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    IRAN: Latest and Breaking News

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    ShahryarHedayatiSHBA

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    Post  ShahryarHedayatiSHBA on Thu Apr 02, 2015 10:35 pm

    Iran, P5+1 joint statement calling for removal of all anti-Iran sanctions


    Thu Apr 2, 2015 5:38PM

    IRAN: Latest and Breaking News - Page 3 0ce437a1-c2a4-4c5d-ba07-7a4e2dccbe33

    European Union’s foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini (L), and Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, take part in a joint press conference in the Swiss city of Lausanne on Thursday.


    Iran and the P5+1 group of world powers have adopted a joint statement after marathon talks in the Swiss city of Lausanne calling, among other things, for the removal of UNSC resolutions and sanctions against the Islamic Republic.

    The statement was read out in a joint press conference in the Swiss city by the EU high representative, Federica Mogherini, and Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif on Thursday.

    In the framework of the agreement, none of Iran’s nuclear facilities as well as the previous activities will be stopped, shut down or suspended and Iran’s nuclear activities in all its nuclear facilities including Natanz, Fordow, Isfahan and Arak will continue.

    These comprehensive solutions will guarantee the continued enrichment program inside the Iranian territory and according to this, Iran will be allowed to go on with industrial production of nuclear fuel which is meant for running its nuclear power plants.

    According to the solutions, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) for enrichment program will cover a 10-year period, during which more than 5,000 centrifuge machines will continue producing enriched material at Natanz facility up to the 3.67-percent level. Extra machines and the related infrastructure in the facility will be collected by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in order to be replaced by new machines consistent with the allowed standards. Accordingly, Iran will be allowed to allocate the current stockpile of enriched materials for the purpose of producing nuclear fuel or swapping it with uranium in the international markets.

    IRAN: Latest and Breaking News - Page 3 53f380d9-03b1-4943-bb18-0fa323ce3e5c

    Iran will continue research and development program on advanced centrifuge machines and will be also able to keep initiating and completing its R & D program on IR-4, IR-5, IR-6 and IR-8 machines in the 10-year period of the agreement.

    Fordow facility

    According to the joint statement, Fordow nuclear facility will be turned into a research center for nuclear science and physics. More than 1,000 centrifuges will be maintained at this facility and two centrifuge cascades will keep operating. In cooperation with the P5+1 countries, about half of the Fordow facility will be dedicated to advanced nuclear research and production of stable isotopes which have important applications in industry, agriculture and medicine.

    Arak heavy water reactor

    According to the statement, the heavy water reactor in the Iranian city of Arak will remain in place but will be redesigned and updated. The redesigning process will greatly increase efficiency of the reactor while reducing the amount of plutonium produced in the facility. The redesigning process will be done according to defined scheduled as an international project with cooperation of Iran. Production of fuel for Arak reactor and awarding international nuclear fuel production certificate will be among international cooperation to be offered to Iran.

    Additional Protocol

    Iran will implement the Additional Protocol temporarily and voluntarily in line with its confidence-building measures and after that the protocol will be ratified in a time frame by the Iranian government and parliament (Majlis).

    Removal of Sanctions

    Following the implementation of the JPCOA, all the UN Security Council sanctions as well as all economic and financial embargoes by the US and the European Union, including bans on banks, insurance, investment, and all other related services in different fields, including petrochemical, oil, gas and automobile industries will be lifted. Besides, all nuclear-related sanctions against real and legal entities, state and private organizations and institutions, including those sanctions imposed against the Central Bank of Iran, other financial and banking institutions, SWIFT system, and the country’s shipping and aviation sectors, and Iran's tanker company will be immediately lifted all at once. Moreover, the P5+1 countries are committed to avoid imposing any new nuclear-related sanctions against Iran.

    International Cooperation

    Iran’s international nuclear cooperation, including with the member states of the P5+1 will be possible and promoted in the fields of building nuclear power plants, research reactors, nuclear fusion, stable isotopes, nuclear safety, nuclear medicine and agriculture. According to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, Iran will be provided with access to global market as well as international trade, finance, technical knowledge and energy.

    Schedule for implementing JCPOA

    At the end of these negotiations, the two sides will start drafting the JCPOA in the near future to meet the July 1 deadline. Once the text is finalized, the JCPOA will be adopted as a UN Security Council resolution. For the JCPOA to be binding for all UN member states, the resolution will be adopted under the Article 41 of Chapter Seven of the UN Charter to be able to render previous resolutions against Iran null and void.

