More info about HQ-9
September 26, 2013 , according to foreign media reports, the Turkish Defense Ministry announced that China Precision Machinery Import and Export Corporation FD-2000 air defense missile systems to beat Rosoboronexport 's S-400, MBDA Aster air defense missiles and the United States Locke Sid MIM-104 air defense missiles, Turkish Army T-Loramids obtain long-range air defense missile system orders, became the backbone of the Turkish defense .
Mentioned here FD-2000 is the Chinese HQ-9 air defense missile export models. The first red flag -9 belong to China from the research area air defense missile , developed around 1980 to 1995 and a small amount of production delivered a preliminary experiment stereotypes troops trial . ( Sina Editor's Note: From now well documented data , Russia 's export S-300 model was first developed in the 1992 Moscow air show appearance , the introduction of China's first batch of S-300 is likely to be in 1993 , while the official media first reported S-300 column mounted participated in the exercise in 1996 after the incident than we began the development of a full red flag -9 missile late for nearly 15 years. red flag -9 perhaps in mid incorporates some of the later development of the concept and the Russian technology, but even the cottage is completely generic and two concepts ) .
Red flag -9 using terminal active radar guidance , the operating frequency band for the G -band , playing the body length of 6.51 meters , compared to the Russian anti-aircraft missiles Sam -10 PMU series use 48N6 series 7.5 m smaller ; red flag -9 maximum range of approximately 125 km , the maximum shot high 18,000 m , the general objectives of the missile range is between 7 to 50 km , shot high between 1000 ~ 18000 m ; right cruise range from 7 to 15 km , the minimum shooting 25 meters high ; against ballistic missiles range of 7 to 25 km , shot high from 2000 to 15,000 meters , the maximum mobility 22G.
The red flag -9 using ground-based SJ-212 phased array search , fire control radar, a previously Kay HILL (KS-1) SAM SJ-202 phased array amplification improved version . Single antenna can cover 120 degrees azimuth, peak power 1MW, average power of 60kW, can simultaneously track the distance of 300 kilometers, altitude 7000 meters below the 100 aerial targets and automatic threat assessment , the most threatening of six elected target priority to the war, to reach the target from the radar missile engagement desired reaction time of about 12 to 15 seconds .
HQ-9 air defense missile four mounted missile launchers are still with the Russian S-300 surface to air missiles similar to erecting storage rack is equipped with four missiles , launchers, also uses the missile launch tube ejected after ignition cold means of transmission . HQ-9 air defense missile system, the vehicle has a significant feature in common , that is, launch vehicle using domestic Tai'an 8 × 8 heavy-duty off-road chassis , the other is the use of a vehicle made 6 × 6 off-road chassis , which is from the appearance of rapidly red flag -9 distinguish the characteristics of long-range surface to air missiles .
HQ-9 air defense missile system can control 6 missile attack last three to six targets ( using two bombs hit a machine can deal with three goals , while the goal is to deal with six six missiles each engagement a ) , on the with an air target can be repeated successively utilized two missile attacks, missile launch time interval of about 5 seconds .
A complete red flag -9 brigade combat units from the six battalions , each battalion consists of a battalion -level control car, a fire control radar vehicle , eight four-mounted anti-aircraft missile launchers , each battalion there are 32 prepared projectiles , and brigade -level units and a brigade-level command vehicle , can simultaneously pick up each brigade combat 48 air targets ( average per fire control radar engagement 8 ) .
Red flag -9 export version FD-2000 with the ground-based air defense missiles, reconnaissance , fire control radars replaced by a more advanced HT-233 ( also known KS-1A land-based air defense missile system uses ) . HT-233 is also a single antenna monopulse phased array search , fire control radar, using the C-band (300MHz) operation , each of the antenna array with 1000 or more phase shifters , the average power of 60kW, peak power 1MW, maximum search distance 120 km or more, for the aircraft to track the target distance 90 km , the beam scanning range of 120 degrees horizontal and vertical 65 degrees, can be linked with the brigade command center , simultaneously track up to 100 targets in the air , and assign them engagement 50 targets . ( Weygand )
So what have we here:
- Missile range- 125 km
- Missile altitude- 18 km
- Minimal target altitude - 25m
- Shooting radar guides 6 missiles on 3 to 6 targets
- Up to 8 batteries form one AD brigade
- Launching interval / 5sec
- Engagement envelope: 7 - 50 km
- Active missile guidance
- 5 min system
Interesting thing is however that although missile range is given as 125km its effective range for the most targets (engagement envelope) is up to 50 km range (with high hit probability for most threats covered).
That reminds me of 9M96 missile issue where its missile range is cited as 120km but 60 km engagement envelope. As we can see, HQ-9 can in no way compare to S-300PM only older ones.
Last edited by Viktor on Fri Oct 11, 2013 2:54 pm; edited 1 time in total