-N" 2.2 kg. The station in a shockproof sealed case operates at temperatures from -40 to +40 degrees. The duration of use in interference mode is 85 minutes. And for 45 minutes, Buttercup-N can, like a searchlight, illuminate dark areas.
The station fits into the global trend of expanding non-lethal means.
Twelve and a half equators
In Russia, in addition to the special services, whose names are well-known, there is one more. Much less known, but necessary for most other secret services, and indeed for all the Russian Armed Forces.
This is the Main Center for Special Communications (FSUE GTSSS). More often the service is called "Spetssvyaz". The main center was established on August 1, 1939. Today GTSSS is a modern, efficient logistics company, a leader in the delivery of special correspondence and especially dangerous goods.
GTSSS is available in all regions of Russia. It delivers correspondence and cargo (with the prefix "special") on more than 1200 planned routes with a total length of more than 500 thousand km (recall, the circumference of the planet Earth is 40 thousand km).
"Spetssvyaz" transports weapons and explosives, prototypes of rocket, torpedo, artillery weapons, military equipment and equipment, cargo of 1-6 and 8-9 hazard classes.
As part of the execution of the state defense order, Spetssvyaz offers turnkey delivery to enterprises of the military-industrial complex of Russia. And the speed and cost of delivering defense-industrial complex goods directly affect the maintenance of the country's defense capability.
In 2020 and 2021, the Main Center for Special Communications carried out transportation in Russia on more than 3,700 applications under the state defense order in the interests of more than 150 enterprises of the military-industrial complex.
The main proof of the need, reliability, and effectiveness of the GTSSS is as follows: the special communication system has been operating in its current form for more than 25 years.
What are the "partners" armed with
A special forces soldier is distinguished from an ordinary soldier by training, personal qualities and weapons. The first place in the list of weapons of the US Special Operations Forces Command (MTR) is occupied by the standard American special forces rifle - M4A1 with an updated SOPMOD I kit (a set of accessories for special operations units).
The kit includes: a muffler, a backup rear sight, a shortened M203 quick-detachable grenade launcher with a rail sight, a PEQ-2A laser infrared designator, a Trijicon TA-01NSN ACOG optical sight, reflex sights, a night vision sight.
The second generation kit includes innovative optics as well as a short version of the M4, a highly reliable close combat variant of the MK18.
The German HK416 assault rifle was adapted to NATO standards. In Afghanistan, FNSCAR (Special Operations Forces Combat Assault Rifle) rifles from the Belgian company FN Herstal were popular with US special forces and rangers.
Of the US MTR machine guns, the MK46 chambered for 5.56 mm and the MK48 chambered for 7.62 mm are used. The MP5 submachine gun is used in confined spaces, while the CAR-15 and M4 are used for direct action operations.
In April 2021, the US Army entered into agreements with L3 Harris Technology and Vortex Optics to create fire control and test equipment under the NGSW program.
And how will they replenish the arsenal
Plans for the period up to 2025 are also extensive. The new light medium machine gun will use the 338 Norma Magnum cartridge with four times the power of 7.62 caliber cartridges at long ranges. SOF can expect to increase the firepower of small arms - by improving both the types of weapons and the ammunition used.
There is a request to create a light medium machine gun LMG-M by the beginning of fiscal year 2023. There will be new ammo for the machine gun and sniper rifle. Their use reduces the weight of the weapon.
There are fundamental innovations. For example, a polymer sleeve is being developed in the USA. The new cartridge uses polymer instead of brass, and nylon instead of metal bonds. This reduced the weight of the weapon by more than 20 pounds. The novelty will go to users in 2022.
Reducing the weight of ammunition has increased the combat capabilities of the MH-6 helicopters, known as "little birds". Previously, pilots had to choose between filling their tanks with three-quarters of fuel or full ammunition. With the polymer version, these helicopters will be able to operate fully fueled and loaded. This is an additional 30 minutes of work on the goal.
Snipers will also increase their capabilities. For them, they will buy a 6.5 mm Creedmoor cartridge to replace 7.62 mm sniper rifles. The 6.5mm cartridge is one and a half times longer range compared to the current 7.62mm cartridge. An advanced sniper rifle will be able to fire three different cartridges depending on the task.