    The joint statement released at the end of eight days of intensive negotiations in Lausanne on Thursday is a sign that Iran and its negotiating partners have come to a mutual understanding over Iran’s nuclear program.

    Representatives of Iran and the P5+1 group of countries -- the United States, Britain, China, France and Russia plus Germany – along with senior officials of the European Union have held talks over the past years to narrow the existing differences on Tehran’s nuclear activities.

    MS/MAK/SS

    http://presstv.ir/Detail/2015/04/02/404427/Iran-P51-adopt-joint-statement


    Thank goodness we finally get a win!
    Congratulation

    russia


    Last edited by ShahryarHedayatiSHBA on Thu Apr 02, 2015 10:42 pm; edited 1 time in total
    Hannibal Barca
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    Post  Hannibal Barca on Thu Apr 02, 2015 10:40 pm

    Go Iran!!!!!!!!!!
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    ShahryarHedayatiSHBA

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    Post  ShahryarHedayatiSHBA on Thu Apr 02, 2015 11:49 pm

    Obama Says U.S., Iran Have Reached ‘Historic Understanding’

    http://www.wsj.com/articles/obama-sa...ing-1428002263



    John Kerry on Iran nuclear talks: agreement is a 'solid foundation' - live updates

    http://www.theguardian.com/world/liv...cement-eu-live




    Iran talks: Awaiting history, reporters Twitter away the hours
    http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Midd...ting-history-reporters-Twitter-away-the-hours





    Iran Nuclear Talks: World Leaders Reach Framework on Iran Deal
    http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/ir...foreign-minister-says-found-solutions-n334706




    Obama: Historic deal reached on Iran nuclear program
    http://rt.com/usa/246357-obama-iran-nuclear-deal/


    Last edited by ShahryarHedayatiSHBA on Fri Apr 03, 2015 12:18 am; edited 1 time in total
    sepheronx
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    Post  sepheronx on Fri Apr 03, 2015 12:00 am

    I find it suspicious how quick in recent months to push an agreement on western end. Especially after Russia and Irans warming relations. I am suspiciois of this. I think it is a method by the west to quickly snap up Iran away from Russia and China interests. I think in coming months you will see major oil and gas deals with Iran from west, as well as military tech deals, and Iran will effectively move towards the west and may attempt to move away from any Russian deals. This is my speculation. Dangerous game really and hopefully Iran knows what kinda game the west is playing.
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    Post  flamming_python on Fri Apr 03, 2015 12:14 am

    sepheronx wrote:I find it suspicious how quick in recent months to push an agreement on western end. Especially after Russia and Irans warming relations. I am suspiciois of this. I think it is a method by the west to quickly snap up Iran away from Russia and China interests. I think in coming months you will see major oil and gas deals with Iran from west, as well as military tech deals, and Iran will effectively move towards the west and may attempt to move away from any Russian deals. This is my speculation. Dangerous game really and hopefully Iran knows what kinda game the west is playing.

    My suspicions too; only I doubt it will be successful - and also it will be more of a detente than an outright attempted absorbtion of Iran into the Western sphere.

    Iran and the West have too many other outstanding issues for any sort of grand agreement to be able to achieve success anytime soon. The quagmire in Syria, tensions with Israel & the Gulf Arabs, Iranian assistance to Hezbollah and now the erupting conflict in Yemen.
    On all of these issues Iran and Europe/America stand on opposite sides of the divide - even if a deal on the nuclear issue is reached, the rest of these things aren't going to disappear.

    What I think America may be playing at, is establishing a policy of detente with the Iranians; that won't aim to solve all the contradicitons in relations instantly and get Iran to switch its bets from Russia/China to the West - or rather, at least not immediately.

    Instead the immediate objective would likely be to secure Iran's neutrality vis-a-vis America's tensions with Russia and China, and to make sure that it won't start new problems on America's flanks while the US is dealing with the Russia problem.
    A new Iranian-Western understanding would allow tensions to be contained and gradually start dying down. And also, a potential new source of gas supplies for the EU, seperate from Russia.

    With the Nuclear deal and lifting of sanctions, the West has made the first step, and are now waiting for the Iranians to repocriate.

