Russia is ready to double its Cobalt 60 market share from 15 to 30% thanks to the B-800. Cobalt 60 has a negative reputation thanks to retarded yanqui comic books and the whole dirty Cobalt bomb myth. Dirty nuclear bombs are not made more dirty by Cobalt 60. But Cobalt 60 is used for medical treatment and sterilization of medical and other equipment and its global demand is increasing.
The above video also has an interesting story about how a cholera epidemic was defeated around Stalingrad during WWII. Professor Zeonida Vessarionova Yermol was dispatched to Stalingrad and developed an effective bacteriophage response including the inoculation of 50,000 people per day while having vital supplies destroyed by German bombing. This was an epic achievement that I have never heard about before and I am sure 99.99% of humanity doesn't know about it. When others trash talk, Russia does.
Russia put into operation the world's first floating nuclear power plant
MOSCOW, May 22. / TASS /. The first floating nuclear power plant “Akademik Lomonosov”, located in Chukotka, was put into commercial operation on May 22 after receiving a positive conclusion from Rosprirodnadzor and confirmation from Rostekhnadzor that the station was built in accordance with the requirements of project documentation. This is stated in the message of the Rosenergoatom concern (part of the Rosatom electric power division).
The order to commission the FNPP into commercial operation was signed by Andrey Petrov, general director of the concern.
“From today, the project for the construction of a floating nuclear power plant in the city of Pevek, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug can be considered successfully completed. Now it has become the eleventh industrially operated nuclear power plant in Russia and the northernmost in the world,” Rosenergoatom quotes Petrova.
The first electricity to the isolated network of the Chaun-Bilibino energy center of Chukotka was issued by the FNPP on December 19, 2019. The international magazine Power recognized this event as one of the six key events of the year in the world nuclear energy. Since the incorporation into the network, the FNPP has already generated over 47.3 million kWh of electricity, now it provides 20% of the electricity demand of the Chaun-Bilibino energy center. And after the Bilibino NPP is decommissioned, the FNPP will be the main source of energy for Chukotka.
The world's first floating nuclear power plant consists of coastal infrastructure and the Akademik Lomonosov floating power unit (PSU), equipped with two KLT-40S reactors with an electric capacity of 35 MW each. The power capacity of the FNPP is 70 MW, and the thermal capacity is 50 Gcal / h.
Russian scientists have created the most heat-resistant material in the world
The most heat-resistant material in the world was created by Russian specialists from the Center for Structural Ceramic Nanomaterials NITU MISiS. Theoretically, the melting point of the new compound is 4,200º C. Scientists have not been able to measure the exact value at the moment, since simulating such thermal loads in the laboratory is extremely difficult.
The substance proposed by the researchers, hafnium carbonitride (Hf-CN), was obtained by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and is a hafnium-carbon-nitrogen binder. In addition to incredible thermal stability, the material has high hardness (21.3 GPa), thermal conductivity and oxidation resistance.
It is worth noting that the discovery of Russian specialists, first of all, is of great importance for the aerospace industry. For example, in the future, hafnium carbonitride could be used in the manufacture of head fairings, parts of aircraft engines and other elements. All this would allow to increase the life of domestic aircraft, and most importantly, to make them even more reliable.
In addition, new material could also contribute to the military industry. In particular, it could be used to create hypersonic missiles, which, moving in dense layers of the atmosphere, are subjected to the highest thermal effects.
How Russian scientists synthesize graphene with a given number of layers
Rusgrafen specialists together with colleagues from the Institute of General Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Materials Science of the Vietnam Academy of Sciences and Technologies have developed a method for the synthesis of CVD graphene with a controlled number of layers. The results of the work published in the journal Physica Status Solidi C and a Physica the Status Bed and Solidi .
Flexible and transparent electrodes, sensors, membranes, memory cells, saturable absorbers for lasers are far from an incomplete list of actively developing applications for graphene films. It is important to be able to produce films with a given number of graphene layers - a key parameter that determines their unique physicochemical properties.
To this end, we have developed a method that allows you to control the thickness of the synthesized graphene film (from 3 to 50 or more layers) on the surface of nickel foil, one of the most popular catalytic substrates for the synthesis of graphene.
The experiments used the original setup developed by Rusgrafen. At the first stage, annealing of the nickel substrate was carried out, placed in a vacuum chamber with water-cooled walls. The chamber was filled to a pressure of 100-500 mbar with a mixture of argon and hydrogen in a ratio of 4: 1. Then, the substrate was heated by passing an electric current to the annealing temperature, which was maintained for a certain time. The increase in current was controlled by the installation software. The temperature was measured directly from the nickel substrate using an infrared pyrometer. It was found that the current rise rate, temperature, and annealing time largely determine the quality of the graphene film formed on the surface of the nickel foil in the second part of the experiment.
Carbon-containing gas methane (CH4) was supplied to the pre-evacuated chamber, and the nickel substrate was again resistively heated. At a temperature of 500 ° C, methane thermal decomposition and carbon deposition on the substrate occurred at the metal surface. At 750 ° C, carbon atoms began to diffuse into nickel, increasing its electrical resistance. By changing the resistance of the substrate, one can judge the number of carbon atoms that have stuck inside nickel. And this determines the thickness of the graphene film, which is formed after cooling the substrate. Thus, by controlling a number of parameters — the heating rate and the temperature of the substrate, its resistance, concentration, and gas pressure, it became possible to synthesize films with a given number of graphene layers. For instance,
This method is used by Rusgrafen to create commercial samples of CVD-graphene with the number of layers required by the customer.
Russia has rolled out the first in the world all composite hull anti-mine ship. The vacuum-infusion composite hull is stronger than steel but much lighter. This is the first of a series of such composite hull ships. No this is not just another fiber-glass boat.
