Non-nuclear submarines of Pacific Fleet: overview
“As part of a tactical exercise, two submarines of the Pacific Fleet were solving tasks to search for and attack a simulated enemy submarine. One of the diesel boats stealthily entered the designated area, found the“ enemy's ”submarine and attacked it from an advantageous position, conventionally using torpedo weapons. attacked the submarine performed evasive maneuvers and carried out a gap from prosecution to jamming and decoys then attack and attack submarines. boat swapped roles " ( reference 1 ) - in this way, reminiscent of the publication of" Red Star "of the Soviet period, it has become customary to cover the combat training of non-nuclear submarines forces of the Pacific Fleet. Which of the six submarines are we talking about,1. B-187 "Komsomolsk-on-Amur"
(serial No. 473) is the only submarine submarine of the Pacific Fleet whose combat readiness is beyond doubt. Since 2003 ( link 2 ) it has been awaiting renovation in Amurskiy NW. At the beginning of 2015, "funding went" ( link 3 ), and in two years the boat was repaired, performing some modernization work and guaranteeing at least 10 years of further service. OMP consisted in the digitalization of control systems, the installation of a new RTV and communication facilities ( ref. 4 ). Since January 27, 2017, when the PLB was transferred to the Navy, it has been acting as the calling card of the Pacific Fleet's non-nuclear submarine forces.The B-187 went to exercises in China, it is presented to the delegations of the Navy and military attachés of foreign states, it is a constant participant in parades on Navy Day in Vladivostok, and the name of its commander (Captain 3rd rank A. Lansky) does not leave the pages of the naval press.2. B-494 "Ust-Bolsheretsk"
(serial no. 472) is the second submarine claiming combat-ready status (the message at the beginning of the entry most likely refers to B-187 and B-494). From April 2, 2016 to April 20, 2017, dock repairs took place at the Dalzavod Central Station ( ref. 5 , ref. 6). According to the Ministry of Defense (oddly enough), in June 2019, she twice provided the KPUG exercises. In July, she took part in the dynamic part of the parade on the Day of the Navy (source: Marine collection №9 / 2019; previously it was believed that it was B-464 "Ust-Kamchatsk"). In March-May of this year. it was planned to purchase paints and varnishes for dock repair of PLB (Dalzavod procurement plan for 2020, p. 359 - link 7 ). It is clearly seen that the turnaround time since the previous drydocking corresponds to the 3-3.5 years practiced for submarines.3. B-394 "Nurlat" ?
(serial number 470) - with a high probability, it is also maintained in a combat readiness condition. Apparently, in 2015-2016. underwent dock repairs at Dalzavod ( link
. On November 26, 2018, she was seen on the move on the high seas ( Ref. 9 ), and in 2019 - in the parade line (on barrels) on Navy Day. B-394 and head. No. 470 appears in the procurement plans of DCS for both 2019 and 2020. This year - "maintenance and repair of complexes, systems and equipment" (clause 385 of reference 7, deadline 05.2020), in the past - the same, but more specifically: "replacement of the [anti-aircraft commander's] PZKG-11 periscope No. 1 " ( Ref. 10 , p. 342).
4. B-464 "Ust-Kamchatsk"
(serial number 471) - technical condition, most likely, satisfactory. The last officially announced factmanifestations of combat training activity took place in 2018, as a result of which the boat received the prize of the Commander- in- Chief of the Navy for mine laying ( link 11 ). In 2019, judging by the published scheme, it was supposed to participate in the Fleet Day parade ( link 12 ), but Ust-Bolsheretsk was used instead. Procurements for B-464, as in the case of Nurlat, are included in Dalzavod's plans for 2019 and 2020. This is design support of operation by CDB MT "Rubin" (2019 - No. 585, 2020 - No. 494), paint and varnish materials [paints and varnishes] for painting submarines (2019 - No. 659), CO and repair of systems and equipment KMTV [mine-torpedo weapons] (2019 - No. 357).5. B-345 "Mogocha"
(serial number 475)- most likely not ready. Until April 18, 2015, the boat passed the HTG at the Dalzavod Central Station ( ref. 13 ). At the end of 2016 and 2017 was awarded prizes of the Navy General Committee for mine laying ( ref. 14 , ref. 15 ). In 2018, on the Day of the Fleet, she landed a reconnaissance and sabotage group and played the role of an enemy submarine in an episode with two IPCs (Marine collection No. 9/2018, ref. 16 ). In the procurement plan of the DCS for 2018, there is a repair of the TA combat valve No. 4 (p. 644 - ref. 17 ). In plans for 2019-2020. B-345 is missing.6. B-190 Krasnokamensk
(serial No. 474) - the situation is the same as in the previous case. At the end of March 2016 was completed dock repair at Dalzavod ( ref. 18 ). In September 2017, the submarine took part in the exercises with the Chinese Navy Joint Sea (redstar.ru, September 26, 2017, link not available). At the end of the year, she received the Navy Commander's Prize for the torpedo attack ( link 15 ). In the procurement plan of the DCS for 2018, only the repair of VVD cylinders is listed (clause 684 - ref. 17 ), for 2020 - the abstract "service and repair of complexes, systems and equipment" (clause 346).
Thus, in conditions of a lack of information, there is nothing left but to assume that out of the six listed LB The Pacific Fleet is supported by four in combat readiness, which is not so bad. The two remaining ones are not written off (just in case), but they are not restored either. It is possible that on the eve of the arrival of new boats, project 636.3, a reasonable decision was made not to waste funds. Meanwhile, the renewal of non-nuclear submarine forces in the Pacific has been delayed. The short (two-month) navigation along the entire length of the Northern Sea Route has already ended, and the moment for the inter-fleet passage of the Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky transferred to the fleet about a year ago has been missed. There are two options (*): 1) "Petropavlovsk" departs along the long southern route, and
"Volkhov" remains in the Baltic to ensure combat training and testing of ships, since the combat readiness of "Dmitrov" is not obvious, and, having waited for "Alrosa", in August-September 2021 goes along the Northern Sea Route; 2) both boats remain in the Baltic and cross the NSR in one detachment in 2021After the transfer to the Pacific Fleet of all six 636.3 built and under construction at the Admiralty shipyards, all 877 (except, perhaps, "Komsomolsk-on-Amur") will probably be decommissioned.
At the same time, in order to protect the water area and ensure the combat stability (deployment) of nuclear submarine forces based on Kamchatka, it is quite obvious that the Pacific Fleet needs to build six more submarines (636.3, but better 677 with VNEU) - to staff the second brigade of submarines with based in Vilyuchinsk.