    But really, I doubt the Iranians would fall for it. They are rather distrusting of everyone; including Russia and China; they are not close to any world power - but at the same time they definately recognize that there is much for them to gain from Russia's and China's rise, and on most world issues they find themselves in alignment.
    In other words, there is simply too little incentive for Iran's neutrality, and to stop creating problems for America at a time when its influence in the Middle East has been rapidly rising. Moreover, the Iranians do not the trust the Americans one bit - given the US's behaviour of smiling one minute and then launching an intervention or supporting rebels against their partners the next, as well as never forgetting to exact vengence against those who slighted them - it's probably a wise policy. If the West is successful with dealing with Russia - how do the Iranians know that they won't be the next in line - despite any agreements made?
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    Post  sepheronx on Fri Apr 03, 2015 1:09 am

    Pentagon Chief: We Might Bomb Iran Even if Nuclear Deal Reached Read more: http://sputniknews.com/us/20150402/1020395567.html#ixzz3WCEayFzJ
    crod
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    Post  crod on Fri Apr 03, 2015 2:28 am

    So how long before Russia and whoever can begin selling what they wish?

    http://presstv.ir/Detail/2015/04/02/404427/Iran-P51-adopt-joint-statement


    Thank goodness we finally get a win!
    Congratulation

    russia[/quote]
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    Post  Zivo on Fri Apr 03, 2015 2:37 am

    Now, Russian needs to start dumping weapons on Iran. Just go freakin' nuts, SELL SELL SELL!

    magnumcromagnon
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    Post  magnumcromagnon on Fri Apr 03, 2015 3:52 am

    People! Did everyone forget the battle hasn't even begun? It still has to be ratified by US Congress before they can lift the sanctions, which it will be close to impossible, the Republicans are firmly in the Pro-Israel camp, the House and the Senate both have Republican majorities who are in fact very hostile towards Iran.

    If anything the highest chance for it failing has now just started.
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    Post  TR1 on Fri Apr 03, 2015 5:01 am

    Well, no problem with S-300s now.
    crod
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    Post  crod on Fri Apr 03, 2015 6:35 am

    magnumcromagnon wrote:People! Did everyone forget the battle hasn't even begun? It still has to be ratified by US Congress before they can lift the sanctions, which it will be close to impossible, the Republicans are firmly in the Pro-Israel camp, the House and the Senate both have Republican majorities who are in fact very hostile towards Iran.

    If anything the highest chance for it failing has now just started.

    Will be interesting but 4+1 agree if the yanks scupper this now they'll be left behind. Also, and need to check this with US members on here, but the Prssident can veto their veto I think? Or I might be well off the mark here...

    Immediate financial gain through petro dollars and banking sector. Europe will be walking around with hard ons just thinking of the financial award awaiting, which of course will help their struggling economies.

    Next few weeks we should all know more but the fact the Israelis are screaming blue murder already is enough to tell me the deal is good.

    Very Happy
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    Post  Zivo on Fri Apr 03, 2015 6:44 am

    If Congress doesn't accept the deal, Obama said “it is the U.S. that will be blamed for the failure of diplomacy.”
    magnumcromagnon
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    Post  magnumcromagnon on Fri Apr 03, 2015 7:07 am

    crod wrote:
    magnumcromagnon wrote:People! Did everyone forget the battle hasn't even begun? It still has to be ratified by US Congress before they can lift the sanctions, which it will be close to impossible, the Republicans are firmly in the Pro-Israel camp, the House and the Senate both have Republican majorities who are in fact very hostile towards Iran.

    If anything the highest chance for it failing has now just started.

    Will be interesting but 4+1 agree if the yanks scupper this now they'll be left behind. Also, and need to check this with US members on here, but the Prssident can veto their veto I think? Or I might be well off the mark here...

    Immediate financial gain through petro dollars and banking sector. Europe will be walking around with hard ons just thinking of the financial award awaiting, which of course will help their struggling economies.

    Next few weeks we should all know more but the fact the Israelis are screaming blue murder already is enough to tell me the deal is good.

    Very Happy

    ...One only has to look at the other major nuclear deal signed nearly 20 years ago, the so called 'Nuclear Test Ban Treaty', the US signed it back in 1996 and US Congress conscientiously made a decision not to ratify it. The likeliness that this will succeed while the other one failed is extremely-low.
    crod
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    Post  crod on Sat Apr 04, 2015 1:06 am

    Hmmm, yes reading the U.S. Papers it would look like the real fight to make this work will take place within the U.S. itself...tragic if the Jewish lobbyists scupper this deal. Sad that America is so openly and crudely controlled by Israel.