Some idiot claiming that the Elbrus microprocessor is a Soviet achievement. This BS is what passes for Russian youtube these days.
1) The only legacy of the USSR in the Elbrus is its conceptual VLIW architecture. But a microprocessor an architecture concept does not make. And the Soviet VLIW was never rendered on a single chip.
2) MCST has spent since the 1990s implementing VLIW on a chip and this includes adding a memory controller, cache, new FPU, and the general layout of the transistors and traces which never existed before 1991. People need to realize that in the real world a simple idea needs a lot of hard work and other ideas to be implemented. Only in pulp fiction and Hollywood is technology a trivial function of money and gumption. If life were that easy then everyone would be a tech entrepreneur. The Elbrus is basically 90% new content motivated by its VLIW concept.
The important thing is that MCST has kept pursuing this development project and has succeeded in developing a viable 8 core general purpose CPU based on VLIW. Both the development of the CPU and the use of VLIW are major achievements. Fobbing this off on the USSR is anti-Russian propaganda.
Russia is reviving the project to create an electronic "Gosplan" which germinated in the 1950s. The USSR tried to develop an computerized economy data collection and processing for optimization complex but did not succeed. Russia is trying to finish the job.
This is a proper post in the innovation section since nobody has such a system. Companies have smaller more narrowly focused systems, but a national economy scale system is a big task. It requires a system of clean data input and the ability to deal with corrupted data. It needs to work with many heterogeneous processes which contribute to the economy. By contrast a company has a much simpler process to model.
Before some people get their panties in a bunch, Gosplan is not coming back. Also, this is not Orwellian. The f*cking west combs both online activity and phone calls of individuals. Some paragons of "democracy" like the UK video almost every urban location you visit. Tracking inert materials and products is hardly an invasion of privacy or tyranny. In fact, such a system could be used to fight corruption. Corrupt enterprises do not function optimally as economic players. Much like projects afflicted with corruption are always behind schedule, cost vastly more than planned and deliver a sub-par product (be it infrastructure or anything else). So a national economy processing system would red flag anomalous elements.
In the video above there is a discussion of the information war launched by the USA during the 1970s to undermine this project since the USA itself had great plans to control the world information space. This case shows how soft and useless was the USSR leadership and the leaderships of the Warsaw Pact. They swallowed the BS about how computers had no future. And the USA propaganda pivoted around claiming that this economy monitoring system would really be an electronic gulag with total control over every citizen much like in Orwell's 1984. As I note above, this is pure BS and we see today who was really interested in setting up and electronic gulag. More like coercion of individuals through total invasion of privacy and enabling of social media lynch mobs to dox, deplatform and have dissidents fired from their jobs.
The video also notes that a national scale, but with a narrower focus, system was developed by the USSR called Kontur. It was designed to help deal with disasters including nuclear war. This system is still functional today. BTW, this is not some gimmick. A large amount of information needs to be gathered and sorted to respond to major exogenous shocks. There is chaos and system breakdown under such conditions. The scale of such breakdown can be local or national or global. Being able to optimize the interconnections of the surviving fragments is vital for survival and having a computer system do it is better than any number of humans. Also, those humans would be better deployed solving problems only humans can instead of acting like some data processing collective. So the Kontur and similar systems actually optimizes human resources through its very existence.
Corrupt enterprises do not function optimally as economic players.
Was just watching a standup comedy special by Kevin Bridges... very funny guy... he was talking about the knife crime in London and that one thing he found strange is the sports shops in London... they sell 3,000 base ball bats a year, but have never sold a base ball...
From about 8:50 onwards is the relevant bit but it is pretty funny anyway...
The liquor stores in US ghettos are another example of a racket praying of social decay and human misery.
One of the main reasons that the USSR did not develop a more comprehensive economy data processing system was because of resistance from the bureaucracy. They saw it as a direct threat to their jobs and they still do. But the "threat" is also to bureaucratic corruption since bureaucrats would be exposed to objective metrics that would expose corrupt behaviour. So current efforts to finish the project are being resisted as well.
But nobody can pour BS over computers anymore. And even if Russia does not have the production capacity for large number of high-end servers today, this project is a great stimulus to the Russian computer industry. That is one of the main reasons that the USA launched its propaganda campaign in the 1970s so as to sabotage Soviet computer manufacturing.
They are scared because information is power, but really you need to know how a system actually works to make sure it is efficient and not just haemorrhaging oil or money or time and effort to little or not effect.
In marketing it was believed that only the poor bought in bulk because it was cheaper, but analysis of rubbish contents in various dumps in poor and in affluent areas showed that actually it is the middle class that buys in bulk and takes advantage of specials, while the poor often pay more per item by buying smaller containers as they can afford them, and of course the rich go for more expensive better quality products.
Simply the poor can't afford to save money by buying in bulk... so companies changed their marketing strategies...
In this case a study of the contents of rubbish tips led to better targeting of advertising money... it didn't really help anyone...
Hopefully studying what is happening will enable streamlining and improvement so that promised and intended services get delivered to those who need them and are not abused by those who don't.
GarryB wrote:of course the rich go for more expensive better quality products.
They usually go for well known brand names which are typically only marginally, if at all better than what you get a bloody petrol station.
As someone who eats mainly the more expensive food I can confidently say that it is mostly shit laced with toxins and carcinogens, what you really want to do is to find a small independent food supplier that has not yet got to the stage of runaway corporate degeneracy and greed, that way you can have mid range costs, good quality food and ofcourse the ability to laugh at all thoes snobs and thier nicely packaged brand labelled sewage.