Flight desk: naval pilots will receive new combat training Yak-130
The Ministry of Defense plans to conclude a large-scale contract for the supply of training aircraft with a digital control system
The Yak-130 training aircraft were given the command to take off. Izvestia learned the exclusive details of the contract for the purchase of the latest training and combat vehicles. Until 2027, the Ministry of Defense should receive more than two dozen of them. It is planned that the newly released "one hundred and thirties" will go into service with the Russian Navy. They will train, among other things, pilots of carrier-based aircraft, experts noted. In addition to performing training tasks, the Yak-130 is capable of using weapons, including modern high-precision bombs and missiles.
Warm-up for deck ships
The implementation of the contract for the construction of the Yak-130 signed in 2020 has already begun. Based on the schedules for the purchase of components (available to Izvestia), it is planned to be completed in 2027. Sources of Izvestia in the military department said that the question of where to send the newly released combat training aircraft is currently being worked out. It is expected that the novelty will go to the Naval Aviation, where it will be used to train pilots of naval air regiments fighters. True, according to the interlocutors of the publication, the decisions can be changed and the machines will be handed over to the Aerospace Forces.
In the previous decade, over 110 Yak-130s had already been purchased to complete the training regiments of the Aerospace Forces, which made it possible to fully meet their needs. The naval aviation has not yet updated its fleet with modern combat training aircraft.
In August last year, the head of the military department, Sergei Shoigu, announced his intention to conclude several large contracts for combat aircraft. According to him, by the end of 2020, the Ministry of Defense planned to purchase 25 Yak-130 and 21 Su-30SM2 fighters. The total value of the two contracts was supposed to exceed 100 billion rubles.
The price of the aircraft for the Russian Armed Forces has not been announced. In 2019, Vietnam purchased 12 Yak-130s for over $ 350 million.The vehicles are also in service with the Air Forces of Algeria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Myanmar and Laos.
“The Yak-130 is a transitional version of the aircraft from the simplest training models to full-fledged modern fighters,” military historian Dmitry Boltenkov told Izvestia. - Its cockpit can simulate the behavior of different types of machines: Su-24, Su-30 and others. The Aerospace Forces bought a large batch of Yak-130. Maritime pilots, with their vast fleet of equipment, also need such a "desk" to train pilots faster. Flying over the sea requires special skills, especially at night. If necessary, the Yak-130 can also be used as combat aircraft. They are capable of performing the functions of light attack aircraft and scouts.
The two-seat Yak-130 was developed to replace the outdated and worn out training L-39. The key advantage of the new machines is the unique digital control system. In combination with large multifunctional screens and an indicator on the windshield, it allows you to simulate the instruments and even the behavior in the air of several aircraft models at once, both fighters and bombers.
The equipment makes it possible to train pilots not only to fly 4+ generation aircraft, but also for the latest Su-57 fighters. Two powerful AI-222-25 engines allow practicing maneuvering in any subsonic flight modes.
More than 110 aircraft have already been purchased under several contracts for the Russian Aerospace Forces. Initially, the aircraft were built at the Sokol Aviation Plant in Nizhny Novgorod. Then their serial production was transferred to the Irkutsk Aviation Plant. There they organized production of up to 20 units per year.
Russia originally developed the aircraft jointly with Italy. It was planned that he would be actively supplied abroad. Therefore, the Yak-130 was immediately designed according to the principle of open architecture. It can be adapted to use both Russian and foreign ammunition, and can also be easily upgraded.
In 2019, the head of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC), Yuri Slyusar, said that the company was already creating a version of a deep modernization of the Yak-130, which would turn it into a predominantly combat aircraft. According to him, training opportunities will also be expanded, which will make it easier to adapt the machine to a specific customer and region of use.
Aiming and navigation equipment already allows you to practice on the Yak-130 not only aerobatics, but all types of combat missions. At nine points of suspension, the aircraft can lift up to 3 tons of conventional or guided munitions. It was tested, among other things, with four 500-kilogram KAB-500Kr corrected bombs under the wing.
The aircraft can also use modern R-73 air-to-air missiles with infrared homing heads. This makes it possible to practice the elements of close combat and shooting at air targets in practice.
The impressive combat load made it possible for some states, including Belarus, to use the Yak-130 as an affordable strike aircraft. Their pilots train not only to attack ground targets, but also to break through enemy air defenses. At the annual Aviadarts competitions, Belarusian crews successfully compete with Russian Su-25 and Su-25SM pilots.
In the version being developed by the UAC, the light attack aircraft Yak-130 will receive an expanded set of weapons. The aircraft has already been tested with a laser rangefinder-designator, which is necessary for the use of some types of "smart" bombs. It was also reported that a new radar station and an optical-electronic sighting and navigation complex were being created specifically for him.