    Bibi is a mad dog of that there is little doubt. But I guess if there is no threat, no war, Israel becomes irrelevant with dwindling international support. Dangerous situation for them but one of their own making.
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    Post  max steel on Sat Apr 04, 2015 11:29 pm

    When Iran "Deal" Falls Apart, The Pentagon Is Ready: America's Most Destructive "Bunker Buster" Gets An Upgrade


    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-04-04/when-iran-deal-falls-apart-pentagon-ready-americas-most-destructive-bunker-buster-ge


    The MOP is so strong, the WSJ compares its destructive force to a nuclear weapon:

    Those upgraded electronic countermeasures, combined with improvements to the weapon’s guidance systems, will allow the weapon to be targeted with a precision previously possible only for far smaller guided bombs in the U.S. arsenal, the officials said. Steering two or more massive ordnance penetrators to a single entry point would have a devastating effect never before seen by a nonnuclear weapon, the officials said.



    The White House has repeatedly said that Mr. Obama will need to look at other options if the nuclear talks break down. “If you say all options are on the table, you have to have something on the table that’s credible,” a senior U.S. official said.


    IRAN: Latest and Breaking News - Page 3 Gbu_5710

    IRAN: Latest and Breaking News - Page 3 B-2-mo10


    IRAN: Latest and Breaking News - Page 3 Mop_op10


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    Post  max steel on Sun Apr 05, 2015 11:09 pm

    WikiLeaks US diplomatic cables reveal that Iran is NOT arming the Houthi freedom fighters, its pure Saudi-US Axis propaganda.





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    Post  sepheronx on Tue Apr 07, 2015 1:51 am

    Iran invites US, European companies to invest in its industries — ministry

    I called it.  First people they run to in order for investments are EU and US.  At least if the sanctions are lifted. Maybe though, it isn't much to this other than an attempt to "bring to light" what benefits there are to lifting Iran sanctions. This is possible.
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    Post  Werewolf on Tue Apr 07, 2015 2:47 am

    sepheronx wrote:Iran invites US, European companies to invest in its industries — ministry

    I called it.  First people they run to in order for investments are EU and US.  At least if the sanctions are lifted.  Maybe though, it isn't much to this other than an attempt to "bring to light" what benefits there are to lifting Iran sanctions.  This is possible.

    I just hope it is not the 5th column that is pushing towards US despite that the entire West is against Iran with their onesided policy.
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    Post  sepheronx on Tue Apr 07, 2015 2:58 am

    Werewolf wrote:
    sepheronx wrote:Iran invites US, European companies to invest in its industries — ministry

    I called it.  First people they run to in order for investments are EU and US.  At least if the sanctions are lifted.  Maybe though, it isn't much to this other than an attempt to "bring to light" what benefits there are to lifting Iran sanctions.  This is possible.

    I just hope it is not the 5th column that is pushing towards US despite that the entire West is against Iran with their onesided policy.

    Who knows.  Iran is probably just showing what there is to offer if they lift sanctions so I cannot blame them.  But hopefully they wont get their hopes up nor just jump to them in everything.  Iran has a very self building ideology and I doubt they will jump to anyone.  But they may not entirely be fond of Russia because of Russia not helping them during the rougher periods.  Now US and EU wants to bring them into their sphere even if there are far too many contradictions and outstanding issues/conflicts. I imagine Russia will also be given the same exact privileges to invest in Iran's energy and steel industry. At least that is what Iranian government said months ago.
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    Post  ShahryarHedayatiSHBA on Tue Apr 07, 2015 1:14 pm

    Israel official: Military action against Iran still possible
    Washington Post
    JERUSALEM — A senior Israeli government minister on Monday warned that taking military action against Iran’s nuclear program is still an option — despite last week’s framework deal between world powers and the Islamic Republic.

    The comments by Yuval Steinitz, Israel’s minister for strategic affairs, reflected the alarm in Israel over last week’s deal, which offers Iran relief from economic sanctions in exchange for scaling back its suspect nuclear program. Israeli leaders believe the framework leaves too much of Iran’s nuclear infrastructure intact and could still allow it to develop the means to produce a nuclear weapon.

