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    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    lyle6
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    Post  lyle6 Wed Aug 18, 2021 11:14 am

    local Vietnamese drinks tap water, absorbs massive amounts of residual agent orange, doesn't feel good and changes - AUTISM. Many such cases!
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    Lennox

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    Post  Lennox Wed Aug 18, 2021 11:44 am

    lyle6 wrote:local Vietnamese drinks tap water, absorbs massive amounts of residual agent orange, doesn't feel good and changes - AUTISM. Many such cases!

    Calm down my guy. I'm from Vietnam myself. We Vietnamese (well, most of us tbh) use actual brains to think, as opposed to those whose vocab consists only the word 'gas station' and 'Russia bady bad bad'.

    To wrongly quote Sheldon Cooper, "Even though someone could teach sign language to KoKo the gorilla, no one could ever teach Vann rudimentary common sense."

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    lyle6
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    Post  lyle6 Wed Aug 18, 2021 12:23 pm

    Lennox wrote:
    Calm down my guy. I'm from Vietnam myself. We Vietnamese (well, most of us tbh) use actual brains to think, as opposed to those whose vocab consists only the word 'gas station' and 'Russia bady bad bad'.  

    To wrongly quote Sheldon Cooper, "Even though someone could teach sign language to KoKo the gorilla, no one could ever teach Vann rudimentary common sense."
    You must have skipped the local water then.

    I'm jesting. Smile

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    Russian_Patriot_
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    Post  Russian_Patriot_ Thu Aug 19, 2021 8:16 am

    Perm software will reduce the time required to create optical chips from two years to six months. 

    Specialists of Perm State National University with the support of the NTI Competence Center "Photonics" have developed software that will reduce the time required to create photonic integrated circuits by more than four times. The program has no analogues in Russia, Perm State University told TASS on Thursday.

    "The development process with today's approach takes about two years, and with the new Difra lab software, it can be completed in a period of one week to six months. In the future, users themselves will be able to build systems on a chip from ready-made data libraries, and the development time of the FIS will be reduced to three days" – the project developers said.

    Creating photonic integrated circuits on optical chips involves determining the optical material, calculating the parameters of individual elements, and then "assembling" the optical system from these elements on a virtual chip. The Difra lab database will be gradually updated with ready-made projects, so that the build on a chip can be reduced to three days.

    The project received positive recommendations of the competition at the last educational intensive course "Archipelago-2121". The final version of the software will be available by the end of 2022.

    The NTI Photonics Competence Center was established on the basis of Perm State National University based on the results of a competitive selection of a Russian venture company to provide state support for the centers of the National Technology Initiative in 2020. The Perm Photonics Competence Center is the only one in the country with such an innovation profile.

    Source: 

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    Russian_Patriot_
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    Post  Russian_Patriot_ Thu Aug 19, 2021 8:21 am

    Giredmet has grown the world's largest crystal for positron emission tomography detectors. 

    A team of specialists from the Laboratory of Technologies for Obtaining High-purity Substances of Giredmet JSC (Moscow, part of Rosatom's scientific division) has grown the world's largest single crystal of cerium-activated lutetium orthosilicate for use as scintillators (phosphors that can emit visible light when exposed to ionizing radiation) in positron emission tomography (PET) gamma-ray detectors.

    Cultivation was carried out by the Czochralski method, that is, by introducing a seed into the melt, and then pulling the crystal up. Specialists received a crystal with record parameters: the diameter is 75 mm, the height is more than 15 cm, and the weight is 5 kg.

    The characteristics of the resulting crystal meet all the required quality parameters — high density and light output, short attenuation time and good radiation resistance. "Modern PET devices use time-of-flight technology and use several tens of thousands of scintillation crystals, usually 3x3x20 mm in size . Several hundred small crystals will be cut out of the resulting crystal" – said Konstantin Ivanovskikh, Deputy Director for Science and Innovation at Giredmet. "The technological ability to synthesize large samples can significantly reduce the specific cost of each individual pixel for PET. And this is really important, because today up to 40% of the cost of a PET scanner is made up of scintillation crystals."

    Source: 
    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia - Page 38 Xhz6pu10


    Last edited by Russian_Patriot_ on Thu Aug 19, 2021 11:54 am; edited 1 time in total

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    Russian_Patriot_
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    Post  Russian_Patriot_ Thu Aug 19, 2021 8:26 am

    Vibration-proof platform for placing electronic equipment in wagons and locomotives. 

