Superjet 100-results for 2020
At the end of December 2019 in the interview UAC President Yuri Slyusar announced the release of at least 20 SSJ100 aircraft in 2020 to the Rossiya-24 TV channel. As a result, 11 Superjets took to the skies in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, and 12 aircraft of this type were delivered in a year.
In 2019 on SSJ100 had to more than 51% of the total passenger turnover performed in Russia on all civil regional jet and turboprop aircraft. In the context of a General drop in passenger traffic due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the operation of the aircraft received an additional incentive-the Superjet entered dozens of new routes between the country's cities, including bypassing the Moscow air hub.
But about everything in order.
Current fleet of carriers
In 2020, the number of new Superjets built accounted for 61% of the aircraft produced a year earlier: 11 against 18. And if in 2019 only two new Superjets were put into operation, then in 2020 - 12 cars. The aircraft were received by Azimut, Aeroflot and Red Wings airlines. The transfer of aircraft to Rossiya airlines has begun.
Here are the dates of the first flights of the new SSJ100 for 2020:
95198 RA-89134 21.02.2020 " Russia"
95199 RA-89139 04.03.2020 " azimuth"
95200 RA-89140 21.05.2020 Red Wings
95201 RA-89141 04.06.2020 Red Wings
95202 RA-89142 17.06.2020 " Russia"
95203 RA-89143 02.07.2020 Red Wings
95204 RA-89144 21.07.2020 Red Wings
95205 RA-89145 10.09.2020 " Russia"
95206 RA-89146 06.10.2020 " Russia"
95207 RA-89147 27.10.2020 " Russia"
95208 RA-89148 08.12.2020 " Russia"
Delivery of aircraft to customers in 2020:
95186 RA-89124 14.01.2020 " Aeroflot"
95189 RA-89126 16.01.2020 " Aeroflot"
95190 RA-89127 16.01.2020 " Aeroflot"
95185 RA-89123 16.01.2020 " Aeroflot"
95188 RA-89125 21.01.2020 " Aeroflot"
95177 RA-89122 11.09.2020 Red Wings
95187 RA-89138 08.10.2020 Red Wings
95183 RA-89137 13.10.2020 Red Wings
95179 RA-89149 05.11.2020 " azimuth"
95199 RA-89139 15.12.2020 " azimuth"
95192 RA-89129 28.12.2020 " Russia"
95193 RA-89130 28.12.2020 " Russia"
95194 RA-89131 28.12.2020 " Russia"
95200 RA-89140 29.12.2020 Red Wings
Deliveries of the aircraft was carried out through the leasing company JSC "gtlk" and OOO "PSB AVIAPOLIS". Red Wings began flying Superjets in September, and Rossiya, having received the aircraft in December, started flying this new type of aircraft on January 1, 2021, with flights to Nizhny Novgorod and Belgorod from Sheremetyevo.
Thus, as of December 31, 2020, the fleet of Superjet 100 aircraft in airlines was as follows::
Russia - 3
Red Wings - 4+1 received from RusJet in VIP layout
Iraero-9 (1 in storage)
Yakutia - 5 (2 in storage)
Interjet - 22, of which: 15 in storage, 1 in disrepair, 6 boards flew:
XA-GCD-until November 27
XA-VAS - until December 7
XA-PPY - until October 12
XA-VER - until December 10
XA-VER - until December 10
XA-MRM-until October 13
Thai air force - 3
SLO Russia and EMERCOM of Russia - 2 boards each
The Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia, ComLux Kazakhstan and the border Service of Kazakhstan - 1 aircraft each.
Mexican airline Interjet is still the only commercial operator of Russian aircraft. However, the crisis faced by civil aviation in 2020 does not leave this carrier with any hope of survival in 2021.
As the site reported on December 14, 2020 Go to Mexico! The international civil aviation Association (IATA) has suspended Interjet's access to the mutual settlement system (BSP), which means that The airline cannot sell tickets for international flights and work with agents. Disconnecting from the BSP is often a mandatory step before the carrier goes bankrupt.
In the summer, it became known that Superjets are Interjet's only hope to stay afloat in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The company believed that Russian regional aircraft were ideally suited to serve the small number of remaining flights in the schedule due to low demand in the context of antiviral restrictions. But even the SSJ100 could not save the carrier from insolvency.
Thus, Interjet is expected to go bankrupt in 2021, and commercial operation of the SSJ100 will remain only in the Russian sky.
At the same time, the Ministry of industry and trade is counting on the appearance of other SSJ100 operators and deliberately does not force export deliveries until all issues with service and after-sales service of these aircraft are resolved. "We have learned from the mistakes that were made at the initial stage of this project, when the service base was not sufficiently formed, and only today it is finishing being formed. We definitely won't be in a hurry, " Denis Manturov, the head of the Ministry of industry and trade, explained the reason for the almost lack of sales of the Superjet In an interview. TASS at the beginning of August.