    Steinitz, a confidant of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s, said the government would spend the coming months lobbying the world powers negotiating with Iran to strengthen the language in the deal as they hammer out a final agreement. While stressing that Israel prefers a diplomatic solution, he said the “military option” still exists.

    “It was on the table. It’s still on the table. It’s going to remain on the table,” Steinitz told reporters. “Israel should be able to defend itself, by itself, against any threat. And it’s our right and duty to decide how to defend ourselves, especially if our national security and even very existence is under threat.”

    Israel considers a nuclear-armed Iran to be a threat to its survival, pointing to years of Iranian calls for Israel’s destruction, its support for anti-Israeli militant groups and its development of long-range ballistic missiles that could be armed with nuclear warheads. Israel — which is widely believed to be a nuclear power — says a nuclear-armed Iran would set off an arms race in the world’s most volatile region.

    The framework agreement was announced last Thursday in Switzerland after years of negotiations between Iran and world powers.

    The deal aims to cut significantly into Iran’s bomb-making technology while giving Tehran relief from international sanctions. The commitments, if implemented, would substantially pare down Iranian nuclear assets for a decade and restrict others for an additional five years. Iran would also be subject to intrusive international inspections.


    http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/israel-official-military-action-against-iran-still-possible/2015/04/06/c6ed62f0-dc6c-11e4-b6d7-b9bc8acf16f7_story.html

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    Post  ShahryarHedayatiSHBA on Tue Apr 07, 2015 9:57 pm

    Iran has been approved as a founding member of Asian Infrastructure Bank

    Shanghai (AFP) - Iran has been approved as a founding member of the Beijing-backed Asian Infrastructure Bank (AIIB), China's finance ministry said Tuesday, just days after Tehran sealed a historic framework agreement on its nuclear programme.


    Tehran's application was backed by other founding members on Friday, China's Ministry of Finance said in a statement on its website. The United Arab Emirates' bid was also approved.

    More than 50 countries, plus Taiwan, have now applied to join the bank in a diplomatic coup for Beijing after Washington initially opposed its allies becoming members.

    The United States and its Asian ally Japan have not sought to join.

    But US Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew said last week that Washington was "ready to welcome" the bank, though he added it should complement existing multilateral institutions such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.

    Iran's approval -- its application had not been previously announced -- comes immediately after the nuclear deal that China helped to broker.

    Under the outline nuclear deal, the United States and the European Union are to lift all nuclear-related sanctions on Iran once the UN atomic agency has verified that Tehran has stuck to its terms.

    The proposed limits will see Iran's stocks of highly enriched uranium cut by 98 percent for 15 years, while its unfinished Arak reactor will not produce weapons-grade plutonium.

    There are concerns over transparency of the AIIB, which will fund infrastructure in Asia, as well as Beijing using it to push its own geopolitical and economic interests as a rising power.

    Under President Xi Jinping, China is pushing to build on the ancient Silk Road trade routes on land and sea, through its "One Belt, One Road" initiative expected to be partly funded by the AIIB.

    http://news.yahoo.com/iran-approved-join-china-backed-infrastructure-bank-103455398.html
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    Post  ShahryarHedayatiSHBA on Tue Apr 07, 2015 10:01 pm

    Obama: 'Misjudgment' to demand Iran recognize Israel in nuclear deal


    In an NPR interview, Obama says Netanyahu's demand that the impending Iran nuclear agreement include language on recognizing Israel is a "fundamental misjudgment." Rough Cut (no reporter narration).

    Video:
    http://news.yahoo.com/video/obama-misjudgment-demand-iran-recognize-140836415.html
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    Post  ShahryarHedayatiSHBA on Tue Apr 07, 2015 11:12 pm



    Iran's Revolutionary Guard chief backs nuclear talks



    TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — The chief of Iran's Revolutionary Guard praised the work of the country's nuclear negotiators after they struck a deal with world powers, state television reported Tuesday, a major endorsement from the Islamic Republic's most powerful institution.

    The comments by Gen. Mohammad Ali Jafari came as some 200 hard-liners protested in Tehran against the framework deal reached last week in Switzerland. Jafari's endorsement likely will isolate those still opposing the deal further amid the widespread support negotiators have received and may smooth any potential parliamentary vote over it.

    "With God's grace, the revolutionary children of Islamic Iran have succeeded in defending the rights of the Iranian nation and the Iranian nation and the Guard appreciate their honest political efforts," Jafari was quoted as saying on state TV's website.