    COMMENG Company (Commeng LLC, Saint Petersburg) has completed the development of a vibration-proof platform designed for installing complex electronic equipment (for example, servers) in locomotives and railway and metro cars.

    The development takes into account the application features — namely, acceleration and deceleration at the beginning of movement and braking, as well as the impact on the payload during emergency braking.

    The figure shows an example of a platform using cable vibration isolators and spring shock absorbers to compensate for the effects in the longitudinal direction that occur when changing the speed of movement, starting and braking the train.

    Spring shock absorbers can also be installed in the longitudinal or in the longitudinal and transverse directions. Depending on the payload weight that the platform is designed for, the number of turns or/and the cable stiffness of the cable shock absorber changes.

    The methods of fixing the platform and fixing the payload on it are not of fundamental importance and can be selected from several options.

    Materials used:

    - base and mounting surface of the platform-steel, powder-coated;

    - cable vibration isolators — electroplated steel, stainless steel cable;

    - spring vibration isolators — electroplated steel, steel spring wire.

    - fasteners (rivets, rivet nuts, screws) - electroplated steel or stainless steel.

    Source: 
    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia - Page 38 1e5wxf10

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    Kiko
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    Post  Kiko Thu Aug 19, 2021 8:12 pm

    Robots of the Russian 'holding' Yandex begin to bring food to US students, 19.08.2021.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) - Russian holding company Yandex and the US service Grubhub have begun to bring food with the help of robots to students at Columbus University, Ohio, the Yandex press office reported.

    "Yandex and Grubhub launched robotic food distribution on the Columbus University campus. Yandex robots will take students and teachers the food they order in local cafes and restaurants, " he said.

    On the Columbus campus, one of the largest in the US, more than 60,000 students study and live. In the distribution of the food will participate 50 rovers of Yandex, which will operate daily from 09.00 to 21.00.

    Thanks to having a spacious cargo compartment, the robot can carry many dishes at once.

    "We have a large territory and many pedestrian areas. But it is no problem for Yandex robots, which run on sidewalks and easily reach the right place," said Zia Ahmed, food manager of this University.

    The Yandex rover is an autonomous robot, adapted to carry small loads. He knows how to chart the route, assess the situation and overcome obstacles. It runs on urban sidewalks at speeds of 5 to 8 kilometers per hour and can work in summer and winter and in any weather conditions.

    According to Yandex data, over the past year and a half these robots took home thousands of orders placed in Russian services Yandex.Jeddah and Yandex.Lavka.

    Yandex Translate from Spanish

    https://mundo.sputniknews.com/20210819/robots-del-holding-ruso-yandex-empiezan-a-llevar-comida-a-estudiantes-de-eeuu-1115225942.html

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    Kiko
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    Post  Kiko Sun Aug 29, 2021 2:34 pm

    Russia’s Yandex picks Paris to launch new food delivery service that promises speed, 29/08/2021.

    Russian tech giant Yandex has launched an express food delivery service in Paris under the Yango Deli brand, the company said, as demand for online delivery services remains strong after years of Covid-related restrictions.

    Paris became the first European capital the Russian company is hoping to break into after launching the same service in Tel Aviv, Israel in November. Yandex is planning to expand the service to London in the third quarter of 2021.

    Initially, the Paris service will cover an area with nearly one million residents before expanding into more areas across the city, according to the company.

    The objective is to deliver orders within 15 minutes, as the company is using so-called dark stores, dedicated warehouses that cater only to online clients. The technology allows Yandex to provide swift delivery while also enjoying cheaper rental costs.

    Yango, the international arm of Yandex Go, the firm’s taxi aggregator and food tech business, was first launched in Russia under the Yandex.Lavka name back in 2019, when the coronavirus pandemic forced people to stay home for months.

    Yandex, initially developed as a Russian search engine rivaling Google, is reportedly planning to spend around $650 million on e-commerce initiatives this year. In the first half of 2021, company revenues were up 54% and totaled 154 billion rubles ($2.1 billion).

    https://www.rt.com/business/533005-russia-yandex-paris-food-delivery/

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    Russian_Patriot_
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    Post  Russian_Patriot_ Sun Aug 29, 2021 3:02 pm

    Roscosmos will test analog of space plasma torches for incineration of garbage. 
     