Azimut airline stands apart in Russian civil aviation - it is the only commercial carrier whose fleet consists only of Superjet 100 aircraft. the company's Management can not fail to inspire respect - according to the Federal air transport Agency, in the context of the global crisis of passenger air transportation for the period January-November 2020, the company showed the smallest drop in passenger traffic - 3.3% (96.7% by 2020), and In August, the airline managed to exceed the number of passengers carried in 2019 by 3.4%, serving 130.4 thousand passengers, while the industry as a whole missed 35% of pre-crisis passenger traffic.
Azimut provides an average monthly flight time for each aircraft at the level of 250 hours (8.3 hours per day), which is a record for this type of aircraft. On average, each Superjet of the airline transports about 140 thousand passengers a year. In early June, the co-owner of the carrier Vitaly Vantsev said that in winter the flight time for one SSJ100 is 235 hours per month, in summer it grows to 260. Such indicators are comparable to the best foreign competitors of the SSJ100. For example, American Airlines ' Embraer-190s, which are similar in passenger capacity, have a daily flight time of 3.6 to 13.7 hours, and the Bombardier CRJ900 from 7.1 to 11.9 hours. Red Wings airlines shows an average flight time in October-November of 6 hours a day on a Superjet 100 (there are 4 aircraft in the fleet).
Azimut plans to transport 2 million passengers in 2021. To achieve these goals, it is planned to increase the fleet of aircraft to 18 units (two A220s are expected to be delivered), as well as continue active work on opening new interregional routes and expanding the geography of international flights.
After-sales and after-sales service
The Achilles heel of the Superjet was service and after-sales support of the aircraft from the manufacturer-a branch of Irkut Corporation-Regional aircraft. Recently, this issue has received systematic attention.
In 2020, it was put into operation entered shop structural repairs of the components of the SSJ100. The volume of component maintenance increased 2.5 times compared to 2019, and the list of serviced units was increased by more than 40 items. Enhanced repair capabilities can reduce airline operating costs by eliminating the need to purchase new components prematurely.
The company's specialists performed 30 complex forms of periodic maintenance on aircraft operated by Aeroflot, Yamal, Severstal, ROSSIYA branch, and the emergency management Department of the Ministry of emergency situations. The Regional aircraft training center has trained 34 flight crews and 22 Superjet operating engineers.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, demand for air transportation has sharply decreased, which has led to a drop in demand for new aircraft. Under these conditions, the Ministry of industry and trade was forced to review the volume of production of military and civil aircraft for the period 2021-2023. In the new version government programs according to the report prepared by the Ministry for the development of the aviation industry, "due to the continuing problems of after-sales service of the SSJ100 aircraft (in particular, with the SaM146 engine), the volume of aircraft deliveries was reduced."
As part of the UAC's RUB 250 billion financial recovery program, the Corporation will be able to get rid of its debts, create an after-sales service system and create a pool of spare parts for the SSJ100 and MS-21, as well as complete testing of the MS-21 and carry out import substitution of components for the SSJ100. In the future, the after-sales service system will become common for all new Russian-made civil aircraft.
Import substitution and SSJ-New
SSJ-New, in fact, will be a new aircraft, import substitution is subject to dozens of systems and components. They will be replaced with domestic air conditioning, braking, power supply, water supply and waste disposal systems, as well as the crew's oxygen system, air leakage sensors, an icing and air temperature indicator, landing gear, passenger seats, and heat and sound insulation. Also, the foreign SaM146 powerplant will be replaced with the Russian PD-8 engine, the fuselage design will change - its center of gravity will be adjusted.
In 2020, work continued on import substitution of foreign components of the aircraft, flight and ground tests of Russian systems and assemblies were conducted as part of the SSJ-New program.
In February, tests of a new air cooling unit manufactured by JSC PKO "heat Exchanger" began. The unit is part of the air conditioning system and is its main unit. The system is responsible for three critical processes: providing fresh air for people to breathe and maintain a normal level of in-flight pressure (boost), ventilation of aircraft compartments, and temperature control in the crew cabin and in the cabin. Uov cools the hot air coming from the aircraft's engines or auxiliary power plant to create comfortable conditions at any, including extreme outdoor temperatures.
Ufa aggregate production enterprise (uapo) is developing a power supply system consisting of subsystems for generating and distributing energy. Ufa NPP Molniya - engine vibration monitoring systems, a computer for the integrated air conditioning system and an icing detector for the Superjet de-icing system. Both companies are part of the technodynamics.
Technodinamika's enterprises are also developing new chassis, water supply and waste management systems for the SSJ-New. The first delivery of the prototype chassis is expected before 2023.
Irkut Corporation for the period from March 26 to April 3, 2020 posted on the public procurement website 23 two tender applications for the manufacture and supply of systems for the SSJ-New aircraft under the import substitution program.