    The Revolutionary Guard is the single most powerful institution in Iran. It exerts a strong behind-the-scenes role in Iranian affairs and likely would have to agree to any potential demands reached in negotiations, such as increased international monitoring at nuclear and related sites.

    Iran's top leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has the final say on all major issues, including the nuclear program, has backed the negotiators, further stepping up the pressure on remaining hold-out hard-liners.

    The rally Tuesday by 200 hard-line protesters took place in front of the parliament in the Iranian capital as Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif briefed lawmakers there in a closed-door session. Iran's official IRNA news agency reported that the protesters launched their demonstrations without the permission of authorities.

    Protesters carried banners calling the agreement a "defeat" — despite the overwhelming backing of the deal by the government of moderate President Hassan Rouhani.

    The deal, which is to be finalized by June 30, is to curb Iran's bomb-capable technology while giving Tehran quick access to bank accounts, oil markets and financial assets blocked by international sanctions.

    The West long has feared Iran's nuclear program could allow it to build an atomic bomb. Iran has said its program is for peaceful purposes.


    http://news.yahoo.com/iranian-hard-liners-stage-protest-against-nuclear-deal-103319677.html
    ------------------
    What the hell just happened? dunno
    I cant believe that ......Even the Revolutionary guys are happy with the dial
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    Post  ShahryarHedayatiSHBA on Wed Apr 08, 2015 2:42 pm


    Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Tuesday met with Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei in Tehran.


    IRAN: Latest and Breaking News - Page 3 139401181916028835058734

    The meeting was also attended by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, and high-ranking Turkish officials.

    The Turkish head of state arrived in Tehran on Tuesday in an official visit made at the invitation of his Iranian counterpart.
    Earlier this day, he held a meeting with Iran's President Hassan Rouhani, during which they conferred on several regional and economic issues.

    Rouhani and Erdogan also held a joint press conference, and then attended a ceremony in which the two countries signed eight cooperation documents and a joint communique as part of efforts to boost the value of bilateral trade to $30 billion this year.

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    George1
    George1

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    IRAN: Latest and Breaking News - Page 3 Empty Re: IRAN: Latest and Breaking News

    Post  George1 on Wed Apr 22, 2015 12:56 am

    Iran: Next Battleground for Arms Deals?

    ABU DHABI — Arabian Gulf countries are closely watching Iran's anticipated re-integration into the international community as it may develop into a Russian-Chinese-Western battleground for arms sales, regional experts said.

    Since the announcement of the Lausanne agreement, Russia has lifted its weapons exports ban to Iran and announced it will supply the S-300 missile system purchased in 2010.

    And on April 5, the head of the Iran-China Joint Chamber of Commerce, Asadollah Asgaroladi, announced that Chinese President Xi Jinping will visit Iran in the "near future," according to the Fars press agency.

    Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries disapprove of this Russian arms sale,

    "I believe the view in gulf capitals [is] that the S-300 agreement has been made too soon and it may be, for a number of reasons, like Russia trying to strengthen its relations with Iran, Russia trying to show its independence of the American political influence in the region, or even the Russians trying to pave [the] way for deals with Iran ahead of the nuclear agreement signing," he said.

    Despite Russia and the GCC tendering a strong relationship since 2009, where the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia have struck a number of arms deals with their Russian counterparts, Iran remains Russia's largest customer in the region.

    Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said the recent Russian-Iranian reversal of the S-300 export ban has been due to the nuclear agreement, signaling Russia's intent to intensify arms sales to Iran ahead of competition.

    "Initially, the decision to suspend the implementation of the contract, which was already signed and came into force, was made in September 2010," he told Russian news agency TASS. "It was done in the interests of support for consolidated efforts of the six international negotiators to stimulate a maximally constructive process of talks on settlement of the situation around Iran's nuclear program."

    Asgaroladi stated in the announcement of the Chinese president's visit that China is looking to increase its annual trade with Iran from $52 billion to $60 billion.

    "Asia is a hot market more for Russia than China with sales to countries such as Malaysia and India, but the competition is also showing a mixed sales picture of various types of systems that are, at the end of the day, interoperable," said Theodore Karasik, a gulf-based geopolitical affairs consultant.