    Keldysh Research Center (part of Roscosmos ) By the end of the year, it will test an installation with a plasma torch for incineration of solid household waste (MSW). This was announced by the General Director of the Center Vladimir Koshlakov, reports TASS.

    "We are currently working on creating a small installation that will allow us to neutralize and dispose of hazardous waste from the municipal sector and industrial waste. By the end of the year, we plan to show our capabilities" – Koshlakov said.

    He noted that when the work is completed, the developer will begin to actively interact with the authorities of Nizhny Novgorod on waste incineration.

    Source: 

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    kvs
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    Post  kvs Mon Aug 30, 2021 12:35 am



    The Russian Ministry of Defense has a supercomputer that in 2016 was rated at 16 Petaflops.  The storage was 236 Petabytes.
    This makes it the 5th in the world list of supercomputers but it does not compete in civilian rankings.  

    The purpose of this complex is for command and control planning in real time.   It serves to optimize logistics and evaluate
    a vast number of information inputs.   It really is used as a "super brain".   This sort of processing does not require all the
    nodes to sit in the same building with a fixed length of interconnects.    The MOD system is geographically distributed
    over a military internet.   This does not detract from its ranking.

    The video does not give any details on the current state of the system, but Shoigu already talked a while back about a 1.5
    scaling through more nodes.  Given the fast turnover in the field of computing hardware, after 5 years the power must have
    increased more than 50%.   The nodes themselves are upgraded over time as the old ones age and become obsolete.  
    So this system is growing both in the number of nodes and power per node.

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    Hole
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    Post  Hole Mon Aug 30, 2021 1:36 pm

    How is the supercomputer called... Nebonet? Laughing

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    ALAMO

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    Post  ALAMO Mon Aug 30, 2021 3:57 pm

    Neboset', if we combine Laughing
    flamming_python
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    Post  flamming_python Mon Aug 30, 2021 10:10 pm

    Just a matter of time until it becomes self-aware I'm afraid No

    And before that, it will start giving recommendations and making decisions that no-one can understand the logic behind. But they will be the right ones, and so confidence will build and the system will be developed further..

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    PapaDragon
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    Post  PapaDragon Mon Aug 30, 2021 10:22 pm

    flamming_python wrote:Just a matter of time until it becomes self-aware I'm afraid No

    And before that, it will start giving recommendations and making decisions that no-one can understand the logic behind. But they will be the right ones, and so confidence will build and the system will be developed further..

    Acceptable and necessary

    We must first endure the Dark Age of Technology before The God Emperor of Mankind can reveal himself to us


    Hole
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    Post  Hole Tue Aug 31, 2021 2:21 pm

    Now find a way to upload Putin! Very Happy

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    kvs
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    Post  kvs Tue Aug 31, 2021 10:15 pm

    https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/11/13/6031

    Improving the Structural Characteristics of Heavy Concrete by Combined Disperse Reinforcement

    The development of perspective concrete mixes capable of resisting the action of external loads is an important scientific problem in the modern construction industry. This article presents a study of the influence of steel, basalt, and polypropylene fiber materials on concrete’s strength and deformation characteristics. A combination of various types of dispersed reinforcement is considered, and by methods of mathematical planning of the experiment, regression dependences of the strength and deformation characteristics on the combination of fibers and their volume fraction are obtained. It was shown that the increase in compressive strength was 35% in fiber-reinforced concretes made using a combination of steel and basalt fiber with a volume concentration of steel fiber of 2% and basalt fiber of 2%; tensile strength in bending increased by 79%, ultimate deformations during axial compression decreased by 52%, ultimate deformation under axial tension decreased by 39%, and elastic modulus increased by 33%. Similar results were obtained for other combinations of dispersed reinforcement. The studies carried out made it possible to determine the most effective combinations of fibers of various types of fibers with each other and their optimal volume concentration.


    Russian researchers have improved the characteristics of concrete. Not a trivial task and with obvious economic and safety implications.

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    Kiko
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    Post  Kiko Wed Sep 01, 2021 2:08 am

    US tech giant Uber bought out in Russia by homegrown Yandex, handing over keys to self-driving cars & food delivery business.

    Russia's largest technology company has announced it will buy a series of joint ventures from US ride-sharing and delivery services conglomerate Uber, handing over a billion dollars as part of the deal and sending shares soaring.

