Very Very interesting article about Ukraine.
Are there any prospects for the Ukrainian air defense system?
In one of the rooms of spring Ukrainian specialized publication «Defense Express» an article entitled "Repair of the shield." Its author - Vladimir Tkach - gives examples of sample anti-aircraft missile systems, which are in service with the Ukrainian army, and also provides certain characteristics of their condition and prospects. In particular, the article refers to the fact that the army has Ukraine is about 60 battalions of air defense missile systems, but this year the age of the youngest will be two sets of ten years, while the oldest - almost forty years.
At the same time it should be noted that each of these complexes has warranty period. Thus, for the C-300 he set at 25 years (most of the complexes were produced in the late-80's - early 90's). Spare parts have long been out of production, and to withdraw the missing details with samples in storage, as there is no possibility.
Repair of S-300, which began in 2004, the company carries out "UKROBORONSERVICE." It was specifically established the Center of military equipment and weapons. And according to the results of the joint work of Russian and Ukrainian committees, it was decided that the technological, technical and documentary base of the plant are quite suitable for the repair of components of C-300 and enhance their operational life. In addition, in the enterprise and has all the necessary documentary base for repair anti-aircraft missile systems "Buk-M1." In addition, the company in autumn 2012 passed acceptance tests of C-300PT. According to those present at the trials of military officials, repairs were carried out at a fairly high professional level and, more importantly, in terms of time. According to them, after the repair of these complexes meet all the requirements of the present time. Thus, as of 2013 has been renovated complex of eight battalions of S-300PS, whose service life has been extended by five thousand hours or five years.
And necessity of repair work is obvious, as almost all the complexes, which are in service with the Ukrainian army, exhausted their operational resources specified by the manufacturer.
Currently in service with the air forces of the Ukrainian army are such complexes and systems, as "" Buk-M1 ", the S-200V, S-300PS, AAMS-300V1. Earlier in service consisted also S-125, but they were removed a few years ago. The most modern of them considered to be the S-200 and S-300. All versions of C-300, which are in the military, according to the technical documentation can hit aerial targets that carry out the flight at an altitude of about 75 kilometers. S-200 have a range of fire of the order of 150-240 kilometers. C-300 are intended for the defense industrial and administrative facilities, headquarters, stationary command posts and military bases from the tactical and strategic air strikes, as well as ballistic and cruise missiles. S-200 is designed to maintain the defense of the most important industrial, administrative and military facilities from all possible types of air attack. Currently these systems are well suited for the defeat of perspective and modern aircraft and unmanned and manned aircraft. But the problem is that the repair work of these complexes should be carried out every ten years, and the Ukrainian armed forces due to the constant lack of funding that luxury can not afford. Hence, such a sad outcome, of all the complexes, which are currently on active duty, only about 40 percent of the fully operational.
In addition, there is one more thing: after a few years ago, a tragedy occurred during one of the military exercises in the Crimea, during which the Ukrainian air defense forces shot down a Russian Tu-154 over the Black Sea, training with S- 200 and C-300 were banned on Ukrainian territory. In turn, this led to another serious problem: every year the number of soldiers who actually shot of these complexes is reduced at an alarming rate.
In 2003, a ban on the use of the Ukrainian landfills has been removed, but the fire of the C-200 (and these complexes have the greatest range) is still not resolved. Of course, Ukraine has certain agreements with Russia the possibility of using Russian military grounds for firing, but this way is simply impossible to prepare all the air defense forces. Thus, we can say that the S-200 have only conditional alert, and hope in which case only have the C-300.
This implies that the repair of the S-300 for Ukrainian military - the question is a very serious and urgent. It should be borne in mind that Russia, which is the manufacturer of the complex, said it obsolete. Therefore, in the near future is going to take the C-300 with the production and release only take the C-400. The last C-300 have been released, we recall, back in 1994 for export, but currently there is no export orders. Engage in self-repair complexes Ukraine also has opportunities because they do not have the appropriate accessories.
Thus, in a short time can be a situation where all the plans of the Ukrainian army back into operation air defense weaponry end. Trying to solve the problem, the General Staff of Ukraine a few years ago talking about how to bring back into service the S-125 "Pechora", which were adopted by Soviet troops in 1961. But the question arises: where to get them, if almost immediately after removing them from most of the weapons were sold abroad? ..
However, the Defense Ministry said that the S-125 remains about 20 divisions, and 2015 can be returned to operation of the order of 9-10 modernized facilities. The modernization of the Ukrainian defense enterprises have developed an upgraded cabin management UNC-2A, have established a modern receiver-transmitter and a launcher, replaced the control system established during the Soviet era. Thus, in the modernized complex S-125-2D are control point UNK-2D, launchers 5P73-2D, antenna post CNF-2D software and hardware. Was increased resistance to interference detection range increased by 20 percent. The only thing that modernization is not touched - it Zour 5V27 and 5V25. In addition, as part of the modernization were elevated levels of reliability, survivability, mobility of the complex, the stability of radar interference, and the resource set up 15 years.
As a result, at the site "Chauda" were tested modernized complex, which, according to developers who have been very successful. In various modes was made six launches. It was found that the range of detection of air targets at a height of about 7 kilometers, is 100 kilometers. I wonder if will get S-125-2D adopted Ukrainian troops - more precisely, whether the state has enough funds for the purchase of these samples.
It should also be noted that in the late spring of 2012 approved the "Program of restoring the combat art air defense troops of the Air Forces Armed Forces of Ukraine to 2017", according to which is provided for repairs four anti-aircraft missile systems S-300PS and one set of "Buk-M1" . Implementation of the program rests with the company "UKROBORONSERVICE."
It is assumed that the S-300PT, S-200V and S-300V1 will be taken out of service, and the total number of divisions reduced to 40, of which one-third will form complexes "Buk-M1", and two thirds - S-300PS. However, you must understand the fact that infinity upgrade any piece of military equipment and weapons is impossible, especially when it comes to such weapons, which was created more than half a century ago. Therefore, in the military have to think about the purchase of new weapons and, therefore, to seek the funds. In Ukraine at the moment there are two most feasible option to upgrade their defense systems - either to start production of its own, or buy them abroad. Previously, there was much talk about the fact that Ukrainians are going to create a domestic multifunctional missile complex "Peregrine Falcon", but the project was canceled despite recent statements by the War Department that it will provide up to 2020 more than 6.5 billion hryvnia. Therefore, a more realistic prospect for Ukraine is buying anti-missile systems in Russia. Previously, we recall, the Russians have already articulated the conditions under which they are willing to supply the Ukrainians S-300 PMU-2 "Favorit". However, since the C-300 has been taken out of production, it was much more appropriate to talk about the purchase of S-400 "Triumph", but only if the two governments were able to find an acceptable political format solutions to their problems. However, the today Ukrainian foreign policy uncertainty this level of understanding is difficult to imagine, therefore, unfortunately, Ukrainian military and political leadership can only strive to find that it is the understanding ...