    "The Chinese-Russian competition in Asia, when it comes to arms, is not in sales," he said. "It's in technology and politics. Over the past decades, both Moscow and Beijing have engaged in a race, if you will, for sales of equipment versus modified technology."

    Karasik said Iran is actually a nexus of Chinese-Russian cooperation.

    "The Chinese-Russian calculus regarding Iran is all about integration because of ongoing shifts in the geostrategic environment, the Chinese-designed ballistic and cruise missiles complement other inventory of Russian-designed small arms, and now anti-aircraft systems are the norm," he said.

    "The Chinese approach is unique to Beijing where Norinco, Aviation Industry Corp. of China, Poly Technologies and China South Industries Group outsmart the competition by selling package deals that fit the requirements of the current tactical environment where Chinese political and economic interests are most intense," Karasik added.

    Sources close to the Russian Defense Ministry believe Iran is unlikely to start buying Western and US weapons once the sanctions get lifted, said Yuri Barmin, a Russian political and military analyst.

    "Tehran would be better off purchasing Russian arms and there are in fact existing contracts that need to be implemented first," Barmin said.

    Igor Korotchenko, the head of the Center for Analysis of World Arms Trade, assessed that Iran needs $11 billion to $13 billion in Russian arms, Barmin said.

    "Iran has an ambitious program to rearm its Army, and Russia could become Tehran's main arms supplier," he added.

    Russia's strong resurgence in the geopolitical scene and the changes in and around the Middle East will make Iran a field of intense competition between Moscow and Washington in the foreseeable future, said Muhammed Bin Saqr al-Sulami, a Saudi Arabia-based Iranian military and political affairs specialist.

    Al-Sulami wrote in a paper published last month that Iran's nuclear deal may open business and arms trade while Russia, a long-term supplier, may lose ground.

    "From my understanding of the Iranian political mentality, Iran's political, intellectual and ideological leadership does not trust Moscow, but [they still] benefit in times of crises for many reasons, including the intersection of their national interests," he said.

    "Currently, there is a good political and economic relationship between the two countries, however that does not wipe the bloody history between the two as the Russian presence on the Iranian arena was very negative," he wrote. "Russia defeated Iran in two major wars during the first half of the nineteenth century and carved out parts of the Iranian territory as well as sharing the influence with the British on Iranian territory during the era of their Constitutional Revolution between 1905-1911, therefore this will not change the Iranian public mood toward Russia."

    China has been equipping the Iranian military since the 1980s, but their sales have dropped since the turn of the millennium.

    "Chinese arms sales to Iran fell off sharply around 2000," said Richard Bitzinger, senior fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore. "I think this was in part Beijing trying to demonstrate to the world that it was not supporting a supposed terrorist state, to appease Israel, which has been an important if sporadic supplier of military technology to China; and also to perhaps to curry favor with conservative gulf states.

    "China and Iran had a very close arms-collaboration arrangement in the 1980s and 1990s, where China was a significant supplier of conventional armaments to Iran, used during the Iran-Iraq War," he said.

    "During the 1990s, China became a pretty significant supplier of systems that Iran subsequently license-produced or reverse-engineered," Bitzinger said. "In particular, it manufactured Chinese-developed anti-ship cruise missiles, particularly the C-802 and C-70, and surface-to-air missiles, the Chinese FM-80, which was a reverse-engineered French Crotale. China also exported its Houdong-class fast attack craft to Iran."

    However, he said, the Iranians already have a "good enough" arms-manufacturing industry for armored vehicles, tanks and other equipment, allowing them to decide to cut out the Chinese. "Chinese arms sales to Iran are negligible these days," he said.

    Russia is potentially a more important supplier, Bitzinger said, but even then, Iran will not be a major buyer of Russian equipment, mostly due to money shortages and the desire to build up its own industry.

    Despite the fact that Iran has more than 300 American military aircraft and is the sole foreign customer of the Grumman F-14 Tomcat, the sanctions lift will not pave the way for US military sales — yet.

    "In any event, the US has committed only to lift its nuclear-related sanctions," said Daniel Waltz, partner at Washington-based legal consultancy Squire Patton-Boggs. "It has not committed to lifting those sanctions that relate to other subjects, e.g., proliferation or terrorism. Cooperation between the US and Iranian defense sectors will be among the last of the US barriers to Iranian trade that will be removed."

    European and American aircraft manufacturers, however, will be more focused on providing services and upgrades to the large Iranian civil aviation sector for the time being.

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