    In a statement issued on Tuesday, Moscow-based Yandex revealed that it would take full control of four separate businesses in which the two giants had previously both held stakes.

    In exchange for $1 billion in cash, Yandex will take a 100% stake in restaurant courier app Yandex.Eats, grocery delivery service Yandex.Lavka, and Yandex.Delivery. In addition, it will pick up Uber's share of Yandex Self-Driving Group, giving it total control of the driverless car business. The company will also increase its share in a holding company overseeing a series of mobility ventures.

    As part of the deal, Yandex will continue to be able to operate services under Uber's branding in Russia and a number of other countries until 2030.

    "Since we started our partnership with Uber in 2018, we've been able to create and rapidly develop a number of successful businesses – all of them are highly synergetic to our e-commerce initiative and to the entire Yandex ecosystem," said Yandex Deputy CEO Tigran Khudaverdyan. "The consolidation of these businesses puts us in a great position to further increase strategic management flexibility, while creating new substantial growth potential for our businesses and cross-platform consumer benefits over the years to come."

    Earlier this week, Yandex announced it had picked Paris for its first major expansion into a Western European capital, and it will offer nearly one million residents of the City of Light express food deliveries through its Yango Deli app. Croissants and fromage are set to be delivered within just 15 minutes.

    https://www.rt.com/russia/533563-yandex-buys-ventures-uber/

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    Post  kvs Thu Sep 02, 2021 3:10 pm



    Using a very simple idea, a Russian company is building a prototype gravity battery with a capacity of 300 MWh.  
    This is just a heavy weight raised up to 300 meters using electrical motors for storage and then running in reverse
    as generators by the dropping of the weight.   The efficiency of this cycle is over 80%.   A less than 20% energy
    loss is tolerable considering that a lot of power is wasted from generating stations because they cannot be dialed
    up and down to perfectly meet demand.   In other words, even non-alternative, stable base load generation has
    limitations.

    Gravity electrical storage is clearly not a new concept, and pumped hydro is in many ways better.   But pumped
    hydro is limited by geography.    If you want to use water storage tanks, then you may as well use a heavy weight
    instead since you do not need to worry about water (leaking, rust, etc.).   Using water would actually waste more
    electrical energy since pumps do not operate at 100% efficiency by a long shot.    Only using electrical motors
    which act as generators in reverse is much more efficient.

    https://www.energy.gov/eere/solar/articles/solar-plus-storage-101

    This link gives some idea what a 300 MWh battery is good for.   Ultimately much larger batteries are needed
    and the linked video talks about 10 GWh required by the city of Moscow.   The cost of gravity battery systems
    is justified by capturing the generated power wasted because of demand fluctuations.   But it can serve to
    enable alternative energy generation on a larger scale by dealing with production fluctuations as well.  This
    form of electrical storage has a cost about half of lithium batteries and does not have rare earth element resource
    limitations.

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    Post  GarryB Fri Sep 03, 2021 9:11 am

    It is another useful storage option.... no single system will be perfect and so combinations should be used and utilised.

    Even just combining rooftop rain water collection together with gravity electricity generation makes sense... the water collection can collect water from rooftops and store it in tanks inside the building to reduce water loss due to evaporation... clean water sources are going to become rather important too... for tall buldings it could be incorporated into a fire suppression sprinkler system too, but the energy needed to pump water to the upper floors of buildings could be very creatively sorted out.

    Most tall buildings have lifts and lifts are about balanced loads so imagine early in the day when people are leaving a building to go to work so when the lift is at the ground floor it might have 200 kgs of water pumped in to it so it is balanced with the lift coming down with 3-4 people in it... the water taken out when it gets to the top floor. Using AI it could become a rather more efficient way of transporting water to the top floors of buildings and does it in a way that reduces power use rather than wasting it.

    You could have a gym on the top floor with Archimedes screws that drag water from ground level to the top floor by people having a workout...

    I remember seeing a gravity light being used in Africa... you get a big rock and hang it below a light bulb and as the rock descends to the ground the bulb remains lit... it was a low energy LED and lit the entire room for about 8 hours before the rock hit the ground and needed to be reset... brilliant.
    Russian_Patriot_
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    Post  Russian_Patriot_ Fri Sep 03, 2021 7:13 pm

    Installation of the reactor shaft equipment has begun at the MBIR construction site. 