In particular, Irkut announced a tender for the following subsystems of the new Superjet::
Development, manufacturing, testing and delivery of power supply system prototypes.
Design, manufacture, test and supply of chassis system prototypes.
Development, manufacturing, testing and delivery of prototype sets of business class passenger seats.
Design, manufacture, testing and delivery of prototypes of the ventilated air temperature sensors in the compartments.
Development, manufacturing, testing and delivery of prototypes of the PIC wing telescopic pipeline.
Development, manufacturing, testing and delivery of prototypes of economy class passenger seats.
Development, manufacturing, testing and delivery of an on-Board information system.
Development, manufacturing, testing and delivery of a flight information recording system.
Design, manufacture, test and supply of emergency ladder prototypes.
In total, more than 3 billion 915 million rubles are allocated for the development and supply of systems for 23 tenders. The largest amount of funds is planned to be spent on the development and supply of power supply systems and chassis, 828 million 854 thousand rubles and 1 billion 158 million 956 thousand rubles are allocated for these works, respectively.
The Voronezh engine engineering Development Bureau has started developing an integral part of the integrated control system-gearboxes and transmission shafts of the wing mechanization control system, flaps and slats drive for SSJ-New aircraft. The corresponding contract for the implementation of development work was signed on may 20, 2020 between OKBM LLC and Electroprivod JSC, which is part of the Technodinamika holding.
The contract includes the implementation of all stages of R & d – development of technical and operational projects, production of prototypes, preparation for testing and their implementation, as well as certification support. The works will be completed in the period from 2020 to 2023.
In July, flight tests of the binc-2015 inertial navigation system began in Zhukovsky on a prototype SSJ100 aircraft. The system was developed at the Moscow Institute of electromechanics and automation (part of JSC KRET). The navigation system is designed to accurately determine the location of the aircraft and its movement parameters. The main feature of inertial systems is complete autonomy-independence from ground-based and space-based signal sources.
Development work on the SSJ-New is scheduled to be completed in 2023. Then the airliner will have to pass certification of both individual systems and the entire aircraft as a whole. Work in this direction is already underway. On December 2, as part of the certification program, the Federal air transport Agency accepted the application of Irkut Corporation for Approval of the main change in the standard design of the SSJ100 aircraft, which consists in introducing a new model of the aircraft – RRJ-95NEW-100 (SSJ-NEW) as part of import substitution of components.
PD-8 TURBOFAN ENGINE
The economic losses incurred by Russia on the SSJ100 aircraft due to the high cost of the SaM146 engine and the reluctance of the French Snecma to reduce the cost of units and components put UAC in front of the need to create the PD-8 engine, which will improve the economy of the Superjet And make it competitive.
The PD-8 gas turbine engine is being developed on the basis of PD-14, and its technical design is protected in 2020. Finally, the PD-8 should be ready in 2022, and certification is scheduled for 2023.
The all-Russian research Institute of aviation materials (VIAM) has developed a new casting heat-resistant Nickel alloy VZHM200, which will be used for casting working blades with a directional structure of a low-pressure turbine of the PD-8 engine. VIAM has carried out General qualification of the vzhm200 alloy and organized its mass production.
JSC Electroprivod of Technodinamika holding develops a system for Autonomous power supply and switching of aggregates, designed to provide power to electronic components and parts of the engine's electrical actuators. In their work, the designers implement technical solutions of the SEPC-14-1 system used as part of the PD-14 engine.
The first tests of the PD-8 gas generator demonstrator are scheduled for March 2021.
Plans for 2021
During 2021, Red Wings expects to increase its Superjet 100 fleet to 16 aircraft. As of January 1, 2021, the airline operated four ssj100s. In 2020, Red Wings planned to receive seven Superjets, but for a number of reasons, deliveries of three aircraft were postponed to the first quarter of 2021.
In 2021, Aeroflot will transfer 44 Superjets to Rossiya airlines. At the same time, in the airline itself reported it in 2021, Rossiya plans to increase its SSJ100 fleet to 66 aircraft.
By the end of 2021, Red Wings intends to increase the total number of SSJ100 aircraft in its fleet to 15-16 aircraft, while the airline plans to increase the fleet to 32 SSJ100 aircraft.
In 2021, UAC planned to produce at least 30 SSJ100 aircraft. About this at the end of December 2019 said the President of UAC, Yuri Slusar. However, the current version of the state program for the development of the aviation industry States that in 2021, the Russian aviation industry have to put 22 civilian aircraft. Given that this includes six production MS-21 Airliners, deliveries of which to the first operators should begin at the end of the year, as well as the accumulated stock of SSJ100 aircraft for transfer to Russian customers and the lack of orders from abroad, we can expect SSJ100 production in 2021 at the level of 13-15 machines.
for the Russian aviation website"