    Installation of the reactor shaft equipment began at the site for the construction of a Multi-purpose Fast Neutron Research Reactor (MBIR) in the city of Dimitrovgrad (Ulyanovsk region). As the press service of the Industrial Center for Capital Construction (OCCS, part of Rosatom) reported on Wednesday, a multi-ton concrete floor slab was installed at the base of the mine.

    The installation of the slab marked a new stage of the construction project, the press service notes. From that moment, along with the main works-reinforcement and concreting-the installation phase began at the site. Their completion will mean that the reactor vessel is ready to arrive at the site: it is expected in Dimitrovgrad in the autumn of 2021. According to Sergey Kiverov, Deputy Director for facilities under construction and head of construction projects at MBIR, the construction of the research reactor is proceeding significantly a year ahead of schedule.

    MBIR is a unique multi-purpose fast neutron research reactor of the fourth generation under construction in Russia in Dimitrovgrad on the basis of the Research Institute of Nuclear Reactors (JSC "SSC NIIAR", part of Rosatom). Construction began in 2015, according to the plan, the commissioning of the reactor is scheduled for 2028.

    MBIR is a high-flow fast neutron research reactor with unique consumer properties. It is planned to use it to conduct reactor and post-reactor research, generate electricity, and develop new technologies for the production of radioisotopes and modified materials. The main purpose of the MBIR reactor is to conduct mass reactor tests of innovative materials and models of core elements for fourth-generation nuclear power systems, including fast neutron reactors with a fuel cycle closure, as well as small and medium-power thermal reactors. It is planned to create an International Research Center on the basis of the MBIR.

    Source: 
    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia - Page 38 Eco_ca10
    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia - Page 38 Opxpcb10
    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia - Page 38 B1qxv510

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    Post  Kiko Wed Sep 08, 2021 4:23 pm

    Yandex plans to launch testing of an unmanned taxi in the fall, 08/09/2021.

    Yandex plans to launch testing of an unmanned taxi in Moscow in the fall.

    MOSCOW, September 8 - RIA Novosti. The Russian Internet holding Yandex plans to launch testing of an unmanned taxi in the Moscow district of Yasenevo in the fall , and is awaiting approval of the corresponding program of an experimental legal regime, the company said.

    Yandex will launch testing of an unmanned taxi in Moscow . Cars will begin carrying the first passengers in the fall of 2021 in the Yasenevo area in the south of the capital, "the message says.

    The company indicates that at the testing stage the service will be available to a limited number of users in the vicinity of the Yasenevo, Novoyasenevskaya and Bitsevsky Park metro stations. To take part in the project, you will need to fill out an application on a special website. Those interested will be able to call an unmanned taxi in the Yandex Go application.

    The company notes that Yandex's unmanned vehicles have been driving on the roads of Moscow for several years, but according to the laws in force, a test driver must sit behind the wheel of the car. In 2021, as explained in Yandex, a law on experimental legal regimes came into force in Russia , which partially removes restrictions for testing unmanned technologies.

    As the press service of the company explained to RIA Novosti, the program of the experimental legal regime, which sets out the conditions for launching unmanned taxis in several regions, has been published on the portal of draft regulations. "Now we are awaiting its approval by the relevant departments. This will allow us to start a full-fledged launch of the unmanned taxi service," the press service added.

    Yandex began the first tests of an unmanned taxi in the summer of 2018 in Innopolis . For three years of testing in Innopolis, passengers have made more than 20 thousand trips. In total, Yandex's unmanned vehicles have traveled more than 14 million kilometers on public roads in Russia, the United States and Israel.

    https://ria.ru/20210908/taksi-1749130377.html

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    Post  kvs Sun Sep 12, 2021 5:49 pm



    Later in the video (8:40) there is a segment on a small Kalashnikov UAV (made by the Zala enterprise) which uses an
    autonomous optical navigation system. This is a spectacular achievement. It uses visual pattern recognition to
    identify landmark objects and plot a flight path. It also has a very large range (over 1100 km).

    This is not a 1980s cruise missile system and is an example of AI being put into real world use. One of its uses
    is to look for people lost in the wilderness. I suppose it would use IR cameras with a high resolution to see through
    the brush and forest.


    GarryB, xeno and Hole like this post


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